Tver Viceroyalty

Coordinates: 57°N 36°E / 57°N 36°E / 57; 36

Tver Viceroyalty (Russian: Тверское наместничество, Tverskoye namestnichestvo) was an administrative division of the Russian Empire, which existed from 1775 until 1796. Its seat was in Tver. In 1796, it was transformed to Tver Governorate.

Tver Viceroyalty
Тверское наместничество
Viceroyalty of Russian Empire
1775–1796
Tverskoe Nam-vo.jpg
Tver Viceroyalty in 1792
CapitalTver
History 
• Established
25 November 1775
• Disestablished
12 December 1796

The area of the viceroyalty is currently split between Tver and Moscow Oblasts. Minor parts of Tver Viceroyalty also currently belong to Yaroslavl and Novgorod Oblasts.

HistoryEdit

In the 18th century, the areas which were later occupied by Tver Governorate were split between Moscow and Novgorod Governorates. On November 25, 1775 Tver Viceroyalty was established with the administrative center in Tver. It included Tver Province and Vyshnevolotsky Uyezd of Novgorod Governorage,[1] as well as Uglich Province and some minor areas, including Vesyegonsk, of Moscow Governorate.

At the time of the formation of the viceroyalty, it was subdivided into 12 uyezds:[2]

In 1781, Korcheva was granted town status, and Korchevskoy Uyezd was established.[2]

On December 12, 1796 the viceroyalty was transformed into Tver Governorate.[3] The area was unchanged, but the division into uyezds was modified.

GovernorsEdit

The administration of the viceroyalty was performed by a namestnik (vice-roy), who was based in Novgorod, and controlled by a governor general. The governors of Tver Viceroyalty were[4]

  • 1778-1781 Yakov Yefimovich Sivers (Jacob Sievers);
  • 1783-1784 Yakov Ivanovich Bryus;
  • 1785-1795 Nikolay Petrovich Arkharov.

The namestniks were[4]

  • 1776 Mikhail Nikitovich Krechetnikov;
  • 1777-1783 Timofey Ivanovich Tutolmin;
  • 1783-1784 Pyotr Vasilyevich Lopukhin;
  • 1784-1793 Grigory Mikhaylovich Osipov;
  • 1793-1796 Alexander Vasilyevich Polikarpov.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Годы 1708-1927. Новгородская губерния (in Russian). ИА "Росбалт". Retrieved 6 November 2014.
  2. ^ a b Малыгин, П. Д.; Смирнов, С. Н. (2007). История административно-территориального деления Тверской Области (PDF). Tver. p. 13. OCLC 540329541.
  3. ^ Н. Ф. Самохвалов, ed. (2003). Губернии Российской Империи. История и руководители. 1708-1917. Moscow: Ministry of Internal Affairs of Russian Federation. pp. 294–300.
  4. ^ a b "Руководители губерний" (in Russian). Руководители губерний. Retrieved 7 November 2014.