Todd McFarlane (//; born March 16, 1961) is a Canadian comic book creator and entrepreneur, best known for his work as the artist on The Amazing Spider-Man and as the writer and artist on the horror-fantasy series Spawn.
McFarlane at the 2017 New York Comic Con
|Born||March 16, 1961|
Calgary, Alberta, Canada
|Area(s)||Writer, Penciller, Inker, Publisher|
|The Amazing Spider-Man |
Batman: Year Two
The Incredible Hulk
|Awards||Inkpot Award 1992|
National Cartoonists Society Award 1992
National Football League Artist of the Year 2005
|Spouse(s)||Wanda (m. 1985)|
In the late 1980s and early 1990s, McFarlane became a comic book superstar due to his work on Marvel Comics' Spider-Man franchise, on which he was the artist to draw the first full appearances of the supervillain Venom. In 1992, he helped form Image Comics, pulling the occult anti-hero character Spawn from his high school portfolio and updating him for the 1990s. Spawn was a popular hero in the 1990s and encouraged a trend in creator-owned comic book properties.
Since leaving inking duties on Spawn with issue No. 70 (February 1998), McFarlane has illustrated comic books less often, focusing on entrepreneurial efforts, such as McFarlane Toys and Todd McFarlane Entertainment, a film and animation studio. In September 2006, it was announced that McFarlane would be the Art Director of the newly formed 38 Studios, formerly Green Monster Games, founded by major league baseball pitcher Curt Schilling. McFarlane used to be a co-owner of the National Hockey League's Edmonton Oilers before selling his shares to Daryl Katz. He is also a high-profile collector of record-breaking baseballs.
- 1 Early life
- 2 Career
- 3 Sports
- 4 Other media
- 5 Legal issues
- 6 Awards and recognition
- 7 Personal life
- 8 Bibliography
- 9 References
- 10 External links
Todd McFarlane was born on March 16, 1961 in Calgary, Alberta, Canada, to Bob and Sherlee McFarlane. He has two brothers, Curtis and Derek. Bob worked in the printing business, which led him to take work where he could find it, and as a result, during McFarlane's childhood, the family lived in thirty different places from Alberta to California.
McFarlane began drawing as a hobby at an early age, and developed an interest in comics, acquiring as many as he could, and learning to draw from them. He was a fan of comics creators such as John Byrne, Jack Kirby, Frank Miller and George Pérez, as well as the writing of Alan Moore. (John Parker of ComicsAlliance has also noted the influence of Walt Simonson in McFarlane's work.) McFarlane created the character Spawn when he was 16, and spent "countless hours" perfecting the appearance of each component of the character's visual design.
One day while in the twelfth grade at Calgary's Sir Winston Churchill High School, McFarlane, working as a groundskeeper for the Calgary Cardinals, was standing in the bleachers when a 13-year-old ninth grader sitting near him named Wanda began flirting with him. The two began dating, over the objections of Wanda's father, who thought she was too young for him, though in time McFarlane won him over.
Right after high school, McFarlane attended baseball tryouts at Gonzaga University. Despite being a good fielder and fast, he was not a good hitter. Moreover, he could not afford Gonzaga, so he attended Spokane Falls Community College for a year, his relationship with Wanda developing into a long-distance one. In 1981 McFarlane began attending Eastern Washington University (EWU) on a baseball scholarship, studying as part of a self-designed program for graphics and art. His practical goal was to join his father in the printing business in Calgary, Alberta, though his dream was always to be a comic book creator. He worked part-time on campus as a janitor in the school's administration building, as his scholarship required an on-campus job, and also worked weekends at a comics shop called the Comic Rack, devoting a couple of hours late at night to practice his comics art.
He sought to play baseball professionally after graduation, but suffered a serious ankle injury in his junior year during a game with arch rivals Washington State University. He subsequently focused on drawing, working at the comic book store to pay for the rest of his education, and living in a trailer park in Cheney, Washington with Wanda, who had moved to the area to be with him and attend EWU as well. In 1984, a year after his injury, McFarlane's final chance to play for the big leagues came when he tried out with the Toronto Blue Jays' farm team in Medicine Hat, Alberta, but he ended up being ranked last on the roster, ending his professional baseball prospects. McFarlane graduated with Bachelor's degree that same year. He stayed in Spokane while Wanda finished her degree.
Early work, DC, and MarvelEdit
While still in college, McFarlane began sending 30–40 packages of submissions each month to comics editors, totaling over 700 submissions after a year and a half, most of which were in the form of pinups. Half resulted in no response, while the other half resulted in rejection letters, though he received some constructive criticism from a few editors. One of them, DC Comics' Sal Amendola, gave McFarlane a dummy script in order to gauge McFarlane's page-to-page storytelling ability. Amendola's advice that McFarlane's submissions needed to focus page-to-page stories rather than pinups led McFarlane to create a five-page Coyote sample that he initially sent to Uncanny X-Men editor Ann Nocenti at Marvel Comics, who passed it along to Archie Goodwin and Jo Duffy, the editors of the Marvel imprint Epic Comics, which published Coyote. They in turn passed it onto Coyote creator Steve Englehart, who called McFarlane to offer McFarlane his first comic job, a 1984 backup story in Coyote.
