U.S. Route 22

U.S. Route 22 (US 22) is a west–east route and is one of the original United States highways of 1926, running from Cincinnati, Ohio, at US 27, US 42, US 127, and US 52 to Newark, New Jersey, at U.S. Route 1/9 in the Newark Airport Interchange.[3]

U.S. Route 22 marker

U.S. Route 22
Route information
Length648.84 mi[1][2] (1,044.21 km)
Existed1926–present
Major junctions
West end US 27 / US 42 / US 52 / US 127 in Cincinnati, OH
 
East end I-78 / US 1-9 in Newark, NJ
Location
StatesOhio, West Virginia, Pennsylvania, New Jersey
Highway system
SR 21OHSR 22
US 40OH OH-40 (1920).svgSR 41
WV 20WVWV 23

US 22 is named the "William Penn Highway" throughout most of Pennsylvania. In southwest Ohio, it overlaps with State Route 3 and is familiarly known as the 3C Highway, "22 and 3", and Montgomery Road.

A section of US 22 in Pennsylvania between New Alexandria at U.S. Route 119 and Harrisburg at Interstate 81 has been designated a part of Corridor M of the Appalachian Development Highway System.

Route descriptionEdit

Lengths
  mi[1] km
OH 244.1 392.82
WV 6.01 9.65
PA 338.20 544.28
NJ[2] 60.53 97.41
Total 648.84 1044.20

OhioEdit

 
Old U.S. Route 22 marker located near the intersection of U.S. Highway 22 and Ohio Highway 207 in Pickaway County, Ohio.

US 22 has its westernmost end-point in downtown Cincinnati—however, its eastbound and westbound end-points are not at the same intersection. Officially, US 22 Eastbound begins on Central Avenue (US 27 northbound/US 52 westbound/US 127 northbound) at 5th Street, then proceeds north, turning east onto 7th Street. Meanwhile, US 22 Westbound follows 9th Street and officially ends at Central Avenue[4] (signage designating the end occurs much sooner, approaching Elm Street, U.S. Route 42 Northbound).[5]

From downtown Cincinnati to Washington Court House, US 22 roughly follows the historic 3C Highway which connected Cincinnati, Columbus, and Cleveland. This section is also concurrent with State Route 3 (SR 3). At Washington Court House, SR 3 and US 22 diverge. US 22 continues to the east through Circleville to Lancaster. From Lancaster to Zanesville, US 22 roughly follows the route of Zane's Trace, an early pioneer road blazed by Colonel Ebenezer Zane beginning in 1796.

Starting just west of Cadiz, US 22 becomes a limited-access expressway for the remainder of its 30-some miles in Ohio as it approaches and enters the Pittsburgh metropolitan area (with the exception of an at grade intersection with no stop lights or signs on US 22 and narrowing to two lanes for about a mile east of Cadiz). It junctions with State Route 7 for roughly a mile along the Ohio River shoreline in Steubenville.

West VirginiaEdit

 
View east along US 22 east of CR 13 in Weirton, West Virginia

Known as the Robert C. Byrd Expressway, the expressway route that began roughly 30 miles to the west near Cadiz, Ohio continues for approximately five miles within the state of West Virginia (the highway runs concurrent with WV 2 for one of those miles) as it approaches more population density within the Pittsburgh metro area. US 22 travels through or borders the city of Weirton for its entire length in West Virginia, from the Ohio state line over the Ohio River, to the Pennsylvania state line.

PennsylvaniaEdit

 
Parts of U.S. 22 are still two lanes, though this stretch just west of Nanty Glo, Pennsylvania was widened by 2011.

US 22 enters Pennsylvania as a limited-access highway connecting Weirton, West Virginia, and Steubenville, Ohio, with Pittsburgh. Through much of the Pittsburgh area, it multiplexes with Interstate 376 and US 30. US 30 merges with US 22 near Imperial and Pittsburgh International Airport, and both highways then merge with Interstate 376 in Robinson Township. Together, these three highways form a busy, limited-access multiplex through the city of Pittsburgh. US 30 then splits from Interstate 376 and US 22 in Wilkinsburg, and the I-376/US 22 concurrency continues to the Pennsylvania Turnpike in Monroeville, where I-376 ends.

East of Interstate 376, US 22 continues east as a primary arterial highway between Pittsburgh and major population centers in central Pennsylvania, such as Johnstown, Altoona, State College, Huntingdon, Fredericksburg, and Lewistown. The entire length between Pittsburgh and US 220 and Interstate 99 just west of Altoona was widened to at least four lanes by summer 2011.

