Volkswagen Amarok

The Volkswagen Amarok is a pickup truck produced by Volkswagen Commercial Vehicles since 2010. It is a traditional body-on-frame truck with double-wishbone suspension at the front and leaf springs at the rear.[6] The Amarok range consists of single cab and double cab, combined with either rear-wheel drive or 4motion four-wheel-drive, and is powered by turbocharged gasoline or turbocharged direct injection (TDI) diesel engines. Volkswagen considers the Toyota Hilux, Nissan Navara, Mitsubishi L200, Ford Ranger, Isuzu D-Max and Chevrolet/Holden Colorado/S-10 to be Amarok competitors.[citation needed]

Volkswagen logo 2019.svg  Volkswagen Amarok
2016 Volkswagen Amarok Trendline TDi 4MOTION 2.0 Front.jpg
Overview
ManufacturerVolkswagen Commercial Vehicles
Production2010–present
2010-2020 (Europe)[1]
AssemblyGeneral Pacheco, Argentina (2009–present)[2]
Hannover, Germany (2011–2020)[3]
Relizane, Algeria (2019–present)[4]
DesignerWalter de Silva
Body and chassis
ClassMid-size pick-up truck
Body style2-door single cab pick-up truck
4-door double cab pick-up truck
5-door SUV
LayoutFront-engine, rear-wheel-drive or four-wheel-drive
Powertrain
Engine2.0L I4 TSI (petrol)
2.0L I4 TDI CR 03L (diesel)
3.0L V6 TDI CR (diesel)
Transmission6-speed manual
8-speed ZF 8HP automatic
Dimensions
Wheelbase3,090–3,095 mm (121.7–121.9 in)
Length5,181–5,254 mm (204.0–206.9 in) (Single, Double Cab)[5]
5,900 mm (232.3 in) (Extended Bed)
Width1,944–1,954 mm (76.5–76.9 in)[5]
Height1,820–1,878 mm (71.7–73.9 in) (Single, Double Cab)[5]
Kerb weight1,872–2,324 kg (4,127–5,124 lb)[5]
Chronology
PredecessorVolkswagen Taro
Volkswagen Caddy pickup

HistoryEdit

In 2005, Volkswagen Commercial Vehicles announced their intent to build a robust pickup and off-road family of vehicles.[7]

In 2007, automotive website WorldCarFans.com published the first photos captured by RoAnSa Carspy Photography of the development mule of the Robust Pick-Up concept vehicle wearing Toyota Hilux sheetmetal on a Volkswagen-developed chassis.[8]

 
Amarok double cab
 
Amarok Interior

In March 2008, automotive spy photographer Hans Lehmann captured the first image of the Robust Pick-Up wearing a production body which was designed by Walter de Silva.[9]

In September 2008, Volkswagen released the Robust Pick-Up concept in a search and rescue (SAR) vehicle color scheme; the design was said to be 95% a production version.[10]

The Amarok, the first pickup from Volkswagen Commercial Vehicles, was presented to the general public in General Pacheco, Argentina, on 7 January 2010.

Following the launch in Argentina, the Amarok was a key support vehicle in the 2010 Dakar Rally, with 45 having been used.[11]

In November 2010, the Amarok was awarded 4 stars from Euro NCAP under the 2010/2011 standard crash testing procedure.[12] In February 2011, it received 5 stars from the Australasian New Car Assessment Program (ANCAP).[13]

NamingEdit

The name Amarok, referencing a wolf deity in Inuit mythology, was chosen by brand marketing consultants Interbrand; Interbrand also claims the name is associated with the phrase "he loves stones" in Romanic languages in an attempt to allude to the all-terrain performance of the vehicle.[14]

EnginesEdit

The Amarok is powered by a range of turbocharged direct injection (TDI) common rail diesel engines, and fuel stratified injection (FSI) petrol engine.[15]

As of 2010, the engine range consists of two 2.0L turbocharged direct injection (TDI) common rail diesel engines which is taken from the Volkswagen Transporter (T5), it has been tuned for more torque but less power; the entry-level version produces 90 kW (122 PS; 121 hp) which develops a maximum torque of 340 N⋅m (250 lb⋅ft) from 2,000 rpm. The top-of-the-line bi-turbo version produces 120 kW (163 PS; 161 hp) which develops a maximum torque of 400 N⋅m (300 lb⋅ft) from 1500 rpm −2500 rpm. Fuel consumption in a combined cycle format is as low as 7.6 L/100 km (37 mpg‑imp; 31 mpg‑US) on the rear-wheel-drive variant to 8.1 L/100 km (35 mpg‑imp; 29 mpg‑US) on the 4Motion version, which theoretically gives the Amarok a 1,000 km (620 mi) range before filling up for fuel.

