Waldheim, Saxony

Waldheim is a town in Mittelsachsen district, in Saxony, Germany.

Town center
Town center
Coat of arms of Waldheim
Coat of arms
Location of Waldheim within Mittelsachsen district
Waldheim in FG.png
Waldheim is located in Germany
Waldheim is located in Saxony
Coordinates: 51°4′N 13°1′E / 51.067°N 13.017°E / 51.067; 13.017Coordinates: 51°4′N 13°1′E / 51.067°N 13.017°E / 51.067; 13.017
Municipal assoc.Waldheim [de]
 • MayorSteffen Blech
 • Total41.62 km2 (16.07 sq mi)
266 m (873 ft)
 • Total8,951
 • Density220/km2 (560/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
Postal codes
Dialling codes034327
Vehicle registrationFG


Zschopau River

It is situated in the valley of the Zschopau River, 9 km (5.6 mi) southwest of Döbeln, and 28 km (17 mi) north of Chemnitz. The municipal area comprises Waldheim proper, the localities of Reinsdorf, Massanei, Heiligenborn, and Schönberg, as well as parts of the former Ziegra-Knobelsdorf municipality with the localities of Gebersbach, Heyda, Knobelsdorf, Meinsberg, Neuhausen, and Rudelsdorf, which were incorporated in 2013.

Waldheim station is a stop on the Riesa–Chemnitz railway, served by Regionalbahn trains of Deutsche Bahn and the private Vogtlandbahn railway company.


Waldheim in the Margraviate of Meissen was first mentioned in 1198. Waldheim Castle first appeared in a 1271 deed, the surrounding settlement received town privileges in 1286. The castle was turned into an Augustinian monastery in 1404. The population turned Protestant in 1537.

Waldheim Prison

In 1588 Waldheim Castle was again rebuilt as a hunting lodge by Elector Christian I of Saxony. In 1716 Augustus II the Strong inaugurated a penitentiary, almshouse and orphanage in the castle, which is used as a prison (Justizvollzugsanstalt) up to today. The later author Karl May served a sentence here from 1870 to 1874. In the Nazi era, Waldheim prison became notorious as a detention centre for political opponents, convicted for preparation of high treason, undermining military morale or just listening to banned Feindsender radio stations. Among the inmates were several resistance fighters like Eva Schulze-Knabe, who was convicted by the People's Court in 1942 and freed at the end of World War II.

When the NKVD special camps were handed over from the Soviet Military Administration to the East German government in 1950, numerous NKVD detainees were transferred to Waldheim for further detention and for trial. From April to June 1950, the Communist authorities put about 3,400 alleged war and Nazi criminals to the so-called Waldheim Trials, ending with previously prepared and overlong prison terms and 32 death sentences.

Notable peopleEdit

Gotthelf Fischer von Waldheim


The current city council of Waldheim was elected in 2009 and has 18 seats:

Twin townsEdit

Town hall

Waldheim is twinned with:


  1. ^ "Bevölkerung des Freistaates Sachsen nach Gemeinden am 31. Dezember 2019". Statistisches Landesamt des Freistaates Sachsen (in German). July 2020.

External linksEdit

  Media related to Waldheim at Wikimedia Commons