William Rees-Mogg, Baron Rees-Mogg (14 July 1928 – 29 December 2012) was a British newspaper journalist, who was the Editor of The Times from 1967 to 1981. In the late 1970s he served as High Sheriff of Somerset, and in the 1980s was the Chairman of the Arts Council of Great Britain and Vice-Chairman of the British Broadcasting Corporation's Board of Governors.
The Lord Rees-Mogg
Rees-Mogg in 1976
|Chairman of the Arts Council of Great Britain|
|Preceded by||Sir Kenneth Robinson|
|Succeeded by||Peter Palumbo|
|Editor of The Times|
|Preceded by||Sir William Haley|
|Succeeded by||Harold Evans|
|Member of the House of Lords|
8 August 1988 – 29 December 2012
14 July 1928
|Died||29 December 2012 (aged 84)|
|Cause of death||Oesophageal cancer|
|Political party||None (crossbencher)|
|Formerly Conservative Party|
|Children||5, including Jacob and Annunziata|
|Education||Clifton College Preparatory School|
|Alma mater||Balliol College, Oxford|
William Rees-Mogg was born in 1928 at Bristol, England, into an upper middle-class family, the son of Edmund Fletcher Rees-Mogg (1889–1962) of Cholwell House in the parish of Cameley in Somerset, an Anglican by religion, and his Irish American Roman Catholic wife, Beatrice Warren, a daughter of Daniel Warren of New York.
Not yet eighteen, Rees-Mogg went to Balliol College, Oxford as a Brackenbury Scholar to read history in January 1946 as a place had fallen temporarily vacant. By the end of the Trinity (summer) term he had been elected to the library committee (the junior committee) of the Oxford Union Society and was due to be an officer of the Oxford University Conservative Association under Margaret Roberts (the future Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher), President for Michaelmas (autumn) Term 1946.
However, he did not return to Oxford in October as he was forced to give up his place to a disabled ex-serviceman. In 1946-8, beginning with an exceptionally bitter winter, he did his National Service in the Royal Air Force education department (his poor eyesight ruled out aircrew training) rising to the rank of sergeant. His duties included teaching illiterate recruits to read and write, and his reference from his commanding officer stated that he was competent to perform simple tasks under supervision.
He returned to Oxford to complete his degree, and became President of OUCA in Michaelmas Term 1950 and President of the Oxford Union in Trinity term, 1951. He graduated that term with a second-class degree.
Rees-Mogg began his career in journalism in London at the Financial Times in 1952 becoming chief leader writer in 1955 and, in addition, assistant editor in 1957. During this period, he was Conservative candidate for the safe Labour seat of Chester-le-Street in a by-election on 27 September 1956, losing to the Labour candidate Norman Pentland by 21,287 votes, as he did in the subsequent general election by a similar margin.
He moved to The Sunday Times in 1960, later becoming its Deputy Editor from 1964 where he wrote "A Captain’s Innings", which many believe convinced Alec Douglas-Home to resign as Tory leader, making way for Edward Heath, in July 1965.
Rees-Mogg was editor of The Times from 1967 to 1981. In a 1967 editorial entitled "Who breaks a butterfly on a wheel?", he criticised the severity of the custodial sentence for Mick Jagger on a drugs offence. With colleagues he attempted a buyout of Times Group Newspapers in 1981 in order to stop its sale by the Thomson Organisation to Rupert Murdoch, but was unsuccessful. Murdoch replaced him as editor with Harold Evans. Rees-Mogg wrote a comment column for The Independent from its foundation in the autumn of 1986 until near the end of 1992, when he rejoined The Times where he remained a columnist until shortly before his death. In his Memoirs, published in 2011, he wrote of Murdoch: "Looking back, he has been an excellent proprietor for the Times, but also for Fleet Street."
Rees-Mogg was a member of the BBC's Board of Governors and chairman of the Arts Council, overseeing a major reform of the latter body which halved the number of arts organisations receiving regular funding and reduced the Council's direct activities. Having been High Sheriff of Somerset from 1978 to 1979 he was appointed a Knight Bachelor in the 1981 Birthday Honours and knighted by Elizabeth II in an investiture ceremony at Buckingham Palace on 3 November 1981. In the 1988 Birthday Honours, Rees-Mogg was announced to be made a life peer and was raised to the peerage on 8 August that year as Baron Rees-Mogg, of Hinton Blewett in the County of Avon, and sat in the House of Lords as a cross-bencher. He was a member of the European Reform Forum. The University of Bath awarded him an Honorary Degree (Doctor of Laws) in 1977.
He co-authored, with James Dale Davidson, three books on the general topic of financial investment and the future of capitalism: Blood in the Streets, The Great Reckoning, and The Sovereign Individual. The Sovereign Individual, published in 1997, argues that in an internet age the nation state will become outmoded, and an era of the individual will develop. Peter Thiel, the co-founder of PayPal, stated in 2014 that The Sovereign Individual was the most influential book he had read.