US 22 in eastern Pennsylvania is a four lane limited-access expressway between Easton and Interstate 78 to the west; it is dually designated with the Lehigh Valley Thruway in Allentown. The original designation for this expressway was to be Interstate 78, but local opposition to a freeway in Phillipsburg, along with substandard conditions at Easton, forced federal highway officials to relocate Interstate 78 south of Allentown, Bethlehem, Easton, and Phillipsburg. U.S. 22 then crosses the Delaware River on the Easton–Phillipsburg Toll Bridge.

US 22 between eight miles (13 km) east of Interstate 81 to Allentown is concurrent with Interstate 78. Former highway alignments of US 22 that parallel this section are collectively known as the "Hex Highway", so called because of the Berks County-based Pennsylvania Dutch families that hang hex signs on their barns.

New JerseyEdit

 
View east along US 22 at Cramer Avenue in Green Brook, New Jersey

U.S. Route 22 in New Jersey predates, and was largely replaced by, Interstate 78 as it was built between 1956 and 1989,[6] and shares designation with I-78 from exit 3 to exit 18. US 22 was an expressway in some segments, including the area around Perryville and Clinton. It connects Phillipsburg with Newark in New Jersey.

US 22 has one major interchange besides I-78, that being Interstate 287, although it is not a full interchange, with two missing movements: US 22 eastbound to I-287 northbound and I-287 southbound to US 22 westbound.

One of two level crossing of the highway happens in Union County in the Union Township section of the highway (the other occurring in Lewistown, PA). It once belonged to the Rahway Valley Railroad; the crossing was closed in 1992 when service on the railroad was ended.

HistoryEdit

US 22 is one of the original U.S. Routes, though in the 1925 plan it was to terminate in Cleveland, Ohio, entering Ohio on modern U.S. Route 422. In the finalized 1926 plan, it followed the current course to U.S. Route 40, where it ended. In 1932, it had been extended to Cincinnati as it is currently, replacing Ohio State Route 10 and following preexisting State Route 3.[7][8]

Before the Byrd Expressway, West Virginia's segment of U.S. 22 ran from Pennsylvania Avenue at the PA/WV state line to Main St., then left on Main St. through downtown Weirton (aligning U.S. 22 with West Virginia Route 2), and right on Freedom Way to the Fort Steuben Bridge and Ohio River to Steubenville, Ohio. An "Alternate U.S. 22" route ran along Cove Road from Pennsylvania Avenue to the intersection of Harmon Creek Road (left turn) and the continuation of Cove Road.

With the opening of the first segment of the Byrd Expressway on March 9, 1972,[9] U.S. 22 was reassigned, starting on the new road from the PA/WV state line, continuing on Cove Road where the expressway ended and joining the remainder of the original route at Main St. The Pennsylvania Avenue segment of U.S. 22 from Colliers Way to Main St. was reassigned as WV Route 105 and Alt. U.S. 22 was reassigned as WV Route 507. In 2003, WV 507 was extended along the previous U.S. 22 alignment from Cove Road to the Fort Steuben Bridge and was reassigned as County Route 507. The Fort Steuben Bridge, which originally carried U.S. 22 across the Ohio River until the construction of the Veterans Memorial Bridge, was permanently closed on January 8, 2009,[10] and demolished by detonation on February 21, 2012.[11]

