Video Acceleration API

Video Acceleration API (VA-API) is an open source API that allows applications such as VLC media player or GStreamer to use hardware video acceleration capabilities, usually provided by the graphics processing unit (GPU). It is implemented by the free and open-source library libva, combined with a hardware-specific driver, usually provided together with the GPU driver.

libva
Original author(s)Intel
Initial releaseSeptember 13, 2007; 12 years ago (2007-09-13)
Stable release
2.9.0 / September 11, 2020; 1 day ago (2020-09-11)
Repositorygithub.com/intel/libva
Written inC
Operating systemLinux, Android, BSD
TypeAPI
LicenseMIT License
Websitefreedesktop.org/wiki/Software/vaapi

VA-API video decode/encode interface is platform and window system independent but is primarily targeted at Direct Rendering Infrastructure (DRI) in X Window System on Unix-like operating systems (including Linux, FreeBSD, Solaris), and Android, however it can potentially also be used with direct framebuffer and graphics sub-systems for video output. Accelerated processing includes support for video decoding, video encoding, subpicture blending, and rendering.[1]

The VA-API specification was originally designed by Intel for its GMA (Graphics Media Accelerator) series of GPU hardware with the specific purpose of eventually replacing the XvMC standard as the default Unix multi-platform equivalent of Microsoft Windows DirectX Video Acceleration (DxVA) API, but today the API is no longer limited to Intel-specific hardware or GPUs.[2] Other hardware and manufacturers can freely use this open standard API for hardware accelerated video processing with their own hardware without paying a royalty fee.[3]

OverviewEdit

The main motivation for VA-API is to enable hardware-accelerated video decode at various entry-points (VLD, IDCT, motion compensation, deblocking[4]) for the prevailing coding standards today (MPEG-2, MPEG-4 ASP/H.263, MPEG-4 AVC/H.264, H.265/HEVC, and VC-1/WMV3). Extending XvMC was considered, but due to its original design for MPEG-2 MotionComp only, it made more sense to design an interface from scratch that can fully expose the video decode capabilities in today's GPUs.[5]

Supported hardware and driversEdit

As of 2019, VA-API is natively supported by:[6]

  • Intel Quick Sync open-source drivers for Linux
  • Mesa open-source drivers for AMD and Intel graphics cards
  • AMDGPU-PRO drivers for AMD graphics cards on Linux
  • Nvidia proprietary driver for Nvidia graphics cards on Linux
  • libva-vdpau-driver for cards supported by VDPAU

Supported video codecsEdit

VA-API currently supports these video codecs in the official mainline version, but note that exactly which video codecs are supported depends on the hardware and the driver's capabilities.

  • MPEG-2 decode acceleration Main Profile
  • VC-1 / WMV3 decode acceleration Advanced Profile
  • MPEG-4 Part 2 (H.263) (a.k.a. MPEG-4 SP / MPEG-4 ASP, more commonly known as Xvid) decode acceleration
  • H.264 AVC encode acceleration Main Profile
  • H.264 AVC decode acceleration High Profile
    • H.264 / AVC Hardware Variable Length Decoding (VLD) - CABAC
    • H.264 / AVC Hardware Variable Length Decoding (VLD) - CAVLC
    • H.264 / AVC Hardware Inverse Transform (IT)
    • H.264 / AVC Hardware Motion Compensation (HWMC)
    • H.264 / AVC Hardware In-Loop Deblocking (ILDB)
  • H.265/HEVC encode acceleration
  • H.265/HEVC decode acceleration
  • VP9 8-bit encode acceleration[7]
  • VP9 8-bit and 10-bit decode acceleration[7]

Processes that can be accelerated with VA-APIEdit

Video decoding and post-processing processes that can be offloaded and accelerated if both the device drivers and GPU hardware supports them:

Software architectureEdit

 
Video Acceleration API architecture

The current interface is window system independent, so that it can potentially be used with graphics sub-systems other than the DRI (Direct Rendering Infrastructure) in X Window System, such as direct with framebuffer, and it can work with third-party DRM (Direct Rendering Manager) libraries. In a nutshell, it is a scheme to pass various types of data buffers from the application to the GPU for decoding or encoding a compressed bit-stream.

Software supporting VA-APIEdit

See alsoEdit

  • Distributed Codec Engine (libdce) — Texas Instruments API for the video codec engine in OMAP based embedded systems
  • OpenMAX — a royalty-free cross-platform media abstraction API from the Khronos Group

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "VA-API Video Acceleration On Intel Medfield - Phoronix". Phoronix.com. Retrieved 23 February 2019.
  2. ^ "Video4Linux2: Path to a Standardized Video Codec API" (PDF). Events.linuxfoundation.org. Retrieved 23 February 2019.
  3. ^ Nathan Willis (2009-07-01). "VA API slowly, but surely, making progress". Lwn.net.
  4. ^ "Mplayer, FFmpeg Gain VA-API Support - Phoronix". Phoronix.com. Retrieved 23 February 2019.
  5. ^ "vaapi". Freedesktop.org. Retrieved 23 February 2019.
  6. ^ https://wiki.archlinux.org/index.php/Hardware_video_acceleration
  7. ^ a b "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2017-02-01. Retrieved 2017-01-20.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  8. ^ "Emby Server 3.0.6400 Released". Emby.media. 29 August 2016. Retrieved 23 February 2019.
  9. ^ "Mailing list entry that describes uses of VA-API". Lists.moblin.org. Retrieved 23 February 2019.
  10. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2012-03-24. Retrieved 2011-05-12.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  11. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2016-09-16. Retrieved 2016-08-31.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  12. ^ "Fluendo's New Codecs Support VDPAU, VA-API - Phoronix". Phoronix.com. Retrieved 23 February 2019.
  13. ^ "H.264 VA-API GPU Video Acceleration For Flash - Phoronix". Phoronix.com. Retrieved 23 February 2019.
  14. ^ "Hardware-accelerated video decoding, encoding and processing on Intel graphics through VA-API". Cgit.freedesktop.org. Retrieved 23 February 2019.
  15. ^ a b "XBMC Gets Working Intel VA-API Support - Phoronix". Phoronix.com. Retrieved 23 February 2019.
  16. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2013-08-03. Retrieved 2014-02-10.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  17. ^ "Release Notes - 0.25 - MythTV Official Wiki". Mythtv.org. Retrieved 23 February 2019.
  18. ^ "VLC 1.1.0 release - VideoLAN". Videolan.org. Retrieved 23 February 2019.
  19. ^ "[Client] 2.2.6 Released – Significant CPU usage reductions included". Bluecherrydvr.com. 2 March 2017. Retrieved 23 February 2019.
  20. ^ "the xine project - News Feed". Xine-project.org. Retrieved 23 February 2019.
  21. ^ "OBS Studio Now Supports VA-API For Video Encoding - Phoronix". www.phoronix.com. Retrieved 2020-08-06.
  22. ^ "Firefox on Fedora finally gets VA-API on Wayland". mastransky.wordpress.com. Retrieved 2020-08-19.
  23. ^ "Firefox 80 Available With VA-API On X11, WebGL Parallel Shader Compile Support". www.phoronix.com. Retrieved 2020-08-25.

External linksEdit