Ujjain district

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Ujjain district is a district of Madhya Pradesh state in central India. The historic city of Ujjain is the district headquarters. Tropic of Cancer passes through Ujjain. The district has an area of 6,091 km², and a population of 1,986,864 (2011 census), a 16.12% increase from its 2001 population of 1,710,982.

Ujjain district
Location of Ujjain district in Madhya Pradesh
Location of Ujjain district in Madhya Pradesh
StateMadhya Pradesh
 • Lok Sabha constituenciesUjjain
 • Total6,091 km2 (2,352 sq mi)
 • Total1,986,864
 • Density330/km2 (840/sq mi)
 • Literacy73.55 per cent
 • Sex ratio954
Time zoneUTC+05:30 (IST)


Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.

According to the 2011 census Ujjain District has a population of 1,986,864,[2] roughly equal to the nation of Slovenia[3] or the US state of New Mexico.[4] This gives it a ranking of 233rd in India (out of a total of 640).[2] The district has a population density of 326 inhabitants per square kilometre (840/sq mi) .[2] Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 16.11%.[2] Ujjain has a sex ratio of 954 females for every 1000 males,[2] and a literacy rate of 73.55%.[2]

At the time of the 2011 Census of India, 95.21% of the population in the district spoke Hindi, 2.83% Urdu, 0.58% Gujarati, 0.56% Marathi and 0.40% Sindhi as their first language.[5]


The district is bounded by the districts of Shajapur on the northeast and east, Dewas to the southeast, Indore to the south, Dhar to the southwest, and Ratlam to the west and northwest. The district is part of Ujjain Division.

Rivers and lakesEdit

The main river is the Shipra river, a tributary of the Chambal river in the east. Other small rivers include the Gambhir river and Kahn river, two tributaries of the Shipra.

Cities and townsEdit

  • Ujjain - The city is the administrative centre and chief city of the district and an ancient city situated on the eastern bank of the Kshipra River, Ujjain was the most prominent city on the Malwa plateau of central India for much of its history..
  • Nagda - Prior to being an industrial town, Nagda was a small village. The location near river Chambal and availability of acres of land attracted Ghanshyam Das Birla to set up a major facility. Today Nagda is one of the largest viscose staple fiber manufacturers in Asia.
  • Badnagar - The city is the birthplace of great national poet Kavi Pradeep. Former Prime Minister of India Atal Bihari Vajpayee spent some of his childhood time in Badnagar.
  • Fatehabad Chandrawatiganj - The city is famous for its railway junction on the Ratlam-Indore meter gauge line with a link line going to Ujjain Junction.
  • Khachrod - It is a city and a municipality in Ujjain district
  • Mahidpur - It is a city and a municipality in Ujjain district. The Battle of Mahidpur between the Marathas and the British was fought in this town.
  • Tarana - It is a town and a nagar panchayat in Ujjain district.
  • Unhel - It is a town and a nagar panchayat in Ujjain district.


At present, after the delimitation of parliamentary and legislative assembly constituencies in 2008, there are eight Vidhan Sabha constituencies in this district: Nagada-Khachrod, Mahidpur, Tarana, Ghatiya, Ujjain Dakshin, Ujjain Uttar, Badnagar including a lot from Ratlam District.[6] It is reserved for the candidates belonging to the Scheduled castes since 1966. The current member of the Lok Sabha from Ujjain constituency is Anil firoziya of the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP).


Higher educationEdit

Ujjain District is home to Vikram University and Maharshi Panini Sanskrit University.

Vikram Uddhyog PuriEdit

The Government of Madhya Pradesh has allotted 1,200 acres for the development of Knowledge City near Ujjain which will be known as Vikram Uddhyog Puri. The city will be mainly used for the education sector and is a part of the ambitious Delhi Mumbai Industrial Corridor project. The city will come up near Narwar village on Dewas-Ujjain Road.[7][8]


  1. ^ Decadal Variation In Population Since 1901
  2. ^ a b c d e f "District Census 2011". Census2011.co.in. 2011. Retrieved 30 September 2011.
  3. ^ US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country Comparison:Population". Retrieved 1 October 2011. Slovenia 2,000,092 July 2011 est.
  4. ^ "2010 Resident Population Data". U. S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 30 September 2011. New Mexico - 2,059,179
  5. ^ 2011 Census of India, Population By Mother Tongue
  6. ^ Parliamentary & Assembly Constituency-Wise Report of Electors in the Final Roll-2009
  7. ^ Ujjain's 'Knowledge City' renamed 'Vikram Udyog Puri
  8. ^ Madhya Pradesh seeks DMIC approval for two infra projects

External linksEdit

Coordinates: 23°25′N 75°30′E / 23.417°N 75.500°E / 23.417; 75.500