Holidays with paid time off in the United States

  (Redirected from U.S. state holiday)

In the United States there are a number of observed holidays where employees receive paid time off. The labor force in the United States comprises about 62% (as of 2014) of the general population.[1] In the United States, 97% of the private sector businesses determine what days this sector of the population gets paid time off, according to a study by the Society for Human Resource Management. The following holidays are observed by the majority of US businesses with paid time off: New Year's Day, New Year's Eve,[2] Memorial Day, Independence Day, Labor Day, Thanksgiving, the day after, Christmas Eve and Christmas. There are also numerous holidays on the state and local level that are observed to varying degrees.

The 1979 Macy's Thanksgiving Day Parade
Public holidays in the United States
Flag of the United States.svg
Observed byFederal government
State governments
Local governments
Private and public sector employers

Holiday listing as paid time offEdit

A barrel-shaped barbecue on a trailer at a block party in Kansas City. Pans on the top shelf hold hamburgers and hot dogs that were grilled earlier when the coals were hot. The lower grill is now being used to cook pork ribs and "drunken chicken" slowly, typical on a worker's paid holiday – see Barbecue in the United States.

This list of holidays is based on the official list of federal holidays by year from the US Government. The holidays however are at the discretion of employers whose statistics are measured by the Bureau of Labor Statistics. Another list from the Society for Human Resource Management shows actual percentages of employers offering paid time off for each holiday. The term "major holiday" (bolded) coincides for those holidays that 90% or more of employers offered paid time off.[3] In 2020, Nike is the first company to mark Juneteenth as a paid holiday.[4]

Date *Official name Percentage of Americans celebrating **Percentage of businesses offering paid time off[5] Remarks
January 1 (fixed) New Year's Day[6] 72%[7] 96% Celebrates beginning of the Gregorian calendar year. Festivities include counting down to 12:00 midnight on the preceding night, New Year's Eve, often with fireworks display and party. The ball drop at Times Square in New York City has become a national New Year's festivity. Traditional end of Christmas and holiday season.[8]
January 15–21 (floating Monday) Birthday of Martin Luther King Jr. 26%[9] 34–38% Honors Martin Luther King Jr., civil rights leader, who was actually born on January 15, 1929; combined with other holidays in several states. Some cities and municipalities hold parades; and more recently, the 1994 King Holiday and Service Act, which was passed to encourage Americans to transform the King Holiday into a day of citizen action volunteer service, has gained in popularity (sometimes referred to as a National Day of Service).
January 20 or 21 Inauguration Day N/A 0% Celebrates the United States presidential inauguration, every 4 years. While this is a federal holiday, this is not a "public holiday". Only Washington, DC observes this day besides the federal government.[10]
February 15–21 (floating Monday) Washington's Birthday 52%[11] 34–35% Washington's Birthday was first declared a federal holiday by an 1879 act of Congress. The Uniform Holidays Act, 1968, shifted the date of the commemoration of Washington's Birthday from February 22 to the third Monday in February (between February 15 and 21, meaning the observed holiday never falls on Washington's actual birthday). Because of this, combined with the fact that President Lincoln's birthday falls on February 12, many people now refer to this holiday as "Presidents' Day" and consider it a day honoring all American presidents. However, neither the Uniform Holidays Act nor any subsequent law changed the name of the holiday from Washington's Birthday to Presidents' Day.[12]
May 25–31 (floating Monday) Memorial Day 21%[13] 95% Honors the nation's war dead from the Civil War onwards; marks the unofficial beginning of the summer season (traditionally May 30, shifted by the Uniform Holidays Act 1968).
July 4 (fixed) Independence Day 79% 97% Celebrates the signing of the Declaration of Independence from British rule, also called the Fourth of July or simply "The Fourth". Fireworks celebration are held in many cities throughout the nation. Boston, Massachusetts is famous for its "Boston Pops Fireworks Spectacular" with music and fireworks
September 1–7 (floating Monday) Labor Day 53%[citation needed] 95% Celebrates the achievements of workers and the labor movement; marks the unofficial end of the summer season.
October 8–14 (floating Monday) Columbus Day or Indigenous Peoples' Day 8%[14] 13–16% Honors Christopher Columbus, the first European to land in mainland Americas after Leif Erikson. In a growing number of locations this day is observed as Indigenous Peoples' Day, in honor of the Native Americans who lived in the Americas long before Columbus "discovered" the area.
November 11 (fixed) Veterans Day 43%[15] 16–21% Honors all veterans of the United States armed forces. It is observed on November 11 to recall the end of World War I on that date in 1918 (major hostilities of World War I were formally ended at the 11th hour (GMT +1) of the 11th day of the 11th month of 1918 when the Armistice with Germany went into effect).
November 22–28 (floating Thursday) Thanksgiving Day 87%[16] 97% Traditionally celebrates the giving of thanks for the autumn harvest. Traditionally includes the sharing of a turkey dinner.
December 25 (fixed) Christmas 90–95%[17][18] 94% The most widely celebrated holiday of the Christian year, Christmas is observed as a commemoration of the birth of Jesus of Nazareth.

