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Amir-Abbas Hoveyda was the longest-serving Prime Minister of Iran, in office from 1965 until 1977 for twelve years.

This is a list of Prime Ministers of Iran from the creation of the office in 1906 during the Persian Constitutional Revolution, until 1989 when the post was abolished after the constitutional referendum. Prime Minister was the head of government of Iran.

After the Constitutional Revolution, Nasrullah Moshir al-Dowleh was the first and Mir-Hossein Mousavi was the last Prime Minister of Iran. Before the Constitutional Revolution, the head of government was called Grand Vizier (Sadr-e A'zam or Vazir-e A'zam).

KeyEdit

Military and non-partisan:

Qajar era

Conservatives

Reformists

Democrats

Pahlavi era

Reformists

Conservatives

Democrats

Liberals

Modern era

Conservatives

Reformists

Liberals

Sublime State of Persia (1699–1925)Edit

Premiers of Pre-Constitutional periodEdit

Prime Ministers of First Constitutional period (1906–1908)Edit

Prime Minister Term of office Political Party Parliament Government Head of State
(Reign / Term)
Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Took Office Left Office Days Term Election
1   Nasrullah Moshir al-Dowleh
نصرالله مشیرالدوله
(1840–1907)
1 August
1906
7 March
1907
218 None 1st 1906 Moshir al-Dowleh Mozaffar ad-Din Shah
 
(1896–1907)
Mohammad Ali Shah
 
(1907–1909)
During this interval, Interior Minister Sultan-Ali Khan (سلطان علی خان) was Acting Prime Minister.
2   Ali-Asghar Atabak
علی‌اصغر اتابک
(1858–1907)
4 May
1907
31 August
1907[‡]
119 None 1st Amin al-Soltan
3   Ahmad Moshir al-Saltaneh
احمد مشیرالسلطنه
(1844–1918)
16 September
1907
27 October
1907
41 None 1st Moshir al-Saltaneh I
4   Abolqasem Naser al-Molk
ابوالقاسم ناصرالملک
(1856–1927)
27 October
1907
21 December
1907
55 None 1st Naser al-Molk I
5   Hossein-Qoli Nezam al-Saltaneh
حسینقلی نظام‌السلطنه
(1832–1908)
21 December
1907
21 May
1908
213 None 1st Nezam al-Saltaneh

Prime Ministers of Minor Tyranny (1908–1909)Edit

Prime Minister Term of office Political Party Parliament Government Head of State
(Reign / Term)
Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Took Office Left Office Days Term Election
(3)   Ahmad Moshir al-Saltaneh
احمد مشیرالسلطنه
(1844–1918)
7 June
1908
29 April
1909
326 None Moshir al-Saltaneh II Mohammad Ali Shah
 
(1907–1909)
6   Kamran Mirza
کامران میرزا
(1856–1929)
29 April
1909
2 May
1909
3 None
7   Javad Sa'd al-Dowleh
جواد سعدالدوله
(18456–1930)
8 May
1909
13 July
1909
66 None Sa'd al-Dowleh

Prime Ministers of Second Constitutional period (1909–1925)Edit

Prime Minister Term of office Political Party Parliament Government Head of State
(Reign / Term)
Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Took Office Left Office Days Term Election
During this interval, Supreme Council of Politicians and Clergymen was held governmental affairs. Ahmad Shah Qajar
 