McFarlane soon began drawing for both DC and Marvel, with his first major body of work being a two-year run (1985–1987) on DC's Infinity, Inc. In 1987, McFarlane illustrated the latter three issues of Detective Comics' four-issue "Batman: Year Two" storyline. From there, he moved to Marvel's Incredible Hulk, which he drew from 1987 to 1988, working with writer Peter David.
The Amazing Spider-ManEdit
In 1988, McFarlane joined writer David Michelinie on Marvel's The Amazing Spider-Man, beginning with issue 298, drawing the preliminary sketch for that cover's image on the back of one of his Incredible Hulk pages. McFarlane garnered notice for the more dynamic poses in which he depicted Spider-Man's aerial web-swinging, his enlarging of the eyes on the character's mask, and greater detail in which he rendered his artwork. In particular was the elaborate detail he gave to Spider-Man's webbing. Whereas it had essentially been rendered as a series of X's between two lines, McFarlane embellished it by detailing far more individual strands, which came to be dubbed "spaghetti webbing". McFarlane drew the first full appearance of Eddie Brock, the original incarnation of the villain Venom. He has been credited as the character's co-creator, though this has been a topic of dispute within the comic book industry. (See Eddie Brock: Creation and conception.)
McFarlane's work on Amazing Spider-Man made him an industry superstar. His cover art for Amazing Spider-Man No. 313, for which he was originally paid $700 in 1989, for example, would later sell for $71,200 in 2010. One critic of McFarlane's detail-heavy style was Comics Journal editor Gary Groth, who said of McFarlane in a 2017 interview, "He doesn’t have any authentic virtues as a visual stylist. His work is so overembellished that it disguised the fact that the composition is chaotic and cluttered to the point of being almost unreadable. He never really learned the craft of comics — he just faked it really well."
During his run on The Amazing Spider-Man, McFarlane became increasingly dissatisfied with the lack of control over his own work, as he wanted more say in the direction of storylines. He began to miss deadlines, requiring guest artists to fill-in for him on some issues. In 1990, after a 28-issue run of Amazing Spider-Man, McFarlane told editor Jim Salicrup that he wanted to write his own stories, and would be leaving the book with issue No. 328, which was part of that year's company-wide "Acts of Vengeance" crossover storyline. In July 2012 the original artwork to that issue's cover, which features Spider-Man dispatching the Hulk, sold for a record-breaking $657,250 USD, the highest auction price ever for any piece of American comic book art. McFarlane was succeeded on Amazing Spider-Man by McFarlane's future fellow Image Comics co-founder Erik Larsen.
New Spider-Man titleEdit
Wanting to appease McFarlane, Marvel gave McFarlane a new, adjectiveless Spider-Man title for him to both write and draw. Spider-Man #1 (August 1990) sold 2.5 million copies, largely due to the variant covers with which Marvel, seeking to capitalize on McFarlane's popularity, published the issue in order to encourage collectors into buying more than one edition. This practice was a result of the comics speculator bubble of the 1990s, which would burst later that decade. McFarlane, unbeknownst to his parents at the time, was making about a million dollars a year. McFarlane wrote and illustrated 15 of the series' first 16 issues, many issues of which featured other popular Marvel characters such as Wolverine and Ghost Rider in guest roles.
Despite his acclaim as an artist, fans found McFarlane's writing to be clumsy, unsophisticated and pretentious, and questioned the wisdom of allowing him to write a new Spider-Man title in the first place. At the same time, editorial had problems with the dark tone of the stories McFarlane was telling, beginning with the inaugural "Torment" storyline, which depicted a more vicious version of the reptilian villain Lizard under the control of the voodoo priestess Calypso. Subsequent storylines such as "Masques" featured Spider-Man confronting the demonic Hobgoblin, while "Perceptions", which involved Spider-Man dealing with police corruption, child rape and murder (a hint of the work he would later do on Spawn), led some stores to refuse to stock the book. This created further tensions between McFarlane and editorial, which viewed Spider-Man an historically light-hearted character marketed to young readers. Editor Jim Salicrup in particular was required to make a number of compromises for McFarlane's work, including enforcing McFarlane's minor costume changes across the entire line of other Spidey comics, placing limitations on his choice of villains for his stories, and dealing with strong disagreement on the handling of the character Mary Jane Watson. This strained McFarlane's relationship with Salicrup, which was expressed in the remarkable amount of public disagreement that appeared in the book's letters page. Eventually McFarlane's attention to his deadlines again began to waiver again, and he missed issue 15 of the title. His final issue on the book, #16 (November 1991), was part of a crossover storyline with X-Force, and led to creative clashes with new editor Danny Fingeroth. According to McFarlane and editor Tom DeFalco in the 2000 documentary The Devil You Know: Inside the Mind of Todd McFarlane, among the examples of the issues that prompted his departure were editorial's censorship of a panel in that issue in which the character Juggernaut was graphically stabbed in the eye with a sword. DeFalco supported the editing of the panel, calling it "inappropriate", while McFarlane called this "lunacy", arguing that such graphic visuals are commonplace in Marvel's books. Fed up with editorial interference, he left the company under something of a cloud. According to David Wallace of Comics Bulletin, "McFarlane's fifteen issues of Spider-Man are now (perhaps slightly unfairly) held up alongside the likes of X-Force as the epitome of everything that was wrong 1990s comics, and their cash-in approach to the then-booming speculator market precipitated the near-collapse of the industry."
