Zachary Edward Snyder (born March 1, 1966) is an American film director, producer, and screenwriter. He made his feature film debut in 2004 with a remake of the 1978 horror film Dawn of the Dead. Since then, he has directed or produced a number of comic book and superhero films, including 300 (2006) and Watchmen (2009), as well as the Superman film that started the DC Extended Universe, Man of Steel (2013) and its follow-ups, Batman v Superman: Dawn of Justice (2016) and Justice League (2017). He also served as co-screenwriter for 300, Sucker Punch (2011), and 300: Rise of an Empire (2014), an executive producer for Suicide Squad (2016), Aquaman (2018) and The Suicide Squad (2021) and as co-writer of the story for Wonder Woman (2017) and Justice League (2017) and producer of Wonder Woman 1984 (2020). A director's cut of Justice League, commonly referred to as the "Snyder Cut," will be released in 2021 on HBO Max.
Snyder at the 2016 San Diego Comic-Con
Zachary Edward Snyder
March 1, 1966
|Alma mater||Art Center College of Design|
|Spouse(s)||Denise Weber (divorced)|
|Children||8 (1 deceased, 4 adopted)|
Snyder is the co-founder of The Stone Quarry, which was formerly known as Cruel and Unusual Films, a production company he established in 2004, alongside his wife Deborah Snyder and producing partner Wesley Coller.
Snyder was born in Green Bay, Wisconsin, and raised in Riverside, Connecticut. His mother, Marsha Manley (née Reeves) (d. 2010), was a painter and a photography teacher at Daycroft School, which Snyder later attended. His father, Charles Edward "Ed" Snyder (1936–2008), worked as an executive recruiter. He has an older sister, Audrey, and was raised as a Christian Scientist. Snyder attended Camp Owatonna in Harrison, Maine, during the summer months as a child. Snyder studied painting a year after high school at Heatherley School of Fine Art in England, although he had already begun filmmaking. Afterward, Snyder attended Art Center College of Design in Pasadena, California.
Snyder made his feature film debut with the remake of the horror film Dawn of the Dead (2004), and scored a box office hit with the fantasy war film 300 (2006), adapted from writer-artist Frank Miller's Dark Horse Comics miniseries of the same name. His Warner Bros. film Watchmen was released on March 6, 2009 and grossed $185 million worldwide. His follow-up project/animation debut titled Legend of the Guardians: The Owls of Ga'Hoole was released on September 24, 2010. Snyder produced, co-wrote, and directed Sucker Punch, which was released on March 25, 2011. The film, based on a script written by Snyder and Steve Shibuya, was about a young woman in a mental hospital who fantasizes of escape with her fellow inmates.
He directed 2013's Man of Steel for Warner Bros., a reboot of the Superman franchise and the jumpstart to the DC Extended Universe (DCEU). He signed on direct a yet-to-be-produced remake of the 1969 film The Illustrated Man, and produced the prequel/sequel to 300, 300: Rise of an Empire (2014). He also wants to direct a segment for an upcoming Heavy Metal 3, and plans to write and direct a sequel to Legend of the Guardians.
During Comic Con 2013, Snyder announced that Batman and Superman would share the screen in Batman v Superman: Dawn of Justice, released in 2016. Snyder directed, Cavill reprised his role as Superman, and Ben Affleck played Batman. Snyder directed Warner Bros.' 2017 Justice League, but was replaced with Joss Whedon after having to leave during post-production to deal with the death of one of his daughters.
As of March 2016, Snyder was working on The Last Photograph, a drama about a war photographer in South America. He was also working on an adaptation of the 1943 novel The Fountainhead by Ayn Rand, but had abandoned it by 2020. He has also expressed an interest in making a film, in the style of 300, about George Washington, the first president of the United States of America.
On January 29, 2019, Snyder announced that he has signed on to helm Army of the Dead, a zombie horror thriller, for Netflix. Snyder will direct and produce with his partner and wife, Deborah Snyder, via their newly rebranded production company, The Stone Quarry.
