Virginia's 5th congressional district

Virginia’s fifth congressional district is a United States congressional district in the commonwealth of Virginia. It is Virginia's largest district with an area of 10,181.03 square miles (26,368.7 km2) and is larger in area than six US states.

Virginia's 5th congressional district
Virginia US Congressional District 5 (since 2013).tif
Virginia's 5th congressional district - since January 3, 2013.
Representative
  Denver Riggleman
RNellysford
Distribution
  • 35.3[1]% urban
  • 64.7% rural
Population (2016)735,178[2]
Median income$54,726[3]
Ethnicity
Cook PVIR+6[4]

The district’s first representative in Congress was James Madison, who defeated James Monroe in the district's first congressional election. Madison and Monroe would go on to serve as the 4th and 5th Presidents of the United States. The current Congressman is Republican Denver Riggleman. Historically, the 5th was one of the first districts of Virginia to turn Republican in Presidential elections – though unlike the 6th where the decisive factor was ticket-splitting by Byrd Organization Democrats, here the decisive factor was the growth of middle-class Republicanism in the Charlottesville metropolitan area. In the decade preceding the Voting Rights Act, these were joined by a significant proportion of Virginia’s limited and almost entirely white electorate who preferred GOP positions on black civil rights. The district was to be one of two in Virginia giving a plurality to segregationist George Wallace in 1968, and has never supported a Democrat for President since Harry S. Truman.

However, the district was continually represented in Congress by fairly conservative Democrats until Virgil H. Goode, Jr. switched parties, first to independent and then to Republican. In 2008, Democrat Tom Perriello defeated Goode by running on a progressive platform. Perriello lost to Republican Robert Hurt in 2010.

Area coveredEdit

Recent election resultsEdit

2010Edit

Virginia's 5th congressional district election, November 2010[5]

Candidate Party Votes Percentage
Robert Hurt Republican 119.560 50.8%
Tom Perriello Democratic 110,562 47.0%
Jeffrey Clark Independent 4,992 2.1%
All Others 185 0.1%
Total Votes Cast 235,299

2012Edit

Virginia's 5th congressional district election, November 2012[5]

Candidate Party Votes Percentage
Robert Hurt Republican 193,009 55.4%
John Douglass Democratic 149,214 42.9%
Kenneth Hildebrandt Independent Green 5,500 1.6%
All Others 499 0.1%
Total Votes Cast 348,222

2014Edit

Virginia's 5th congressional district election, November 2014[5]

Candidate Party Votes Percentage
Robert Hurt Republican 124,735 60.9%
Walter Lawrence Gaughan Democratic 73,482 35.9%
Paul Jones Libertarian 4,298 2.1%
Kenneth Hildebrandt Independent Green 2,209 1.1%
All Others 224 0.1%
Total Votes Cast 204,948

2016Edit

Virginia's 5th Congressional District House Election, November 2016[5]

Candidate Party Votes Percentage
Tom Garrett Republican 207,758 58.2%
Jane Dittmar Democratic 148,339 41.6%
All others 668 0.2%
Total votes cast 356,765

2018Edit

Virginia's 5th Congressional District House Election, November 2018[6]

Took place on Tuesday, November 6, 2018, with Republican Denver Riggleman winning the election. The incumbent, Tom Garrett, did not run for re-election.[7]

Candidate Party Votes Percentage
Denver Riggleman Republican 165,339 53.18
Leslie Cockburn Democratic 145,040 46.65
All others Write In 547 0.18
Total votes cast 310,926 100

List of members representing the districtEdit

Member Party Term Electoral history
District created March 4, 1789
 
James Madison
Anti-Administration March 4, 1789 –
March 3, 1793
Elected in 1789.
Re-elected in 1790.
Redistricted to the 15th district.
George Hancock Pro-Administration March 4, 1793 –
March 3, 1795
Elected in 1793.
Re-elected in 1795.
Retired.
Federalist March 4, 1795 –
March 3, 1797
John J. Trigg Democratic-Republican March 4, 1797 –
March 3, 1803
Elected in 1797.
Re-elected in 1799.
Re-elected in 1801.
Redistricted to the 13th district.
Thomas Lewis Jr. Federalist March 4, 1803 –
March 5, 1804
Elected in 1803.
Election invalidated.
 
