Virolahti (Swedish: Vederlax) is the southeastern-most municipality of Finland on the border of Russia. It is located in the Kymenlaakso region. The municipality has a population of 3,148 (31 January 2019)[2] and covers an area of 558.92 square kilometres (215.80 sq mi), of which 186.97 km2 (72.19 sq mi) is water.[1] The population density is 8.46 inhabitants per square kilometre (21.9/sq mi).

Virolahti

Vederlax
Municipality
Virolahden kunta
Vederlax kommun
Coat of arms of Virolahti
Coat of arms
Location of Virolahti in Finland
Location of Virolahti in Finland
Coordinates: 60°35′N 027°42′E / 60.583°N 27.700°E / 60.583; 27.700Coordinates: 60°35′N 027°42′E / 60.583°N 27.700°E / 60.583; 27.700
Country Finland
RegionKymenlaakso
Sub-regionKotka–Hamina sub-region
Government
 • Municipality managerMarjatta Pahkala
Area
 (2018-01-01)[1]
 • Total558.92 km2 (215.80 sq mi)
 • Land371.95 km2 (143.61 sq mi)
 • Water186.97 km2 (72.19 sq mi)
Area rank208th largest in Finland
Population
 (2019-01-31)[2]
 • Total3,148
 • Rank217th largest in Finland
 • Density8.46/km2 (21.9/sq mi)
Population by native language
 • Finnish95.3% (official)
 • Swedish0.5%
 • Others4.2%
Population by age
 • 0 to 1414.3%
 • 15 to 6462.4%
 • 65 or older23.4%
Time zoneUTC+02:00 (EET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+03:00 (EEST)
Municipal tax rate[5]20%
ClimateDfb
Websitewww.virolahti.fi

The municipality is unilingually Finnish.

Before World War I the Russian Emperor Nicholas II used to spend summers with his family in the archipelago of Virolahti with his yacht Standart, Finland being an autonomous province within the Russian Empire between 1809 and 1917.

The Vaalimaa border crossing, which connects the municipality with Russia, is located in Virolahti.

Virolahti lost some of its area (over 100 km2 (39 sq mi)) to Soviet Union in Paris Peace Treaties, 1947 after World War II.

Villages in 1939Edit

Villages marked with an asterisk (*) are now completely or partially on the Russian side:

Alapihlaja, Alaurpala*, Eerikkälä, Hailila, Hanski, Hellä (Heligby), Hämeenkylä (Tavastby), Häppilä, Järvenkylä, Kattilainen, Kiiskilahti* (now Kiyskinlakhti), Kirkonkylä, Klamila, Koivuniemi, Koskela*, Koskelanjoki, Kotola, Kurkela, Laitsalmi*, Länsikylä (Flonckarböle), Martinsaari* (Now Island of Maly Pogranichny), Mattila, Mustamaa, Nopala, Orslahti* (now Primorskoye), Paatio* (Båtö in Swedish, now Bolshoy Pogranitshny), Pajulahti, Pajusaari*, Pitkäpaasi* (Island of Gorniya Kamenya), Pyterlahti, Ravijoki, Ravijärvi, Reinikkala, Rännänen (Grennäs), Sydänkylä (Kallfjärd), Säkäjärvi, Tiilikkala, Vaalimaa (Vaderma), Vilkkilä, Virojoki, Yläpihlaja, Yläurpala* (now Torfjanovka).

Notable people born in VirolahtiEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "Area of Finnish Municipalities 1.1.2018" (PDF). National Land Survey of Finland. Retrieved 30 January 2018.
  2. ^ a b "Suomen virallinen tilasto (SVT): Väestön ennakkotilasto [verkkojulkaisu]. Tammikuu 2019" (in Finnish). Statistics Finland. Retrieved 15 March 2019.
  3. ^ "Population according to language and the number of foreigners and land area km2 by area as of 31 December 2008". Statistics Finland's PX-Web databases. Statistics Finland. Retrieved 29 March 2009.
  4. ^ "Population according to age and gender by area as of 31 December 2008". Statistics Finland's PX-Web databases. Statistics Finland. Retrieved 28 April 2009.
  5. ^ "List of municipal and parish tax rates in 2011". Tax Administration of Finland. 29 November 2010. Retrieved 13 March 2011.

External linksEdit

  Media related to Virolahti at Wikimedia Commons