U.S. Route 22
U.S. Route 22 (US 22) is a west–east route and is one of the original United States highways of 1926, running from Cincinnati, Ohio, at US 27, US 42, US 127, and US 52 to Newark, New Jersey, at U.S. Route 1/9 in the Newark Airport Interchange.
|Length||648.84 mi (1,044.21 km)|
|West end||US 27 / US 42 / US 52 / US 127 in Cincinnati, OH|
|East end||I-78 / US 1-9 in Newark, NJ|
|States||Ohio, West Virginia, Pennsylvania, New Jersey|
US 22 is named the "William Penn Highway" throughout most of Pennsylvania. In southwest Ohio, it overlaps with State Route 3 and is familiarly known as the 3C Highway, "22 and 3", and Montgomery Road.
US 22 has its westernmost end-point in downtown Cincinnati—however, its eastbound and westbound end-points are not at the same intersection. Officially, US 22 Eastbound begins on Central Avenue (US 27 northbound/US 52 westbound/US 127 northbound) at 5th Street, then proceeds north, turning east onto 7th Street. Meanwhile, US 22 Westbound follows 9th Street and officially ends at Central Avenue (signage designating the end occurs much sooner, approaching Elm Street, U.S. Route 42 Northbound).
From downtown Cincinnati to Washington Court House, US 22 roughly follows the historic 3C Highway which connected Cincinnati, Columbus, and Cleveland. This section is also concurrent with State Route 3 (SR 3). At Washington Court House, SR 3 and US 22 diverge. US 22 continues to the east through Circleville to Lancaster. From Lancaster to Zanesville, US 22 roughly follows the route of Zane's Trace, an early pioneer road blazed by Colonel Ebenezer Zane beginning in 1796.
Starting just west of Cadiz, US 22 becomes a limited-access expressway for the remainder of its 30-some miles in Ohio as it approaches and enters the Pittsburgh metropolitan area (with the exception of an at grade intersection with no stop lights or signs on US 22 and narrowing to two lanes for about a mile east of Cadiz). It junctions with State Route 7 for roughly a mile along the Ohio River shoreline in Steubenville.
Known as the Robert C. Byrd Expressway, the expressway route that began roughly 30 miles to the west near Cadiz, Ohio continues for approximately five miles within the state of West Virginia (the highway runs concurrent with WV 2 for one of those miles) as it approaches more population density within the Pittsburgh metro area. US 22 travels through or borders the city of Weirton for its entire length in West Virginia, from the Ohio state line over the Ohio River, to the Pennsylvania state line.
US 22 enters Pennsylvania as a limited-access highway connecting Weirton, West Virginia, and Steubenville, Ohio, with Pittsburgh. Through much of the Pittsburgh area, it multiplexes with Interstate 376 and US 30. US 30 merges with US 22 near Imperial and Pittsburgh International Airport, and both highways then merge with Interstate 376 in Robinson Township. Together, these three highways form a busy, limited-access multiplex through the city of Pittsburgh. US 30 then splits from Interstate 376 and US 22 in Wilkinsburg, and the I-376/US 22 concurrency continues to the Pennsylvania Turnpike in Monroeville, where I-376 ends.
East of Interstate 376, US 22 continues east as a primary arterial highway between Pittsburgh and major population centers in central Pennsylvania, such as Johnstown, Altoona, State College, Huntingdon, Fredericksburg, and Lewistown. The entire length between Pittsburgh and US 220 and Interstate 99 just west of Altoona was widened to at least four lanes by summer 2011.
US 22 in eastern Pennsylvania is a four lane limited-access expressway between Easton and Interstate 78 to the west; it is dually designated with the Lehigh Valley Thruway in Allentown. The original designation for this expressway was to be Interstate 78, but local opposition to a freeway in Phillipsburg, along with substandard conditions at Easton, forced federal highway officials to relocate Interstate 78 south of Allentown, Bethlehem, Easton, and Phillipsburg. U.S. 22 then crosses the Delaware River on the Easton–Phillipsburg Toll Bridge.
US 22 between eight miles (13 km) east of Interstate 81 to Allentown is concurrent with Interstate 78. Former highway alignments of US 22 that parallel this section are collectively known as the "Hex Highway", so called because of the Berks County-based Pennsylvania Dutch families that hang hex signs on their barns.
U.S. Route 22 in New Jersey predates, and was largely replaced by, Interstate 78 as it was built between 1956 and 1989, and shares designation with I-78 from exit 3 to exit 18. US 22 was an expressway in some segments, including the area around Perryville and Clinton. It connects Phillipsburg with Newark in New Jersey.
