Tourism in Armenia

Khor Virap and Ararat mountain

Tourism in Armenia has been a key sector to the Armenian economy since the 1990s when tourist numbers exceeded half a million people visiting the country every year (mostly ethnic Armenians from the Diaspora). The Armenian Ministry of Economy reports that most international tourists come from Russia, EU states, the United States and Iran.[1] Though relatively small in size, Armenia has four UNESCO world heritage sites.

Receipts from international incoming tourism in Armenia in 2003-2015 in current USD. Data from World Bank.

Despite internal and external problems, the number of incoming tourists has been continually increasing since 2007. 2018 saw a record high of over 1.6 million inbound tourists. Most tourists focus their trip in Yerevan, the capital, where the majority of travel agencies, attractions and hotels are located.

Outdoor activities, sightseeing and nature tourism seem to be the primary attractions. Tsaghkadzor, Jermuk, Dilijan are known as mountainous resorts, which are outside of the capital. Tourists stay at the hotels of those towns in order to engage in extended trips over all Armenia without returning to Yerevan every day. The classical sightseeing trips to Armenia are popular not only among tourists, but also with the local population. Mountaineering, camping, hiking and other kinds of outdoor activities are also common.

HistoryEdit

Since 2015Edit

Yerevan is included in Booking.com's top 10 trending destinations for 2020.[2][3]

As per 2019 report, Armenia scored 7th-best in the world on the Hotel Price Index.[4] It also scored 3rd-best in Europe on tourist-friendly visa requirements.[5] Overall, Armenia scored 79th of 140 countries. Calculation of overall scores includes some controversial subcategories related to country size (e.g. number of large sports stadiums), estimates based on old data (like 2014 data for aircraft departures) and non-applicable data (in case of landlocked Armenia - quality of ports infrastructure).[6]

Out of 140 countries Armenia ranked:

50 on Enabling Environment Subindex

74 on Travel & Tourism Policy and Enabling Conditions Subindex

81 on Infrastructure Subindex

103 on Natural and Cultural Resources and Business Travel Subindex.[7]

In 2018 receipts from international tourism amounted to $1.2 billion or $413 per capita. In per capita terms Armenia was ahead of Turkey and Azerbaijan, but behind Georgia.[8][9]

Armenia also has the capability to hold both regional political and large-scale international conferences and events. For example, Armenia hosted the Plenary meeting of the Euronest Parliamentary Assembly in 2015 as well as ongoing Eastern Partnership and CIS conferences. In October 2018, Armenia hosted the Organisation internationale de la Francophonie Summit for the first time, where representatives of 54 countries participated. In September 2019, Armenia hosted the European Heritage Days,[10] Armenia will also host the 2019 UEFA European Under-19 Championship in July and the World Information Technology and Services Alliance Congress for the first time, in which 2000 delegates from around 83 countries will participate.[11] Also in 2019, Armenia will host the Eurasian Economic Union Summit in Yerevan, the CSTO Parliamentary Assembly, as well as the Summit of Minds international conference, making Armenia the first country to host the event outside of France.[12][13]

Forbes Magazine listed Armenia among top budget travel destinations for 2019.[14] Meanwhile, CNN has ranked Armenia's capital Yerevan as one of the top 20 most beautiful European cities.[15]

In July 2019, the chairman of the Central Bank of Armenia, Artur Javadyan, stated that the average spending of tourists had increased by more than 17 per cent from 2013 to 2018 and roughly 300 new hotels opened over the last six years.[16]

In October 2019, chief executive of Ryanair stated that Armenia has become one of Europe's fastest growing tourist destinations, during an announcement of launching new Ryanair flight routes between several European cities and Armenia.[17]

2000-2015Edit

Since the 2000's, a new page for Armenian tourism was opened. Diaspora Armenians from Russia, United States, Lebanon, France and other countries increasingly visited Armenia to see their independent homeland and free Artsakh. Also many foreigners from Europe and the United States started viewing Armenia as a tourist destination.

In addition, the increasing of visitors of Persians, Kurds and Iranian Azerbaijanis was a new concept for tourism in Armenia.[18] Middle Eastern tourists started visiting Armenia since 1990's, but in 2000's visiting Armenia became more popular, especially for Iranians. Many Iranians enjoy celebrating Nowruz (Iranian New Year) in Armenia, which is held on the 21 March, and spend their summer and winter vacations in a country free of religious restrictions and greater freedoms. The number of tourists visiting Artsakh has seen increases as well.

Currently, the majority of tourists arriving in Armenia are from the member states of the European Union, CIS countries including Russia and Kazakhstan,[19] and also from Georgia, Iran, the United States and increasingly from Asia, in particular China, Japan[20] and India.[21][22] In addition, due to ongoing cultural and education system reforms, thousands of students from India, Iran and Arabic countries started to visit Armenia in order to study in the main universities of Yerevan, especially at the Yerevan State Medical University, promoting further tourism.

