Varnsdorf

Varnsdorf (Czech pronunciation: [ˈvarnzdorf]; German: Warnsdorf, Upper Sorbian: Warnoćicy, Vietnamese: Vànx Dộhph) is a town in the Ústí nad Labem Region of the Czech Republic. It has a population of around 15,000. The town is close to the border with Germany, with border crossings to the Saxon towns of Seifhennersdorf and Großschönau, and is the second largest in the Děčín District.

Varnsdorf
Town
General view on Varnsdorf
General view on Varnsdorf
Flag of Varnsdorf
Flag
Coat of arms of Varnsdorf
Coat of arms
Varnsdorf is located in Czech Republic
Varnsdorf
Varnsdorf
Location in the Czech Republic
Coordinates: 50°54′42″N 14°37′6″E / 50.91167°N 14.61833°E / 50.91167; 14.61833Coordinates: 50°54′42″N 14°37′6″E / 50.91167°N 14.61833°E / 50.91167; 14.61833
Country Czech Republic
RegionÚstí nad Labem
DistrictDěčín
First mentioned1357
Government
 • MayorRoland Solloch
Area
 • Total26.21 km2 (10.12 sq mi)
Elevation
332 m (1,089 ft)
Population
 (2020-01-01[1])
 • Total15,193
 • Density580/km2 (1,500/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
407 47
Websitewww.varnsdorf.cz
Market square

HistoryEdit

The village of Warnsdorf was first recorded in the fourteenth century, and it united with nearby villages in 1849 to form the largest village in the Austrian Empire. It was made a town in 1868. The town was one of the early sites of Old Catholic Church, and an Old Catholic cathedral remains a tourist attraction. The population has declined somewhat since its peak: in 1900 it was 21,150, and the town was a "great industrial centre", notably for textiles.[2]

Prior to the end of World War I, Warnsdorf was part of the Austro-Hungarian Empire. Following that war, the Treaty of Saint-Germain-en-Laye incorporated it, together with the region of Bohemia, into the new country of Czechoslovakia. Following the end of World War II, its ethnic German population was mostly expelled to Germany, and the official spelling of its name was changed from the German "Warnsdorf" to the Czech "Varnsdorf".

Main sightsEdit

 
Varnsdorf museum
  • Varnsdorf museum
  • Culture: Municipal Theater with its own gallery
  • Tourism and hiking: road border crossing to Seifhennersdorf, Germany

ReligionEdit

  • St. Peter's and Paul's Church
  • Cathedral of Old Catholic Church
  • Around 2,500 Buddhist Vietnamese live in and around Varnsdorf. The town thus hosts the first Buddhist temple in Czech Republic.[3]

EconomyEdit

Varnsdorf is also home to the Kocour Brewery, who make a range of ales, including American style IPA and a stout.

Notable peopleEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Population of Municipalities – 1 January 2020". Czech Statistical Office. 2020-04-30.
  2. ^ Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Warnsdorf" . Encyclopædia Britannica. 28 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 327.
  3. ^ "Czech Republic first Buddhist temple opens". Buddhist Channel. 2008-02-06.

External linksEdit