As of the 2012 Model Year, Volkswagen has introduced two more engine configurations, 2.0L TDI 90 kW motor upgraded to 103 kW of power[16] and a 2.0L Bi-TDI which has an optional 8-speed ZF engineered automatic transmission.[17]

On 22 September 2014, Volkswagen launched a limited edition Amarok Dark Label model. The Dark Label model is fitted with the 178 bhp (180 PS; 133 kW) 2.0-litre BiTDI engine, generating up to 420 N⋅m (310 lb⋅ft) of torque and offering a maximum towing capacity of up to 3,200 kg (7,100 lb).[18]

For the 2017 model year, Volkswagen announced a facelifted Amarok range. The key feature of the facelift is a new engine that replaces the earlier models' 2.0L TDI engine. In place of the previous four-cylinder engine, the Amarok is now fitted with a version of VW's 3.0L TDI V6. It will be available in three states of tune (121 kW (162 hp), 150 kW (201 hp), and 167 kW (224 hp)), with the most powerful version boasting a torque output of 406 lb⋅ft (550 N⋅m) and a 0–62 mph (100 km/h) time of 8 seconds. In the UK the lowest power output was dropped in favour of the 201 and 254 BHP models, the latter has an overboost to 268 and can hit 62 from a standstill in 7.4 seconds.[19]

The new V6 TDI offers up to 23% more power and 28% more torque while delivering lower emissions and decreased fuel consumption compared to the previous 2.0 BiTDI engine that was previously the most powerful option. Deliveries of the new Amarok V6 TDI were scheduled to commence in the 3rd quarter of 2016.[needs update] In late 2018 a more powerful version of the 3.0 V6 TDI was produced (190/200 kW & 580 Nm) to compete with the new Mercedes Benz X Class V6 CDI.

EnginesEdit

Model Years Engine Displ. Power Torque
2.0 TSI 2011– I4 16V 1,984 cc (121.1 cu in) 121 kW (165 PS; 162 hp) @ 3800–5500 rpm 300 N⋅m (221 lb⋅ft) @ 1600–3750 rpm
2.0 TDI (CR) DPF 2010–2011 I4 16V 1,968 cc (120.1 cu in) 90 kW (122 PS; 121 hp) @ 3750 rpm 340 N⋅m (251 lb⋅ft) @ 1750–2250 rpm
2.0 TDI (CR) DPF 2012– I4 16V 1,968 cc (120.1 cu in) 103 kW (140 PS; 138 hp) @ 3750 rpm 340 N⋅m (251 lb⋅ft) @ 1750–2250 rpm
2.0 BiTDI (CR) DPF 2010– I4 16V 1,968 cc (120.1 cu in) 121 kW (165 PS; 162 hp) @ 4000 rpm 400 N⋅m (295 lb⋅ft) @ 1500–2000 rpm
2.0 BiTDI (CR) DPF 2012– I4 16V 1,968 cc (120.1 cu in) 132 kW (179 PS; 177 hp) 420 N⋅m (310 lb⋅ft) @ 1500–2000 rpm
3.0 TDI (CR) Bluemotion SCR, DPF 2016– V6 24V 2,967 cc (181.1 cu in) 121–165 kW (165–224 PS; 162–221 hp) 550 N⋅m (406 lb⋅ft) @ 1400–3000 rpm
3.0 TDI (CR) Bluemotion SCR, DPF 2019– V6 24V 2,967 cc (181.1 cu in) 190–200 kW (258–272 PS; 255–268 hp) 580 N⋅m (428 lb⋅ft) @ 1400–3000 rpm
3.0 TDI (CR) Bluemotion SCR, DPF (Manual) 2020– V6 24V 2,967 cc (181.1 cu in) 165 kW (224 PS; 221 hp) 500 N⋅m (369 lb⋅ft) @ 1400–3000 rpm

Driveline and Off Road TransmissionEdit

The Amarok has three drive concepts: rear wheel drive, Shiftable 4Motion and Permanent 4Motion. The Shiftable all wheel drive system can shift drive between the axles whereas the Permanent full-time all wheel drive system distributes power through a Torque Sensing (Torsen) differential with a 40:60 ratio between the front and rear axles.

