Wettin, Saxony-Anhalt

Wettin (pronunciation: WetEEN) is a small town belonging to the municipality of Wettin-Löbejün in the Saale District of Saxony-Anhalt (Saxony-Ascania), Germany. It is situated on the River Saale, just north of Halle-on-the-Saale. It is known for Wettin Castle (German: Burg or Schloss Wettin), the ancestral seat of the House of Wettin, the former ruling dynasty of Saxony, Poland, the United Kingdom, Belgium, and Bulgaria. The town and its name are of Slavic origin.

Wettin
Ortsteil of Löbejün-Wettin
Wettin Castle on the Saale river
Wettin Castle on the Saale river
Coat of arms of Wettin
Coat of arms
Location of Wettin
Wettin is located in Germany
Wettin
Wettin
Wettin is located in Saxony-Anhalt
Wettin
Wettin
Coordinates: 51°35′N 11°48′E / 51.583°N 11.800°E / 51.583; 11.800Coordinates: 51°35′N 11°48′E / 51.583°N 11.800°E / 51.583; 11.800
CountryGermany
StateSaxony-Anhalt
DistrictSaalekreis
TownLöbejün-Wettin
Area
 • Total27.19 km2 (10.50 sq mi)
Elevation
73 m (240 ft)
Population
 (2009-12-31)
 • Total2,355
 • Density87/km2 (220/sq mi)
Time zoneCET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Postal codes
06193
Dialling codes034607
Vehicle registrationSK
Websitewww.wettin.de

GeographyEdit

Wettin lies in the Saale District of the eastern German federal state of Saxony-Anhalt, which was formed through the merger of the former Prussian Province of Saxony (main city: Magdeburg; as opposed to the Free State of Saxony with its main city of Dresden), and the former Free State of Anhalt (in English also known as Ascania; main city: Dessau-Roßlau), on the River Saale, which flows into the Elbe further north. Wettin belongs to the municipality of Wettin-Löbejün which borders Saxony-Anhalt's most populous city of Halle-on-the-Saale in the southeast. It further borders Petersberg and Salzatal in the Saale District, Gerbstedt in the district of Mansfeld-Südharz (Mansfield-Southern Harz), Könnern in the Salzlandkreis (Saltland District), and Südliches Anhalt in the district of Anhalt-Bitterfeld (Ascania-Bitterfield). The Saale District (German: Saalekreis), which Wettin-Löbejün is a part of, surrounds the city of Halle. The nearest international airport is Leipzig/Halle Airport in Schkeuditz, southeast of Halle. The municipality of Wettin-Löbejün further consists of the villages of Brachwitz, Döblitz, Domnitz, Gimritz, Löbejün, Nauendorf, Neutz-Lettewitz, Plötz, and Rothenburg. Most of these villages are of Slavic origin.

HistoryEdit

Wettin was first documented as Vitin civitas in a 961 deed issued by German king Otto I. The settlement thereafter was a burgward within the Saxon Eastern March, held by Dietrich I von Wettin, the progenitor of the dynasty. His descendants became Margraves of Lusatia in 1032 and of Meissen in 1123. In 1288 Wettin was acquired by the Magdeburg archbishop Eric of Brandenburg.

Mücheln
The small village of Mücheln (not to be confused with the larger Mücheln near Merseburg) became[when?] part of Wettin and includes the restored old chapel of the Poor Fellow-Soldiers of Christ and of the Temple of Solomon (Knights Templar).
Lützkendorf
As bombing targets of the Oil Campaign of World War II, the Lützkendorf oil facilities 2 miles East of Mücheln included
  • a small Wintershall AG[1] crude oil refinery (100,000 tons/yr),
  • a Bergius process hydrogenation unit (125,000 tons/yr) for blending gasolines,
  • a Fischer-Tropsch plant (80,000 tons/yr) to process heavier gasoline cuts from synthesized oil,[2] and
  • tankage for about 75,000 metric tons.
The Lützkendorf Grube supplied lignite from the south end of the mine to the two interconnected plants ("Lutzkendorf" and "Lutzkendorf-Mücheln")[3] at 51°17′N 11°52′E / 51.283°N 11.867°E / 51.283; 11.867, and the facility also used tar for Low Temperature Carbonization.[2]
 
View over Wettin in the Saale Valley

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "The How and Why Air Attacks Crippled the German Oil-Chemical Industry: Natural Oil Targets". Orbat.com. Archived from the original on 2011-06-14. Retrieved 2009-10-24.
  2. ^ a b Stranges, Dr. Anthony. "Fischer-Tropsch Archive". Washington, D.C.: Fischer-Tropsch.org. Retrieved 2009-10-23.
  3. ^ HQ. U.S.S.T.A.F. (5 March 1944), Plan for Completion of Combined Bomber Offensive, Dwight D. Eisenhower Presidential Library: SMITH, WALTER BEDELL: Collection of World War II Documents, 1941-1945; Box No.: 48: HQ, U.S.S.T.A.F, Copy 1 … MOST SECRET … DECLASSIFIED … 4/4/74CS1 maint: location (link)