(1909–1925)
8   Mohammad-Vali Khan Tonekaboni
محمدولی سپهدار اعظم
(1848–1926)
30 September
1909
25 July
1910
298 Moderate Socialists 2nd 1909 Tonekaboni I
9   Hassan Mostowfi al-Mamalek
حسن مستوفی‌الممالک
(1875–1932)
25 July
1910
12 March
1911
230 Democrats 2nd Mostowfi I
(8)   Mohammad-Vali Khan Tonekaboni
محمدولی سپهدار اعظم
(1848–1926)
12 March
1911
26 July
1911
136 Moderate Socialists 2nd Tonekaboni II
10   Najaf-Qoli Samsam al-Saltaneh
نجفقلی صمصام‌السلطنه
(1846–1930)
26 July
1911
18 January
1913
542 Moderate Socialists 2nd Samsam I
11   Mohammad-Ali Ala al-Saltaneh
محمدعلی علاءالسلطنه
(1829–1918)
18 January
1913
16 August
1913
210 None 2nd Ala al-Saltaneh I
(9)   Hassan Mostowfi al-Mamalek
حسن مستوفی‌الممالک
(1875–1932)
17 August
1913
14 March
1915
574 Democrats 3rd 1914 Mostowfi II
Mostowfi III
Mostowfi IV
12   Hassan Pirnia
حسن پیرنیا
(1871–1935)
14 March
1915
1 May
1915
48 Moderate Socialists 3rd Pirnia I
13   Abdol Majid Mirza
عبدالمجید عین‌الدوله
(1845–1927)
1 May
1915
18 August
1915
109 None 3rd Eynod-Dowlah I
(9)   Hassan Mostowfi al-Mamalek
حسن مستوفی‌الممالک
(1875–1932)
18 August
1915
24 December
1915
128 Democrats 3rd Mostowfi V
14   Abdol-Hossein Mirza Farmanfarma
عبدالحسین میرزا فرمانفرما
(1857–1939)
24 December
1915
29 February
1916
67 Moderate Socialists Farmanfarma
(8)   Mohammad-Vali Khan Tonekaboni
محمدولی سپهدار اعظم
(1848–1926)
5 March
1916
29 August
1916
177 Moderate Socialists Tonekaboni III
15   Hassan Vosugh al-Dowleh
حسن وثوق‌الدوله
(1873–1950)
29 August
1916
5 June
1917
280 Democrats Vosugh I
(11)   Mohammad-Ali Ala al-Saltaneh
محمدعلی علاءالسلطنه
(1829–1918)
5 June
1917
21 November
1917
169 None Ala al-Saltaneh II
(13)   Abdol Majid Mirza
عبدالمجید عین‌الدوله
(1845–1927)
21 November
1917
16 January
1918
56 None Eynod-Dowlah II
(9)   Hassan Mostowfi al-Mamalek
حسن مستوفی‌الممالک
(1875–1932)
16 January
1918
1 May
1918
105 Democrats Mostowfi VI
(10)   Najaf-Qoli Samsam al-Saltaneh
نجفقلی صمصام‌السلطنه
(1846–1930)
1 May
1918
8 August
1918
99 Moderate Socialists Samsam II
(15)   Hassan Vosugh al-Dowleh
حسن وثوق‌الدوله
(1873–1950)
8 August
1918
3 July
1920
695 Democrats
(until 1919)
Vosugh II
Vosugh III
(12)   Hassan Pirnia
حسن پیرنیا
(1871–1935)
3 July
1920
27 October
1920
86 None Pirnia II
16   Fathollah Khan Akbar
فتح‌الله خان اکبر
(1871–1935)
27 October
1920
22 February
1921
148 None Sepahdar Azam
17   Zia'eddin Tabatabaee
سید ضیاءالدین طباطبایی
(1889–1969)
24 February
1921
4 June
1921
100 None Tabatabaee
18   Qavām os-Saltaneh
احمد قوام‌السلطنه
(1873–1955)
4 June
1921
21 January
1922
231 Reformers' Party 4th 1921 Qavam I
Qavam II
(12)   Hassan Pirnia
حسن پیرنیا
(1871–1935)
21 January
1922
22 June
1922
152 None 4th Pirnia III
(18)   Qavām os-Saltaneh
احمد قوام‌السلطنه
(1873–1955)
22 June
1922
15 February
1923
238 Reformers' Party 4th Qavam III
Qavam IV
(9)   Hassan Mostowfi al-Mamalek
حسن مستوفی‌الممالک
(1875–1932)
15 February
1923
15 June
1923
120 Revival Party 4th Mostowfi VIII
Mostowfi IX
(12)   Hassan Pirnia
حسن پیرنیا
(1871–1935)
15 June
1923
26 October
1923
133 None 4th Pirnia IV
19   Reza Khan Sardar Sepah
رضاخان سردارسپه
(1878–1944)
26 October
1923
12 December
1925
778 Military 4th
5th
1923 Reza Khan

