Zhengzhou Xinzheng International Airport

Zhengzhou Xinzheng International Airport (IATA: CGO, ICAO: ZHCC) is the principal airport serving Zhengzhou, the capital of Henan province, China.

Zhengzhou Xinzheng International Airport

郑州新郑国际机场
Logo of Henan Airport Group.png
Aerial View of Zhengzhou Xinzheng Airport.jpg
Summary
Airport typePublic
OperatorHenan Airport Group
ServesZhengzhou, Henan
LocationTowns of Xuedian and Mengzhuang, Xinzheng, Henan
Hub for
Focus city for
Elevation AMSL151 m / 495 ft
Coordinates34°31′11″N 113°50′27″E / 34.51972°N 113.84083°E / 34.51972; 113.84083Coordinates: 34°31′11″N 113°50′27″E / 34.51972°N 113.84083°E / 34.51972; 113.84083
Websitewww.zzairport.com
Maps
CAAC airport chart
CAAC airport chart
CGO is located in Henan
CGO
CGO
Location of Airport
CGO is located in China
CGO
CGO
CGO (China)
Runways
Direction Length Surface
m ft
12R/30L 3,400 11,155 Concrete
12L/30R 3,600 11,811 Concrete
Statistics (2018)
Passengers27,334,730 Increase12.5%
Cargo (metric tonnes)514,922.4 Increase2.4%
Movements209,646 Increase7.1%
Zhengzhou Xinzheng International Airport
Simplified Chinese郑州新郑国际机场
Traditional Chinese鄭州新鄭國際機場

The airport is located in Xinzheng, 37 kilometres (23 mi) southeast of downtown Zhengzhou. It was opened on 28 August 1997, replacing its predecessor, the now-demolished Dongjiao Airport. The airport is the only international airport in Henan and serves as a main gateway for the province and the central plain area.

The airport is operated by Henan Airport Group and is a hub for Cargolux,[1] as well as a focus city for China Southern Airlines, Shenzhen Airlines, West Air, Lucky Air, and Donghai Airlines. According to statistics of 2018, it is the 12th-busiest airport by passenger traffic in the People's Republic of China with 27,334,730 passengers, and the 7th busiest airport in terms of cargo traffic nationwide.[2][3] As of 2018, the airport is the busiest airport in central China in both passenger and cargo traffic.[4]

Its IATA code "CGO" is derived from Zhengzhou's former romanization Chengchow.

Contents

HistoryEdit

Early developmentEdit

The principal airport of Zhengzhou had been Dongjiao Airport (Chinese: 郑州东郊机场), which was located to the east of downtown Zhengzhou, since 1956. To meet the demand of city development, a plan to build a new airport in Xuedian Township, Xinzheng to replace the old Dongjiao Airport was approved in 1992.[5] The new airport was originally named Zhengzhou Xuedian Airport (Chinese: 郑州薛店机场) after the township of its location and was later changed to the current name. Construction began in 1993 and the new airport was opened on 28 August 1997 with a terminal of 45,900 square meters and a runway (Runway 12R/30L) of 3,400 m. The designed capacity of the terminal was 3.8 million passengers a year. All the flights of Dongjiao Airport were transferred to the new airport. Dongjiao Airport was later demolished to build the Zhengdong New Area CBD on its site.[6]

In 2000, the airport was approved by the state council to become the 21st international airport in China.

From 2005 to 2007, the original terminal underwent a major expansion and renovation. The new terminal (current Terminal 1) has an area of 128,000 square meters and was opened on 29 December 2007.[7]

Phase II expansionEdit

In 2013, the state council approved the expansion project of the airport, including a new terminal (Terminal 2), the second runway (Runway 12L/30R) and a ground traffic center (GTC), in alignment with its first airport-based economy zone (Zhengzhou Airport Economy Zone).[8] The construction started in 2012, and was finished in 2015. Terminal 2 was opened on 19 December 2015 together with the GTC, and the second runway was opened on 7 January 2016,[9] making the airport the first with two terminals and two runways in central China.

Recent developmentEdit

After Foxconn Zhengzhou (the main production base for iPhone, located just to the north of the airport) was put into operation in 2010, the cargo transport of the airport has been booming. Between 2010 and 2017, the cargo volume handled by the airport increased from 85,798.1[10] to 502,714.8[2] metric tonnes, growing by 34 percent yearly on average, making it the 7th busiest airport in China by cargo traffic.[3]

Long-haul and intercontinental passenger services from the airport also began to emerge in recent years. In late 2015 Emirates announced it would begin service from Dubai to Zhengzhou via Yinchuan from May 2016, as part of the airline's expansion plans in China. This is Zhengzhou's first connection to the Middle East.[11] The service started from 3 May 2016[12] and stopped from November 2018. On 11 November 2016, Sichuan Airlines launched non-stop flights to Vancouver. It is the first regular non-stop intercontinental passenger service for the airport.[13][14] Non-stop flight service to Melbourne was opened by Jetstar on 6 December 2017.[15] This is the first air route to Australia from the airport.

