The Youth Pledge (Indonesian: Sumpah Pemuda) was a declaration made on 28 October 1928 by young Indonesian nationalists in the Second Youth Congress (Indonesian: Kongres Pemuda Kedua). They proclaimed three ideals; one motherland, one nation and one language.[1]

Contents

BackgroundEdit

 
Jong Java (Young Java) delegation.

The first Indonesian youth congress was held in Batavia, capital of the then-Dutch East Indies in 1926. It produced no formal decisions but did promote the idea of a united Indonesia. The idea are Indonesian dream of independence become dream of all Indonesian youth and all youth organization empowered efforts to mobilize youth organizations in one forum.[2]

In October 1928, the second Indonesian youth congress was held at three different locations. In the first session held in Katholike jongenlinen bond building, the hope was expressed that the congress would inspire the feeling of unity. The second session saw discussions about educational issues held in Oost Java Bioscoop building . In the third and final session, held at Jalan Kramat Raya No, 106, on 28 October participants heard the future Indonesian national anthem Indonesia Raya by Wage Rudolf Supratman played with violin .

The congress closed with a reading of the youth pledge.[3][4]

The pledgeEdit

In Indonesian, with the original spelling, the pledge reads:[3]

Pertama
Kami poetra dan poetri Indonesia, mengakoe bertoempah darah jang satoe, tanah air Indonesia.
Kedoea
Kami poetra dan poetri Indonesia, mengakoe berbangsa jang satoe, bangsa Indonesia.
Ketiga
Kami poetra dan poetri Indonesia, mendjoendjoeng bahasa persatoean, bahasa Indonesia.

In Indonesian with current spelling:

Pertama
Kami putra dan putri Indonesia, bertumpah darah yang satu, tanah air Indonesia.
Kedua
Kami putra dan putri Indonesia, mengaku berbangsa yang satu, bangsa Indonesia.
Ketiga
Kami putra dan putri Indonesia, menjunjung bahasa persatuan bahasa Indonesia.

In English:

Firstly
We the sons and daughters of Indonesia, acknowledge one motherland, Indonesia.
Secondly
We the sons and daughters of Indonesia, acknowledge one nation, the nation of Indonesia.
Thirdly
We the sons and daughters of Indonesia, respect the language of unity, Indonesian.

First Congress of Indonesian YouthEdit

National dayEdit

From 1959 28th october become youth pledge day namely national day which is not a holiday determined by the Indonesian government through Presidential Decree No. 316 of 1959 dated December 16, 1959 to commemorate the Youth plegde event wikisource article about national day that not holiday

ReferencesEdit

  • Hudaya Latuconsina & Dedi Rafidi (1996) Pelajaran Sejarah untuk SMU Jilid 2 (History for Senior High School Vol. 2). Penerbit Erlangga, Jakarta, ISBN 979-411-251-8
  • Kahin, George McTurnan (1952) Nationalism and Revolution in Indonesia Cornell University Press, ISBN 0-8014-9108-8
  • Ricklefs (1982), A History of Modern Indonesia, Macmillan Southeast Asian reprint, ISBN 0-333-24380-3
  • Youth Pledge Museum website (Indonesian)

NotesEdit

  1. ^ Ricklefs (1982) p177
  2. ^ Pandidikan Pancasila dan Kewarganegaraan kelas 8. ISBN 978-602-282-970-7 Check |isbn= value: checksum (help).
  3. ^ a b "Archived copy". Archived from the original on May 16, 2013. Retrieved October 15, 2012.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link) Youth Pledge Museum website (Indonesian)
  4. ^ Hudaya Latuconsina & Dedi Rafidi (1996) p123