McFarlane then teamed with five other popular artists to form Image Comics, an umbrella company under which each owned a publishing house. McFarlane's studio, Todd McFarlane Productions, published his creation, the occult-themed Spawn, written and drawn by McFarlane. It was Image's second release, following the release of Rob Liefeld's Youngblood the month prior. Upon its release in 1992, Spawn #1 (May 1992) sold 1.7 million copies, still a record for an independent comic book.
Responding to harsh criticism of his abilities as a writer, McFarlane hired acclaimed writers to guest-write issues #8–11, including Alan Moore, Neil Gaiman, Dave Sim, and Frank Miller. Subsequent writers he would hire on the series included Grant Morrison, Andrew Grossberg, and Tom Orzechowski. Greg Capullo penciled several issues as a guest artist, and became the regular penciler with #26, with McFarlane remaining as writer and inker until #70. The series continued to be a hit, and in 1993 Wizard declared Spawn "the best-selling comic on a consistent basis that is currently being published." Spawn is notable for being one of only two Image books that debuted during the company's 1992 launch, along with Erik Larsen's Savage Dragon, that continues to be published well into the late 2010s.
During Image's early years of operation, the company was subject to much industry criticism over aspects of its business practices, including late-shipped books, and its creators' emphasis of art over writing. One of these critics was McFarlane's former Hulk collaborator, writer Peter David. This came to a head during a public debate they participated in at Philadelphia's Comicfest convention in October 1993, which was moderated by artist George Pérez. McFarlane stated that Image was not being treated fairly by the media, and by David in particular. The three judges, Maggie Thompson, editor of the Comics Buyer's Guide, William Christensen of Wizard Press, and John Danovich of the magazine Hero Illustrated, voted 2–1 in favor of David, with Danovich voting the debate a tie.
In 1994 McFarlane and DC Comics collaborated on an intercompany crossover, each producing a book featuring Batman and Spawn. The first of the two books, Batman-Spawn: War Devil was written by Doug Moench, Chuck Dixon, and Alan Grant, drawn by Klaus Janson, and published by DC. It was followed by Spawn/Batman, which was written by Frank Miller and drawn by McFarlane. That year marked the point when McFarlane ceased to be the regular writer and artist of Spawn. The first issue that he did not draw was issue 16, which was drawn by Greg Capullo. Aside from the four fill-in writers on issues issues #8–11, it was the first issue on which McFarlane was not the regular writer, as it was the first of a three-issue storyline written by Grant Morrison. Over the course of the ensuring decades, he would hire other writers such as Brian Holguin and David Hine, and artists such as Whilce Portacio, Angel Medina, and Philip Tan. McFarlane occasionally offered story input and inked covers. He would sporadically return as the interior artist for intermittent issues, and for a few years wrote it under a pseudonym in order to generate interest in the book by fostering the illusion that new talent was being brought into the book's production.
In 2006 McFarlane announced plans for Spawn/Batman with artist Greg Capullo, which McFarlane wrote and inked, which paid tribute to Jack Kirby. He also began taking an active role in comics publishing again, publishing collections of his Spawn comics in trade paperback form. Spawn Collection Volume 1 collecting issues 1–12 minus issue 9 (due to royalty issues with Neil Gaiman) and 10 (due to a vow he made to Sim) was released in December 2005. The first volume achieved moderate success, ranking 17 in the top one hundred graphic novels, with pre-order sales of 3,227 for that period.
In 2008, McFarlane returned to co-plot the series with returning writer Brian Holguin, with issue 185. The book survived the comics speculator bubble's crash, but its sales have fluctuated, never matching the sales figures of the 1990s. Though it continues publication, its appearance on the Diamond Top 300 chart has been intermittent since the mid-2000s. Nonetheless, Shea Hennum of Paste magazine has observed of the series, "It's a book that, for a time, people continued to buy because of the character instead of the creator. It has become as much of an institution as it is a comic.
Haunt, an ongoing series co-created by McFarlane and Robert Kirkman, was announced in 2007 and launched on October 7, 2009. The comic was initially written by Kirkman, penciled by Ryan Ottley, and inked by McFarlane, with Greg Capullo providing layouts. McFarlane contributed pencils to some issues, and co-wrote issue 28, the series finale, with Joe Casey, who took over writing duties from Kirkman.
In 2019, McFarlane wrote and drew Spawn #301, surpassing Dave Sim's 300-issue series Cerebus as the longest-running creator-owned comics series. The book, whose release date is October 2 of that year, earned McFarlane a place in the Guinness World Records, which includes a certificate given to McFarlane on October 5, 2019 at the New York Comic Con prior to his panel, "The Road to Historic Spawn 300 and 301."
Todd McFarlane EntertainmentEdit
Todd McFarlane Productions published multiple Spawn spin-offs and mini-series. McFarlane increasingly concentrated his own personal attention to those other ventures, which resulted in irregular work as an illustrator. In 1994, McFarlane created a toy company, Todd Toys, initially to merchandise collectible action figures of the Spawn characters. In three months, the company sold more than 2.2 million of the action figures nationwide. After Mattel sent a cease-and-desist order on the basis of a male doll in Mattel's Barbie line named Todd, McFarlane changed the company name to McFarlane Toys. The company's line of figures quickly expanded to those of popular cultural icons, such as members of the band Kiss, characters from the film franchise Texas Chainsaw Massacre, TV series such as The X-Files, and sports figures such as Terrell Owens. In 1999, the company sold over 6 million action figures. As of 2017, the company was fifth-largest action-figure manufacturer in the United States.