Low-Range Gearbox - Australia OnlyEdit

In an exclusive release, Volkswagen Australia launched the Amarok V6 Core in January 2020: the only Amarok model to feature a true low-range transfer case (as opposed to the AWD 4Motion system typically employed)[20].

Compared to the 4Motion system, the low-range gearbox provides proper low-speed crawling ability and an overall much more rugged driveline for the type of off-roading that is common in Australia. The transfer case is paired only with the 6-speed manual gearbox and the 3.0 V6 TDI engine.

Production sites and volume producedEdit

The Amarok is currently being produced in the Volkswagen Group plant in General Pacheco, Argentina;[21][22] for South American, Mexican,[23] Oceanian, South African, Russian, and European markets.[10]

It is expected to produce 90,000 Amaroks annually once production is at full capacity.[22]

The Hanover site was originally dropped from possible sites to produce the Amarok due to the Global Financial Crisis and increasing economic costs in Europe in 2009.[22]

In September 2010 it was decided by the Volkswagen Group Board of Management that 40,000 Amarok pickups will also be built in Hanover, Germany for the European and small volume markets from the middle of 2012.[24]

The 100,000th Amarok was produced on 8 October 2011.[25]

Production Figures:

  • 2009 = 193
  • 2010 = 44,525
  • 2011 = 25,518 (until May 2011)

SafetyEdit

The Volkswagen Amarok received a 4-Star safety rating in Euro NCAP testing. Testing showed varying degrees of safety for occupants depending on the crash encountered.

Euro NCAP test results - 4/5 Stars
Tested criteria Rating Protection range
Adult occupant 86% Acceptable - Poor
Child occupant 64% Good - Poor
Pedestrian 47% Good - Poor
Safety assistance 57% Average

Adult occupantsEdit

In a frontal impact, the cabin remained stable, and protection for the head, legs, knees and femurs was rated as "good". However, the chest of the passenger was only rated as "adequate" and the driver was only rated as "marginal". Similarly, the side impact test showed good cabin stability in a side barrier impact (designed to replicate side-impact by another car), however the much more challenging side pole test demonstrated significant issues with passenger safety.[26]

The side pole test showed significant force transferred into the dummy's ribs resulting in weak protection. Testers also noted that force was transmitted into the dummy in a way which would not be handled by a human, resulting in a minimum marks awarded for chest protection in a side impact.[26]

Whiplash protection was rated as "marginal".[26]

Child occupantsEdit

The Volkswagen Amarok provided good protection for child occupants with testers noting that children were kept within their restraints well during side impacts, giving a "good" rating for containment. Vertical acceleration of the dummies' chests was higher than recommended in the frontal impact, resulting in a poor rating for frontal impact chest protection.[26]

The Amarok features ISOFIX anchorages and the passenger airbag can be disabled for young children in carseats.[26]

PedestriansEdit

Pedestrian impacts were rated as predominately good for areas adults would most likely impact, however protection was poor for children. Leg protection received full marks.[26]

Safety assistanceEdit

The Amarok features electronic stability control (ESC), Anti-lock braking (ABS), Brake Force Assist and Trailer Sway Control.[27] It does however lack more advanced features found on newer vehicles such as autonomous braking, blind-spot monitoring and lane-keep assist. Many of these newer features are more commonly found on cars and SUVs and are only slowly becoming the norm on utility vehicles, as such they may be fitted to future models of the Amarok following a redesign / facelift of the model but are not considered commonplace.[27]

Lack of rear airbagsEdit

Important of note, is that the Volkswagen Amarok is currently one of the only pickups available on the market which features no airbags whatsoever for rear passengers. Volkswagen stated this was due to testing standards at the time of development not requiring testing for safety of rear passengers, so they omitted airbags and developed a more advanced side crash cell instead.[28] However, this feature omission is notably outdated and outperformed by most other modern vehicles on the market today where airbags are expected as standard for all standard passengers, regardless of seat or vehicle type.[29] A side pole test carried out on the rear passenger would likely result in significant injury to the head and chest of the rear passenger on the impacted side.