Imperial State of Iran (1925–1979)Edit

Prime Minister Term of office Political Party Parliament Government Head of State
(Reign / Term)
Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Took Office Left Office Days Term Election
  Mohammad-Ali Foroughi
محمدعلی فروغی
(1875–1942)
12 December
1925
13 June
1926
183 Revival Party 5th Foroughi I (interim) Reza Shah
 
(1925–1941)
(9)   Hassan Mostowfi
حسن مستوفی
(1875–1942)
13 June
1926
2 June
1927
354 Revival Party 6th 1926 Mostowfi X
Mostowfi XI
Mostowfi XIII
20   Mehdi Hedayat
مهدی بیات
(1864–1955)
2 June
1927
18 September
1933
2300 Revival Party 6th
7th
8th
1928
1930
Hedayat I
Hedayat II
Hedayat III
Hedayat IV
21   Mohammad-Ali Foroughi
محمد علی فروغی
(1875–1942)
18 September
1933
3 December
1935
806 Revival Party 9th 1932 Foroughi II
Foroughi III
22   Mahmoud Jam
محمود جم
(1880–1969)
3 December
1935
26 October
1939
1423 None 10th
11th
1935
1937
Jam I
Jam II
23   Ahmad Matin-Daftari
احمد متین دفتری
(1897–1971)
26 October
1939
26 June
1940
244 None 12th 1939 Djam
24   Ali Mansur
علی منصور
(1886–1974)
26 June
1940
27 August
1941
427 None 12th A. Mansur I
(21)   Mohammad-Ali Foroughi
محمدعلی فروغی
(1875–1942)
27 August
1941
9 March
1942
194 None 12th
13th
1941 Foroughi IV
Foroughi V
Foroughi VI
Foroughi VII
Mohammad Reza Shah
 