Andrew Moore
Democratic-Republican March 5, 1804 –
August 11, 1804
[Data unknown/missing.]
Resigned when appointed U.S. Senator.
Vacant August 12, 1804 –
December 3, 1804
Alexander Wilson Democratic-Republican December 4, 1804 –
March 3, 1809
Elected to finish Moore's term.
Re-elected in 1805.
Re-elected in 1807.
Lost re-election.
 
James Breckinridge
Federalist March 4, 1809 –
March 3, 1817
Elected in 1809.
Re-elected in 1811.
Re-elected in 1813.
Re-elected in 1815.
Retired.
 
John Floyd
Democratic-Republican March 4, 1817 –
March 3, 1823
Elected in 1817.
Re-elected in 1819.
Re-elected in 1821.
Redistricted to the 20th district.
 
John Randolph
Crawford Democratic-Republican March 4, 1823 –
March 3, 1825
Redistricted from the 16th district and re-elected in 1823.
Re-elected in 1825.
Resigned when appointed U.S. Senator.
Jacksonian March 4, 1825 –
December 26, 1825
Vacant December 27, 1825 –
January 20, 1826
George W. Crump Jacksonian January 21, 1826 –
March 3, 1827
Elected to finish Randolph's term.
Retired.
 
John Randolph
Jacksonian March 4, 1827 –
March 3, 1829
Elected in 1827.
Retired.
Thomas Bouldin Jacksonian March 4, 1829 –
March 3, 1833
Elected in 1829.
[Data unknown/missing.]
Lost re-election.
 
John Randolph
Jacksonian March 4, 1833 –
May 24, 1833
[Data unknown/missing.]
Died.
Vacant May 25, 1833 –
August 25, 1833
Thomas Bouldin Jacksonian August 26, 1833 –
February 11, 1834
Elected to finish Randolph's term.
Died.
Vacant February 12, 1834 –
March 14, 1834
James Bouldin Jacksonian March 15, 1834 –
March 3, 1837
Elected to finish his brother's term.
Retired.
Democratic March 4, 1837 –
March 3, 1839
John Hill Whig March 4, 1839 –
March 3, 1841
[Data unknown/missing.]
Lost re-election.
Edmund W. Hubard Democratic March 4, 1841 –
March 3, 1843
[Data unknown/missing.]
Redistricted to the 4th district.
 
Thomas W. Gilmer
Democratic March 4, 1843 –
February 18, 1844
[Data unknown/missing.]
Resigned to become U.S. Secretary of the Navy
Vacant February 19, 1844 –
May 9, 1844
 
William L. Goggin
Whig May 10, 1844 –
March 3, 1845
Elected to finish Gilmer's term.
Lost re-election.
Shelton Leake Democratic March 4, 1845 –
March 3, 1847
[Data unknown/missing.]
Lost re-election.
 
William L. Goggin
Whig March 4, 1847 –
March 3, 1849
[Data unknown/missing.]
Lost re-election.
Paulus Powell Democratic March 4, 1849 –
March 3, 1853
Elected late on April 26, 1849.
Re-elected late on October 23, 1851.
Redistricted to the 6th district.
 
Thomas S. Bocock
Democratic March 4, 1853 –
March 3, 1861
Redistricted from the 4th district and re-elected late on May 26, 1853.
Re-elected late on May 24, 1855.
Re-elected late on May 28, 1857.
Re-elected late on May 26, 1859.
Resigned.
Vacant March 4, 1861 –
January 26, 1870
Civil War
 
Robert Ridgway
Conservative January 27, 1870 –
October 16, 1870
[Data unknown/missing.]
Died.
Vacant October 17, 1870 –
November 7, 1870
 
Richard T. W. Duke Sr.
Conservative November 8, 1870 –
March 3, 1871
Elected to finish Ridgway's term.
Lost re-election.
Democratic March 4, 1871 –
March 3, 1873
Alexander Davis Democratic March 4, 1873 –
March 5, 1874
Election invalidated.
 
Christopher Y. Thomas
Republican March 5, 1874 –
March 3, 1875
[Data unknown/missing.]
Lost re-election.
 
George C. Cabell
Democratic March 4, 1875 –
March 3, 1887
[Data unknown/missing.]
Lost re-election.
John R. Brown Republican March 4, 1887 –
March 3, 1889
[Data unknown/missing.]
Lost re-election.
 