In 1996, McFarlane founded Todd McFarlane Entertainment, a film and animation studio. In collaboration with New Line Cinema, it produced the 1997 Spawn film and a new Spawn movie, planned in 2008. Spawn, while critically panned, was a modest box office success, earning $54.8 million domestically, and almost $33 million worldwide, against a $40 million budget. Todd McFarlane Entertainment also produced the animated series Todd McFarlane's Spawn, (featuring voice work by actor Keith David) which aired on HBO from 1997 until 1999. Ed Bark of The Dallas Morning News called the series a "very unpleasant viewing experience" and asked "why anyone would want to subject themselves to such a relentlessly grim, gruesome dehumanizing experience." Nonetheless, the animated series won a 1998 Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Achievement in Animation.
The studio produced a number of music videos and other animations, including:
- 1998: "Do the Evolution" by Pearl Jam – Rolling Stone included this video in its 2012 list of The Greatest Animated Music Videos.
- 1999: "Freak on a Leash" by KoЯn – This video debuted at number eight on MTV's Total Request Live on February 9, 1999, and peaking at number 1 on its thirteenth day, February 25. and spent ten non-consecutive days at the top position until its "retirement", on May 11, 1999. The video won the Grammy Award for Best Short Form Music Video and the 1999 Metal Edge Readers' Choice Award for Music Video of the Year. It was also nominated for a 1999 MTV Video Music Award.
- 2002: The Dangerous Lives of Altar Boys – McFarlane produced the animated sequences in this film by Peter Care, in which the main characters, Tim and Francis, imagine themselves as muscle-bound warriors. Although the consensus at Rotten Tomatoes was equivocal of the sequences' effectiveness, Armond White of New York Press singled them out for praise.
- 2006: "Land of Confusion" by Disturbed – McFarlane, who worked with Greg Capullo on the art for the 2005 album Ten Thousand Fists, also created the animated video for the band's cover of Genesis' 1986 single, "Land of Confusion".
On July 21, 2011 at San Diego Comic-Con International, McFarlane and Stan Lee debuted their new comic, Blood Red Dragon. The series is a collaboration with musician Yoshiki and stars a fictionalized version of him.
McFarlane and Boston Red Sox pitcher Curt Schilling formed the gaming studio 38 Studios (formerly Green Monster Games), in order to produce role-playing games, with McFarlane overseeing art direction.
In February 2012, the company released its only title, Kingdoms of Amalur: Reckoning, a single-player action role-playing game that enjoyed great success, but by late May 2012, the company had ceased operation, due to financial difficulties for which it had filed for bankruptcy.
In July 2017, Blumhouse Productions announced McFarlane would direct a reboot of the 1997 film Spawn. McFarlane had by then written a first-draft script. In May 2018, it was announced that Jamie Foxx would portray the titular character. In July 2018, it was reported that Jeremy Renner would be starring alongside Foxx as Detective Twitch. On October 25, 2018, the filming start date was delayed to June 2019.
McFarlane continues to be an avid baseball fan. In 1998, he paid $2.6 million USD at auction for the baseball that St. Louis Cardinals first baseman Mark McGwire hit for his then record-breaking 70th home run, and $175,000 for Sammy Sosa's 66th home run ball.
In June 2003 McFarlane paid about $517,500 at auction for San Francisco Giants left fielder Barry Bonds' October 2001, record-breaking 73rd home run ball. The auction took place at the ESPN Zone in New York's Times Square and was featured live on SportsCenter. When asked by Time magazine's Michael Grunwald in a 2007 interview if he was interested in Bonds' record 756th career home run ball, McFarlane indicated that he was more interested in Bonds' last home run ball.
Music videos and album artworkEdit
In December 2002, Todd McFarlane directed the music video "Breathe" for Canadian hip-hop group Swollen Members that featured Nelly Furtado. He later drew both the Canadian and international covers for their next album Heavy, released October 2003.
A PlayStation 2 game, McFarlane's Evil Prophecy, was released in 2004 by Konami. In it, players battle creatures based on a line of Todd McFarlane's action figures including classic movie monsters such as Frankenstein's monster and Dracula.
In January 2005, McFarlane announced that he was set to produce a half-hour anthology television series for Fox called Twisted Tales, based on the Bruce Jones' comic book to which McFarlane had purchased the rights.
Media about Todd McFarlaneEdit
Stan Lee interviewed McFarlane in Episode 1 of the 1991 documentary series The Comic Book Greats. In 2000, McFarlane was the subject of a National Film Board of Canada documentary Devil You Know: Inside the Mind of Todd McFarlane, directed by Kenton Vaughan. The film first aired on CBC-TV's Life and Times biography series on January 9, 2001.
In "Spidey Cents", a fourth-season episode of the History reality television series Pawn Stars which aired in May 2011, a man tries to sell McFarlane's original artwork for page 25 of The Amazing Spider-Man No. 316 (June 1989) for $20,000 to the Gold & Silver Pawn Shop in Las Vegas. Because the seller lacked the paper work authenticating the artwork, Gold & Silver manager Corey Harrison would only pay $1,000 for the page, an offer that the seller declined.
