Zone (Ancient Greek: Ζώνη) was an ancient Greek polis on the Aegean coast of ancient Thrace on a promontory of the same name, a short distance to the west of the entrance of the Lacus Stentoris.[1][2][3]

According to Apollonius of Rhodes and Mela, it was to this place that the woods followed Orpheus, when set in motion by his wondrous music.[2][4]

Herodotus says that it was - together with Sale - one of the cities near the promontory or Serreion, currently named Cape Makri[5], on whose beaches the ships of the Persian army of Xerxes landed so that their crews could rest at Doriscus, and Xerxes proceeded to count his army at the beginning of the expedition of the year 480 BCE against Greece.[6] In the Periplus of Pseudo-Scylax, Zone and Drys are mentioned as neighboring cities of Maroneia, Diceaa, and Abdera but located in the interior, although Zone was close to the island of Samothrace.[7] The city must have belonged to the Delian League since it appears in an Athenian decree of the year 422/1 BCE.[5]

Although it was thought that its location was in the modern town of Makri,[8][9] several recent archaeological finds support the identification of Zone with a site at the mouth of the river Shabla Dere, a place that was previously identified with the old Mesembria. These findings include, among others, a sanctuary of Apollo of the Archaic Period and numerous coins, in which the head of Apollo is represented and the allusion to the name of the city in the forms ΖΩΝΑΙΩΝ, ΖΩΝΑΙ , ΖΩΝ or ΖΩ.[5]

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ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Pliny. Naturalis Historia. 4.11.18.
  2. ^ a b Pomponius Mela. De situ orbis. 2.2.8.
  3. ^ Stephanus of Byzantium. Ethnica. s.v.
  4. ^ Schol. Apoll. Rhod. 1.29.
  5. ^ a b c Mogens Herman Hansen & Thomas Heine Nielsen (2004). "Thrace from Nestos to Hebros". An inventory of archaic and classical poleis. New York: Oxford University Press. p. 872. ISBN 0-19-814099-1. Cite error: The named reference "Poleis" was defined multiple times with different content (see the help page).
  6. ^ Herodotus. Histories. 7.59.
  7. ^ Periplus of Pseudo-Scylax, 67.
  8. ^ Richard Talbert, ed. (2000). Barrington Atlas of the Greek and Roman World. Princeton University Press. p. 51, and directory notes accompanying.
  9. ^ Lund University. Digital Atlas of the Roman Empire.

  This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainSmith, William, ed. (1854–1857). "Zone". Dictionary of Greek and Roman Geography. London: John Murray.

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