The airport rail link services between Zhengzhou city center and the airport became available after the completion of the ground traffic center in 2015, including the Zhengzhou–Xinzheng Airport intercity railway, which started operations from 31 December 2015 and served as an express link,[16] and Zhengzhou Metro Chengjiao line, which started operations from 12 January 2017.[17]

In 2017, the airport surpassed Wuhan Tianhe International Airport and Changsha Huanghua International Airport in terms of passenger traffic, making it the busiest airport in central China in both passenger and cargo traffic.[18]

InfrastructureEdit

Terminal 1 (closed)Edit

The current Terminal 1 was opened on 29 December 2007, after the expansion and renovation of the former terminal, which was opened in 1998. It covers an area of 128,000 square metres (1,380,000 sq ft) and has 14 gates with jet bridges. The roof of Terminal 1 is shaped like waves.

After the opening of Terminal 2, it was closed as a future reserve and temporarily transformed into an exhibition hall.[19]

Terminal 2Edit

Terminal 2, the only terminal building in operation at present, is located to the northeast of Terminal 1. It was opened on 19 December 2015 with an area of 485,000 square metres (5,220,000 sq ft). Terminal 2 has an X-shaped layout with four piers seeing from above, which resembles and implies "opened arms to embrace the world".[20] The northwest pier is for international flights and others are for domestic use.

Ground Traffic Center (GTC)Edit

 
The concourse of the ground traffic center

The ground traffic center was opened together with Terminal 2. It is to the west of Terminal 2 and is connected to the arrival hall of Terminal 2 by three corridors. The GTC has been designed to become a transportation hub for traffic between the airport and cities in central plains region, with an intercity train station and a metro station on the underground floors. Passengers can take taxis, intercity coaches, intercity trains and Zhengzhou Metro trains here.

Air-traffic Control TowerEdit

 
The air-traffic control tower

The new air-traffic control tower was put into use on 7 January 2016, together with the second runway.[21] The control tower is 93.5 m (307 ft) in height and its shape resembles the Jiahu Gudi (bone flute) discovered in Henan.

RunwaysEdit

 
Runway 30L

The airport has two parallel runways:

  • The south runway (3,400 m (11,200 ft) long and 45 m (148 ft) wide, opened in 1997)
  • The north runway (3,600 m (11,800 ft) long and 60 m (200 ft) wide, opened in 2016)

The north runway has a Category II Precision Approach.[22] Normally, the north runway (12L/30R) is used for landing while the south runway (12R/30L) is used for taking-off.

