Wörth am Main (officially Wörth a.Main) is a town in the Miltenberg district in the Regierungsbezirk of Lower Franconia (Unterfranken) in Bavaria, Germany. It has a population of around 4,700.

Wörth am Main
View from the bridge to Erlenbach
View from the bridge to Erlenbach
Coat of arms of Wörth am Main
Coat of arms
Location of Wörth am Main within Miltenberg district
Wörth am Main in MIL.svg
Wörth am Main is located in Germany
Wörth am Main
Wörth am Main
Wörth am Main is located in Bavaria
Wörth am Main
Wörth am Main
Coordinates: 49°47′47″N 9°9′27″E / 49.79639°N 9.15750°E / 49.79639; 9.15750Coordinates: 49°47′47″N 9°9′27″E / 49.79639°N 9.15750°E / 49.79639; 9.15750
CountryGermany
StateBavaria
Admin. regionUnterfranken
DistrictMiltenberg
Government
 • MayorAndreas Fath (Freie Wähler-Free voters)
Area
 • Total15.89 km2 (6.14 sq mi)
Elevation
126 m (413 ft)
Population
 (2018-12-31)[1]
 • Total4,683
 • Density290/km2 (760/sq mi)
Time zoneCET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Postal codes
63939
Dialling codes09372
Vehicle registrationMIL
Websitewww.woerth-am-main.de

GeographyEdit

LocationEdit

Wörth am Main lies on the left bank of the Main, nestled between the hills of the Odenwald and Spessart, 13 kilometres (8 miles) northwest of Miltenberg, and 19 kilometres (12 miles) south of Aschaffenburg.

Wörth lies in the Bavarian section of the Naturpark Bergstraße-Odenwald.

HistoryEdit

It is believed that Roman soldiers built a simple earthen-wooden castrum in Wörth as early as Roman Emperor Domitian’s time (AD 81–96), and later a massive stone castrum.

In Frankish times, beginning in the 6th century, Wörth was a centre of royal power and with Saint Martin’s Chapel, in today’s graveyard, it was a jumping-off point for Christian missionary work in the Odenwald.

The town was refounded on its current site in the latter half of the 13th century by the Lords of Breuberg under the overlordship of the Archbishops of Mainz. In 1291, it had its first documentary mention as the town of Werde (“Island”). An important political change was the town's cession to the Kingdom of Bavaria in 1816.

Wörth has long been a site of ship and boat building. Inland navigation also was an important source of local income. From 1652 until 1918 up to three ship yards built wooden river boats and ships here. The last remaining yard eventually moved to Erlenbach across the river, where it still operates.[2]:9

Arts and cultureEdit

The old town is characterized by the mediaeval town fortifications and many historic monuments and timber-frame houses. From the former Electoral Mainz castle, the tower with its Renaissance portal is still preserved (today used by businesses).

Wörth lies on the Deutsche Limesstraße ("German Limes Road"). In Wörth is found the archaeological monument that was once a Roman castrum (specifically, a numerus[3] castrum) at a spot where the older border, the Neckar-Odenwald Limes, met the Limes Germanicus following the Main river.

Wörth town forest (1000 ha) offers more than 50 kilometres (31 miles) of signposted hiking trails.

MuseumsEdit

There are the Schiffahrts- und Schiffbaumuseum Wörth ("Wörth Shipping and Shipbuilding Museum") in the former St. Wolfgang-Kirche (church) and a small branch office at the community centre with information about the Romans in Wörth.

BuildingsEdit

  • Bürgerhaus ("community centre", formerly the town hall) with Renaissance portal from 1600
  • Wörth Shipping and Shipbuilding Museum in the former St. Wolfgang-Kirche (15th to 18th century). The mostly Baroque building was used as a church until 1903.[2]:9
  • New town with residential buildings made of bunter in numbers unique in Bavaria,[citation needed] 1883–85
  • Town centre with town hall (1885, a former school), parish centre, railway station (1876), vocational college (1790, a former parish hall), Wendelinuskapelle (chapel, 1780) and estate (formerly the new town inn)
  • St Nikolaus-Kirche, built in Romanesque Revival style from the year 1898, with a cross altar, Crucifixion group and Passion image
  • "Gallows" monument, made out of two 7-metre-tall sandstone pillars, 1754
  • St Martin-Kapelle in the graveyard, 14th century, originally established, however, in the time when the Lower Main was Christianized
  • Schlossturm ("castle tower", today used by businesses), late 13th century
  • Upper gate, 15th century
  • Tannenturm (tower), 15th century
  • Wörth castrum (1st-2nd century) and castrum bath, lying below the mill, only discernible by low humps in the ground

InfrastructureEdit

TransportEdit

GovernanceEdit

Town twinningEdit

 
Wörth am Main Town hall

Wörth am Main is twinned with:

MayorsEdit

In March 2014 Andreas Fath (Freie Wähler - Free voters) was elected the new mayor. He is the successor of Erwin Dotzel (CSU), he was 30 years in office.[5]

Further readingEdit

  • Trost, Werner: Wörth am Main. Chronik einer fränkischen Kleinstadt. 4 volumes. Wörth 1987-1999

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Fortschreibung des Bevölkerungsstandes". Bayerisches Landesamt für Statistik und Datenverarbeitung (in German). July 2019.
  2. ^ a b Schumacher, Karin; Schumacher, Hans-Jürgen (2003). Zeitreise durch den Spessart (German). Wartberg Verlag. ISBN 3-8313-1075-0.
  3. ^ A numerus in the Roman army was a unit with a strength of 200 to 400 men.
  4. ^ "National Commission for Decentralised cooperation". Délégation pour l’Action Extérieure des Collectivités Territoriales (Ministère des Affaires étrangères) (in French). Archived from the original on 2013-11-27. Retrieved 2013-12-26. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
  5. ^ http://www.main-echo.de/regional/kreis-miltenberg/art4001,2999021

External linksEdit