The Tunisian-Sicilian War occurred between June 1801 and April 1804, when Tunisian pirates with Tunisian and Algerian military support attacked and captured several Sicilian ships.[4] The main purpose of their attacks was to capture Christian-European slaves for the Muslim-Arab slave market in North Africa.[5] The Sicilians with their Sardinian and British allies defeated the forces of the Tunisian-allied coalition and then occupied Aryanah and La Goulette until 1808.[6]

Tunisian-Sicilian War
Part of the First Barbary War,French Revolutionary Wars and Napoleonic Wars
British sailors boarding an Algerine pirate ship.jpg
British sailors boarding an Algerine pirate ship
DateJune 24, 1801 - April 12, 1804
Location
Result

Sicilian-allied victory

Belligerents

Bandiera del Regno di Sicilia 4.svg Kingdom of Sicily

 Kingdom of Sardinia (from 1802)


 United Kingdom (from 1804)[1]

Weapons and advisors:
Spain Spain[2]
United States United States
Portugal Portugal

Denmark Denmark-Norway[3]

Flag of Tunis Bey-fr.svg Beylik of Tunis
Cyrenaica Tunisian and Algerian pirates
Flag of the Ottoman Empire.svg Regency of Algiers
Eyalet of Tripolitania (from 1803)
Sudanese volunteers
Supported by:
Flag of Egypt (1844-1867).svg Eyalet of Egypt (1802-1803)

Morocco Morocco (1802-1804)
Commanders and leaders
Bandiera del Regno di Sicilia 4.svg Ferdinand III
Bandiera del Regno di Sicilia 4.svg Ezio Graziani
Bandiera del Regno di Sicilia 4.svg Leonardo Ambrosio
Bandiera del Regno di Sicilia 4.svg Mario Zamperini
Kingdom of Sardinia Victor Emmanuel I of Sardinia
Kingdom of Sardinia Francesco Sivori
Kingdom of Sardinia Giovanni Baratieri
United Kingdom Horatio Nelson
United Kingdom James Berrett
Denmark Steen Andersen Bille

Flag of Tunis Bey-fr.svg Hammuda ibn Ali
Flag of Tunis Bey-fr.svg Omar el-Shazly  Surrendered
Flag of Tunis Bey-fr.svg Mutassim Abdelhafid Surrendered
Flag of Tunis Bey-fr.svg Ahmed Hussein as-Sadiq  
Cyrenaica Yusuf Farid al-Mualim WIA POW
Cyrenaica Abdul Khalid al-Hassan POW  Executed

Ottoman Empire Mustapha VI ben Ibrahim
Ottoman Empire Khalid Abdelkader  Surrendered
Ottoman Empire Malik Othmani
Strength
10,450
22 ships
18,700
34 ships
Casualties and losses
2,490 killed or wounded
9 ships
15 civilians
4,776 killed or wounded
54 pirates executed
16 ships
9 civilians

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "British Slaves on the Barbary Coast".
  2. ^ A 44-gun Algerian corsair appeared at Río de la Plata in 1720. Cesáreo Fernández Duro, Armada española desde la unión de los reinos de Castilla y de León, Madrid, 1902, Vol. VI, p. 185
  3. ^ Peter Madsen, "Danish slaves in Barbary", Islam in European Literature Conference, Denmark Archived November 10, 2014, at the Wayback Machine
  4. ^ http://daddezio.com/italy/barbary/history.html
  5. ^ Davis, Robert. Christian Slaves, Muslim Masters: White Slavery in the Mediterranean, the Barbary Coast and Italy, 1500–1800.[1]
  6. ^ Lambert, Frank. The Barbary Wars. New York: Hill and Wang, 2005.

See alsoEdit