Airlines and destinationsEdit

PassengerEdit

 
A West Air Airbus A320-200 landing at the airport
 
Aircraft of Shenzhen Airlines parking at Terminal 2
 
A Cathay Dragon Airbus A330 taxiing at the airport
 
A China Airlines Boeing 747-400 parked at Terminal 1 in 2015
AirlinesDestinations
9 Air Guangzhou, Hohhot
Air China Beijing–Capital, Changchun, Chengdu, Chongqing, Dali, Dongying, Hangzhou, Hohhot, Shaoyang, Ulanqab, Xiamen
Air China
operated by Dalian Airlines
Dalian, Guilin
Air Guilin Enshi,[23] Guilin, Yantai
Air Macau Macau
Air Travel Xining
Beijing Capital Airlines Haikou, Hangzhou, Hohhot, Lijiang, Sanya, Urumqi, Xiamen
Cambodia Angkor Air Siem Reap
Cathay Dragon Hong Kong
Chengdu Airlines Fuzhou, Guiyang, Nanning, Sanya, Shenyang, Zunyi–Maotai
China Eastern Airlines Kunming, Lanzhou, Luzhou,[24] Nanjing, Ningbo, Qingdao,[25] Shanghai–Hongqiao, Shanghai–Pudong, Wenzhou, Xining, Yantai,[26] Yinchuan[25]
China Express Airlines Baotou, Chongqing, Guiyang, Mandalay, Qingdao
China Southern Airlines Altay,[27] Bangkok–Suvarnabhumi, Baotou, Beihai, Changchun, Chengdu, Chongqing, Da Nang,[28] Guangzhou, Guilin, Guiyang, Haikou, Hami, Hangzhou, Harbin, Heihe,[29] Hohhot, Hotan,[29] Huizhou, Jieyang, Karamay, Kashgar, Kunming, Lijiang, London–Heathrow,[30] Nanning, Ordos, Osaka–Kansai, Qingdao, Qinhuangdao, Qionghai,[31] Sanya, Seoul–Incheon, Shanghai–Hongqiao, Shanghai–Pudong, Shenyang, Shenzhen, Taipei–Taoyuan, Tengchong, Tokyo–Narita, Urumqi, Xiamen, Xinzhou, Xishuangbanna, Yinchuan, Yiwu, Yulin, Zhangjiajie,[29] Zhanjiang,[31] Zhuhai
China Southern Airlines
operated by Chongqing Airlines
Harbin
Colorful Guizhou Airlines Dazhou, Guiyang
Donghai Airlines Baotou, Chongqing, Dalian, Guilin, Haikou, Lanzhou, Nanning, Nantong, Quanzhou, Shenzhen, Urumqi,[32] Zhuhai
Eastar Jet Seoul–Incheon (begins 2 September 2019)[33]
EVA Air Taipei–Taoyuan
Fuzhou Airlines Fuzhou
Garuda Indonesia Denpasar/Bali[34]
GX Airlines Harbin, Nanning
Hainan Airlines Baotou,[35] Dalian, Fuzhou, Guangzhou, Guilin, Haikou, Hangzhou, Hohhot, Sanya, Shenzhen, Urumqi, Wenzhou, Xiamen, Yinchuan, Zhuhai
I-Fly Charter: Moscow–Vnukovo
Jetstar Airways Melbourne
Jetstar Pacific Seasonal charter: Phu Quoc[36]
Jiangxi Airlines Beihai,[37] Dalian, Hailar, Harbin, Korla, Nanchang
Joy Air Hefei, Huangshan, Xiangyang
Juneyao Airlines Bayannur, Huizhou, Shanghai–Pudong, Xining
Korean Air Seoul–Incheon
Kunming Airlines Kunming
Lanmei Airlines Sihanoukville[38]
Loong Air Aksu,[39] Hangzhou, Wenzhou[39]
Lucky Air Changchun, Chengdu, Dalian, Ganzhou, Guiyang, Hailar, Hohhot, Jieyang,[40] Kunming, Lijiang, Luzhou, Mianyang, Quanzhou, Sanya, Wenzhou, Zhanjiang
Malindo Air Kuala Lumpur–International[41]
Mandarin Airlines Taipei–Taoyuan
Nok Air Bangkok–Don Mueang
Qingdao Airlines Zunyi–Xinzhou
Scoot Singapore
Shandong Airlines Guiyang, Korla, Lanzhou, Qingdao, Ruoqiang,[42] Urumqi,[42] Xiamen, Xining, Yantai, Zhuhai
Shanghai Airlines Guilin, Hangzhou, Karamay,[43] Kunming, Lanzhou, Ordos, Osaka–Kansai, Shanghai–Hongqiao, Shanghai–Pudong, Turpan
Shenzhen Airlines Changchun, Dalian, Guilin, Haikou, Harbin, Kunming, Mianyang, Nanning, Shenyang, Shenzhen, Taizhou
Sichuan Airlines Changchun, Chengdu, Chongqing, Hangzhou, Harbin, Kunming, Mianyang, Nanning, Sanya, Urumqi, Vancouver, Yanji
Sky Angkor Airlines Charter: Siem Reap
Spring Airlines Osaka–Kansai
Suparna Airlines Chifeng, Shenzhen, Urumqi
Thai Smile Bangkok–Suvarnabhumi
Thai Lion Air Bangkok–Don Mueang,[44] Phuket[45]
Tianjin Airlines Chongqing, Dalian, Fuzhou, Guiyang, Haikou, Hengyang,[46] Hohhot, Liupanshui, Sydney (resumes 28 October 2019),[47] Tianjin, Urumqi, Zunyi–Xinzhou
Urumqi Air Karamay,[48] Kashgar, Lanzhou, Qingdao,[49] Qionghai, Urumqi[49]
Vietnam Airlines Charter: Nha Trang[50]
West Air Aksu, Chongqing, Dalian, Fuzhou, Golmud,[51] Guangzhou,[51] Guiyang, Hailar,[52] Hohhot,[52] Jieyang, Korla, Kunming,[53] Lhasa, Lijiang, Nanning, Qingdao,[54] Quanzhou, Shenyang, Shenzhen, Urumqi, Wenzhou, Xining, Xishuangbanna,[55] Zhuhai
Seasonal: Guilin, Yinchuan[56]
XiamenAir Dalian, Fuzhou, Hangzhou, Harbin, Lanzhou, Quanzhou, Urumqi, Xiamen, Xining, Yinchuan

