Weißwasser

Weißwasser (Upper Sorbian: Běła Woda, Polish: Biała Woda) is a town in Upper Lusatia in eastern Saxony, Germany.

Weißwasser
Library
Library
Coat of arms of Weißwasser
Coat of arms
Location of Weißwasser within Görlitz district
Weißwasser O.L. in GR.svg
Weißwasser is located in Germany
Weißwasser
Weißwasser
Weißwasser is located in Saxony
Weißwasser
Weißwasser
Coordinates: 51°30′N 14°38′E / 51.500°N 14.633°E / 51.500; 14.633Coordinates: 51°30′N 14°38′E / 51.500°N 14.633°E / 51.500; 14.633
CountryGermany
StateSaxony
DistrictGörlitz
Municipal assoc.Weißwasser
Government
 • MayorTorsten Pötzsch (Klartext)
Area
 • Total63.60 km2 (24.56 sq mi)
Elevation
140 m (460 ft)
Population
 (2019-12-31)[1]
 • Total15,886
 • Density250/km2 (650/sq mi)
Time zoneCET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Postal codes
02943
Dialling codes03576
Vehicle registrationGR, LÖB, NOL, NY, WSW, ZI
Websitewww.weisswasser.de

Weißwasser is the third largest town in the Görlitz district after Görlitz and Zittau. The town's landmark is its water tower. The town is part of the recognized Sorbian settlement area in Saxony. Upper Sorbian has an official status next to German, all villages bear names in both languages.

HistoryEdit

Weißwasser was mentioned for the first time on 8 June 1552, when it was part of the Czech (Bohemian) Crown Lands. The town's name means "white water". In 1635 it passed to the Electorate of Saxony, also ruled in personal union with the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth between 1697 and 1763, and following the Napoleonic Wars, in 1815 it was annexed by Prussia and included within the Province of Silesia. In the 19th and 20th centuries, Weißwasser was the European centre of glass production. It became part of the Prussian Province of Lower Silesia in 1919.

 
Memorial to the victims of the local concentration camp

Weißwasser received its town charter on 28 August 1935. During World War II, the Germans established and operated the FAL Weisswasser subcamp of the Gross-Rosen concentration camp, whose prisoners were mainly Jewish women.[2] In the Second World War, 40% of the town was destroyed. With the dissolution of Prussia resulting from the war, the town became part of Saxony from 1945–52. It was then part of communist East Germany from 1952–90 and administered within Bezirk Cottbus. Many enterprises had to close during the communist regime. After the fall of the Berlin Wall, only a few enterprises were left. It was included within a restored Saxony after German reunification.

Weißwasser now struggles with the after-effects of German reunification, as the fall of the Berlin Wall has had a devastating effect on the local economy. Many people have since lost their jobs and the town's population continues to suffers from a high percentage of unemployment. Consequently, many have left the area in the hope of finding a new job elsewhere in a reunited Germany.

In September 2005, Weißwasser hosted the "Tag der Sachsen." The event was a success with more than 300,000 visitors, which left some believing that the town could reinvent itself as a tourist attraction.

 
Bilingual German-Upper Sorbian town limit sign

There are bilingual street signs in German and Upper Sorbian in the town.

Coat of armsEdit

The coat of arms was allotted on 31 January 1927. The two green glasses symbolise the glass industry of the town, which was one of the largest in former East Germany. The tools are a reference to coal mining, which is carried out close to the city. Blue and yellow are the traditional colours of Upper Lusatia and the white waves in the bottom part of the coat of arms symbolise the name of the city.

Population developmentEdit

Development of the population figure since 31 December 1960

Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
1825 390—    
1933 13,494+3.34%
1939 14,388+1.07%
1946 12,940−1.50%
1950 13,844+1.70%
1960 14,028+0.13%
1981 32,799+4.13%
1984 34,994+2.18%
YearPop.±% p.a.
1988 38,288+2.27%
1995 31,745−2.64%
1997 30,300−2.30%
1998 28,605−5.59%
1999 27,315−4.51%
2000 26,107−4.42%
2001 24,815−4.95%
2002 23,862−3.84%
YearPop.±% p.a.
2003 22,966−3.75%
2004 22,758−0.91%
2005 21,912−3.72%
2006 20,823−4.97%
2007 20,298−2.52%
2008 19,927−1.83%
2009 19,615−1.57%
2010 19,416−1.01%

Source from 1998 on: Statistics office Saxony

PoliticsEdit

 
Town Hall

A new city council was elected on the 13 June 2004. Out of 18,653 eligible voters, 29.36% participated in the vote. The results were as following:

  • 27.68 % PDS
  • 27.01 % CDU
  • 18.54 % Wir für Hier e.V.
  • 12.70 % SPD
  • 6.96 % Klartext
  • 3.84 % FDP
  • 3.26 % NPD

Twin citiesEdit

SightsEdit

 
Glass museum
  • Water Tower
  • Ice Hockey Stadium "Fuchsbau" (fox's den)
  • Glass museum
  • Zoo
  • Pückler - Park in Bad Muskau
  • Rhododendron - Park in Kromlau
  • Forest Railway Muskau
  • Braunsteich - Lake
  • Erratic Rock - Park in Nochten
  • Opencast pit in Nochten

SportEdit

The local ice hockey club Dynamo Weißwasser, known presently as Lausitzer Füchse and also known as "The Foxes", was the most successful club in the ice hockey Premier League of former East Germany, winning 25 championships.

Sons and daughters of the townEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Bevölkerung des Freistaates Sachsen nach Gemeinden am 31. Dezember 2019". Statistisches Landesamt des Freistaates Sachsen (in German). July 2020.
  2. ^ "Subcamps of KL Gross- Rosen". Gross-Rosen Museum in Rogoźnica. Retrieved 14 June 2020.

External linksEdit