McFarlane lost judgments in two lawsuits in the 2000s. The first was a 2002 suit which McFarlane contested with writer Neil Gaiman over the rights to some supporting Spawn characters created by Gaiman in issue No. 9 of the Spawn series and over payment for later works featuring those characters. In 1997 the two signed a deal in which Gaiman would give his share of characters Angela, Medieval Spawn and Cogliostro to McFarlane in exchange for McFarlane's share of British superhero Marvelman (in reality, what McFarlane actually owned were two trademarks for Miracleman logos, not the character, which would become clear only after the lawsuit concluded). This deal was broken by McFarlane, which motivated Gaiman to start the lawsuit. The jury was unanimous in favor of Gaiman. The two were involved in a lengthy dispute over ownership of Miracleman, but no lawsuit has been filed in that dispute. In 2009, Marvel Comics resolved the matter by purchasing the property. The creators settled their dispute over the Spawn characters in January 2012. The exact terms of the settlement were not disclosed, though Gaiman apparently retained ownership of Angela, as she became a character in the Marvel Universe when Gaiman began doing work for Marvel in 2013. BleedingCool later confirmed that Marvel Comics had completely bought the rights to Angela from Gaiman.
Another suit in which McFarlane became embroiled was a December 2004 suit in which hockey player Tony Twist sued McFarlane because he named a mobster character in Spawn after Twist. The lawsuit was settled out of court for $5 million.
In 2012, McFarlane sued his former friend and employee, Al Simmons, from whom the name of Spawn's alter ego was derived. According to a lawsuit lodged in Arizona federal court, the real Al Simmons published a book called The Art of Being Spawn, in which Simmons purportedly suggests that his own life was the inspiration for the Spawn character. McFarlane's position was that Simmons violated the terms of his employment pact and breached his duty of loyalty. The lawsuit was settled in December 2012 when McFarlane came to an agreement with Simmons. The terms of any settlement were not made public.
Awards and recognitionEdit
McFarlane's has won numerous awards, including:
- 1992 National Cartoonists Society Award for Best Comic Book
- 1992 Inkpot Award
- 2000 Grammy Award for Best Short Form Music Video for "Freak on a Leash"
- National Football League's 2005 Artist of the Year Award, for his work on program covers for the Baltimore Ravens
- Induction into the Canadian Comic Book Creator Hall of Fame, on June 18, 2011, at the Joe Shuster Awards in Calgary, Alberta, Canada
- In 2013 McFarlane was invited to deliver the keynote speech at one of two graduation ceremonies at his alma mater, Eastern Washington University.
McFarlane and Wanda McFarlane married in 1985. They stayed in Spokane, Washington until 1986, when they moved to Vancouver, British Columbia. They later moved to Portland, Oregon, and then to the Ahwatukee Foothills of Phoenix, Arizona, where continue to live as of 2007. There, they raised their three children: Cyan, Kate and Jake. Cyan's love of the TV series Lost inspired her father's decision to produce action figures based on that show, while Kate voiced the young Cyan in the animated Spawn TV series. McFarlane's offices are located near Phoenix.
- All-Star Squadron #47 (with Mike Clark) (1985)
- Detective Comics #576–578 ("Batman: Year Two") (1987)
- Infinity, Inc #14–37 (full art); Annual #1–2 (among other artists) (1985–87)
- Invasion!, miniseries, #1–2 (1989)
- Cyberforce #8 (1994)
- Haunt #1–18 (inks only) (2009–2011)
- Image Comics Summer Special #1 (2004)
- Image Comics Hardcover (Spawn story) (2005)
- Image United #1–3 (2009–2010)
- Spawn #1–15, 21–24 (full art); #26–34, 50 (along with Greg Capullo) (1992–95); #190, 200 (among other artists) (2010)
- Spawn/Batman #1 (1994)
- Savior #1–8 (2015)
- Spawn #1–7, 12–15, 21–150 (1992–2005); 185 onwards (2008–present)
- Spawn Kills Everyone #1 (2016)
- Amazing Spider-Man #298–323, 325, 328 (1988–90)
- Amazing Spider-Man: Skating on Thin Ice #1 (cover art) (1993)
- Coyote #11–14 (1985)
- Daredevil #241 (1987)
- G.I. Joe: A Real American Hero #60 (1987)
- G.I. Joe Special #1 (1995)
- Incredible Hulk #330–334, 336–346 (1987–88)
- Marvel Holiday Special (Spider-Man) 2004
- Spectacular Spider-Man Annual #10 (1990)
- Spider-Man #1–14, 16 (1990–91)
- Spitfire and the Troubleshooters #4 (1987)
- Spider-Man #1–14, 16 (1990–91)
- Li C. Kuo (September 8, 2006). "Curt Schilling Founds Green Monster Games". GameSpy. Archived from the original on October 14, 2007. Retrieved December 31, 2007.
- "Katz's bid to buy Oilers 100-per-cent successful" Archived March 3, 2016, at the Wayback Machine. The Edmonton Journal, February 6, 2008.
- McFarlane, Todd (w, a). "The Spawning Ground". Spawn #1 (May 1992). Image Comics.
- "McFARLANE, Todd (1961–)". The Joe Shuster Awards. Retrieved November 9, 2014.
- Vaughan, Kenton (Director, 2000). The Devil You Know: Inside the Mind of Todd McFarlane. National Film Board of Canada.
- Grunwald, Michael (August 8, 2007). "The Man With the Million Dollar Balls". Time.
- Kershner, Jim (June 3, 1997). "'Spawn' Storm Spokane Artist Todd Mcfarlane Always Wanted To Create His Own Comic Book Series, And When He Finally Did, It Became The Hottest Title Of The Decade". The Spokesman-Review.
