Wurzen (German pronunciation: [ˈvʊɐ̯tsn̩]) is a town in the Leipzig district, in the Free State of Saxony, Germany. It is situated on the river Mulde, here crossed by two bridges, 25 km east of Leipzig, by rail N.E. of Leipzig on the main line via Riesa to Dresden. It has a cathedral dating from the twelfth century, a castle, at one time a residence of the bishops of Meissen and later utilized as law courts, several schools, an agricultural college and as a police station including a prison.

Wurzen
Wurzen1.JPG
Coat of arms of Wurzen
Coat of arms
Location of Wurzen within Leipzig district
Wurzen in L.svg
Wurzen is located in Germany
Wurzen
Wurzen
Wurzen is located in Saxony
Wurzen
Wurzen
Coordinates: 51°22′N 12°43′E / 51.367°N 12.717°E / 51.367; 12.717Coordinates: 51°22′N 12°43′E / 51.367°N 12.717°E / 51.367; 12.717
CountryGermany
StateSaxony
DistrictLeipzig
Subdivisions5
Government
 • MayorJörg Röglin (Ind.)
Area
 • Total68.54 km2 (26.46 sq mi)
Elevation
124 m (407 ft)
Population
 (2018-12-31)[1]
 • Total16,154
 • Density240/km2 (610/sq mi)
Time zoneCET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Postal codes
04808
Dialling codes03425, 034261
Vehicle registrationL, BNA, GHA, GRM, MTL, WUR
Websitewww.wurzen.de

Contents

HistoryEdit

Founded after 600 by Slavs, Wurzen is first mentioned in the act of donation from Otto I in 961 as a "Burgward" civitas vurcine. Situated in the "anderen Gau Neletici", it was a town early in the twelfth century when Herwig, bishop of Meissen, founded a Collegiate church here. In 1581 it passed to the elector of Saxony. During the Thirty Years' War (1637) it was sacked by the Swedish army and burned almost completely down.

In 1768 Goethe travelled from Leipzig to Dresden and back through Wurzen. The long wait for the ferry later inspired a passage in his first edition of Faust.

On 31 July 1838 Wurzen was connected through Wurzen railway station to the first German long distance railway (Leipzig–Dresden, opened 7 April 1839). Therefore, the first German railway bridge was constructed to cross the Mulde.

Like in comparable cities of the former GDR, the city saw right-wing influence and right-wing motivated violence in the 1990s. However, there has been an active network of antifascist groups, civil society groups for democracy and church-related groups working against this - also with the support of the city administration.

Via regia and Central German St. James WayEdit

Wurzen is located on the central German route of the St. James pilgrims way to Santiago de Compostela, the so called Camino de Santiago. It follows the old Via Regia street which was designated a Cultural Route of the Council of Europe in 2005.

International relationsEdit

EconomyEdit

A main commercial focus is the production of pastries and candies. Furthermore, there are several high-performance medium-sized businesses in mechanical engineering and some specialty companies in town (conveying machinery, lighting design, production of felt).

TransportEdit

Wurzen is connected to the Leipzig metropolitan area via national highway B6, the closest expressway (Autobahn) connector being situated about 15 km south of Wurzen. Wurzen railway station is linked to the central German commuter train network (S-Bahn Mitteldeutschland) and to the regional express train line between Leipzig and Dresden. There are two airports which can be reached within one hour's driving time, Halle-Leipzig airport and Dresden airport.

Main sightsEdit

Notable residentsEdit

 
Magnus Gottfreid Lichtwer
 
Otto Georg Thierack

Persons with relation to WurzenEdit

 
Wilhelm Hasenclever

ReferencesEdit

  •   This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainChisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Wurzen". Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press.

External linksEdit