School holidaysEdit

Fort Lauderdale, Florida is a typical warm weather destination for students on spring break.
Panama City Beach, Florida is also another destination for spring breakers.

An academic year typically spans from early fall to early summer, with two or three months of summer vacation marking the end of the year. K-12 public schools generally observe local, state, and federal holidays, plus additional days off around Thanksgiving, the period from before Christmas until after New Year's Day, a spring break (usually a week in April) and sometimes a winter break (a week in February or March). Two or three days per year are sometimes devoted to professional development for teachers and students have the day off.

Most colleges and universities divide the school year into two semesters. The fall semester often begins the day after Labor Day in early September and runs until mid-December. The spring semester typically starts in the middle or end of January and runs until May. Winter and summer classes might be offered in January and May–August. Major federal, state, and local holidays are often observed, including the day after and usually before Thanksgiving. Spring break is usually a week in March or early April, and in elementary and secondary school and college party culture traditionally involves a warm-weather trip.

Unscheduled weather-related cancellations and emergency cancellations can also affect school calendars.

When taking summer school or summer camp schedules into account, the Independence Day holiday on July 4 is usually a scheduled holiday observance for which the summer program closes.

Government sector holidays: federal, state, and local governmentEdit

The federal government sector labor force consisted of about 2,729,000 (as of 2014) of the total labor force of 150,539,900, which is about 2% of the total labor force or about 1% of the total population. In addition, state and local governments consist of another 19,134,000 bringing the total government sector employees to about 15% of the total labor force.[20] This sector of the population is entitled to paid time off designated as federal holidays by Congress in Title V of the United States Code (5 U.S.C. § 6103). Both federal and state government employees generally observe the same federal holidays.

Federally regulated agencies: banks and financial institutionsEdit

US banks generally observe the federal holidays because of their reliance on the U.S. Federal Reserve for certain activities such as wire transfers and ACH transactions.[21] For example, JP Morgan Chase observes all federal holidays except Columbus Day,[22] while U.S. Bank observes all of them.[23]

The New York Stock Exchange also closely follows the federal holidays except for Columbus Day. However, the agency also has extra holidays on the day before Independence Day and Good Friday.

Legal holidays by states and political divisions of the United States Edit

Not to be confused with tax holidays

In general, most state governments observe the same holidays that the federal government observes. However, while that is true for most states, every state includes and omits holidays to fit the culture relevant to its population. In 2020,

Holiday Number of states observed with government offices closed Remarks
New Year's Day
Memorial Day
Independence Day
Labor Day
Veterans Day
Thanksgiving Day
Christmas Day
50 These holidays are unanimously observed by the state governments of all 50 states.
Juneteenth 47 47 states currently recognize Juneteenth as a legal state holiday.[24]
Martin Luther King Jr. Day 45 Signed into law in 1983, but not observed by all states until 2000, with Utah officially observing as a paid state holiday. Five states observe this day using alternate name "Civil Rights Day" or holiday is combined to also honor Robert E. Lee.
Washington's Birthday (Presidents' Day) 38[25] Alternatively observed separately as George Washington's or Lincoln's Birthday.
Columbus Day 23[26] Fewer than half the states recognize Columbus Day.
Day after Thanksgiving 18[27] Observed by Delaware, Florida, Iowa, Kansas, Kentucky, Maryland, Michigan, Nebraska, New Hampshire, New Mexico, North Carolina, Pennsylvania, South Carolina, Texas, Vermont, Virginia, Washington, and West Virginia.
Good Friday 12[27] Observed by Connecticut, Delaware, Guam, Hawaii, Indiana, Kentucky, Louisiana, New Jersey, North Carolina, North Dakota, Puerto Rico, and Tennessee.
Christmas Eve 11 Observed by Arkansas, Georgia, Indiana, Kentucky, Michigan, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, West Virginia, Wisconsin
Election Day 10 Observed by Delaware, Hawaii, Illinois, Indiana, Montana, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, and Rhode Island
Day after Christmas 6[27][28] Observed by Kentucky, Michigan, North Carolina, South Carolina, Texas, and the US Virgin Islands.
Lincoln's Birthday 5[27] Observed by Connecticut, Illinois, Missouri, New Jersey, and New York
New Year's Eve 4 Observed by Kentucky, Michigan, West Virginia, and Wisconsin.