Writing in The Times in 2001, Lord Rees-Mogg, who had a house in Somerset, described himself as "a country person who spends most of his time in London", and attempted to define the characteristics of a "country person". He also wrote that Tony Blair was as unpopular in rural England as Mrs Thatcher had been in Scotland. By now his liberal attitude to drugs policy had led to his being mocked as "Mogadon Man" by Private Eye. The magazine later referred to him as "Mystic Mogg" (a pun on "Mystic Meg", a tabloid astrologer) because of the perception that his economic and political predictions were ultimately found to be inaccurate.
In 1964 Rees-Mogg purchased Ston Easton Park near Bath, Somerset, the former home of the Hippisley family. The house had been threatened with demolition and Rees-Mogg partially restored it. He sold the house to the Smedley family in 1978.
Rees-Mogg and his wife Gillian Shakespeare Morris had five children. They are:
- Emma Beatrice Rees-Mogg (born 1962), who married David William Hilton Craigie, son of Major Robin Brooks, in 1990. The couple have four children: Maud, Wilfred, Myfanwy and Samuel. She is a novelist under the name Emma Craigie
- Charlotte Louise Rees-Mogg (born 1964)
- Thomas Fletcher Rees-Mogg DL (born 1966), who married Modwenna Northcote in 1996. The couple have four children: William, Beatrice, David and Constance 
- Jacob William Rees-Mogg (born 24 May 1969), who was elected Conservative MP for the new constituency of North East Somerset in 2010 after having stood unsuccessfully as a candidate for the Conservative Party in the 1997 and 2001 general elections (in Central Fife and The Wrekin respectively). He married Helena de Chair in 2007. The couple have six children: Peter, Mary, Thomas, Anselm, Alfred and Sixtus. In July 2019, he was appointed Leader of the House of Commons and Lord President of the Council in the Johnson ministry.
- Annunziata Mary Rees-Mogg (born 25 March 1979), who stood unsuccessfully as a candidate for the Conservative Party in the 2005 general election in Aberavon, and in Somerton and Frome at the 2010 election. Annunziata married Matthew Glanville in 2010. The couple have two daughters, Isadora, born in 2011 and Molly born in 2018. She was elected as a Member of the European Parliament for the Brexit Party in 2019.
Afflicted by oesophageal cancer, he became seriously ill just before Christmas of 2012, and died in London on 29 December at the age of 84. Rees-Mogg's funeral was held at Westminster Cathedral on 9 January 2013, with his body being buried in the graveyard of the Church of St James at Cameley in the county of Somerset.
Styles of addressEdit
- 1928–1981: Mr William Rees-Mogg
- 1981–1988: Sir William Rees-Mogg
- 1988–2012: The Right Honourable The Lord Rees-Mogg
- The reigning error: The crisis of world inflation (1975)
- Blood in the Streets: Investment Profits in a World Gone Mad (1987, with James Dale Davidson) ISBN 9780446353168
- The Great Reckoning : How the World Will Change Before the Year 2000 (1992, with James Dale Davidson) ISBN 9780330327923
- The Sovereign Individual: The Coming Economic Revolution: how to Survive and Prosper in it (1997, with James Dale Davidson) ISBN 9780333662083
- Burke's Genealogical and Heraldic History of the Landed Gentry, 15th Edition, ed. Pirie-Gordon, H., London, 1937, pp.1610-1611, pedigree of "Rees-Mogg of Cholwell", p.1611
- Burke, 1937, p.1611
- Baes, Stephen (29 December 2012). "Lord Rees-Mogg obituary". The Guardian. London. Retrieved 3 September 2017.
- "Lord Rees-Mogg dies aged 84". This is Bath. Bath. 29 December 2012. Archived from the original on 1 January 2013. Retrieved 29 December 2012.
- Rees-Mogg 2011, pp75-81
- presumably in April 1949 to complete the nine terms of residence normally required for a BA, although his memoirs do not give the exact date
- Larman, Alexander (29 July 2012). "Memoirs by William Rees-Mogg – review". The Observer. London. Archived from the original on 1 January 2013. Retrieved 1 January 2013.
- Byrne, Ciar (12 June 2006). "The Indestructible Journos". The Independent. London. Archived from the original on 1 January 2013. Retrieved 1 January 2013.
- Griffiths, Edward, ed. (1992). The Encyclopedia of the British Press, 1422–1992. London: Palgrave Macmillan. p. 482. ISBN 9780312086336.
- Dennen, Tom (Fall 2010). ""Wealth Transfer" is Cyclic "Reckoning"". The Journal of History. London: News Source, Inc. 10 (2). Archived from the original on 1 January 2013. Retrieved 1 January 2013.
- Budden, Rob (29 December 2012). "Journalist Lord Rees-Mogg dies". Financial Times. London. Retrieved 29 December 2012.(registration required)
- Bates, Stephen (29 December 2012). "Lord Rees-Mogg obituary". The Guardian. London. Archived from the original on 1 January 2013.