- McFarlane, Todd (November 2012). The Art of Todd McFarlane: The Devil's in the Details. Todd McFarlane Productions/Image Comics.
- Parker, John (June 12, 2012). "ComicsAlliance Reviews Todd McFarlane's 'Spawn' Year One, Part 1: Questions Read More: ComicsAlliance Reviews Todd McFarlane’s 'Spawn' Year One, Part 1: Questions" Archived April 16, 2014, at the Wayback Machine. Comics Alliance.
- Nowak, Peter (December 24, 2007). "Artist spawns a web of influence". CBC News.
- Booker, Keith M. (October 28, 2014). Comics through Time: A History of Icons, Idols, and Ideas. Greenwood. p. 1144. Archived at Google Books. Retrieved April 25, 2017.
- "McFarlane Returns". Eastern Washington University. May 21, 2013.
- Harris, Craig (June 17, 2003). "Baseball, toys and comics: McFarlane finds success". USA Today.
- Manning, Matthew K.; Dolan, Hannah, ed. (2010). "1980s". DC Comics Year By Year A Visual Chronicle. Dorling Kindersley. p. 229. ISBN 978-0-7566-6742-9.
In 'Year Two', a four-part sequel [to "Batman: Year One"] set in Batman's second year as a crime fighter, writer Mike W. Barr and artists Alan Davis and Todd McFarlane challenged the Caped Crusader with the threat of the Reaper.CS1 maint: extra text: authors list (link)
- McFarlane, Todd (April 25, 2017). "LIVE Todd shows cover sketch for my first Marvel Spider-Man issue EVER!". Facebook. Retrieved January 17, 2018.
- Wallace, David (February 10, 2007). "Silver Soapbox: The Complete Todd McFarlane Spider-Man". Comics Bulletin. Retrieved January 17, 2018.
- Chapman, Adam (September 11, 2011). "Amazing Spider-Man by David Michelinie & Todd McFarlane Omnibus". Comics and Gaming Magazine.
- Groth, Gary (August 1992). "'That's the Spice of Life, Bud': The Todd McFarlane Interview". The Comics Journal (#152). Retrieved January 17, 2018.
- "Spidey Cents". Pawn Stars. Season 4. Episode 26. May 2, 2011. History.
- Riesman, Abraham (February 2017). "Comic Book Icon Todd McFarlane (Still) Answers to No One". Vulture.
- "Todd McFarlane 1990 Spider-Man #328 Cover Art Brings World Record $657,250+ at Heritage Auctions". Heritage Auctions, July 26, 2012.
- Buttery, Jarrod (December 2016). "Captain Universe: The Hero Who Could Be You!", Back Issue!, p. 48.
- Burgas, Greg (November 23, 2014). "Year of the Artist, Day 327: Erik Larsen, Part 4 – Amazing Spider-Man #335". CBR.com. Retrieved January 17, 2018.
- Cowsill, Alan; Gilbert, Laura, ed. (2012). "1990s". Spider-Man Chronicle Celebrating 50 Years of Web-Slinging. Dorling Kindersley. p. 184. ISBN 978-0756692360.
Todd McFarlane was at the top of his game as an artist, and with Marvel's release of this new Spidey series he also got the chance to take on the writing duties. The sales of this series were underwhelming, with approx. 2.5 million copies eventually printing, including special bagged editions and a number of variant covers.CS1 maint: extra text: authors list (link)
- Saffel, Steve (2007). "Mutant Menace". Spider-Man the Icon: The Life and Times of a Pop Culture Phenomenon. Titan Books. p. 173. ISBN 978-1-84576-324-4.
Marvel knew a good thing when they saw it, and the adjectiveless Spider-Man received Marvel's most aggressive launch in company history...the initial press run was 2.35 million, and 500,000 additional copies were printed to meet demand.
- Hennum, Shea (March 12, 2015). "What Spawn Means to the Future of Image". Paste.
- "Wizard Market Watch". Wizard (22). June 1993. pp. 134–5.
- Gary St. Lawrence (November 19, 1993). "The Peter David-Todd McFarlane Debate: Topic: Has Image Comics/Todd McFarlane been treated fairly by the media?". Comics Buyer's Guide #1044, pp. 92, 98, 102, 108, 113, 116
- Batman-Spawn:War Devil at the Grand Comics Database
- Manning "1990s" in Dolan, p. 267: "Fans were also treated to a companion special entitled Batman-Spawn...by writers Doug Moench, Chuck Dixon, and Alan Grant, and artist Klaus Janson.
- Manning, Matthew K.; Dolan, Hannah, ed. (2010). "1990s". DC Comics Year By Year A Visual Chronicle. Dorling Kindersley. p. 267. ISBN 978-0-7566-6742-9.
This prestige one-shot marked Frank Miller's return to Batman, and was labeled as a companion piece to his classic 1986 work The Dark Knight Returns. The issue was drawn by Todd McFarlane, one of the most popular artists in comic book history.CS1 maint: extra text: authors list (link)
- Terror, Jude (March 3, 2017). "Oh Snap! Todd McFarlane Throws Stones At “Slow” Artists From Roof Of Glass House At Emerald City Comic Con". Bleeding Cool. Retrieved January 17, 2018.
- "Top 100 Graphic Novels Actual—December 2005". icv2.com. January 16, 2006.
