Voiced retroflex affricate

The voiced retroflex sibilant affricate is a type of consonantal sound, used in some spoken languages. The symbol in the International Phonetic Alphabet that represents this sound is ⟨ɖ͡ʐ⟩, sometimes simplified to ⟨⟩ or ⟨⟩. It occurs in such languages as Polish (the laminal affricate ) and Northwest Caucasian languages (apical).

Voiced retroflex affricate
ɖʐ
IPA Number106 (137)
Encoding
Entity (decimal)ɖ​͡​ʐ
Unicode (hex)U+0256 U+0361 U+0290
X-SAMPAdz`
Audio sample

FeaturesEdit

Features of the voiced retroflex affricate:

OccurrenceEdit

Language Word IPA Meaning Notes
Asturian Some dialects ḷḷuna ['ɖ͡ʐunä] 'moon' Corresponds to /ʎ/ in other dialects. See Che Vaqueira
Belarusian лічба [lʲiɖ͡ʐbä] 'number' Laminal. See Belarusian phonology
Chinese Wu [ɖ͡ʐaŋ] 'to grow' Only found in a few Wu dialects.
Polish Standard[1][2] em  [ɖ͡ʐɛm]  'jam' Laminal; it's transcribed /d͡ʒ/ by most Polish scholars. See Polish phonology
Southeastern Cuyavian dialects[3] dzwon [ɖ͡ʐvɔn̪] 'bell' Some speakers. It's a result of hypercorrecting the more popular merger of /ɖ͡ʐ/ and /d͡z/ into [d͡z].
Suwałki dialect[4]
Northern Qiang vvdhe [ʁɖ͡ʐə] 'star'
Russian[2][5] джем  [ɖ͡ʐɛm]  'jam' Laminal. It is a very rare variant, and it is usually pronounced as a sequence [dʐ]. See Russian phonology
Serbo-Croatian[6][7] џеп / ep [ɖ͡ʐê̞p] 'pocket' Apical. It may be palato-alveolar instead, depending on the dialect. See Serbo-Croatian phonology
Slovak[8] ús [ɖ͡ʐu̞ːs] 'juice' Laminal.
Torwali[9] حؕىگ [ɖ͡ʐiɡ̥] 'long' Contrasts with a palatal affricate.
Yi / rry [ɖ͡ʐɪ˧] 'tooth'

See alsoEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ Jassem (2003:103)
  2. ^ a b Hamann (2004:65)
  3. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2013-11-13. Retrieved 2013-11-06.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  4. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2013-11-13. Retrieved 2013-11-06.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  5. ^ Lightner (1972:67)
  6. ^ Kordić (2006), p. 5.
  7. ^ Landau et al. (1999), p. 67.
  8. ^ Hanulíková & Hamann (2010:374)
  9. ^ Lunsford (2001:16–20)

ReferencesEdit

External linksEdit