State legislative assemblies of India

  (Redirected from Vidhan Sabha)

The State Legislative Assembly is a legislative body in the states and union territories of India. In the 29 states and 3 union territories with a unicameral state legislature it is the sole legislative body and in 6 states it is the lower house of their bicameral state legislatures with the upper house being State Legislative Council. 5 Union territories are governed directly by the Union Government of India and have no legislative body.

Each Member of the Legislative Assembly (MLA) is directly elected to serve 5 year terms by single-member constituencies. The Constitution of India states that a State Legislative Assembly must have no less than 60 and no more than 500 members however an exception may be granted via an Act of Parliament as is the case in the states of Goa, Sikkim, Mizoram and the union territory of Puducherry which have fewer than 60 members. A State Legislative Assembly may be dissolved in a state of emergency, by the Governor on request of the Chief Minister, or if a motion of no confidence is passed against the ruling majority party or coalition.[1]

Qualifications required to become an MLAEdit

To become a Member of a State Legislative Assembly (MLA), a person must be a citizen of India, not less than 25 years of age, should be mentally sound, should not be bankrupt, and must be enrolled on the voters' list of the state for which he or she is contesting an election. He or she may not be a Member of Parliament. He or she should also state an affidavit that there are no criminal procedures against him or her.

A State Legislative Assembly holds equal legislative power with the upper house of state legislature, the State Legislative Council, except in the area of money bills in which case the State Legislative Assembly has the ultimate authority.

Special powers of the State Legislative AssemblyEdit

  • A money bill can only be introduced in State Legislative Assembly. In bicameral jurisdictions, after it is passed in the State Legislative Assembly, it is sent to the State Legislative Council, where it can be kept for a maximum time of 14 days.
  • In matters related to ordinary bills, the will of State Legislative Assembly prevails and there is no provision of joint sitting. In such cases, State Legislative Council can delay the legislation by maximum 4 months (3 months in first visit and 1 month in the second visit of the bill).
  • Legislative Assembly of the state has to power to create or abolish the State Legislative Council by passing a resolution to that effect by a majority of not less than two-thirds of the members present and voting. [2]

List of State Legislative AssembliesEdit

State Legislative Assembly
(Vidhan Sabha)
Image List of constituencies Seat/state capital Number of constituencies Ruling party
Andhra Pradesh Legislative Assembly   List Amaravati 175 YSR Congress Party
Arunachal Pradesh Legislative Assembly List Itanagar 60 Bharatiya Janata Party
Assam Legislative Assembly List Dispur 126 Bharatiya Janata Party
Bihar Legislative Assembly   List Patna 243 Janata Dal (United)
Chhattisgarh Legislative Assembly List Naya Raipur 90 Indian National Congress
Delhi Legislative Assembly List New Delhi 70 Aam Aadmi Party
Goa Legislative Assembly   List Panaji 40 Bharatiya Janata Party
Gujarat Legislative Assembly   List Gandhinagar 182 Bharatiya Janata Party
Haryana Legislative Assembly   List Chandigarh 90 Bharatiya Janata Party
Himachal Pradesh Legislative Assembly List 68 Bharatiya Janata Party
Jammu and Kashmir Legislative Assembly List 85 N/A
(President's rule)
Jharkhand Legislative Assembly List Ranchi 81 Jharkhand Mukti Morcha
Karnataka Legislative Assembly   List 224 Bharatiya Janata Party
Kerala Legislative Assembly   List Thiruvananthapuram 140 Communist Party of India (Marxist)
Madhya Pradesh Legislative Assembly   List Bhopal 230 Bharatiya Janata Party
Maharashtra Legislative Assembly   List 288 Shiv Sena,NCP,Cong
Manipur Legislative Assembly List Imphal 60 Bharatiya Janata Party
Meghalaya Legislative Assembly List Shillong 60 National People's Party
Mizoram Legislative Assembly   List Aizawl 40 Mizo National Front
Nagaland Legislative Assembly List Kohima 60 Nationalist Democratic Progressive Party
Odisha Legislative Assembly   List Bhubaneshwar 147 Biju Janata Dal
Puducherry Legislative Assembly   List Puducherry 33 Indian National Congress
Punjab Legislative Assembly   List Chandigarh 117 Indian National Congress
Rajasthan Legislative Assembly List Jaipur 200 Indian National Congress
Sikkim Legislative Assembly   List Gangtok 32 Sikkim Krantikari Morcha
Tamil Nadu Legislative Assembly   List Chennai 234 All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam
Telangana Legislative Assembly   List Hyderabad 119 Telangana Rashtra Samithi
Tripura Legislative Assembly   List Agartala 60 Bharatiya Janata Party
Uttar Pradesh Legislative Assembly   List Lucknow 403 Bharatiya Janata Party
Uttarakhand Legislative Assembly List 70 Bharatiya Janata Party
West Bengal Legislative Assembly   List Kolkata 294 All India Trinamool Congress
Total 4,121[3]

State Legislative Assemblies by ruling partiesEdit

 
Current ruling parties in India
  BJP (12)
  INC (4)
  Other parties (AAP, AITC, BJD, CPI(M), TRS and YSRCP) (6)
Ruling party States/Union territories Alliance
Bharatiya Janata Party 12 National Democratic Alliance
Indian National Congress 4 United Progressive Alliance
Aam Aadmi Party 1 Others
All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam 1 National Democratic Alliance
All India Trinamool Congress 1 Others
Biju Janata Dal 1 Others
Communist Party of India (Marxist) 1 Others
Janata Dal (United) 1 National Democratic Alliance
Jharkhand Mukti Morcha 1 United Progressive Alliance
Mizo National Front 1 National Democratic Alliance
National People's Party 1 National Democratic Alliance
Nationalist Democratic Progressive Party 1 National Democratic Alliance
Shiv Sena 1 United Progressive Alliance
Sikkim Krantikari Morcha 1 National Democratic Alliance
Telangana Rashtra Samithi 1 Others
YSR Congress Party 1 Others

Abolished State Legislative AssembliesEdit

State Legislative Assembly
(Vidhan Sabha)
Seat/state capital Year established Year abolished Notes
Ajmer Legislative Assembly Ajmer 1956 abolished by the States Reorganisation Act, 1956.
Bombay Legislative Assembly Bombay 1937 1960 abolished by the Bombay Reorganisation Act, 1960.
Coorg Legislative Assembly Mercara 1950 1956 abolished by the States Reorganisation Act, 1956.
Hyderabad Legislative Assembly Hyderabad 1952 1956 abolished by the States Reorganisation Act, 1956.
Patiala and East Punjab States Union Legislative Assembly Patiala 1950 1956 abolished by the States Reorganisation Act, 1956.

NotesEdit

  • – In Jammu and Kashmir Legislative Assembly, two seats are reserved for the nominated women members. In addition to that, twenty-four more seats are reserved for the representatives from Pakistan-administered Kashmir and not counted normally.
  • – In Puducherry Legislative Assembly, three seats are reserved for the members nominated by the Union Government of India.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "State Legislative Assemblies" (PDF). www.india.gov.in. Retrieved 2018-12-12.
  2. ^ "Explainer: Why Jagan Reddy wants to abolish the legislative council in Andhra Pradesh".
  3. ^ "Election Commission of India". eci.nic.in. Retrieved 12 January 2017.

External linksEdit