This section needs expansion. You can help by adding to it. (August 2020)
Snyder often uses slow motion in and out of the fight scenes in his films, which Amy Nicholson of BoxOffice magazine remarked separates the director from other filmmakers who make multiple cuts and close-ups during a fight. A minute-long shot from 300 shows King Leonidas slaughtering his enemies, the camera zooming in and out to emphasize each kill and move Leonidas makes. Snyder said “There are other superhero movies where they joke about how basically no one’s getting hurt. That’s not us. What is that message? That it’s okay that there’s this massive destruction with zero consequence for anyone? That’s what Watchmen was about in a lot of ways too. There was a scene, that scene where Dan and Laurie get mugged. They beat up the criminals. I was like the first guy, I want to show his arm get broken. I want a compound fracture. I don’t want it to be clean. I want you to go, ‘Oh my God, I guess you’re right. If you just beat up a guy in an alley he’s not going to just be lying on the ground. It’s going to be messy.”
Snyder lives in Pasadena with his second wife, producer Deborah Johnson. The couple first met in 1996, started dating in 2002, and married on September 25, 2004 at St. Bartholomew's Episcopal Church in Manhattan, New York. He was previously married to Denise Weber.
Snyder has eight children, half of whom are adopted: Olivia, Willow, Autumn, Eli, Ezekiel, Jett, Sage and Cash. He and Denise had Olivia and Eli, and adopted Willow and Autumn from China. Two younger sons, Ezekiel and Jett, are from his relationship with Kirsten Elin, who was his line producer on commercials for some time. Snyder and Deborah adopted Sage and Cash during the course of making Man of Steel.
|2004||Dawn of the Dead||Yes||No||No|
|2006||300||Yes||No||Yes||Co-screenwriter with Kurt Johnstad and Michael B. Gordon|
|2010||Legend of the Guardians: The Owls of Ga'Hoole||Yes||No||No|
|2011||Sucker Punch||Yes||Yes||Yes||Co-screenwriter with Steve Shibuya|
|2013||Man of Steel||Yes||No||No|
|2014||300: Rise of an Empire||No||Yes||Yes||Co-screenwriter with Kurt Johnstad|
|2016||Batman v Superman: Dawn of Justice||Yes||No||No|
|Suicide Squad||No||Executive||No||Directed the Flash cameo scene|
|2017||Wonder Woman||No||Yes||Story||Story co-written with Allan Heinberg and Jason Fuchs|
|Justice League (Director's cut)||Yes[N 1]||No||Story||Story co-written with Chris Terrio|
|2020||Wonder Woman 1984||No||Yes||No|
|2021||The Suicide Squad||No||Executive||No|
|TBA||Army of the Dead||Yes||Yes||Yes||Also cinematographer|
Co-screenwriter with Shay Hatten and Joby Harold
|Untitled Army of the Dead Prequel||No||Yes||No|
|2004||The Lost Tape: Andy's Terrifying Last Days Revealed||Yes||No||No|
|2009||Tales of the Black Freighter||No||Executive||Yes||Direct-to-video|
|Under the Hood||No||Executive||No|
|2013||Superman 75th Anniversary||Yes||No||Story||Story co-written with Bruce Timm|
|2017||Snow Steam Iron||Yes||Yes||Yes||Also cinematographer|
|1989||Lizzy Borden||"Love Is a Crime"|
|1992||Peter Murphy||"You're So Close"|
|Soul Asylum||"Somebody to Shove"|
|1993||Soul Asylum||"Black Gold"|
|Alexander O'Neal||"In the Middle"|
|1994||ZZ Top||"World of Swirl"|
|Dionne Farris||"I Know"|
|1995||Rod Stewart||"Leave Virginia Alone"|
|2009||My Chemical Romance||"Desolation Row"|
Snyder will direct two episodes of Army of the Dead: Lost Vegas for Netflix.
- Snyder's wife Deborah Snyder has produced all of his films dating back to 300 (executive producer on 300 and Legend of the Guardians: The Owls of Ga'Hoole).
- Larry Fong and William Hoy were Snyder's cinematographer and film editor, respectively, on the films 300, Watchmen and Sucker Punch. Fong is also the cinematographer for Batman v Superman: Dawn of Justice.
- John "D.J." Desjardin was the visual effects supervisor on Watchmen, Sucker Punch, Man of Steel, Batman v Superman: Dawn of Justice and Justice League.