In 2011 there were 128 hotels, 102 camps, 31 holiday homes, 19 tour bases in Armenia - for 98,500 people overall. Since 2012 new hotels were built in Armenia, and the old ones were reconstructed. ″Tufenkian″ hotels (in Yerevan, Tsapatagh, Dzoraget and Dilijan), ″National″, ″Paris″ hotels were built in Yerevan, ″Nairi″ and ″Silachi″ hotels were reopened, ″Marriott″ opened the second hotel in Tsaghkadzor, and in 2013 ″Hyatt″ opened two hotels - in Jermuk and Yerevan, Golden Palace was opened in Tsaghkadzor, later two more hotels - Opera Suite Hotel and Radisson Blu were opened in Yerevan. These were the best hotels, with 4 or 5 stars.

The number of visitors to Armenia increases also due to festivals and international competitions. Examples include, the annual Golden Apricot international film festival, the annual Aurora Prize for Awakening Humanity award shows, the 2011 Junior Eurovision Song Contest hosted in Armenia, the Birthright Armenia Program in which thousands of schoolchildren and students worldwide visit Armenia, and every four years, the Pan-Armenian Games are hosted in Armenia, in which thousands of competitors from across the Armenian Diaspora compete in various sporting events.

 
Hotel Yerevan, established in 1926 and formerly named "Intourist".

Soviet and transitional periodEdit

During the soviet times (1922-1991) lots of citizens of the USSR republics visited Soviet Armenia. They were coming mainly for the work or pleasure. The new hotels were famous not only for the tourists, but also local population. The most popular hotels of Yerevan were "Hotel Armenia" (now Armenia Marriott Hotel Yerevan), ″Intourist″ (became "Yerevan Hotel" in 1959 and currently known as Grand Hotel Yerevan), and "Ani Hotel" (now Ani Plaza Hotel). The latter was built in 1970 for the 50th anniversary of Armenian SSR and was called after the medieval capital of Bagratid Armenia, Ani.

New hotels such as the "Youth Palace", "Dvin", "Shirak" and others were built in Yerevan in 1980s. Dilijan, Tsaghkadzor, Sevan, Arzni, Vanadzor, and Jermuk became famous resorts of summer vacations. Hotels and holiday homes were built in those towns as well. Besides the Armenian railways, which became twice as long, hundreds of kilometers of highways were built in Armenia. Erebuni and Zvartnots international airports, and also local airports in the towns of Berd, Stepanavan, Tashir, Gyumri, Sisian, Jermuk, Goris, Kapan and Meghri in the second half of 20th century were developed.

Tourism in Armenia declined 1990s because of the Spitak earthquake, the Nagorno-Karabakh War and Armenian energy crisis. Armenian railways closed with neighboring Turkey and Azerbaijan, and Armenia rail lines only remained connected with the Georgian railways. The only airport which worked permanently, was Zvartnots, as Erebuni became a military airport. The eastern and western borders with Azerbaijan and Turkey remain closed.

Before WWIEdit

 
Hotel de Londres, Yerevan, 1891

The inhabitants of neighboring and overseas countries were always interested in Armenia, since it had a rich history and unique culture. Hotels and caravanserais were built in Armenia since the Middle Ages. They were provided for the travelers and the traders of the Great Silk Way.

Tourism infrastructure began to develop in Armenia in the modern era. Since the end of 19th century the Armenian provinces of Russian Empire (Yerevan and Elisabethpol governorates and Kars province) were connected by railway and telegraph with the other parts of Transcaucasia, the central parts of the empire and the neighboring countries of that state. In the beginning of 20th century new railroads and causeways were built, including better infrastructure and telephone lines. In the main cities of Yerevan, Shushi, Alexandropol (Gyumri) and Kars building process of hotels started.

StatisticsEdit

Tourists in Armenia[23]
Year Number
2007 510,000 -
2008 588,000 + 15%
2009 575,000 - 2%
2010 678,000 + 18%
2011 758,000 + 12%
2012 844,000 + 11%
2013 1,082,000 + 28%
2014 1,204,000 + 11%
2015 1,192,000 - 1%
2016[24] 1,259,657 + 6%
2017[24] 1,494,779 + 18.7%
2018[25] 1,651,782 + 10.5%

In 2018 the number of incoming tourists increased by 10.5% to 1.65 million visitors.[25]

Country rank in most recent year Country Share of arriving visitors in 2016[1] Share of arriving visitors in 2017[1]
  European Union countries together 25.8% 21.3%
1   Russia 21.7% 20.3%
2   Iran 17.0% 14.2%
3   United States 9.6% 13.6%
Arrival purpose Share of arriving visitors in 2016[1] Share of arriving visitors in 2017[1]
Business travel 31.9% 23.9%
Recreation 49.8% 52.8%
Other 18.3% 23.3%

Air travelEdit

Air transportation is the most convenient and comfortable means of getting into the country. Main airports used for commercial aviation are Yerevan's Zvartnots International Airport and Gyumri's Shirak Airport. Air traffic is regulated by the General Department of Civil Aviation of Armenia.

Statistics show that the number of tourists arriving in the country by air transportation has been increasing yearly. In 2018, passenger flow at the two main airports of Armenia reached a record high of 2,856,673 million people.