- Barton, Steve (August 16, 2012). "New Teaser Trailer Eases on Down Munger Road". Dread Central.
- Wigler, Josh (July 25, 2009). "CCI Exclusive: Kirkman and McFarlane on Haunt". CBR.com.
- Lovett, Jamie (June 18, 2019). "EXCLUSIVE: Todd McFarlane to Write and Draw in Spawn #301". ComicBook.com. Archived from the original on June 18, 2019. Retrieved September 30, 2019.
- Quaintance, Zack (September 5, 2019). "Massive SPAWN #300 rushed back to print days after release". Comics Beat. Archived from the original on September 9, 2019. Retrieved September 30, 2019.
- Sheridan, Wade (September 30, 2019). "'Spawn' creator Todd McFarlane earns Guinness World Record". UPI. Archived from the original on September 30, 2019. Retrieved September 30, 2019.
- Kendall, G. (February 12, 2017). "Spawn at 25: The Twisted History of Todd McFarlane’s Undead Hero". CBR.com. Retrieved January 17, 2018.
- Fields, Sarah K. (May 6, 2016). Game Faces: Sport Celebrity and the Laws of Reputation. University of Illinois Press. p. 122. Archived at Google Books. Retrieved April 25, 2017.
- Zimbalist, Andrew (October 22, 2010). Circling the Bases: Essays on the Challenges and Prospects of the Sports. Temple University Press, p. 26. Retrieved at Google Books. Retrieved April 25, 2017.
- "Todd McFarlane Begins Work on New 'Spawn' Film". Bloody Disgusting. May 31, 2007. Archived from the original on October 14, 2007.
- "Spawn (1997)", Rotten Tomatoes; retrieved April 26, 2017.
- "Spawn (1997)". Box Office Mojo; retrieved April 26, 2017.
- Bark, Ed (May 16, 1997). "'Spawn' A Trek Through Cartoon Slime". Sun-Sentinel. Retrieved January 17, 2018.
- "Spawn: HBO". Emmy Awards. Academy of Television Arts & Sciences; retrieved April 26, 2017.
- Booker, Keith M. (May 11, 2010). Encyclopedia of Comic Books and Graphic Novels. Greenwood. p. 402. Archived at Google Books. Retrieved April 26, 2017.
- "The Greatest Animated Music Videos", Rolling Stone. January 31, 2012.
- "Debuts". The TRL Archive. Archived from the original on September 28, 2007. Retrieved March 20, 2008.
- "Recap – February 1999". The TRL Archive. Retrieved March 20, 2008.
- "Hall of Fame". The TRL Archive. Retrieved March 20, 2008.
- "Number Ones". The TRL Archive. Retrieved March 20, 2008.
- Metal Edge. July 2000
- Billboard. March 11, 2000. p. 7.
- Billboard. March 11, 2000. p. 79.
- Holden, Stephen (June 14, 2002). "FILM REVIEW; Altar Boys Will Be Altar Boys, and They're Drawing Comics, Too". The New York Times.
- White, Armond (June 25, 2002). "Scooby-Doo; The Dangerous Lives of Altar Boys" Archived April 27, 2017, at the Wayback Machine. New York Press. Retrieved January 17, 2018.
- "The Dangerous Lives of Altar Boys (2002)". Rotten Tomatoes. Retrieved April 26, 2017.
- Harris, Chris (March 10, 2006). "Todd McFarlane To Make Genesis' 'Confusion' Clip Even More Disturbed". MTV. Retrieved January 17, 2018.
- "Stan Lee & Todd McFarlane Team with Music Icon". IGN. Retrieved June 6, 2011.
- Miot, Stephanie (June 8, 2012). "Third Strike for 38 Studios, Curt Schilling Leads to Bankruptcy Filing". PC Magazine. Retrieved January 17, 2018.
- Oshry, Dave (March 17, 2012). "McFarlane says 38 Studios' Amalur MMO is coming this year". VG247.com. Retrieved January 17, 2018.
- "Todd McFarlane Profile" Archived August 9, 2011, at the Wayback Machine. IGN; retrieved August 26, 2012.
- Gilbert, Ben (May 24, 2012). "38 Studios and Big Huge Games lay off entire staffs". Joystiq.
- "Curt Schilling says he is 'tapped out' financially and lost $50 million". WEEI-FM. June 22, 2012. Retrieved January 17, 2018.
- Spar, Jerry (June 22, 2012). "Curt Schilling on D&C: 'I'm not asking for sympathy’ after losing $50M in business collapse". WEEI.com. Retrieved January 17, 2018.
- Makuch, Eddie (June 7, 2012). "Amalur dev files for bankruptcy, FBI investigating". GameSpot. Archived from the original on June 11, 2012.
- Logan, Michael (June 4, 2012). "Exclusive First Look: The Walking Dead Comic Hits 100". TV Guide.
- Kit, Borys (July 21, 2017). "New 'Spawn' Movie in the Works From Todd McFarlane, Blumhouse". The Hollywood Reporter. Archived from the original on February 10, 2018. Retrieved February 10, 2018.
- Fleming Jr, Mike (May 29, 2018). "Jamie Foxx Set For 'Spawn,' Creator Todd McFarlane's Dark Blumhouse Adaptation". Deadline Hollywood. Retrieved May 29, 2018.
- Ramée, Jordan (July 9, 2018). "Jeremy Renner Set To Star In Spawn Movie Alongside Jamie Foxx". GameSpot. Retrieved July 11, 2018.