- David Brenner served as film editor on Man of Steel, Batman v Superman: Dawn of Justice, Justice League and the short film Snow Steam Iron.
This section needs expansion. You can help by adding to it. (September 2016)
Critical, public and commercial reception to films Zack Snyder has directed as of November 26, 2017:
|Year||Film||Rotten Tomatoes||Metacritic||CinemaScore||Budget||Box office|
|2004||Dawn of the Dead||75% (187 reviews)||59 (37 reviews)||B||$26 million||$102.4 million|
|2006||300||60% (232 reviews)||52 (42 reviews)||A||$65 million||$456.1 million|
|2009||Watchmen||64% (307 reviews)||56 (39 reviews)||B||$130 million||$185.3 million|
|2010||Legend of the Guardians: The Owls of Ga'Hoole||51% (130 reviews)||53 (21 reviews)||A−||$80 million||$140.1 million|
|2011||Sucker Punch||22% (216 reviews)||33 (29 reviews)||B−||$82 million||$89.8 million|
|2013||Man of Steel||56% (333 reviews)||55 (47 reviews)||A−||$225 million||$668.0 million|
|2016||Batman v Superman: Dawn of Justice||28% (422 reviews)||44 (51 reviews)||B||$250 million||$873.6 million|
|2017||Justice League||40% (394 reviews)||45 (52 reviews)||B+||$300 million||$657.9 million|
Awards and nominationsEdit
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Snyder's body of work has earned him a number of awards, including two Clio Awards and a Gold Lion Award for his Jeep "Frisbee" commercial. He also won the Society of British Advertisers Award for Humor for his controversial EB Beer commercial "General's Party."
|2004||Cannes Film Festival||Golden Camera||Dawn of the Dead||Nominated|
|2007||Golden Schmoes Award||Best Director of the Year||300||Nominated|
|Hollywood Film Award||Hollywood Movie of the Year||Won|
|2008||Saturn Award||Best Director||Won|
Shared with Michael B. Gordon & Kurt Johnstad
|2009||ShoWest Award||Director of the Year||Watchmen||Won|
|2010||Saturn Award||Best Director||Nominated|
|SFX Award||Best Director||Nominated|
|St. Louis Film Critics Association Award||Best Animated Feature Film||Legend of the Guardians: The Owls of Ga'Hoole||Nominated|
|2013||Hollywood Film Award||Hollywood Movie of the Year||Man of Steel||Nominated|
|2014||Jupiter Award||Best International Film||Nominated|
|2017||Golden Raspberry Award||Worst Director||Batman v Superman: Dawn of Justice||Nominated|
|Jupiter Award||Best International Film||Nominated|
|Dragon Awards||Best Science Fiction or Fantasy Movie
Shared with Patty Jenkins, Allan Heinberg & Jason Fuchs
|Satellite Awards||Best Adapted Screenplay
Shared with Allan Heinberg & Jason Fuchs
|2018||American Film Institute||Top Ten Films of the Year
Shared with Charles Roven, Richard Suckle & Deborah Snyder
|Producers Guild of America Awards||Best Theatrical Motion Picture
Shared with Charles Roven, Richard Suckle & Deborah Snyder
|Hugo Awards||Best Dramatic Presentation - Long Form
(Shared with Patty Jenkins (director), Allan Heinberg (screenplay/story) and Jason Fuchs (story)
- Snyder was the director during principal photography, but was replaced by Joss Whedon during post-production. Snyder retained directorial credit for the finished film, though reports have indicated Whedon reshot a significant portion of the film. Snyder later edited a director's cut of the film, removing all of Whedon's footage and restoring his own footage that was deleted in the theatrical release.
- "Justice League: Zack Snyder quits movie after daughter kills herself". The Guardian. May 23, 2017. Retrieved February 13, 2019.
- Louie, Elaine (February 18, 2011). "Off Screen, a Long-Running Romance". The New York Times. Retrieved October 2, 2014.
- "Marsha Manley Snyder". geni_family_tree. Retrieved February 23, 2020.
- "Charles Edward "Ed" Snyder". geni_family_tree. Retrieved February 23, 2020.
