Villingen-Schwenningen (German pronunciation: [ˈfɪlɪŋən ˈʃvɛnɪŋən]; Low Alemannic: Villinge-Schwenninge) is a town in the Schwarzwald-Baar district in southern Baden-Württemberg, Germany. It has 85,838 inhabitants (as of September 2019).
View of Villingen
|• Mayor||Jürgen Roth (CDU)|
|• Total||165.47 km2 (63.89 sq mi)|
|Elevation||704 m (2,310 ft)|
|• Density||520/km2 (1,300/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+01:00 (CET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+02:00 (CEST)|
|Dialling codes||07721, 07720, 07425, 07705|
In the Middle Ages, Villingen was a town under Austrian lordship. During the Protestant Reformation it remained Catholic. Villingen came to international attention when it was besieged by Marshal of France Camille d'Hostun, duc de Tallard on 17 July 1704. Colonel Von Wilstorff put up a stout defence of the outdated fortifications, and after six days the siege failed.
Schwenningen remained a village until the 19th century. In 1858 the first watch factory was established, and watchmaking and precision mechanics have been important industries ever since. The town styled itself "the greatest watch city in the world" at one time, and the Kienzle Uhren watchmaking company was founded there in 1822 and remained until moving to Hamburg in 2002. The Museum of Clockmaking celebrates the town's clock and watchmaking history.
As part of the Baden-Württemberg territorial reform of 1972, Villingen and Schwenningen were merged with a number of surrounding villages to form the city of Villingen-Schwenningen. Nevertheless, the two halves of the city are separated by a plateau and remain distinct. Villingen is a former part of Baden, while Schwenningen is a former part of Württemberg.
Villingen is a major center of German Carneval celebrations. The traditional Narros represent the old citizens of Villingen: Alt Villingere, Morbili, Narro, Suribbel.
Villingen-Schwenningen lies on the eastern edge of the Black Forest about 700 m (2,300 ft) above sea level. The source of the River Neckar is in Schwenningen (Schwenninger Moos) whereas Villingen is traversed by the river Brigach which is the longer one of the two headstreams of the Danube.
Mayors and Lord mayors of VillingenEdit
- 1912–1930: Guido Lehmann
- 1931–1933: Adolf Gremmelspacher
- 1933: Gutmann, temporary
- 1933–1937: Hermann Schneider
- 1937–1940: Karl Berckmüller
- 1940–1945: Hermann Riedel
- 1945–1946: Walter Bräunlich
- 1946: Edwin Hartmann
- 1946–1950: Edwin Nägele
- 1950–1972: Severin Kern
Mayors and Lord mayors of SchwenningenEdit
- 1797–1816: Erhard Bürk
- 1816–1819: (Vogt)
- 1819–1821: Thomas Wegler
- 1821–1825: ?
- 1825–1835: Matthias Rapp
- 1835–1841: Johann Georg Koch
- 1841–1852: Andreas Bürk
- 1852–1857: Christian Strohm
- 1857–1887: Erhard Müller
- 1887–1912: David Würth
- 1912–1925: Emil Braunagel
- 1925–1930: Ingo Lang von Langen
- 1930–1948: Otto Gönnenwein
- 1949–1962: Hans Kohler
- 1962–1972: Gerhard Gebauer
Lord mayors of Villingen-SchwenningenEdit
- 1972–1994: Gerhard Gebauer (SPD)
- 1994–2002: Manfred Matusza (CDU)
- 2002-2019: Rupert Kubon (SPD)
- since 2019: Jürgen Roth (CDU)
Number of inhabitantsEdit
Largest communities of foreignersEdit
Twin towns - sister citiesEdit
Villingen-Schwenningen is twinned with:
- Georg Pictorius (around 1500–1569), physician and mystic-magical author of the Renaissance
- Trudpert Neugart (1742–1825), professor for oriental languages
- Johannes Benzing (1913–2001), Turkologist and diplomat
- Martin Barner (1921–2020), mathematician
- Kurt Leichtweiss (1927–2013), mathematician
- Hartmann von der Tann (born 1943), journalist
- Rainer Baumann (1949–2007), guitarist, composer and lyricist
- Horst Ludwig Meyer (1956–1999), presumed member of the Red Army Faction (RAF)
- Veit Heinichen (born 1957), writer
- Gundolf Köhler (1959-1980), right-wing extremist
- Andreas K. Engel (born 1961), brain researcher
- Robert Prosinečki (born 1969), Croatian footballer and coach
- Michelle (born 1972), singer
- Thorsten Schmitt (born 1975), Nordic Combiner
- Oliver Roggisch (born 1978), handball player
- Martin Schmitt (born 1978), ski jumper
- Andreas Lang (born 1979), curler
- Dennis Seidenberg (born 1981), ice hockey player (New York Islanders)
- Ivana Brkljačić (born 1983), Croatian hammer thrower
- Jochen Schöps (born 1983), volleyball player
- Marco Caligiuri (born 1984), German-Italian footballer
- Adem Sarı (born 1985), Turkish footballer
- Daniel Caligiuri (born 1988), German-Italian footballer
- Florian Rudy (born 1989), footballer
- Sebastian Rudy (born 1990), footballer
- Domenic Weinstein (born 1994), cyclist
- Karl H. Gunther (born 1931), champion skier & wrestler, motorcycle racer, world cup skiing medalist
- "Bevölkerung nach Nationalität und Geschlecht am 31. Dezember 2019". Statistisches Landesamt Baden-Württemberg (in German). September 2020.
- Villingen-Schwenningen, Stadt. "Zahlen, Daten, Fakten - Villingen-Schwenningen". www.villingen-schwenningen.de (in German). Retrieved 2020-01-29.
- "Villingen-Schwenningen - Watch Wiki: The Best Watches and Watch Brands". www.watch-wiki.net. Retrieved 14 April 2018.
- "Partnerschaften". villingen-schwenningen.de (in German). Villingen-Schwenningen. Retrieved 2019-11-23.
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