Major intersectionsEdit

For major intersections in Pennsylvania and New Jersey, see U.S. Route 22 in Pennsylvania and New Jersey.
StateCountyLocationmi[12][13]kmExitDestinationsNotes
OhioHamiltonCincinnati0.000.00     US 27 south / US 42 south / US 52 east / US 127 south (Central Avenue) / 5th Street WestWestern terminus of US 27 / US 42 south / US 52 / US 127 concurrency; southern terminus of SR 3
0.090.14    US 50 west / SR 264 west (Sixth Street West) / I-75 northEastern terminus of SR 264; western terminus of one-way pair; exit 1E on I-75 south
0.170.27    US 27 north / US 52 west / US 127 north (Central Avenue) / 7th Street WestEastern terminus of US 27 / US 42 south / US 52 / US 127 concurrency
0.330.53Elm Street (US 42 north)
0.871.40Broadway StreetEastern terminus of one-way pair
1.262.03  I-71 north – ColumbusNorthbound exit only; exit 2B on I-71 south
1.582.54   Elsinore Place to I-471 / I-71 northTo US 42
1.893.04   Eden Park Drive to I-471 / I-71 south
4.497.23  I-71 south – LouisvilleExit 5 on I-71 north
Norwood5.939.54  SR 561 south (Sherman Avenue)Western terminus of SR 561 concurrency
6.2510.06    SR 562 to I-75 / I-71Exit 3 on SR 562 (Norwood Lateral Expressway); access via Norwood Avenue
6.4610.40  SR 561 north (Ross Avenue)Eastern terminus of SR 561 concurrency
Kenwood11.4118.36  I-71 – Columbus, CincinnatiExit 12 on I-71
Montgomery13.3021.40  SR 126 west (Ronald Reagan Highway)Interchange; western terminus of SR 126 concurrency
13.7022.05  SR 126 east (Remington Road)Eastern terminus of SR 126 concurrency
16.1525.99    I-275 to I-71 / SR 32 – KentuckyExit 50 on I-275
WarrenHopkinsville24.6439.65  SR 48 – South Lebanon, Maineville
Morrow29.9748.23  SR 123 north – LebanonWestern terminus of SR 123 concurrency
Salem Township31.7051.02  SR 123 south – BlanchesterEastern terminus of SR 123 concurrency
Washington Township37.5460.41  SR 350 – Fort Ancient
ClintonAdams Township41.6667.05  SR 380 north – XeniaSouthern terminus of SR 380
Wilmington48.0077.25   US 68 / SR 134 (South Street)
Union Township51.1082.24   SR 73 to I-71 south – Hillsboro, WaynesvilleInterchange
Reesville56.7591.33  SR 72 – Highland, Jamestown
Sabina58.8994.77  SR 729 (Howard Street)
FayetteWashington Court House68.52110.27   US 35 to I-71 – Dayton, Chillicothe, FairgroundsExit 82 on US 35; access via collector-distributor roads
69.69112.16   US 62 west (Leesburg Avenue) / SR 41 south (Highland Avenue)Western terminus of US 62 / SR 41 concurrency
70.08112.78  SR 41 north (North Street)Eastern terminus of SR 41 concurrency
70.32113.17   US 62 west / SR 3 north (Columbus Avenue)Eastern terminus of US 62 / SR 3 concurrency
72.39116.50  
   SR 753 to US 35 Byp.
PickawayAtlanta83.10133.74  SR 207 – Mount Sterling, Deer Creek, Chillicothe
Wayne Township92.40148.70  SR 138 west – ClarksburgEastern terminus of SR 138
94.20151.60  SR 104 – Columbus, Chillicothe
95.62153.89  SR 56 west – Mount London, LondonWestern terminus of SR 56 concurrency
Circleville96.79155.77  US 23 – Columbus, ChillicotheInterchange
97.18156.40  SR 188 east (Court Street)Western terminus of SR 188
97.83157.44  SR 56 east (Main Street)Eastern terminus of SR 56 concurrency
PickawayFairfield
county line
WashingtonClearcreek
township line
103.53166.62  SR 674 northSouthern terminus of SR 674
FairfieldHocking Township113.09182.00  SR 159 south – TarltonNorthern terminus of SR 159
114.16183.72  US 33 – Logan, ColumbusInterchange
Lancaster117.14188.52  SR 188 west (Cedar Hill Road)Western terminus of SR 188 concurrency
117.64189.32  SR 158 north (Columbus Street)Southern terminus of SR 158
117.93189.79  SR 37 west (High Street)Western terminus of SR 37 concurrency
118.77191.14  SR 188 east (Cherry Street)Eastern terminus of SR 188 concurrency
121.58195.66  SR 37 east – Bremen, Junction City, New LexingtonEastern terminus of SR 37 concurrency
Rushville127.92205.87   SR 664 to SR 256 – Bremen
PerrySomerset135.61218.24  SR 668 southWestern terminus of SR 668 concurrency
135.78218.52  SR 13 (Columbus Street)Traffic circle
136.37219.47  SR 668 north – Brownsville, Flint RidgeEastern terminus of SR 668 concurrency
Madison Township141.70228.04  SR 204 west – MillersportEastern terminus of SR 240
MuskingumEast Fultonham146.35235.53  SR 345 south – East Fultonham, New Lexington, Perry State ForestNorthern terminus of SR 345
Newton Township150.30241.88  SR 93 south – Roseville, CrooksvilleWestern terminus of SR 93 concurrency
South Zanesville153.62247.23     SR 719 east to SR 60 / SR 146 / SR 555Western terminus of SR 719
Zanesville155.87250.85  US 40 west (Main Street)Western terminus of US 40 concurrency
