Volgodonsk

Volgodonsk (Russian: Волгодонск, IPA: [vəlgɐˈdonsk]) is a city in Rostov Oblast, Russia, located in the east of the oblast on the west bank of the Tsimlyansk Reservoir. Population: 170,841 (2010 Census);[3] 165,994 (2002 Census);[8] 175,593 (1989 Census);[9] 28,000 (1970).

Volgodonsk

Волгодонск
Volgodonsk City Administration building
Volgodonsk City Administration building
Flag of Volgodonsk
Flag
Coat of arms of Volgodonsk
Coat of arms
Location of Volgodonsk
Volgodonsk is located in Russia
Volgodonsk
Volgodonsk
Location of Volgodonsk
Volgodonsk is located in Rostov Oblast
Volgodonsk
Volgodonsk
Volgodonsk (Rostov Oblast)
Coordinates: 47°31′N 42°09′E / 47.517°N 42.150°E / 47.517; 42.150Coordinates: 47°31′N 42°09′E / 47.517°N 42.150°E / 47.517; 42.150
CountryRussia
Federal subjectRostov Oblast[1]
FoundedJuly 27,[citation needed] 1950[2]
City status since1956
Government
 • BodyCouncil of Deputies
 • Head of AdministrationVictor Melnikov
Elevation
50 m (160 ft)
Population
 • Total170,841
 • Estimate 
(2018)[4]
171,729 (+0.5%)
 • Rank107th in 2010
 • Subordinated toVolgodonsk Urban Okrug[1]
 • Capital ofVolgodonsk Urban Okrug[1]
 • Urban okrugVolgodonsk Urban Okrug[5]
 • Capital ofVolgodonsk Urban Okrug[5]
Time zoneUTC+3 (MSK Edit this on Wikidata[6])
Postal code(s)[7]
347360—347399
Dialing code(s)+7 8639
OKTMO ID60712000001
City DayJuly 27
Websitewww.volgodonskgorod.ru

HistoryEdit

 
Aftermath of the 1999 bombing.

Volgodonsk was founded on July 27,[citation needed] 1950[2] as a small settlement for the Tsimlyansk hydroelectric dam maintenance personnel. It grew in size due to the construction of the Volga–Don Canal. Town status was granted to it in 1956.[citation needed]

On September 16th 1999 a powerful truck bomb exploded outside an apartment building, killing 17 people and injuring further 69. It was the fifth explosion in a series of apartment bombings in Russia that killed almost 300 people.

Administrative and municipal statusEdit

Within the framework of administrative divisions, it is incorporated as Volgodonsk Urban Okrug—an administrative unit with the status equal to that of the districts.[1] As a municipal division, this administrative unit also has urban okrug status.[5]

EconomyEdit

 
Peaceful atom monument

Volgodonsk is one of the economic leaders of Rostov Oblast. The economy of the city is centered around the nuclear industry. It is home to the Atommash factory, which manufactures nuclear reactors and related heavy machinery. The plant mainly builds Rosatom's VVER type pressurized water reactors both for domestic use and export. Four such reactors (VVER-1000 model) generated about 26 600 GWh of electricity at the Rostov nuclear power plant, located just 18 km from the city center. Atommash, the power plant, along with the two thermal power stations, are the city's main employers.

TransportationEdit

 
MARZ bus

The city is a regional transport hub on the Volga–Don Canal. A railway and M4 highway pass nearby. Bus routes were launched in 1954. There are presently thirty bus routes. Trolleybuses have been running since 1977. There are currently six trolleybus routes in the city. Volgodonsk port has a strategic importance as access to major ports of different countries.

CultureEdit

Volgodonsk is one of the major cultural centers of Rostov Oblast. There are six art schools, two museums, seventeen historical and cultural sites, and three buildings recognized as architectural monuments of regional importance. The Cathedral of the Nativity is also situated in Volgodonsk.

Notable peopleEdit

ReferencesEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d e Law #340-ZS
  2. ^ a b Энциклопедия Города России. Moscow: Большая Российская Энциклопедия. 2003. p. 86. ISBN 5-7107-7399-9.
  3. ^ a b Russian Federal State Statistics Service (2011). "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года [2010 All-Russia Population Census] (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service.
  4. ^ "26. Численность постоянного населения Российской Федерации по муниципальным образованиям на 1 января 2018 года". Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved January 23, 2019.
  5. ^ a b c Law #186-ZS
  6. ^ "Об исчислении времени". Официальный интернет-портал правовой информации (in Russian). June 3, 2011. Retrieved January 19, 2019.
  7. ^ Почта России. Информационно-вычислительный центр ОАСУ РПО. (Russian Post). Поиск объектов почтовой связи (Postal Objects Search) (in Russian)
  8. ^ Russian Federal State Statistics Service (May 21, 2004). "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population of Russia, Its Federal Districts, Federal Subjects, Districts, Urban Localities, Rural Localities—Administrative Centers, and Rural Localities with Population of Over 3,000] (XLS). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года [All-Russia Population Census of 2002] (in Russian).
  9. ^ "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров" [All Union Population Census of 1989: Present Population of Union and Autonomous Republics, Autonomous Oblasts and Okrugs, Krais, Oblasts, Districts, Urban Settlements, and Villages Serving as District Administrative Centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года [All-Union Population Census of 1989] (in Russian). Институт демографии Национального исследовательского университета: Высшая школа экономики [Institute of Demography at the National Research University: Higher School of Economics]. 1989 – via Demoscope Weekly.

SourcesEdit

  • Законодательное Собрание Ростовской области. Закон №340-ЗС от 25 июля 2005 г. «Об административно-территориальном устройстве Ростовской области», в ред. Закона №270-ЗС от 27 ноября 2014 г. «О внесении изменений в областной Закон "Об административно-территориальном устройстве Ростовской области"». Вступил в силу со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Наше время", №187–190, 28 июля 2005 г. (Legislative Assembly of Rostov Oblast. Law #340-ZS of July 28, 2005 On the Administrative-Territorial Structure of Rostov Oblast, as amended by the Law #270-ZS of November 27, 2014 On Amending the Oblast Law "On the Administrative-Territorial Structure of Rostov Oblast". Effective as of the official publication date.).
  • Законодательное Собрание Ростовской области. Закон №186-ЗС от 9 ноября 2004 г. «Об установлении границы и наделении статусом городского округа муниципального образования "Город Волгодонск"». Вступил в силу со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Наше время", №275, 10 ноября 2004 г. (Legislative Assembly of Rostov Oblast. Law #186-ZS of November 9, 2004 On Establishing the Border and Granting Urban Okrug Status to the Municipal Formation of the "City of Volgodonsk". Effective as of the official publication date.).