US 22 has one major interchange besides I-78, that being Interstate 287, although it is not a full interchange, with two missing movements: US 22 eastbound to I-287 northbound and I-287 southbound to US 22 westbound.
One of two level crossing of the highway happens in Union County in the Union Township section of the highway (the other occurring in Lewistown, PA). It once belonged to the Rahway Valley Railroad; the crossing was closed in 1992 when service on the railroad was ended.
US 22 is one of the original U.S. Routes, though in the 1925 plan it was to terminate in Cleveland, Ohio, entering Ohio on modern U.S. Route 422. In the finalized 1926 plan, it followed the current course to U.S. Route 40, where it ended. In 1932, it had been extended to Cincinnati as it is currently, replacing Ohio State Route 10 and following preexisting State Route 3.
Before the Byrd Expressway, West Virginia's segment of U.S. 22 ran from Pennsylvania Avenue at the PA/WV state line to Main St., then left on Main St. through downtown Weirton (aligning U.S. 22 with West Virginia Route 2), and right on Freedom Way to the Fort Steuben Bridge and Ohio River to Steubenville, Ohio. An "Alternate U.S. 22" route ran along Cove Road from Pennsylvania Avenue to the intersection of Harmon Creek Road (left turn) and the continuation of Cove Road.
With the opening of the first segment of the Byrd Expressway on March 9, 1972, U.S. 22 was reassigned, starting on the new road from the PA/WV state line, continuing on Cove Road where the expressway ended and joining the remainder of the original route at Main St. The Pennsylvania Avenue segment of U.S. 22 from Colliers Way to Main St. was reassigned as WV Route 105 and Alt. U.S. 22 was reassigned as WV Route 507. In 2003, WV 507 was extended along the previous U.S. 22 alignment from Cove Road to the Fort Steuben Bridge and was reassigned as County Route 507. The Fort Steuben Bridge, which originally carried U.S. 22 across the Ohio River until the construction of the Veterans Memorial Bridge, was permanently closed on January 8, 2009, and demolished by detonation on February 21, 2012.
- For major intersections in Pennsylvania and New Jersey, see U.S. Route 22 in Pennsylvania and New Jersey.
|Ohio||Hamilton||Cincinnati||0.00||0.00||US 27 south / US 42 south / US 52 east / US 127 south (Central Avenue) / 5th Street West||Western terminus of US 27 / US 42 south / US 52 / US 127 concurrency; southern terminus of SR 3|
|0.09||0.14||US 50 west / SR 264 west (Sixth Street West) / I-75 north||Eastern terminus of SR 264; western terminus of one-way pair; exit 1E on I-75 south|
|0.17||0.27||US 27 north / US 52 west / US 127 north (Central Avenue) / 7th Street West||Eastern terminus of US 27 / US 42 south / US 52 / US 127 concurrency|
|0.33||0.53||Elm Street (US 42 north)|
|0.87||1.40||Broadway Street||Eastern terminus of one-way pair|
|1.26||2.03||I-71 north – Columbus||Northbound exit only; exit 2B on I-71 south|
|1.58||2.54||Elsinore Place to I-471 / I-71 north||To US 42|
|1.89||3.04||Eden Park Drive to I-471 / I-71 south|
|4.49||7.23||I-71 south – Louisville||Exit 5 on I-71 north|
|Norwood||5.93||9.54||SR 561 south (Sherman Avenue)||Western terminus of SR 561 concurrency|
|6.25||10.06||SR 562 to I-75 / I-71||Exit 3 on SR 562 (Norwood Lateral Expressway); access via Norwood Avenue|
|6.46||10.40||SR 561 north (Ross Avenue)||Eastern terminus of SR 561 concurrency|
|Kenwood||11.41||18.36||I-71 – Columbus, Cincinnati||Exit 12 on I-71|
|Montgomery||13.30||21.40||SR 126 west (Ronald Reagan Highway)||Interchange; western terminus of SR 126 concurrency|
|13.70||22.05||SR 126 east (Remington Road)||Eastern terminus of SR 126 concurrency|
|16.15||25.99||I-275 to I-71 / SR 32 – Kentucky||Exit 50 on I-275|
|Warren||Hopkinsville||24.64||39.65||SR 48 – South Lebanon, Maineville|
|Morrow||29.97||48.23||SR 123 north – Lebanon||Western terminus of SR 123 concurrency|
|Salem Township||31.70||51.02||SR 123 south – Blanchester||Eastern terminus of SR 123 concurrency|
|Washington Township||37.54||60.41||SR 350 – Fort Ancient|
|Clinton||Adams Township||41.66||67.05||SR 380 north – Xenia||Southern terminus of SR 380|
|Wilmington||48.00||77.25||US 68 / SR 134 (South Street)|
|Union Township||51.10||82.24||SR 73 to I-71 south – Hillsboro, Waynesville||Interchange|
|Reesville||56.75||91.33||SR 72 – Highland, Jamestown|
|Sabina||58.89||94.77||SR 729 (Howard Street)|
|Fayette||Washington Court House||68.52||110.27||US 35 to I-71 – Dayton, Chillicothe, Fairgrounds||Exit 82 on US 35; access via collector-distributor roads|
|69.69||112.16||US 62 west (Leesburg Avenue) / SR 41 south (Highland Avenue)||Western terminus of US 62 / SR 41 concurrency|
|70.08||112.78||SR 41 north (North Street)||Eastern terminus of SR 41 concurrency|
|70.32||113.17||US 62 west / SR 3 north (Columbus Avenue)||Eastern terminus of US 62 / SR 3 concurrency|
SR 753 to US 35 Byp.