- Scott, Ryan (October 25, 2018). "Spawn Shoot Has Been Delayed Until Summer 2019". Movie Web. Retrieved October 26, 2018.
- Rovell, Darren (June 25, 2003). "McFarlane wins auction for historic Bonds ball". ESPN. Retrieved January 17, 2018.
- "Oilers unveil McFarlane-designed third jersey". Archived July 15, 2012, at the Wayback Machine. Spawn.com. October 26, 2001
- Cooper, James (October 5, 2011). "Why Todd McFarlane Loves The Edmonton Oilers", CBC Live. Retrieved January 17, 2018.
- "'Twisted Tales' To Television". Comics 2 Film. January 28, 2005. Archived from the original on August 18, 2006.
- "McFarlane To Produce 'Halo 3' Action Figures" Archived January 12, 2008, at the Wayback Machine Spawn.com. Retrieved January 17, 2018.
- George, Richard (February 29, 2008). "McFarlane's Halo 3 Series One Review". IGN.com. Retrieved January 17, 2018.
- Seibert, Perry. "The Devil You Know: Inside the Mind of Todd McFarlane (2002)". The New York Times. Retrieved March 12, 2012.
- Phegley, Kiel (July 24, 2009). "CCI: Cup O Joe". CBR.com. Retrieved January 17, 2018.
- cite web|author=Mozzocco, J. Caleb|publisher=Comics Alliance|title=Neil Gaiman And Todd McFarlane Settle Legal Dispute Over Co-Spawned Characters Read More: Neil Gaiman And Todd McFarlane Settle Legal Dispute Over Co-Spawned Characters | https://comicsalliance.com/spawn-angela-neil-gaiman-todd-mcfarlane-ownership-settlement/?utm_source=tsmclip&utm_medium=referral%7Curl=https://comicsalliance.com/spawn-angela-neil-gaiman-todd-mcfarlane-ownership-settlement/%7Cdate=January 31, 2012|accessdate=September 30, 2019|archivedate=|archiveurl=}}
- Sunu, Steve (March 21, 2013). "Gaiman Returns to Marvel, Brings Spawn's Angela". Comic Book Resources. Archived from the original on March 24, 2013. Retrieved April 20, 2019.
- Boucher, Geoff (May 9, 2013). "FIRST LOOK: Neil Gaiman's avenging Angela will make Marvel history". Entertainment Weekly. Archived from the original on November 22, 2017. Retrieved May 9, 2013.
- Johnson, Rich (June 19, 2013). "Marvel Owns Angela – But No, Karen Gillan Won't Be Playing Her In Guardians Of The Galaxy". BleedingCool. Archived from the original on March 7, 2019. Retrieved June 19, 2013.
- "Appeals court upholds $15M verdict for Twist". St. Louis Business Journal. June 20, 2006. Retrieved January 17, 2018.
- Gallaher, Valerie (October 1, 2012). "Todd McFarlane Sues Al Simmons". MTV. Retrieved January 17, 2018.
- Gardner, Eriq (October 1, 2012). "Todd McFarlane Sues Ex-Employee Claiming to Be Inspiration of 'Spawn' Character". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved January 17, 2018.
- "Todd McFarlane Settles With Al Simmons, DC Try To Get Their Costs From Toberoff – Bleeding Cool News And Rumors". December 14, 2012.
- Gardner, Eriq Gardner; Belloni, Matthew (December 13, 2012). "Hollywood Docket: Faulkner Estate Settles; Sandler Beats 'Just Go With It' Suit; 'Superman' Appeal". The Hollywood Reporter.CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
- "1992 National Cartoonists Society Awards". Hahn Library Comic Awards Almanac; retrieved December 21, 2013.
- Hahn, Joel, ed. "Inkpot Awards". Comic Book Awards Almanac. Archived from the original on November 30, 2009.CS1 maint: extra text: authors list (link)
- "PAST WINNERS SEARCH" Archived June 9, 2016, at the Wayback Machine The Grammys, Retrieved April 25, 2017.
- "2011 Nominees and Winners". The Joe Shuster Awards. Retrieved August 26, 2012.
- Janovsky, Julie (July 10, 2007). "In McFarlane household, action figures are the family business". East Valley Tribune.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Todd McFarlane.|
- Official website
- Todd McFarlane at the Comic Book DB
- Todd McFarlane on IMDb
- McFarlane, Todd (July 26, 2002). "TONY TWIST APPEAL DENIED: Missouri Court Upholds 2000 Ruling". Spawn.com. Archived at the Internet Archive.
- "Tony Twist wins battle over name: Judge orders comic artist pay $15 million." Columbia Daily Tribune. July 11, 2004
- Groth, Gary (1992). "Interview". Best Of Most Of. Archived at the Internet Archive.
- Epstein, Daniel Robert; Wolleck, Anders (January 24, 2006). "Todd McFarlane". SuicideGirls.
- "Maxim Earns Geek Cred With Todd McFarlane". Maxim. July 2008.
- Callahan-Bever, Noah (July 24, 2017). "Spider-Man to Spawn: How Todd McFarlane Became the Biggest Comic Book Artist Ever". Complex/YouTube.
| Infinity, Inc. artist
| The Incredible Hulk artist
| The Amazing Spider-Man artist
| Spider-Man writer/artist
| Spawn artist
| Spawn writer