An agreement was initialed with the EU on "Comprehensive Air Transportation," the ratification of which will allow liberalizing the Armenian market for all EU member states and introduce EU criteria to ensure a predictable business atmosphere for airlines.[26]

AirlinesEdit

Official web page of Yerevan main airport Zvartnots lists some carriers it is currently serving.[27]

Government officials expect a total of 10 new flights to be opened by summer 2019 when air tax will be abolished for newly opened routes.

In October 2019 Ryanair begun selling tickets to Yerevan and Gyumri.[28] AirBaltic resumes its flights to Yerevan from May 2020.[29] It is expected that WizzAir will launch flights to Armenia too.[30]

During June 2016 - September 2018 some 12 new airlines began operating flights to Armenia and two have resumed flights:[26]

In the same period following new destinations were connected with direct flights : Doha, Kuwait, Berlin, Prague, Tel Aviv, Damascus, Sharm El Sheikh, Ashgabat, Frankfurt, Astana, Bucharest.

Official travel advice for ArmeniaEdit

U.S. confirms Armenia is safe for traveling, advising to "exercise normal precautions".[31]

Australia also advises "Exercise normal safety precautions in Armenia".[32]

Sports and extreme tourismEdit

In 2011 the journal ″National Geographic Traveler″ qualified Armenia not only a historical and cultural, but also extreme touristic county.[33]

Armenia has 85.9% mountain area, more than Switzerland or Nepal,[34] opening large possibilities for active travelers.

Armenia has various offers for tourists interested in sports and extreme activities - such as skiing,[35] mountaineering, camping , hiking,[36] speleology tours,[37] paragliding, zipline,[38][39][40] balloon flights, helicopter tours and the current longest reversible aerial tramway in the world.[41]

ParaglidingEdit

Armenia has favorable conditions both for independent and tandem flights. Owing to the height of the Armenian highland, the country has various micro climates, creating perfect circumstances for paragliding. The first paragliding flights were held by the members of "Small Aviation Club of Armenia" in 1996. Later, in 2008, Armenian Paragliding Sport Federation was founded. Its members organize paragliding teaching courses nowadays, with flying season lasting from May to November. Tandem and free flights are mostly launched at mountains near Atis, Aparan and Lake Sevan. Depending on the weather conditions tandem flights last up to 20 minutes.[42]

Ecotourism in ArmeniaEdit

Armenia is also a burgeoning ecotourism destination. From agrotourism and rural life experiences to rafting, biking, delicious cuisine and everything in-between. There are several ecotourism-friendly destinations you should explore when in Armenia. Among them are the villages of Kalavan, Urtsadzor; eco-lodging spots like Yenokavan, Lastiver and others.[43]

Armenian UNESCO World Heritage SitesEdit

There are some objects in Armenia which are in the official list of UNESCO World Heritage Sites:

Site Name Year It Became A WHS City
Monasteries of Haghpat and Sanahin 1996 Haghpat
The Cathedral and Churches of Echmiadzin and the Archaeological Site of Zvartnots 2000 Vagharshapat
Monastery of Geghard and the Upper Azat Valley 2000 Goght

There are also four tentative World Heritage Sites in Armenia:

The archaeological site of the city of Dvin, the basilica and archaeological site of Yererouk, the monasteries of Tatev and Tatevi, and the monastery of Noravank and the upper Amaghou Valley.[44]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d e "Tourism Statistics for 2016 and 2017 by ArmStat" (PDF).
  2. ^ "Booking.com | English". travelpredictions2020.com. Retrieved 2019-10-21.
  3. ^ "Jodhpur, India in 10 of the top trending destinations globally for 2020: reveals Booking.com". Jodhpur, India in 10 of the top trending destinations globally for 2020: reveals Booking.com. Retrieved 2019-10-21.
  4. ^ "Rankings". Travel and Tourism Competitiveness Report 2019. Retrieved 2019-09-09.
  5. ^ "Rankings". Travel and Tourism Competitiveness Report 2019. Retrieved 2019-09-09.
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  23. ^ "Զբոսաշրջությունը Հայաստանում. "Նախնյաց հայրենիքի կանչը" չի փրկում ներգնա զբոսաշրջությունն անկումից". tert.am. 31 March 2016. Archived from the original on 27 April 2016.
  24. ^ a b "Tourism 2017 statistics summary by ArmStat" (PDF).
  25. ^ a b LLC, Helix Consulting. "The number of tourists visiting Armenia increased by 10.5% in 2018". www.panorama.am. Retrieved 2019-07-26.
  26. ^ a b "Some 12 new airlines began to operate flights to Armenia over 2 last years". arka.am. Retrieved 2018-05-07.
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  32. ^ "Travel Map | Vaccine Hub". vaccinehub.com.au. Retrieved 2019-01-07.
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  34. ^ "Percentage of Mountain Area per Country (map)".
  35. ^ "Ropeway Tsaghkadzor". ropeway.am. Retrieved 2018-01-16.
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  37. ^ "Caving / Քարանձավախուզություն « Armenian Extreme Club". armextremeclub.wordpress.com. Retrieved 2018-01-16.
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External linksEdit