|Pickaway||Atlanta||83.10||133.74||SR 207 – Mount Sterling, Deer Creek, Chillicothe|
|Wayne Township||92.40||148.70||SR 138 west – Clarksburg||Eastern terminus of SR 138|
|94.20||151.60||SR 104 – Columbus, Chillicothe|
|95.62||153.89||SR 56 west – Mount London, London||Western terminus of SR 56 concurrency|
|Circleville||96.79||155.77||US 23 – Columbus, Chillicothe||Interchange|
|97.18||156.40||SR 188 east (Court Street)||Western terminus of SR 188|
|97.83||157.44||SR 56 east (Main Street)||Eastern terminus of SR 56 concurrency|
|103.53||166.62||SR 674 north||Southern terminus of SR 674|
|Fairfield||Hocking Township||113.09||182.00||SR 159 south – Tarlton||Northern terminus of SR 159|
|114.16||183.72||US 33 – Logan, Columbus||Interchange|
|Lancaster||117.14||188.52||SR 188 west (Cedar Hill Road)||Western terminus of SR 188 concurrency|
|117.64||189.32||SR 158 north (Columbus Street)||Southern terminus of SR 158|
|117.93||189.79||SR 37 west (High Street)||Western terminus of SR 37 concurrency|
|118.77||191.14||SR 188 east (Cherry Street)||Eastern terminus of SR 188 concurrency|
|121.58||195.66||SR 37 east – Bremen, Junction City, New Lexington||Eastern terminus of SR 37 concurrency|
|Rushville||127.92||205.87||SR 664 to SR 256 – Bremen|
|Perry||Somerset||135.61||218.24||SR 668 south||Western terminus of SR 668 concurrency|
|135.78||218.52||SR 13 (Columbus Street)||Traffic circle|
|136.37||219.47||SR 668 north – Brownsville, Flint Ridge||Eastern terminus of SR 668 concurrency|
|Madison Township||141.70||228.04||SR 204 west – Millersport||Eastern terminus of SR 240|
|Muskingum||East Fultonham||146.35||235.53||SR 345 south – East Fultonham, New Lexington, Perry State Forest||Northern terminus of SR 345|
|Newton Township||150.30||241.88||SR 93 south – Roseville, Crooksville||Western terminus of SR 93 concurrency|
|South Zanesville||153.62||247.23||SR 719 east to SR 60 / SR 146 / SR 555||Western terminus of SR 719|
|Zanesville||155.87||250.85||US 40 west (Main Street)||Western terminus of US 40 concurrency|
|155.93||250.95||SR 60 south / SR 146 east (9th Street) to I-70||Western terminus of SR 60 / SR 146 concurrency|
|156.05||251.14||SR 60 north / SR 146 west (Underwood Street)||Eastern terminus of SR 60 / SR 146 concurrency|
|Pleasant Grove||158.43||254.97||SR 93 north||Eastern terminus of SR 93 concurrency|
|Perry Township||165.54||266.41||I-70 – Wheeling, Columbus||Exit 164 on I-70|
|New Concord||170.74||274.78||SR 83 to I-70|
|Guernsey||Cambridge||177.18||285.14||SR 723 south to I-70||Northern terminus of SR 723|
|179.23||288.44||SR 209 west (5th Street)||Western terminus of SR 209 concurrency|
|179.51||288.89||SR 209 east (Southgate Parkway) to I-70||Eastern terminus of SR 209 concurrency|
|179.84||289.42||US 40 east (Wheeling Avenue)||Eastern terminus of US 40 concurrency|
|Cambridge Township||181.98||292.87||I-77 – Marietta, Cleveland||Exit 47 on I-77|
|Jefferson Township||188.31||303.06||Salt Fork State Park|
|Madison Township||191.11||307.56||SR 285 (Jefferson Road)|
|Antrim||194.96||313.76||SR 513 south to I-70||Northern terminus of SR 513|
|Londonderry Township||202.55||325.97||SR 800 south – Barnesville||Western terminus of SR 800 concurrency|
|Harrison||Freeport Township||203.16||326.95||SR 800 north – Freeport, Clendening Dam||Eastern terminus of SR 800 concurrency|
