Wildberg, Baden-Württemberg

Wildberg is a town in the district of Calw in Baden-Württemberg, Germany.

Wildberg
View of Bundesstraße 463 [de]
Coat of arms of Wildberg
Coat of arms
Location of Wildberg within Calw district
OstelsheimEnzkreisKarlsruhe (district)Karlsruhe (district)Böblingen (district)Tübingen (district)Rastatt (district)Freudenstadt (district)PforzheimBad HerrenalbDobelHöfen an der EnzUnterreichenbachSchömbergOberreichenbachBad LiebenzellAlthengstettCalwBad Teinach-ZavelsteinBad WildbadEnzklösterleNeuweilerSimmersfeldAltensteigRohrdorfEgenhausenHaiterbachNagoldWildbergEbhausenNeubulachGechingenOstelsheimSimmozheimSimmozheimWildberg in CW.svg
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Wildberg is located in Germany
Wildberg
Wildberg
Wildberg is located in Baden-Württemberg
Wildberg
Wildberg
Coordinates: 48°37′26″N 8°44′50″E / 48.62389°N 8.74722°E / 48.62389; 8.74722Coordinates: 48°37′26″N 8°44′50″E / 48.62389°N 8.74722°E / 48.62389; 8.74722
CountryGermany
StateBaden-Württemberg
Admin. regionKarlsruhe
DistrictCalw
Area
 • Total56.68 km2 (21.88 sq mi)
Elevation
395 m (1,296 ft)
Population
 (2018-12-31)[1]
 • Total10,069
 • Density180/km2 (460/sq mi)
Time zoneCET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Postal codes
72218
Dialling codes07054
Vehicle registrationCW
Websitewww.wildberg.de

HistoryEdit

Wildberg was founded by County of Hohenberg around 1281 at the foot of a castle built around 1200 by the County Palatine of Tübingen. Over the course of the 14th century, Wildberg became a possession of the Electoral Palatinate, who sold it and the towns of Schönbronn, Sulz am Eck, and Gültlingen to the County of Württemberg in 1440. The latter town would not be fully controlled by Württemberg until 1445, when it purchased the properties of other local nobles. These towns would exist in their own district until 1807, when the government of the Kingdom of Württemberg assigned them to Oberamt Nagold [de], which was dissolved in 1938 and replaced by Landkreis Calw. After World War II, Effringen, Gültlingen and Sulz am Eck established new residential areas but it was not until the 1970s that Wildberg also began growing. In 1971, Schönbronn merged into Wildberg and was followed four years later by Effringen, Gültlingen and Sulz am Eck. Growth slows in Gültlingen, Schönbronn, and Sulz am Eck, but continued in Wildberg into the 1990s.[2]

GeographyEdit

The township (Stadt) of Wildberg is situated on the eastern edge of the the district of Calw, in the German state of Baden-Württemberg, and lies along the border with the district of Böblingen to the east. Wildberg is physically located in the valley of the Enz, between the Northern Black Forest to the west and the Upper Gäu [de] to the east. Elevation above sea level in the municipal area ranges from a high of 638 meters (2,093 ft) Normalnull (NN) to a low of 356 meters (1,168 ft) NN.[2]

Portions of the Federally protected Gebersack [de], Gültlinger und Holzbronner Heiden [de], and Hülbe bei Sulz [de] nature reserves are located in Wildberg's municipal area.[2]

PoliticsEdit

Wildberg has five boroughs (Ortsteile) – Effringen, Gültlingen, Schönbronn, Sulz am Eck, and Wildberg – and nine villages: Haselstaller Höfe, Käpfleshöfe, Kengelhöfe, Lerchenberg, Obere Papiermühle, Reuthin, Trölleshof, Untere Papiermühle, and Untere Sägmühle. Also located in the municipal area are the minor administrative area of Ziegelhütte and the abandoned villages of Berfeldingen, Gaisburg, and Weiler.[2]

Coat of armsEdit

The municipal coat of arms of Wildberg is divided party per fess into an upper, white half containing a black stag antler [de], and a lower, red half containing a white "W". The fields and the overall red-white tincture are taken from the arms of the Counts of Hohenberg and first began appearing in town seals in 1297. The "W" became a local motif some time before 1660, first appearing in local seals in 1593. The stag antler is also a long-lived local motif and was first used around 1612. The municipal coat of arms was approved on 26 January 1976 by the Federal Ministry of the Interior and a municipal flag issued to Wildberg.[2]

TransportationEdit

Wildberg is connected to Germany's network of roadways by Bundesstraße 463 [de] and its system of railways by Nagold Valley Railway. Local public transportation is provided by the Verkehrsgesellschaft Bäderkreis Calw [de], which provides connections to the Stuttgart S-Bahn at Gärtringen and Herrenberg and to the Ammer Valley Railway at Tübingen.[2]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Bevölkerung nach Nationalität und Geschlecht am 31. Dezember 2018". Statistisches Landesamt Baden-Württemberg (in German). July 2019.
  2. ^ a b c d e f "Wildberg". LEO-BW (in German). Baden-Württemberg. Retrieved 29 July 2020.

External linksEdit