Wangen is a village and municipality in the district of Göppingen in Baden-Württemberg, southern Germany. It lies on the edge of the Stuttgart Metropolitan Region.

Wangen
Coat of arms of Wangen
Coat of arms
Location of Wangen within Göppingen district
Alb-Donau-KreisEsslingen (district)Heidenheim (district)Reutlingen (district)Rems-Murr-KreisOstalbkreisOstalbkreisAdelbergAichelbergAlbershausenBad BollBad DitzenbachBad ÜberkingenBirenbachBöhmenkirchBörtlingenDeggingenDonzdorfDrackensteinDürnauEislingenHeiningenEbersbach an der FilsEschenbachEschenbachGammelshausenGeislingen an der SteigeGingen an der FilsGöppingenGruibingenHattenhofenHeiningenHohenstadtKuchenLautersteinMühlhausen im TäleOttenbachRechberghausenSalachSchlatSchlierbachSüßenUhingenWäschenbeurenWangenWiesensteigZell unter AichelbergWangen (bei Göppingen) in GP.svg
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Wangen is located in Germany
Wangen
Wangen
Wangen is located in Baden-Württemberg
Wangen
Wangen
Coordinates: 48°43′46″N 9°36′41″E / 48.72944°N 9.61139°E / 48.72944; 9.61139Coordinates: 48°43′46″N 9°36′41″E / 48.72944°N 9.61139°E / 48.72944; 9.61139
CountryGermany
StateBaden-Württemberg
Admin. regionStuttgart
DistrictGöppingen
Government
 • MayorDaniel Frey
Area
 • Total9.68 km2 (3.74 sq mi)
Elevation
379 m (1,243 ft)
Population
 (2018-12-31)[1]
 • Total3,191
 • Density330/km2 (850/sq mi)
Time zoneCET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Postal codes
73117
Dialling codes07161
Vehicle registrationGP
Websitewww.gemeinde-wangen.de

GeographyEdit

Wangen lies on a hill above the Fils Valley, on the edge of the Schurwald and around five kilometres from the county town of Göppingen. The edges of the municipal area border Adelberg to the north, Börtlingen and Rechberghausen to the east, Göppingen to the south, Uhingen to the west and the town of Schorndorf in the neighbouring district of Rems-Murr-Kreis.

The municipality of Wangen includes the formerly independent municipality of Oberwälden, and is composed of the villages of Wangen and Oberwälden. The hamlet of Niederwälden has now been subsumed into the village of Wangen.

HistoryEdit

The village was first recorded in writing in 1274, when Friedrich von Staufeneck sold all his estates in Wangen and Oberwälden to the Abbey of Adelberg. From 1327, the village belonged administratively to the Württemberg State of the Holy Roman Empire, but the majority of property in the village remained under the ownership of the Abbey.

In 1806, the Degenfeld family's fiefdom of Rechberghausen and the Klosteramt (an administrative division centering on the estates of a dissolved monastery) of Adelberg were abolished and the lands transferred to the new Oberamt of Göppingen, which in 1934 was renamed as a Kreis, and in 1938 as an enlarged Landkreis. In 1935, the hamlet of Niederwälden was transferred from the municipality of Holzhausen to that of Wangen. As part of administrative reforms in Baden-Württemberg, the formerly independent municipality of Oberwälden was incorporated into Wangen on 1 July 1971.

ReligionEdit

Wangen was first designated as a parish in 1511, having previously belonged to the parish of Göppingen. In 1557, as part of the Reformation, a Protestant parish was established in the village, and since then there has been no Catholic parish there, Catholics instead attending the parish of Rechberghausen. In addition to this, there is also a small United Methodist community in Wangen.

PopulationEdit

Datum Einwohner
1837 849
1907 1073
17 May 1939 1233
13 September 1950 1863
27 May 1970 2759
31 December 1983 2976
31 December 2005 3213
31 December 2010 3165

PoliticsEdit

HeraldryEdit

Blazon: Per fess Or and vert, chief an attire sable

The green of the village's arms represents the surrounding meadows, while the gold represents the profitable wheat fields, and the antler is for the village's affiliation to the House of Württemberg. The coat of arms was adopted in 1930, and officially granted by the Interior Ministry on 3 July 1959.

PartnershipsEdit

The municipality of Wangen has a limited partnership with the French Region de Routot, to which the municipalities of Bouquetot, Brestot, Étréville, Eturqueraye, Hauville, La Haye Aubree, Le Landin, Rougemontier and Routot belong. The rural community of around 5,500 people lies in Normandy. The partnership was established on 1 May 1992, and since then there has been an annual meeting of representatives of the communities.

CouncilEdit

There have traditionally been no parties or factions in the municipal council of Wangen. It is not possible under the electoral rules to put forward a list containing more candidates than there are seats available. The candidates therefore traditionally put forward to lists - Free Voters and Independent Voters' Association - in order to be able to carry out a proper election.

Economy and infrastructureEdit

There is one primary school in the village, while higher schools are available in neighbouring towns and villages. The village also contains three nursery schools, two community nurseries and a Catholic nursery.

Culture and sightseeingEdit

MusicEdit

The Musikverein Wangen e. V. (Wangen Musical Society) was established in 1951 and runs a concert band. The society plays an active role in the life of the community through its work in both spiritual and secular events. The society is also heavily involved in youth work through its youth bands.

ArchitectureEdit

In the village of Oberwälden is the Nikolauskirche (Church of St. Nicholas), the choir room of which contains some precious frescos.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Bevölkerung nach Nationalität und Geschlecht am 31. Dezember 2018". Statistisches Landesamt Baden-Württemberg (in German). July 2019.