See also: Alabama Legal Holidays
Confederate Memorial Day observance in Alabama
Baldwin County, AlabamaEdit
  • All Alabama state holidays
  • February 3 – March 9 (floating Tuesday using Computus)  – Mardi Gras
Mobile County, AlabamaEdit
  • All Alabama state holidays
  • February 3 – March 9 (floating Tuesday using Computus)  – Mardi Gras
Perry County, AlabamaEdit
See also: Perry County, Alabama Calendar
  • All Alabama state holidays
  • November 8–14 (floating Monday) – Barack Obama Day


See also: Alaska State Holidays

American SamoaEdit

See also: American Samoa Holidays


See also:Arizona State Holidays


See also: Arkansas State Holidays


See also: California Department of Human Resources – State Holidays California has separate definitions of "state holidays" which are different from "legal holidays".
César Chávez Day poster
California education holidaysEdit
See also: California Education Code 37220–37223
  • All California state holidays (schools closed)
  • January 23 – Ed Roberts Day (schools open, but with related instructions)
  • January 30 – Fred Korematsu Day of Civil Liberties (schools open, but with related instructions)
  • February 6 – Ronald Reagan Day (schools open, but with related instructions)
  • February 12 – Lincoln's Birthday (schools closed) (some school districts observe the holiday on the second Monday in February)
  • February 15 – Susan B. Anthony Day (schools open, but with related instructions)
  • March 5 – death of Crispus Attucks (schools open, but with related instructions)
  • March 7 – birthday of Luther Burbank / Arbor Day (schools open, but with related instructions)
  • March 30 – Vietnamese Veterans Day (schools open, but with related instructions)
  • April 6 – California Poppy Day (schools open, but with related instructions)
  • April 21 – John Muir Day (schools open, but with related instructions)
  • May 8–14 (floating Wednesday) – Day of the Teacher (schools open, but with related instructions)
  • May 22 – Harvey Milk Day (schools open, but with related instructions)
  • September 22–28 (floating Monday) – Native American Day (schools closed)
  • October 25 – Larry Itliong Day (schools open, but with related instructions)

Lincoln's Birthday (February 12) was removed from California's education holiday calendar in 2009.[35]

Berkeley, CaliforniaEdit
See also: City of Berkeley: Holiday and Reduced Service Days Schedule
San Francisco, CaliforniaEdit
See also: San Francisco City and County Holidays
  • All California holidays except Cesar Chavez Day
  • October 8–14 (floating Monday) – Columbus Day (added because the holiday was omitted by the California state government)
West Hollywood, CaliforniaEdit
See also: West Hollywood City Holidays


See also: Colorado State Holidays


See also: Connecticut Department of Administrative Services State Holidays (PDF files for each year)


See also Delaware – State Holidays

District of ColumbiaEdit

See also: District of Columbia Department of Human Resources Holidays


See also: Florida State Holidays Chapter 110 Section 117

Florida's laws separately defines "paid holidays" versus "legal holidays", which does not have any obligation to include as "paid holidays".