NCAP has since changed their testing standards and the Amarok was downgraded from its initial 5-star safety rating to 4-stars.[26][28]

AvailabilityEdit

Currently the Amarok is available in Argentina, Australia, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Peru, Paraguay, Mexico, Mongolia, New Zealand, South Africa, and throughout Europe and South America. VW met with Canadian and American dealerships in 2012 to talk about introducing the pickup to those markets.[30] At least for the U.S., this would likely necessitate moving production or building a plant somewhere in North America, to avoid the Chicken tax, which was enacted in part to target sales of the Volkswagen Type 2 panel van and pickup. On 1 January 2018, Volkswagen registered the Amarok name in the United States, signaling its intention to bring the pickup to America in the near future.[31]

Model linesEdit

Base versionEdit

The base version comes equipped with 16-inch steel wheels, height-adjustable front seats, variable folding rear bench seats, locking glove box, cargo platform lighting, antenna integrated within wing mirrors, manual window regulators, manual door locking and manual wing mirror adjustment. The front bumper, wing mirrors and door handles come in black.

TrendlineEdit

The Trendline grade has over the base version electrically operated door locking, electric windows and wing mirror adjustment as well as a radio with a CD player, climate control (Climatic), multi-functional display, cruise control, front fog lights, 17-inch aluminium wheels. Also painted in the body colour are the front bumper, door handles and wing mirrors.

HighlineEdit

Facelift Volkswagen Amarok Highline

The Highline grade has over the Trendline part chrome mirror housings, chrome strips on radiator grille and around the fog lights, chrome rear bumper bar 18-inch aluminium wheels, automatic climate control (Climatronic), leatherette/leather fabric on the interior.

Platform variantsEdit

 
Volkswagen Amarok single cab

The Amarok was launched in a Double Cab variant with the Single Cab first launching in late 2011 in South Africa[32] and Europe[33]

Core V6 Low-Range

Currently offered exclusive on the Australian market since early 2020, the Core V6 (also called TDI500 Core) is the only Amarok variant in the world to feature a true low-range transfer case. The Core V6 low-range was a result of strong lobbying by Volkswagen Australia to the parent organisation; citing strong demand from consumers, coupled with Australia being the number one importer of V6 Amaroks as rationale for the decision[34].

The Amarok has been often criticised for its lack of a low-range 4WD transfer case which is less complex and much more widely preferred in the off-road community for the design's reliability and strength in more extreme off-road duties, than AWD systems such as 4Motion.

The engine of the TDI500 Core is de-rated to 500Nm of torque (hence the TDI500 designation) to suit the 6 speed manual transmission. This new model is considered a base model and as such features cloth seating and lacks carpet, instead opting for rubber flooring. However, it still retains several 'premium' features such as a leather-wrapped steering wheel, 17-inch alloy wheels and a touchscreen infotainment system with Apple CarPlay and Android Auto functionality.

There is also an additional variant, named the Core V6 Enduro which features primarily aesthetic enhancements such as a sports bar and decals in addition to the low-range transfer case[20]. Interestingly, this variant is offered for the same price as the standard Core V6 manual.

XL +31 CM
XXL

Offers an extended bed with 2.21 m (7 ft 3 in) of space and a slightly longer wheelbase.