- "Obituary: William Rees-Mogg". The Daily Telegraph. London. 30 December 2012. Archived from the original on 1 January 2013. Retrieved 1 January 2013.
- Rees-Mogg, William (21 December 1992). "Is this the end of life as I know it?". The Independent. London. Archived from the original on 1 January 2013. Retrieved 1 January 2013.
- "The Rt Hon Lord Rees-Mogg Authorised Biography". People of Today. London: Debrett's. 2012. Archived from the original on 1 January 2013. Retrieved 1 January 2013.
- Miller, Daniel (30 December 2013). "William Rees-Mogg: Former Times editor dies aged 84 after a short illness". Daily Mail. London. Archived from the original on 2 January 2013. Retrieved 2 January 2013.
- Preston, Peter (13 July 2011). "Memoirs by William Rees-Mogg – review". The Guardian. London. Archived from the original on 2 January 2013. Retrieved 1 January 2013.
- "No. 47497". The London Gazette. 23 March 1978. p. 3664.
- "No. 48639". The London Gazette (Supplement). 12 June 1981. p. 2.
- "No. 48819". The London Gazette. 11 December 1981. p. 15769.
- "No. 51365". The London Gazette (Supplement). 10 June 1988. p. 1.
- "No. 51439". The London Gazette. 12 August 1988. p. 9161.
- "University of Bath: Honorary Graduates 1966 to 1988". Bath, Somerset: University of Bath. 2012. Archived from the original on 1 January 2013. Retrieved 29 December 2012.
- Davidson, James Dale. "William Rees-Mogg: A Remembrance". Newsmax. Retrieved 13 October 2015.
- Beckett, Andy (9 November 2018). "How to explain Jacob Rees-Mogg? Start with his father's books". The Guardian. Retrieved 9 November 2018.
- Conn O Midheach (12 May 1997). "Future shock". Irish Times. Retrieved 12 November 2018.
- Wilby, Peter (8 January 2007). "Prints of darkness". The Guardian. London. Archived from the original on 2 January 2013. Retrieved 1 January 2013.
- "All Articles by William Rees Mogg". The Mail on Sunday. London. Archived from the original on 2 January 2013. Retrieved 2 January 2013.
- Reid, Robert Douglas (1979). Some buildings of Mendip. The Mendip Society. ISBN 0-905459-16-4.
- Mosley, Charles, editor. Burke's Peerage, Baronetage & Knightage, 107th edition, 3 volumes. Wilmington, Delaware, U.S.A.: Burke's Peerage (Genealogical Books) Ltd, 2003.
- "Person Page". Thepeerage.com. Retrieved 15 March 2017.
- "What Was Never Said by Emma Craigie". The Guardian. 17 September 2015. Retrieved 15 March 2017.
- "Person Page". Thepeerage.com. Retrieved 5 July 2017.
- "BBC News". 5 July 2017. Retrieved 5 July 2017.
- Rees-Mogg, William (23 March 2009). "The Pope's message is not the problem". The Times. London.(subscription required)
- Booth, Jenny (29 December 2012). "Former Times editor William Rees-Mogg dies". The Times. London. Archived from the original on 2 January 2013. Retrieved 1 January 2013.(subscription required)
- O'Carroll, Lisa (10 January 2013). "Tributes paid to Lord Rees-Mogg at funeral". The Guardian. Retrieved 25 July 2019.
- Entry for Baron Rees-Mogg in Findagrave website (2019). https://www.findagrave.com/memorial/157561508/william-rees_mogg
- "BLOOD IN THE STREETS: Investment Profits in a World Gone Mad" (Review), Kirkus Reviews, 1 June 1987, https://www.kirkusreviews.com/book-reviews/james-dale-with-william-rees-mogg-davidson/blood-in-the-streets-investment-profits-in-a-wo/
- Tom Lucas, "UK: Book Review - The great reckoning - A global warning on wealth", Management Today, 1 May 1992, http://www.managementtoday.co.uk/news/409185/UK-Book-Review---great-reckoning---global-warning-wealth/?DCMP=ILC-SEARCH
- "The Great Reckoning" (Review), Kirkus Reviews, 1 August 1991, https://www.kirkusreviews.com/book-reviews/james-dale-davidson/the-great-reckoning/
- Will Hutton, "Beware the Ides of Mogg", London Review of Books, 9 April 1992, http://www.lrb.co.uk/v14/n07/will-hutton/beware-the-ides-of-mogg
- Profile at the Parliament of the United Kingdom
- Contributions in Parliament at Hansard 1803–2005
- Current session contributions in Parliament at Hansard
- Voting record at PublicWhip.org
- Record in Parliament at TheyWorkForYou.com
- Profile at BBC News Democracy Live
- Articles authored at Journalisted
- Works by or about William Rees-Mogg in libraries (WorldCat catalog)
- Profile at Bloomberg Businessweek
- Profile at LevelBusiness
| Deputy Editor of the Sunday Times
| Editor of The Times
| Chair of the Arts Council of Great Britain