As of 2015, multiple states observe Susan B. Anthony Day. Florida is the only state that actually observes the day as a legal holiday, though state offices remain open. Currently, no federal holiday honors a woman in the United States.
Florida legal holidaysEdit
See also: [1]

Florida's laws separate the definitions between paid versus legal holidays. The following list shows only the legal holidays that were not defined as "paid holidays":

Florida circuit courtsEdit
See also: Florida Circuit Court Holidays
  • All Florida state holidays
  • February 15–21 (floating Monday) – Presidents' Day (reincluded because the Florida state government omits this holiday)
  • March 20 – April 23 (floating Friday using Computus) – Good Friday
  • September 5 – October 5 (floating date) – Rosh Hashannah
  • September 14 – October 14 (floating date) – Yom Kippur
Miami-Dade, FloridaEdit
See also: Miami-Dade Government Holidays
  • All Florida state holidays
  • February 15–21 (floating Monday) – Presidents' Day (reincluded because the Florida state government excludes this date)
  • October 8–14 (floating Monday) – Columbus Day (reincluded because the Florida state government excludes this date)


See also: Georgia State Holidays


See also: Guam Government Holidays


See also: Hawaii State Government Holidays


See also: Idaho State Holidays


See also: Illinois Department of Central Management Services State Holidays
Illinois is the first state to declare Malcolm X Day a holiday only in 2015. Today, the holiday is only official in Berkeley, California since 1979 with city offices closed.
Chicago, IllinoisEdit
See also: Chicago City Holidays
  • All Illinois state holidays except the Day after Thanksgiving
  • March 1–7 (floating Monday) – Pulaski Day


See also: Indiana State Personnel State Holidays


See also: Iowa Department of Administrative Services


See also: State of Kansas Employee Service Center


See also: State Holidays Kentucky Personnel Cabinet


See also: Louisiana State Holidays
Mardi Gras is celebrated in New Orleans.
Louisiana courtsEdit
See also: Louisiana Court Holidays
Baton Rouge, LouisianaEdit
  • All Louisiana state holidays
  • January 20 – Inauguration Day (every four years)


See also: Maine Public Holidays


See also: Maryland State Employee Holidays


See also: Massachusetts Legal Holidays - Holiday, Personal, and Vacation Leave
Suffolk County, MassachusettsEdit


See also: Michigan State Holidays
  • All federal holidays except Columbus Day
  • November 2–8 (floating Tuesday) – General Election Day (even numbered years only)
  • November 23–29 (floating Friday) – Day after Thanksgiving
  • December 24 – Christmas Eve (if Christmas Eve falls on Sunday as it does in 2017, December 22 is the observed holiday)
  • December 31 – New Year's Eve (if New Year's Eve falls on Sunday as it does in 2017, December 29 is the observed holiday)


See also: Minnesota Court Holidays


See also: Mississippi State Holidays


See also: Missouri State Holidays


See also: Montana State Holidays


See also: Nebraska Health and Human Services State Holidays
Arbor Day tree planting


See also: Nevada State Holidays

New HampshireEdit

See also: New Hampshire State Holidays
New Hampshire is one of a few states which does not honor Martin Luther King Jr. Day with its official national federal name.

New JerseyEdit

See also : New Jersey State Holidays

New MexicoEdit

See also: New Mexico State Holidays

New YorkEdit

See also: New York State Holidays
New York City Public SchoolsEdit
See also: New York City School Calendar

North CarolinaEdit

See also: North Carolina Human Resources State Employee Holidays

North DakotaEdit

See also: North Dakota State Holidays

Northern Mariana IslandsEdit

See also: Northern Mariana Islands Holidays
  • All federal holidays
  • March 24 – Commonwealth Covenant Day
  • March 20 – April 23 (floating Friday using Computus) – Good Friday
  • November 4 – Citizenship Day
  • December 9 – Constitution Day


See also: Ohio State Employer Holidays
Sandusky, OhioEdit


See also: Oklahoma State Holidays


See also: Oregon Legal Holidays


See also: Pennsylvania State Holidays
Flag Day is observed in Pennsylvania.[60]

Puerto RicoEdit

See also: Puerto Rico Public Holidays

Rhode IslandEdit

See also: Rhode Island State Holidays

South CarolinaEdit

See also: South Carolina Holiday Leave

South DakotaEdit

See also: Schedule of Office Closures for State-recognized holidays


See also: Tennessee State Holidays


See also: Official Texas State Holidays

Texas has three types of state holidays: those on which all state offices are closed, and "partial staffing" and "optional" holidays on which offices are open but with reduced staffing.

