Wilhelm von Mirbach
Wilhelm von Mirbach-Harff
Wilhelm von Mirbach
|German Ambassador to Russia|
April 1918 – July 1918
|Born||2 July 1871|
Bad Ischl, Austria-Hungary
|Died||6 July 1918 (aged 47)|
Moscow, Russian SFSR
Born in Bad Ischl in Upper Austria into a Catholic Rhenan aristocratic family, he was a scion of Johann Wilhelm von Mirbach-Harff, founder of the Rhineland Knight academy. His parents were Ernst Graf von Mirbach and his wife Wilhelmine von Thun-Hohenstein (1851–1929).
From 1908 to 1911, Mirbach served as the embassy clerk in Saint Petersburg, and then as political councillor for the German military command in Bucharest. In 1915 he became the German ambassador in Greece, before being expelled from Athens in December 1916 when the Entente-leaning government of Eleftherios Venizelos took power.
Mirbach was assassinated at the German embassy in Moscow by Yakov Grigorevich Blumkin and Nikolai Andreyev at the request of the Central Committee of the Left Socialist-Revolutionaries, who tried to incite a war between Russia and Germany. Blumkin entered Mirbach's residence in Moscow using forged papers and shot his victim at point blank range. As Mirbach tried to escape, Andreyev fired a second bullet and both of the assassins leapt out of the window and then drove away in a Cheka car. Mirbach's assassination signaled the beginning of the revolt of the Left Socialist-Revolutionaries in Moscow in 1918.
Mirbach was succeeded as German ambassador to Russia by Karl Helfferich.
- Regarding personal names: Until 1919, Graf was a title, translated as Count, not a first or middle name. The female form is Gräfin. In Germany since 1919, it forms part of family names.
- "L'expulsion du comte de Mirbach, ministre d'Allemagne, à Athènes" [The expulsion of the count of Mirbach, minister of Germany, in Athens]. Le Miroir (in French) (160). 17 December 1916. Retrieved 2015-01-28.
- West, Nigel (15 August 2017). Encyclopedia of Political Assassinations. Rowman & Littlefield. pp. 167–168. ISBN 978-1-538-10239-8.
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