Völklingen is a town in the district of Saarbrücken, in Saarland, Germany. It is situated on the river Saar, approx. 10 km west of Saarbrücken, and directly borders France.

Völklingen
Altes Rathaus Voelklingen.jpg
Coat of arms of Völklingen
Coat of arms
Location of Völklingen within Saarbrücken district
Völklingen in SB.svg
Völklingen is located in Germany
Völklingen
Völklingen
Völklingen is located in Saarland
Völklingen
Völklingen
Coordinates: 49°15′N 06°50′E / 49.250°N 6.833°E / 49.250; 6.833Coordinates: 49°15′N 06°50′E / 49.250°N 6.833°E / 49.250; 6.833
CountryGermany
StateSaarland
DistrictSaarbrücken
Government
 • MayorKlaus Lorig (CDU)
Area
 • Total67.06 km2 (25.89 sq mi)
Elevation
255 m (837 ft)
Population
 (2018-12-31)[1]
 • Total39,374
 • Density590/km2 (1,500/sq mi)
Time zoneCET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Postal codes
66301–66333
Dialling codes06898, 06802
Vehicle registrationVK

The town is known for its industrial past, the Völklinger Hütte (ironworks) being declared by UNESCO as a World Heritage Site.

Völklinger Hütte panorama

HistoryEdit

Völklingen is situated on the fertile alluvial plane at the confluence of the river Rossel and of the river Köller into the river Saar. In antiquity it was settled by Celtic tribes, then by the Romans.

Middle AgesEdit

Franconian ColonizationEdit

The Franks colonized the area between the 5th and 9th centuries.

First Documented MentionEdit

Völkingen was initially referred to as "Fulcolingas" by Durandis, Vice Chancellor to Louis the Pious in 822.

Peasant SettlementEdit

Peasants living in the area were subject to taxation by the Count of Saarbrücken.

Early Modern PeriodEdit

Peasant UprisingEdit

The peasants of Völkingen revolted against the Count of Saarbrücken in 1566, when he ordered the construction of the Homburger castle.

DistrictsEdit

The city is divided into ten districts:

  • Völkingen
  • Fenne
  • Fürstenhausen, home to the coking plant
  • Geislautern
  • Heidstock
  • Lauterbach
  • Ludweiler
  • Luisenthal
  • Röchlinghöhe
  • Wehrden

People born in VölklingenEdit

External linksEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Saarland.de – Amtliche Einwohnerzahlen Stand 31.12.2018" (PDF). Statistisches Amt des Saarlandes (in German). June 2019.