Posey G. Lester
Democratic March 4, 1889 –
March 3, 1893
[Data unknown/missing.]
Retired.
 
Claude A. Swanson
Democratic March 4, 1893 –
January 30, 1906
Elected Governor of Virginia.
Vacant January 31, 1906 –
November 5, 1906
Edward W. Saunders Democratic November 6, 1906 –
February 29, 1920
[Data unknown/missing.]
Resigned to become Virginia Supreme Court justice.
Vacant March 1, 1920 –
May 31, 1920
 
Rorer A. James
Democratic June 1, 1920 –
August 6, 1921
Elected to finish Saunders's term.
Died.
Vacant August 7, 1921 –
November 7, 1921
 
J. Murray Hooker
Democratic November 8, 1921 –
March 3, 1925
[Data unknown/missing.]
Retired.
 
Joseph Whitehead
Democratic March 4, 1925 –
March 3, 1931
[Data unknown/missing.]
Lost re-election.
 
Thomas G. Burch
Democratic March 4, 1931 –
March 3, 1933
[Data unknown/missing.]
Redistricted to the at-large seat.
District eliminated March 4, 1933
District recreated: January 3, 1935
 
Thomas G. Burch
Democratic January 3, 1935 –
May 31, 1946
[Data unknown/missing.]
Resigned when appointed U.S. Senator.
Vacant May 31, 1946 –
November 5, 1946
 
Thomas B. Stanley
Democratic November 5, 1946 –
February 3, 1953
[Data unknown/missing.]
Resigned to run for Governor of Virginia.
Vacant February 3, 1953 –
April 14, 1953
 
William M. Tuck
Democratic April 14, 1953 –
January 3, 1969
Elected to finish Stanley's term.
Retired.
 
Dan Daniel
Democratic January 3, 1969 –
January 23, 1988
[Data unknown/missing.]
Died.
Vacant January 23, 1988 –
June 14, 1988
 
Lewis F. Payne Jr.
Democratic June 14, 1988 –
January 3, 1997
Elected to finish Daniel's term.
Retired.
 
Virgil H. Goode Jr.
Democratic January 3, 1997 –
January 27, 2000
[Data unknown/missing.]
Lost re-election.
Independent January 27, 2000 –
August 1, 2002
Republican August 1, 2002 –
January 3, 2009
 
Tom Perriello
Democratic January 3, 2009 –
January 3, 2011
[Data unknown/missing.]
Lost re-election.
 
Robert Hurt
Republican January 3, 2011 –
January 3, 2017
[Data unknown/missing.]
Retired.
 
Tom Garrett
Republican January 3, 2017 –
January 3, 2019
[Data unknown/missing.]
Retired.
 
Denver Riggleman
Republican January 3, 2019 –
Present
Elected in 2018.

Living former MembersEdit

As of January 2019, there are five living former members. The most recent representative to die was Dan Daniel (served 1969–1988), who died in office on January 23, 1988.

Representative Term of office Date of birth (and age)
Lewis F. Payne, Jr. 1988–1997 (1945-07-09) July 9, 1945 (age 74)
Virgil Goode 1997–2009 (1946-10-17) October 17, 1946 (age 73)
Tom Perriello 2009–2011 (1974-10-09) October 9, 1974 (age 45)
Robert Hurt 2011–2017 (1969-06-16) June 16, 1969 (age 50)
Tom Garrett 2017–2019 (1972-03-27) March 27, 1972 (age 47)

Historical district boundariesEdit

 
2003–2013

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ https://www.census.gov/geo/maps-data/data/cd_state.html
  2. ^ https://www.census.gov/mycd/?st=51&cd=05
  3. ^ https://www.census.gov/mycd/?st=51&cd=05
  4. ^ "Partisan Voting Index – Districts of the 115th Congress" (PDF). The Cook Political Report. April 7, 2017. Retrieved April 7, 2017.
  5. ^ a b c d "Virginia Elections Database » Search Elections". Virginia Elections Database. Retrieved 2019-03-19.
  6. ^ https://results.elections.virginia.gov/vaelections/2018%20November%20General/Site/Congress.html
  7. ^ Virginia Department of Elections, Certified Candidates in Ballot Order for November 6, 2018. Retrieved October 10, 2018.

External linksEdit