Werden, Essen

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Werden is a southern borough of the city of Essen in Germany. It belongs to the city district IX Werden/Kettwig/Bredeney and has 9,998 inhabitants as of June 30, 2006.[1] The borough occupies a space of 4.04 km2 (1.56 sq mi) and is situated at a median height of 58 m above sea level (NN).

Market place and former city hall of Werden

HistoryEdit

The history of Werden can be traced back to St. Ludger, who founded Werden Abbey at the end of the 8th century. His stone coffin is preserved in the crypt.[2] In 1317, Werden was granted city rights. The Abbey buildings have housed the Folkwang Hochschule since 1927.

The Codex Argenteus ("Silver Bible"), traditionally ascribed to bishop Ulfilas, was discovered in the abbey in the 16th century.

The town was merged into Essen on August 1, 1929. From 1931 to 1933, the Baldeneysee [ceb; de; eo; nl; pl; ru] was created, a large reservoir of the Ruhr.

TrafficEdit

The Bundesstraße 224 goes through the centre of Werden, with a high traffic load. Essen-Werden railway station provides access to the S-Bahn trains of the Rhine-Ruhr S-Bahn's S6 line.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Bevölkerung am Ort der Hauptwohnung" (PDF). Stadt Essen, Amt für Statistik, Stadtforschung und Wahlen. Retrieved 2006-12-03.[dead link]
  2. ^   One or more of the preceding sentences incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainChisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Werden". Encyclopædia Britannica. 28 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 522.

Coordinates: 51°23.1833′N 6°59.7833′E / 51.3863883°N 6.9963883°E / 51.3863883; 6.9963883