|Piedmont||206.02||331.56||SR 331 east – Holloway||Western terminus of SR 331|
|Cadiz Township||212.54||342.05||SR 519 east – New Athens||Western terminus of SR 519|
|Cadiz||219.29||352.91||US 250 west – New Philadelphia||Interchange; western terminus of US 250 concurrency|
|220.14||354.28||US 250 east / SR 9 – Scio, Cadiz, Bridgeport||Interchange; eastern terminus of US 250 concurrency|
|Green Township||224.53||361.35||SR 151 west – Jewett, Scio||Interchange|
|Hopedale||224.76||361.72||SR 151 east – Hopedale, Smithfield||Interchange|
|Green Township||227.87||366.72||Township Road 65||Western terminus of freeway section|
|Jefferson||Bloomingdale||231.37||372.35||—||SR 152 – Bloomingdale, Fairgrounds|
|Wayne Township||233.78||376.23||—||Reeds Mills, Broadacre||Access via CR 22A|
|—||CR 22A – Wintersville, Reeds Mills||Eastbound exit and westbound entrance|
|Wintersville||237.48||382.19||—||SR 43 – Carrollton, Wintersville|
|||240.18||386.53||—||Lovers Lane – Steubenville|
|||241.81||389.16||—||John Scott Highway – Steubenville||Serves Eastern Gateway Community College|
|Alikanna||242.90||390.91||242||SR 7 north / SR 213 north – East Liverpool||Western terminus of SR 7 concurrency; southern terminus of SR 213 (not signed westbound)|
|Steubenville||243.81||392.37||244A||SR 7 south – Downtown||Eastern terminus of SR 7 concurrency; signed as exit 244 westbound|
|244.20||393.00||244B||University Boulevard||Westbuond exit is via exit 244A; serves Franciscan University of Steubenville|
|Veterans Memorial Bridge|
|West Virginia||Brooke||||0.6||0.97||1||WV 2 south – Follansbee, Wheeling||Western terminus of WV 2 concurrency|
|||1.2||1.9||2||WV 2 north (Main Street) – Downtown Weirton||Eastern terminus of WV 2 concurrency|
||No major junctions|
|Brooke||Weirton||3.2||5.1||3||CR 507 (Harmon Creek Road) / CR 1 (Cove Road)|
|4.3||6.9||4||CR 13 (Three Springs Drive) – Weirton||No CR 13 signage eastbound; serves West Virginia Northern Community College|
|5.5||8.9||5||WV 105 (Colliers Way)|
|Hancock||6.0||9.7||—||US 22 east – Pittsburgh||Continuation into Pennsylvania|
|1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi|
- DeLorme Street Atlas USA 2007 software, Driving Directions
- "US 22 Straight Line Diagram" (PDF). New Jersey Department of Transportation. Retrieved 2007-07-20.
- Mapguy. "Endpoints of US highways." 12 Oct. 2006. 21 Oct. 2006 .
- Straight Line Diagrams (US 22 Hamilton County). Ohio Department of Transportation.
- 104 W 9th St, Cincinnati, Ohio, United States. Google Street View
- "Interstate 78 (New Jersey)". nycroads.com.
- "U.S. 22: The William Penn Highway". Federal Highway Administration. Retrieved 2009-04-24.
- Official Transportation Map archive. Ohio Department of Transportation.
- "Moore Stands by Bridge Plan". Weirton Daily Times. 1972-03-10. Retrieved 2020-07-22.
- Gossett, Dave (2009-01-15). "Fort Steuben Bridge permanently closed". Weirton Daily Times. Retrieved 2009-02-02.
- Scott, Warren (2012-02-21). "Blast topples Fort Steuben Bridge". Steubenville, Ohio: Herald Star. Retrieved 2012-02-21.
- Division of Planning, Office of Technical Services (August 30, 2017). "DESTAPE". Ohio Department of Transportation. Retrieved February 19, 2020.
- Google (February 19, 2020). "U.S. Route 22" (Map). Google Maps. Google. Retrieved February 19, 2020.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to U.S. Route 22.|