(1941–1979)
25   Ali Soheili
علی سهیلی
(1896–1958)
9 March
1942
9 August
1942
153 None 13th Soheili I
(18)   Ahmad Qavam
احمد قوام
(1873–1955)
9 August
1942
15 February
1943
190 None 13th Qavam V
(25)   Ali Soheili
علی سهیلی
(1896–1958)
15 February
1943
6 April 1944
1944
416 None Soheili II
26   Mohammad Sa'ed
محمد ساعد
(1881–1973)
6 April
1944
25 November
1944
233 None 14th 1943–44 Sa'ed I
Sa'ed II
Sa'ed III
27   Morteza-Qoli Bayat
مرتضی‌قلی بیات
(1890–1958)
25 November
1944
13 May
1945
169 None 14th Bayat
  Ebrahim Hakimi
ابراهیم حکیمی
(1871–1959)
13 May
1945
6 June
1945
24 None 14th Hakimi I (interim)
28   Mohsen Sadr
محسن صدر
(1871–1962)
6 June
1945
30 October
1945
146 None 14th Sadr
29   Ebrahim Hakimi
ابراهیم حکیمی
(1871–1959)
30 October
1945
28 January
1946
90 None 14th Hakimi II
(18)   Ahmad Qavam
احمد قوام
(1873–1955)
28 January
1946
18 December
1947
689 Democratic Party 14th
15th
1947 Qavam VI
Qavam VII
Qavam VII
Qavam IX
Qavam X
30   Mohammad-Reza Hekmat
احمد قوام
(1891–1978)
18 December
1947
29 December
1947
11 Democratic Party 15th
(29)   Ebrahim Hakimi
ابراهیم حکیمی
(1871–1959)
29 December
1947
13 June
1948
167 None 15th Hakimi III
31   Abdolhossein Hazhir
ابراهیم حکیمی
(1902–1949)
13 June
1948
9 November
1948
149 None 15th Hazhir
(26)   Mohammad Sa'ed
محمد ساعد
(1881–1973)
9 November
1948
23 March
1950
499 None 15th Sa'ed IV
(24)   Ali Mansur
علی منصور
(1886–1974)
23 March
1950
26 June
1950
95 None 16th 1950 A. Mansur II
32   Ali Razmara
علی رزم‌آرا
(1901–1951)
26 June
1950
7 March
1951[‡]
95 Military 16th Razmara
  Khalil Fahimi
خلیل فهیمی
(1876–1953)
7 March
1951
12 March
1951
5 None 16th Razmara
33   Hossein Ala'
حسین علاء
(1882–1964)
12 March
1951
27 April
1951
46 None 16th Ala' I
34   Mohammad Mosaddegh
محمد مصدق
(1882–1967)
28 April
1951
17 July
1952
446 National Front 16th Mosaddegh I
(19)   Ahmad Qavam
احمد قوام
(1873–1955)
17 July
1952
22 July
1952
5 None 16th Qavam XI
(34)   Mohammad Mosaddegh
محمد مصدق
(1882–1967)
22 July
1952
19 August
1953
393 National Front 17th 1952 Mosaddegh II
35   Fazlollah Zahedi
فضل‌الله زاهدی
(1897–1963)
19 August
1953
7 April
1955
596 Military 18th 1954 Zahedi
(33)   Hossein Ala'
حسین علاء
(1882–1964)
7 April
1955
3 April
1957
727 None 18th Ala' II
36   Manouchehr Eghbal
منوچهر اقبال
(1909–1977)
3 April
1957
31 August
1960
1246 Nationalists’ Party 19th 1956 Eghbal
37   Jafar Sharif-Emami
جعفر شریف‌امامی
(1910–1998)
31 August
1960
5 May
1961
247 Nationalists’ Party 1960 Sharif-Emami I
38   Ali Amini
علی امینی
(1905–1992)
5 May
1961
19 July
1962
410 None 20th 1961 Amini
39   Asadollah Alam
اسدالله علم
(1919–1978)
19 July
1962
7 March
1964
627 People's Party 20th Alam I
Alam II
40   Hassan-Ali Mansur
حسنعلی منصور
(1923–1965)
7 March
1964
26 January
1965[‡]
325 New Iran Party 21st 1963 H.Mansur
41   Amir-Abbas Hoveyda
امیرعباس هویدا
(1919–1979)
26 January
1965
7 August
1977
4576 New Iran Party
(until 1975)
21st
22nd
23rd
24th
1967
1971
1975
Hoveyda I
Hoveyda II
Hoveyda III
Hoveyda IV
Hoveyda V
Hoveyda VI
Rastakhiz Party
(from 1975)
42   Jamshid Amouzegar
جمشید آموزگار
(1923–2016)
7 August
1977
27 August
1978
385 Rastakhiz Party 24th Amouzegar I
Amouzegar II
(37)   Jafar Sharif-Emami
جعفر شریف‌امامی
(1910–1998)
27 August
1978
6 November
1978
71 Rastakhiz Party 24th Sharif-Emami II
43   Gholam Reza Azhari
غلامرضا ازهاری
(1912–2001)
6 November
1978
4 January
1979
59 Military 24th Azhari
44   Shapour Bakhtiar
شاپور بختیار
(1914–1991)
4 January
1979
11 February
1979
38 National Front[n 1] 24th Bakhtiar

Interim Government of Iran (1979)Edit

Prime Minister Term of office Political Party Parliament Government Head of State
(Reign / Term)
Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Took Office Left Office Days Term Election
  Mehdi Bazargan
مهدی بازرگان
(1907–1995)
4 February
1979
1 April
1979
56 Freedom Movement Bazargan (interim) Council of Revolution[n 2]

Islamic Republic of Iran (1979–present)Edit

Prime Ministers (1979–1989)Edit

Prime Minister Term of office Political Party Parliament Government Head of State
(Reign / Term)
Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Took Office Left Office Days Term Election
45   Mehdi Bazargan
مهدی بازرگان
(1907–1995)
1 April
1979
6 November
1979
219 Freedom Movement Const. 1979 Bazargan (interim) Ruhollah Khomeini
 