- Everhart, Bill (March 8, 2007). "Fan makes a film". The Berkshire Eagle. Retrieved October 8, 2013.
- "Marsha Snyder Obituary – Pittsfield, MA". The Berkshire Eagle. Legacy.com. Retrieved August 8, 2015.
- "The North Adams Transcript from North Adams, Massachusetts · Page 15". Newspapers.com. May 5, 1958. Archived from the original on December 8, 2015. Retrieved August 8, 2015.
- Leonard, Devin (March 1, 2016). "Zack Snyder's Superhero Life". Bloomberg News. Retrieved March 1, 2016.
- "Zack Snyder: Watchmen". SuicideGirls. March 5, 2009. Retrieved March 5, 2009.
- Douglas, Edward (October 4, 2010). "Updates on The Jetsons & Zack Snyder's The Illustrated Man". ComingSoon.net. Retrieved June 13, 2016.
- Fleming, Mike (October 4, 2010). "SCOOP: Zack Snyder Directing 'Superman'". Deadline.com. Retrieved October 4, 2010.
- Fischer, Russ (July 20, 2013). "Zack Snyder Will Direct Superman/Batman Movie Inspired by Frank Miller's 'The Dark Knight Returns'". /Film. Retrieved July 20, 2013.
- Fritz, Ben (April 26, 2014). "Warner Bros. Plans 'Justice League' Movie Directed by Zack Snyder (Exclusive)". The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved April 27, 2014.
- Kit, Borys (May 22, 2017). "Zack Snyder Steps Down From 'Justice League' to Deal With Family Tragedy". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved September 23, 2018.
- Brown, Todd (August 2, 2011). "BREAKING: Zack Snyder Taking Director's Chair On THE LAST PHOTOGRAPH". Screen Anarchy. Retrieved August 8, 2016.
- Siegel, Tatiana (March 17, 2016). "'Batman v. Superman': Married Creative Duo on That R-Rated DVD, Plans for DC Superhero Universe". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved July 4, 2016.
- Desta, Yohana (May 29, 2018). "Zack Snyder's Next Project Is an Adaptation of The Fountainhead". Vanity Fair. Retrieved May 29, 2018.
- Dockterman, Eliana (May 21, 2020). "What to Know About the Justice League Snyder Cut—and Why Some People Are Upset About Its Release". Time. Retrieved May 21, 2020.
- Jacob Hall, "Zack Snyder Wants to Make a George Washington Movie", SlashFilm, March 2, 2016
- "Zack Snyder Returning to Movies With Zombie Action Pic 'Army of the Dead' (Exclusive)". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved January 31, 2019.
- ""It Will Be an Entirely New Thing": Zack Snyder's $20M-Plus 'Justice League' Cut Plans Revealed". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved June 11, 2020.
- Nicholson, Amy (February 26, 2009). "Slow and Steady". Box Office Magazine. Archived from the original on March 3, 2009. Retrieved March 28, 2016.
- Staskiewicz, Keith (July 2, 2015). "Zack Snyder defends Man of Steel ending". Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved August 3, 2020.
- Louie, Elaine (October 3, 2004). "WEDDINGS/CELEBRATIONS: VOWS; Deborah Johnson and Zack Snyder – New York Times". The New York Times. The New York Times Company. Retrieved July 25, 2010.
- Frank Lovece (February 19, 2009). "CGI: 'Watchmen'--Zack Snyder brings superhero saga to the finish line". Film Journal International. Retrieved February 19, 2009.
- "Los Angeles County Department of Medical Examiner – Coroner – Case Detail". Los Angeles County Department of Medical Examiner-Coroner. Retrieved May 24, 2017.
- "Autumn Snyder (1996–2017)". Find a Grave. Retrieved May 24, 2017.
- "Zack Snyder". Rotten Tomatoes. Retrieved April 26, 2015.
- "Zack Snyder Movies Profile". Metacritic. Retrieved April 26, 2015.
- "Cinemascore". CinemaScore. Retrieved April 26, 2015.
- "Zack Snyder Movie Box Office Results". Box Office Mojo. Amazon.com. Retrieved January 23, 2018.
- "Music and Sound for Picture". Hayden Clement.
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