Chassis cab

In 2006 the Australian publication Transport Today reported that Phil Clark, Volkswagen Commercial Vehicles Director in Australia, was trying to persuade Volkswagen's head office to add a chassis cab programme to Project RPU.[35]

Cab Chassis variants of both the Single Cab and Double Cab will launch with the 2012 Model Year range.[36]

Amarok Sochi Special Edition

The official vehicle of the 2014 Winter Olympics, the Amarok Sochi Special Edition was available only in Russia. It adds extra exterior chrome trim, a navigation system and an updated interior.[37]

Amarok Polar Expedition

The Polar Expedition variant was designed to promote the 2014 Sochi Winter Olympic Games in the remote areas of Russia. Three of these trucks were built to carry nine people 9,942 mi (16,000 km) east by road from Moscow to the city of Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky on the Kamchatka peninsula. The team of 9 earned the Guinness World Record for the longest off-road journey through one country. The team took 66 days to reach Kamchatka from Moscow by driving over the glacier-covered Sredinny Range and were the first people to do so. The specially built Amaroks received a couple of upgrades to take on the cold and road less wilderness. The team replaced the front and rear suspension with long-travel, heavy-duty shocks and massive tires with deeper ridges for extra traction in deep snow and ice. The body was unmodified except for cutting out the fenders to fit the wheels and tires. The 2.0L turbo diesel engine remained mostly unmodified because the goal was reliability. For added safety, the interior was fitted with a roll cage and navigation equipment to make sure the team didn't get lost.[37]

Spin-offs

Rumoured platform spin-offs include a five to seven seat SUV to compete with Nissan Xterra and Toyota Hilux SW4 to be built in Brazil for the South American and European markets.[38]

The Dutch Ministry of Defence has announced plans to phase out other vehicles, including the Mercedes-Benz G-Wagen, in favour of the Amarok to move to a single type of truck for peacetime operations. The stated aims for this plan are to purchase 1,667 new vehicles for the Army, the Navy, the Air Force, and the Marechaussee.[39]

AwardsEdit

  • Auto Esporte – Pickup of the Year 2011 (Brazil)[40]
  • Safest Pickup 2011
  • Auto Test – Cruze, One and Amarok, the best of the year according to Auto Test (Argentina)[41]
  • Parabrisas – Pickup of the Year 2011 (Argentina)[41]
  • MotorTransport – International Pickup Truck of the Year (UK)[42]
  • OFF ROAD – Pickup of the Year 2011 (Germany)[43]
  • Magazin Jäger – Goldenen Keiler (Golden Boar) Best Hunting Car (Germany)[44]
  • ROAD – Russian Automobile Dealers Golden Klaxon – Special Vehicles Class (Russia)[45]
  • What Van? – Pickup of the Year 2012 (UK)[46]
  • 4X4 Australia – Ute of the Year 2011 (Australia)[47]
  • Delivery – Ute of the Year 2011 (Australia)[48]
  • Zoo Magazine – Manliest Motor of the Year 2011 (UK)[49]
  • British Insurance Vehicle Security Awards – Best Pickup of the Year 2011 (UK)[49]
  • Motoring.com.au 2017 Dual-Cab Ute Comparison Winner[50]
  • Stuff Motoring New Zealand Top Pick-up of 2017[51]
  • Tow Car Awards 1,900 kg+ & Best Pick-up Winner 2018[52]
  • International Ute of the Year 2018[53]

Search and Rescue Pickup conceptEdit

Volkswagen revealed their one tonne pickup study at the 2008 IAA Commercial Vehicle Show in September; the SAR Pickup measures 5.18 m (17 ft) in length and 1.90 m (6 ft 3 in) in width, and the 1.55 m (5 ft 1 in) long cargo bed can carry a Euro sized broad pallet sideways.

SAR Pickup concept also was equipped for Lifeguards with: four mobile CB radios, flashlights, first aid kit with a defibrillator, binoculars, two safety helmets, removable neoprene seats for hard wearing, and a blue light roof module with integrated searchlight.

Possible production features that were on the concept: radio navigation system controlled by a multifunction touch screen, differential locks, cable winch and the rear logo opens the tailgate.[10]

2008 SAR Concept Pickup at the 2009 Melbourne International Motor Show:

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

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  2. ^ "Alemania y Tailandia: Candidatos para Sumarse a la Produccion de Amarok | tailandia". Tiempomotor.Com. 13 October 2010. Retrieved 25 June 2013.
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  4. ^ "Volkswagen Amarok assemblée en Algérie" [Volkswagen Amarok assembled in Algeria], Auto Bip (in French), 22 May 2019
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External linksEdit