(1979–1989)
During this interval, Sadeq Tabatabaei (صادق طباطبائی) was de facto Acting Prime Minister.
46   Mohammad-Ali Rajai
محمد علی رجایی
(1933–1981)
12 August
1980
4 August
1981
357 Islamic Republican Party 1st 1980 Rajai
47   Mohammad-Javad Bahonar
محمدجواد باهنر
(1933–1981)
4 August
1981
30 August
1981
[‡]
26 Islamic Republican Party 1st Bahonar
  Mohammad-Reza Mahdavi
محمدرضا مهدوی کنی
(1931–2014)
2 September
1981
31 October
1981
62 Combatant Clergy Association 1st Mahdavi Kani (interim)
48   Mir-Hossein Mousavi
میرحسین موسوی
(1942–)
31 October
1981
14 August
1989
2844 Islamic Republican Party
(until 1987)
1st
2nd
3rd
1984
1988
Mousavi I
Mousavi II

Presidents as Head of Government (1989–present)Edit

President Term of office Political Party Parliament Government Head of State
(Reign / Term)
Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Took Office Left Office Days Term Election
  Akbar Hashemi Rafsanjani
اکبر هاشمی رفسنجانی
(1934–2017)
14 August
1989
3 August
1997
2911 Combatant Clergy Association 3rd
4th
5th
1992
1996
Hashemi I
Hashemi II
Ali Khamenei
 
(1989–present)
  Mohammad Khatami
محمد خاتمی
(1943–)
3 August
1997
3 August
2005
2922 Association of Combatant Clerics 5th
6th
7th
2000
2004
Khatami I
Khatami II
  Mahmoud Ahmadinejad
محمود احمدی نژاد
(1956–)
3 August
2005
3 August
2013
2922 Alliance of Builders of Islamic Iran 7th
8th
9th
2008
2012
Ahmadinejad I
Ahmadinejad II
  Hassan Rouhani
حسن روحانی
(1948–)
3 August
2013
Incumbent 2425 Moderation and Development Party 9th
10th
2016 Rouhani I
Rouhani II

NotesEdit

  • ^† Died in office / ^‡ assassinated.
  1. ^ Bakhtiar was an official member of NF, but he was fired from party after accepting PM post.
  2. ^ No official head of state, Ruhollah Khomeini as leader of the revolution.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • Dowlathā-ye Īrān : az Mīrzā Naṣr Allāh Khān Moshīr al-Dowleh tā Mīr Ḥuseyn Mūsavī : aʻz̤ā-ye kābīnehā, sharḥ-e ḥāl, ʻaks, nemūne-ye emz̤āʼ va dastkhaṭṭ-e nakhostvazīrān, vazīrān va moʻāvenīn-e nakhostvazīr : bar asās-e daftar-e s̲abt-e kābīnehā-ye nakhostvazīrī [The governments of Iran : From Mīrzā Naṣr Allāh Khān Moshīr al-Dowleh to Mīr Ḥuseyn Mūsavī : Members of cabinets, biographies, photos, signature samples and handwriting exemplars of prime ministers, ministers and deputy prime ministers : On the basis of the prime minister's office records] (in Persian). Tehrān: Sāzmān-e Chāp va Enteshārāt, Vezārat-e Farhang va Ershād-e Eslāmī. 1999. ISBN 978-964-422-147-7.
  • Sepehr, Ahmad-Ali (1983–84). Iran dar jang-e bozorg (1914–1918) [Iran in the Great War (1914–1918)] (in Persian). Tehrān: Adib.
  • Ettehadieh, Mansoureh (2011). "CONSTITUTIONAL REVOLUTION v. Political parties of the constitutional period". Encyclopaedia Iranica, Vol. VI, Fasc. 2. pp. 199–202.
  • Calmard, J. (2011). "ATĀBAK-E AʿẒAM, AMĪN-AL-SOLṬĀN". Encyclopaedia Iranica, Vol. II, Fasc. 8. pp. 878–890.
  • Mir, Cyrus (1999). "FARMĀNFARMĀ, ʿABD-AL-ḤOSAYN MĪRZĀ". Encyclopaedia Iranica. However, the birth year indicated there (1858) does not agree with his WorldCat entry and with his VIAF entry, both of which give 1857.

Iran, List of Prime Ministers of Category:Government of Iran Category:Politics of Iran Prime ministers