The following days are full holidays where all state offices are closed:

Texas partial staffing holidaysEdit

Texas law designates that the state businesses be "partially staffed" on the following holidays. These holidays can be replaced with an optional holiday per the state employee's choice, but will give up one of these in lieu of the optional holiday.

Texas optional holidaysEdit

Texas law allows a state employee to replace a partial staffing holiday with one of the following holidays. On these holidays, the state agency is generally required to stay open with minimum staff.

  • March 20 – April 23 (floating Friday using Computus) – Good Friday
  • March 31 – Cesar Chavez Day (added in section 662.013, was not one of the original "optional holidays" declared in 1999)
  • September 5 – October 5 (floating date) – Rosh Hashanah
  • September 14 – October 14 (floating date) – Yom Kippur

U.S. Virgin IslandsEdit

See also: U.S. Virgin Islands Court Holidays


See also: Utah State Holidays


See also: Vermont State Holidays


See also: Code of Virginia, legal holidays
  • All federal holidays
  • February 15–21 (floating Monday) – The federal holiday Washington's Birthday is recognized as "George Washington Day".
  • October 8–14 (Floating Monday) – The federal holiday Columbus Day is recognized as "Columbus Day and Yorktown Victory Day", which honors the final victory at the Siege of Yorktown in the Revolutionary War.
  • November 2–8 (floating Tuesday) – Election Day[61]
  • November 23–29 (floating Friday) – Day after Thanksgiving

Wake IslandEdit


See also: Washington State Holidays

West VirginiaEdit

See also: West Virginia State Holidays


See also: Wisconsin Legal Holidays
Wisconsin Public School Observance DaysEdit
See also: Wisconsin Public School Observance Days

Wisconsin's public schools are obligated to observe the 21 days designated by Wisconsin Statute section 118.02 on the designated day unless the day falls on Saturday or Sunday, in which case would move the observance to either the preceding Friday or following Monday. The statutes require the public schools to include instruction relating to the holidays. In this list of holidays, all schools remain open.


See also: Wyoming State Holidays

Federal holidays at the state levelEdit

While most federal holidays are observed at the state level, some of these holidays are observed with different names, are observed on different days, or completely not observed in some states of the United States. ^ a. For example, Martin Luther King Jr. Day is known officially as Martin Luther King, Jr./Civil Rights Day in Arizona,[65] and New Hampshire,[66] Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. and Robert E. Lee's Birthdays in Arkansas,[67] Birthday of Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. in Florida,[68] and Maryland,[69] Martin Luther King Jr. / Idaho Human Rights Day in Idaho,[70] and Martin Luther King's and Robert E. Lee's Birthdays in Mississippi.[71] ^ b. Washington's Birthday is known officially as President's Day in Alaska,[72] California,[73] Hawaii,[74] Idaho,[70] Maryland,[69] Nebraska,[75] New Hampshire,[66] Tennessee,[76] Washington,[77] West Virginia,[78] and Wyoming,[79] Washington-Lincoln Day in Colorado (CRS 24-11-101),[80] Ohio,[81] Lincoln/Washington/Presidents' Day in Arizona,[65] George Washington's Birthday and Daisy Gatson Bates Day in Arkansas,[67] Presidents' Day in Hawaii,[74] Massachusetts,[82] New Mexico,[83] North Dakota,[84] Oklahoma,[85] South Dakota,[86] Texas,[28] and Vermont,[87] Washington's Birthday/President's Day in Maine,[88] Presidents Day in Michigan,[89] Minnesota,[90] Nevada,[91] New Jersey,[92] and Oregon,[93] Lincoln's and Washington's Birthday in Montana,[94] Washington and Lincoln Day in Utah,[95] and George Washington Day in Virginia.[96] ^ The day after Thanksgiving is observed in lieu of Columbus Day in Minnesota.[90] ^ Columbus Day is listed as a state holiday in New Hampshire although state offices remain open.[66] ^ President's Day, Good Friday (11am–3pm), Juneteenth Day (June 19), Columbus Day, Veteran's Day, Partisan Primary Election Day, and General Election Day are listed as a state holiday in Wisconsin although state offices remain open.[97][98]

Legal holidays observed nationwideEdit

See alsoEdit


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