World Network of Biosphere Reserves in Europe and North America

Under UNESCO’s Man and the Biosphere Programme, there are 302 biosphere reserves recognized as part of the World Network of Biosphere Reserves in Europe and North America (as of April 2016). These are distributed across 36 countries in the region.[1][2]

Biosphere reserves operating under the UNESCO Man and the Biosphere Programme aim to achieve three mandate management objectives of conservation, sustainable socio-economic development, and logistic support.[3]

The listEdit

Below is the list of biosphere reserves in Europe and North America, organized by country/territory, along with the year these were designated as part of the World Network of Biosphere Reserves.

The list does not include the Intercontinental Biosphere Reserve of the Mediterranean, a biosphere reserve shared between Morocco and Spain, which has been classified as part of the Arab States region.

AlbaniaEdit

AustriaEdit

  • (Gossenköllesee (1977) - withdrawn in 2014)
  • (Gurgler Kamm (1977) - withdrawn in 2014)
  • (Lobau (1977) - withdrawn in 2016)
  • (Neusiedler See (1977) - withdrawn in 2016)
  • Großwalsertal (since 2000)
  • Wienerwald (since 2005)
  • Salzburger Lungau & Kärntner Nockberge (since 2012)

BelarusEdit

BulgariaEdit

CanadaEdit

CroatiaEdit

Czech RepublicEdit

Czech Republic and PolandEdit

DenmarkEdit

EstoniaEdit

FinlandEdit

FranceEdit

France and GermanyEdit

France and ItalyEdit

GermanyEdit

See also:   Media related to Biosphere reserves in Germany at Wikimedia Commons

GreeceEdit

HungaryEdit

IrelandEdit

Isle of ManEdit

  • Isle of Man (2016) - entire territory and territorial seas

IsraelEdit

ItalyEdit

LatviaEdit

LithuaniaEdit

MontenegroEdit

NetherlandsEdit

North MacedoniaEdit

PolandEdit

PortugalEdit

Portugal and SpainEdit

RomaniaEdit

Romania and UkraineEdit

Russian FederationEdit

SerbiaEdit

SlovakiaEdit

SloveniaEdit

SpainEdit

See also Portugal and Spain.

SwedenEdit

SwitzerlandEdit

TurkeyEdit

UkraineEdit

See also Romania and Ukraine.

United KingdomEdit

United States of AmericaEdit

Sites withdrawn in 2017 by request of the U.S. government [4]
Sites withdrawn in 2018[5]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Europe & North America". Ecological Sciences for Sustainable Development. UNESCO.
  2. ^ "Biosphere reserves withdrawn from the World Network of Biosphere reserves". Ecological Sciences for Sustainable Development. UNESCO. Retrieved 26 May 2016.
  3. ^ Van, Cuong, Chu; Peter, Dart; Marc, Hockings (2017). "Using Enhancing our heritage toolkit for assessing management effectiveness of the Kien Giang Biosphere Reserve". International Journal of UNESCO Biosphere Reserves. 1 (2): 56–76. doi:10.25316/ir-77.
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n "23 new sites added to UNESCO's World Network of Biosphere Reserves". UNESCO. 14 June 2017.
  5. ^ a b c d e UNESCO (26 July 2018). "Twenty-four new sites join UNESCO's World Network of Biosphere Reserves 26 July 2018". Retrieved 5 September 2018.
  6. ^ "Europe & North America: 292 biosphere reserves in 37 countries". Retrieved 5 September 2018.

Further readingEdit

External linksEdit