Wahweap Creek is a 55.6-mile (89.5 km) long[2] intermittent stream in southern Utah in the United States, and is a tributary of the Colorado River. It drains a rugged, high elevation, largely roadless mesa and canyon country in the Colorado Plateau region. The creek flows into the Lake Powell reservoir at Wahweap Bay where it gives its name to the Wahweap Marina, a popular access point to the Glen Canyon National Recreation Area.

Wahweap Creek
Valley (2262997787).jpg
Wahweap Creek Valley
Location
CountryUnited States
StateUtah
Physical characteristics
SourceCanaan Peak
 ⁃ locationDixie National Forest, Garfield County, Utah
 ⁃ coordinates37°36′20″N 111°47′40″W / 37.60556°N 111.79444°W / 37.60556; -111.79444[1]
 ⁃ elevation8,564 ft (2,610 m)
MouthLake Powell/Colorado River
 ⁃ location
Glen Canyon National Recreation Area, Kane County, Utah
 ⁃ coordinates
37°02′15″N 111°34′18″W / 37.03750°N 111.57167°W / 37.03750; -111.57167Coordinates: 37°02′15″N 111°34′18″W / 37.03750°N 111.57167°W / 37.03750; -111.57167[1]
 ⁃ elevation
3,704 ft (1,129 m)
Length55.6 mi (89.5 km)[2]
Basin size453 sq mi (1,170 km2)[3]
Basin features
Tributaries 
 ⁃ leftBlue Wash, Long Canyon, Tommy Smith Creek, Smith Run, Ty Hatch Creek, Nipple Creek
 ⁃ rightCoyote Creek

The Dakota Sandstone Wahweap Hoodoos are located adjacent to the creek near Lake Powell, and are accessible by a hike in the dry streambed.[4] Wahweap Creek also cuts through sections of the fossil-rich Wahweap Formation, which is named after the creek. Caution is essential when traveling in the area as the creek, though usually dry, is prone to large flash floods.

In the 1950s, Wahweap Creek was the site of Glen Canyon City (present-day Big Water), one of the main Bureau of Reclamation camps for the construction of Glen Canyon Dam which forms Lake Powell. The creek bed was the main source of gravel aggregate for the concrete used in the dam.

CourseEdit

 
"Sentinel Rock at the mouth of Wahweap Creek" by Eugene LaRue c. 1922, before the construction of Glen Canyon Dam. This location is now about 400 feet (120 m) under the surface of Lake Powell.

Wahweap Creek begins in Garfield County, near Canaan Peak on the Kaiparowits Plateau at elevations above 8,500 feet (2,600 m), and flows south into Kane County. It receives Long Canyon and Tommy Smith Creeks from the left, then descends into a canyon where it loses about 1,200 feet (370 m) of elevation in 15 miles (24 km). It continues south as a wide arroyo, receives Coyote Creek from the right and turns southeast past Big Water where U.S. Route 89 skirts the creek, before emptying into Wahweap Bay, an arm of Lake Powell. Lake levels fluctuate between 3,550 feet (1,080 m) in droughts, to a maximum recorded level of 3,708 feet (1,130 m). Before the construction of Glen Canyon Dam, Wahweap Creek flowed for another 7 miles (11 km) before joining the Colorado River near Page in Coconino County, Arizona.

The Wahweap Creek watershed comprises about 453 square miles (1,170 km2) of arid canyon country. The upper part of the creek flows through the Dixie National Forest and the Grand Staircase-Escalante National Monument, and much of the lower section lies in the Glen Canyon National Recreation Area. As a whole, the watershed is more than 85 percent federally owned.[3] Only 2.1 miles (3.4 km) of the headwaters of Wahweap Creek are perennial and host significant fish populations.[5]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "Wahweap Creek". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey. 1979-12-31. Retrieved 2016-06-12.
  2. ^ a b U.S. Geological Survey. National Hydrography Dataset high-resolution flowline data. The National Map, accessed 2016-06-12
  3. ^ a b "Section 1: Colorado-Grand Canyon Watershed-Based Plan" (PDF). University of Arizona. Retrieved 2016-06-12.
  4. ^ "Wahweap Hoodoos: Grand Staircase-Escalante National Monument". ZionNational-Park.com. Retrieved 2016-06-12.
  5. ^ Hadley, Michal J.; Ottenbacher, Michael J. (2007). "Kanab Creek, Paria River, Kaiparowitz Plateau Drainages Management Plan". Utah Government Digital Library. Retrieved 2016-06-12.CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)

External linksEdit