Lower Danube Circle

  (Redirected from Unterdonaukreis)

The Lower Danube Circle or Under Danube Circle[1] (German: Unterdonaukreis) was one of the administrative districts (German: Bezirke or Regierungsbezirke) of the Kingdom of Bavaria between 1806 and 1837. It was named after its main river, the Danube and was the predecessor of the administrative district of Lower Bavaria (Regierungsbezirk Niederbayern). Its administrative headquarters were in Passau, but the appellate court was in Straubing.

of the Kingdom of Bavaria
Eintheilung des Königreichs Baiern 1808.jpg
Districts of Bavaria, including Tyrol, in 1808
Area transferred
 • 1810Innviertel from Austrian Empire
 • 1816Innviertel to Austrian Empire
• Established
• Disestablished
Succeeded by
Lower Bavaria
Upper Bavaria
Upper Palatinate
Upper Austria
Today part of Bavaria

Independent citiesEdit


The district was divided in the following judicial districts (Landgerichte), according to the original borders of the districts of the former territories (Herrschaftsgerichte):


In the years between 1806 and 1808 the Kingdom of Bavaria was divided into 15 'circles'. Their names were taken from their main rivers. The Unterdonaukreis was initially composed of 10 rural divisions and, since 1809, of the independent city of Passau. In 1810, the Unterdonaukreis was enlarged. In another territorial reorganization initiated by King Ludwig I on 29 November 1837, the Unterdonaukreis again enlarged and renamed Lower Bavaria (Niederbayern). District headquarters were moved from Passau to Landshut.


  1. ^ Bell, James. A System of Geography, Popular and Scientific: Or A Physical, Political and Statistical Account of the World and its Various Divisions, Volume 1. Glasgow: Fullarton, 1832, p. 356.


  • (de) Handbuch der bayerischen Ämter, Gemeinden und Gerichte 1799 - 1980 (Guide of the Bavarian Districts, Municipalities and Courts 1799 - 1980), written by Richard Bauer, Reinhard Heydenreuter, Gerhard Heyl, Emma Mages, Max Piendl, August Scherl, Bernhard Zittel and edited by Wilhelm Volkert, Senior Professor at the University of Regensburg, Munich, 1983, ISBN 3-406-09669-7