Villages (Chinese: ; pinyin: Cūn), formally village-level divisions (村级行政区; Cūn Jí Xíngzhèngqū) in China, serve as a fundamental organizational unit for its rural population (census, mail system). Basic local divisions like neighborhoods and communities are not informal, but have defined boundaries and designated heads (one per area). In 2000, China's densely populated villages (>100 persons/square km) had a population greater than 500 million and covered more than 2 million square kilometers, or more than 20% of China's total area.[1]

Village-level divisions
Chinese name
Simplified Chinese村级行政区
Traditional Chinese村級行政區
Alternative Chinese name
Second alternative Chinese name
Tibetan name
Zhuang name
Mongolian name
Mongolian Cyrillictranslate as Gaqa(嘎查)
Uyghur name

Types of villagesEdit


Urban village (Chinese: 城中村; pinyin: chéngzhōngcūn) one that spontaneously and naturally exists within urban area, which is not an administrative division.


A typical rural village in Hainan, China
The building housing the local village committee and other government offices and organizations in Baiwan Village, Xiqiuwan Township, Badong County, Hubei
Natural village (Chinese: 自然村; pinyin: zìráncūn) one that spontaneously and naturally exists within rural area, which is not an administrative division.

Lists of village-level divisionsEdit

See alsoEdit


  • Ellis, E.C. (2004). DeFries, R. S.; Asner, G. P.; Houghton, R. A. (eds.). "Long-term ecological changes in the densely populated rural landscapes of China" (PDF). Geophysical Monographs. Ecosystems and Land Use Change. Washington, D.C.: American Geophysical Union. 153: 303–320.
  • Joseph Esherick; Mary Backus Rankin; Joint Committee on Chinese Studies (U.S.) (1990). Chinese Local Elites and Patterns of Dominance. University of California Press. ISBN 978-0-520-06763-9.
  • Roxann Prazniak (1 January 1999). Of Camel Kings and Other Things: Rural Rebels Against Modernity in Late Imperial China. Rowman & Littlefield. ISBN 978-0-8476-9007-7.

External linksEdit