155.93250.95    SR 60 south / SR 146 east (9th Street) to I-70Western terminus of SR 60 / SR 146 concurrency
156.05251.14   SR 60 north / SR 146 west (Underwood Street)Eastern terminus of SR 60 / SR 146 concurrency
Pleasant Grove158.43254.97  SR 93 northEastern terminus of SR 93 concurrency
Perry Township165.54266.41  I-70 – Wheeling, ColumbusExit 164 on I-70
New Concord170.74274.78   SR 83 to I-70
GuernseyCambridge177.18285.14   SR 723 south to I-70Northern terminus of SR 723
179.23288.44  SR 209 west (5th Street)Western terminus of SR 209 concurrency
179.51288.89   SR 209 east (Southgate Parkway) to I-70Eastern terminus of SR 209 concurrency
179.84289.42  US 40 east (Wheeling Avenue)Eastern terminus of US 40 concurrency
Cambridge Township181.98292.87  I-77 – Marietta, ClevelandExit 47 on I-77
Jefferson Township188.31303.06Salt Fork State Park
Madison Township191.11307.56  SR 285 (Jefferson Road)
Antrim194.96313.76   SR 513 south to I-70Northern terminus of SR 513
Londonderry Township202.55325.97  SR 800 south – BarnesvilleWestern terminus of SR 800 concurrency
HarrisonFreeport Township203.16326.95  SR 800 north – Freeport, Clendening DamEastern terminus of SR 800 concurrency
Piedmont206.02331.56  SR 331 east – HollowayWestern terminus of SR 331
Cadiz Township212.54342.05  SR 519 east – New AthensWestern terminus of SR 519
Cadiz219.29352.91  US 250 west – New PhiladelphiaInterchange; western terminus of US 250 concurrency
220.14354.28   US 250 east / SR 9 – Scio, Cadiz, BridgeportInterchange; eastern terminus of US 250 concurrency
Green Township224.53361.35  SR 151 west – Jewett, ScioInterchange
Hopedale224.76361.72  SR 151 east – Hopedale, SmithfieldInterchange
Green Township227.87366.72Township Road 65Western terminus of freeway section
JeffersonBloomingdale231.37372.35  SR 152 – Bloomingdale, Fairgrounds
Wayne Township233.78376.23Reeds Mills, BroadacreAccess via CR 22A
Reeds Mill235.21–
235.25
378.53–
378.60
  CR 22A – Wintersville, Reeds MillsEastbound exit and westbound entrance
Wintersville237.48382.19  SR 43 – Carrollton, Wintersville
240.18386.53Lovers Lane – Steubenville
241.81389.16John Scott Highway – SteubenvilleServes Eastern Gateway Community College
Alikanna242.90390.91242   SR 7 north / SR 213 north – East LiverpoolWestern terminus of SR 7 concurrency; southern terminus of SR 213 (not signed westbound)
Steubenville243.81392.37244A  SR 7 south – DowntownEastern terminus of SR 7 concurrency; signed as exit 244 westbound
244.20393.00244BUniversity BoulevardWestbuond exit is via exit 244A; serves Franciscan University of Steubenville
Ohio River244.32
0.0
393.19
0.0
Veterans Memorial Bridge
West VirginiaBrooke0.60.971  WV 2 south – Follansbee, WheelingWestern terminus of WV 2 concurrency
1.21.92  WV 2 north (Main Street) – Downtown WeirtonEastern terminus of WV 2 concurrency
Hancock
No major junctions
BrookeWeirton3.25.13   CR 507 (Harmon Creek Road) / CR 1 (Cove Road)
4.36.94  CR 13 (Three Springs Drive) – WeirtonNo CR 13 signage eastbound; serves West Virginia Northern Community College
BrookeHancock
county line
5.58.95  WV 105 (Colliers Way)
Hancock6.09.7  US 22 east – PittsburghContinuation into Pennsylvania
1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b DeLorme Street Atlas USA 2007 software, Driving Directions
  2. ^ a b "US 22 Straight Line Diagram" (PDF). New Jersey Department of Transportation. Retrieved 2007-07-20.
  3. ^ Mapguy. "Endpoints of US highways." 12 Oct. 2006. 21 Oct. 2006 [1].
  4. ^ Straight Line Diagrams (US 22 Hamilton County). Ohio Department of Transportation.
  5. ^ 104 W 9th St, Cincinnati, Ohio, United States. Google Street View
  6. ^ "Interstate 78 (New Jersey)". nycroads.com.
  7. ^ "U.S. 22: The William Penn Highway". Federal Highway Administration. Retrieved 2009-04-24.
  8. ^ Official Transportation Map archive. Ohio Department of Transportation.
  9. ^ "Moore Stands by Bridge Plan". Weirton Daily Times. 1972-03-10. Retrieved 2020-07-22.
  10. ^ Gossett, Dave (2009-01-15). "Fort Steuben Bridge permanently closed". Weirton Daily Times. Retrieved 2009-02-02.
  11. ^ Scott, Warren (2012-02-21). "Blast topples Fort Steuben Bridge". Steubenville, Ohio: Herald Star. Retrieved 2012-02-21.
  12. ^ Division of Planning, Office of Technical Services (August 30, 2017). "DESTAPE". Ohio Department of Transportation. Retrieved February 19, 2020.
  13. ^ Google (February 19, 2020). "U.S. Route 22" (Map). Google Maps. Google. Retrieved February 19, 2020.

External linksEdit

Route map:

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