Varnsdorf (Czech pronunciation: [ˈvarnzdorf]; German: Warnsdorf, Upper Sorbian: Warnoćicy, Vietnamese: Vànx Dộhph) is a town in the Ústí nad Labem Region of the Czech Republic. It has a population of around 15,000. The town is close to the border with Germany, with border crossings to the Saxon towns of Seifhennersdorf and Großschönau, and is the second largest in the Děčín District.
General view on Varnsdorf
|Region||Ústí nad Labem|
|• Mayor||Roland Solloch|
|• Total||26.21 km2 (10.12 sq mi)|
|Elevation||332 m (1,089 ft)|
|• Density||580/km2 (1,500/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+1 (CET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+2 (CEST)|
The village of Warnsdorf was first recorded in the fourteenth century, and it united with nearby villages in 1849 to form the largest village in the Austrian Empire. It was made a town in 1868. The town was one of the early sites of Old Catholic Church, and an Old Catholic cathedral remains a tourist attraction. The population has declined somewhat since its peak: in 1900 it was 21,150, and the town was a "great industrial centre", notably for textiles.
Prior to the end of World War I, Warnsdorf was part of the Austro-Hungarian Empire. Following that war, the Treaty of Saint-Germain-en-Laye incorporated it, together with the region of Bohemia, into the new country of Czechoslovakia. Following the end of World War II, its ethnic German population was mostly expelled to Germany, and the official spelling of its name was changed from the German "Warnsdorf" to the Czech "Varnsdorf".
- Varnsdorf museum
- Culture: Municipal Theater with its own gallery
- Tourism and hiking: road border crossing to Seifhennersdorf, Germany
- Joseph Schubert (1754–1837), German composer, violinist and violist
- Heinrich Brandler (1881–1967), leader of the Communist Party of Germany
- Gernot Zippe (1917–2008), engineer and inventor of Zippe-type centrifuge
- Peter Kien (1919–1944), poet
- Evelyn Opela (born 1945), German actress
- Josef Berger (born 1949), biologist
- Official website (English)
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