CargoEdit

AirlinesDestinations
AirBridgeCargo Airlines Moscow–Sheremetyevo
Air China Cargo Amsterdam
Cargolux Anchorage, Atlanta, Chicago–O'Hare, Edmonton[57], Komatsu, London–Stansted, Luxembourg, Novosibirsk, Zaragoza
Cargolux Italia Milan
Cathay Pacific Cargo Hong Kong, Shanghai–Pudong
China Airlines Cargo Nanjing, Taipei–Taoyuan
China Cargo Airlines Shanghai–Pudong
China Postal Airlines Nanjing, Shanghai–Pudong, Shijiazhuang
China Southern Airlines Cargo Anchorage, Guangzhou
Hong Kong Airlines Hong Kong, Tianjin
Qatar Airways Cargo Doha
SF Airlines Hangzhou, Shenzhen, Wuhan, Wuxi
Silk Way Airlines Amsterdam, Baku, Maastricht
Sky Lease Cargo Anchorage
Suparna Airlines Amsterdam, Anchorage, Chicago–O'Hare, Frankfurt–Hahn, Hangzhou
UPS Airlines Seoul–Incheon
YTO Cargo Airlines Tokyo–Narita[58]

Ground transportationEdit

HighwayEdit

 
Airport Toll Station
 
The 1.48 kilometres (0.92 mi) long Yingbin Elevated Road connects the airport with S1 and G4 expressways

Both expressways are connected to the airport via Yingbin Elevated Road.

RailEdit

Airport rail link is served by Zhengzhou–Xinzheng Airport intercity railway and Zhengzhou Metro Chengjiao line.

Intercity RailwayEdit

The Xinzheng Airport railway station is located in the GTC. The waiting hall and ticket offices are on the B2 floor and platforms are on the B3 floor. Intercity trains to Zhengzhou, Zhengzhou East, Jiaozuo and Songchenglu (Kaifeng) are in operation.

MetroEdit

Trains of the Chengjiao Line of the Zhengzhou Metro connects the airport to downtown Zhengzhou using through services via Line 2.

BusEdit

Shuttle bus[59]Edit

There are several airport shuttle bus routes to various destinations in Zhengzhou. The bus station is on the 1st floor of Terminal 2.

Destination Ticket Price
Zhengzhou Central Coach Station ¥20
Civil Aviation Hotel
Longyuan Hotel
Zhengzhou East Railway Station
Zhengzhou Railway Station west plaza

Inter-city coachEdit

The airport also offers inter-city coach services to and from other cities in the central plain region, including Luoyang, Kaifeng, Xuchang, Xinxiang, Nanyang, Anyang, Jiaozuo, Pingdingshan, Shangqiu, Zhoukou, Zhumadian, Heze, Changzhi, and Jincheng. Unlike the Zhengzhou routes, inter-city coaches depart from the GTC.

City busEdit

There are several bus routes, operated by Zhengzhou Bus Communication Corporation, serving the airport and neighbouring areas in the Zhengzhou Airport Economy Zone.

  • 611: towards Shizu Road bus terminal
  • 612: towards Yongzhou Road and Yuanling Road
  • 613: towards Hang'an 2 Street and Jichang 6 Road
  • 638: towards South gate of Zhengzhou Garden-Expo Park
  • Y636: night service, towards Lingkong Street and Taihu Road[60]

Accidents and incidentsEdit

  • On 4 February 2014, Joy Air Flight 1533, a Xian MA60 carrying 7 crew members and 37 passengers from Taiyuan Wusu International Airport to Zhengzhou Xinzheng International Airport had a mechanical failure on the landing gear while landing at Zhengzhou. The nose gear collapsed and the aircraft's nose cone hit the runway. No passengers or crew suffered any injuries.[61]
  • On 5 February 2014, heavy snowfall forced the airport to close for several hours in the afternoon and evening, leaving roughly 2,000 passengers stranded in the airport on one of the busiest travel days of the annual New Year. Many grew frustrated by the lack of information provided by airport or airline staff, and began damaging check-in desks and flight information displays, with some assaulting staff as well. The riot and further snow forced the airport to close again on the next day. Police eventually came to the scene and restored order (See Zhengzhou Airport riot).[62][63]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

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External linksEdit