The following is a timeline of the history of the city of Tabriz, capital of East Azerbaijan Province in Iran.

Prior to 15th centuryEdit

 
One of the unearthed thumb in Blue mosque excavation site, 1500 B.C.
  • 714 B.C. – Mentioned in Assyrian King Sargon II's epigraph in 714 B.C
  • 2nd to 7th century AD The earliest elements of the present Tabriz are claimed to be built either at the time of the early Sassanids in the 3rd or 4th century AD, or later in the 7th century.[1] The Middle Persian name of the city was T'awrēš.
  • 8th century C.E. – Tabriz Bazaar construction begins.[2]
  • 858 C.E. – A devastating earthquake happened in Tabriz.[3]
  • 1041 – A devastating earthquake happened in Tabriz.[3]
  • 1208 – annexed by the army of Kingdom of Georgia under command of brothers Ivane and Zakaria Mkhargrdzeli.[4]
  • 1275 – Marco Polo traveled through Tabriz on his way to China.[5]
  • 1298 – Sham-i Ghazan built (approximate date).[6]
  • 1299 – City becomes Ilkhanid capital.[7]
  • 1300 – Rab'-e Rashidi (academic center) built.[8]
  • 1305 – Ghazaniyya (tomb) built.[8]
  • 1311 – Masjid-i Alishah built (approximate date).[6]
  • 1314 – Madrasa of Sayyid Hamza built.[6]
  • 1320 – Arg of Tabriz built.[8]
  • 1330 – Dimishqiyya built (approximate date).[6]
  • 1340 – Masjid-i Ustad-Shagird and Alaiyya built.[6]
  • 1356/1357 – City is briefly occupied by the Muzafarrids[9]
  • 1370 – Imarat-i Shaikh Uvais built (approximate date).[6]
  • 1375 – City becomes capital of Kara Koyunlu territory.[citation needed]
  • 1392 – City besieged by Timur.[3]

15th–16th centuriesEdit

 
A 16th-century map of Tabriz, sketched by Matrakçı Nasuh (Ottoman polymath).
 
A miniature depicted of 2nd Shah of the Safavid dynasty Tahmasp I in Tabriz.

17th–18th centuriesEdit

 
Tauris sketched by Jean Chardin, 1673.
 
Sketch of Tabriz in 1690.
  • 1603 – Safavids in power.
  • 1610 – Ottomans in power.
  • 1611 – Safavids in power.
  • 1635 – City sacked by Ottoman Murad IV.[6]
  • 1636 – Saheb-ol-Amr Mosque built.[2]
  • 1641 – Earthquake.[10]
  • 1655 – Madrasa Sadiqiyya built.[6]
  • 1673 – Population: 550,000.[11]
  • 1676 – Madrasa Talibiyya built.[6]
  • 1721 – Earthquake kills eighty thousands.[15]
  • 1724 – Ottomans in power.
    • 1724–1725 Ottoman invaders killed about two hundred thousands of city residents.
  • 1730 – Safavids in power.
  • 1736 – City becomes part of Afshar territory.
  • 1747 – City becomes part of Khanate of Tabriz.
  • 1757 – Mohammad Hasan Khan Qajar takes city.[16]
  • 1762 – City incorporated into Zand realm.[16]
  • 1775 – Earthquake.[11]
  • 1780 – 28 February: Earthquake kills about two hundred thousands of the city residents.[7]
    • Population: about thirty thousands.
  • 1785 – Qajars in power.
  • 1799 – Qajar prince Abbas Mirza appointed as the governor of the city.

19th centuryEdit

20th centuryEdit

1900s–1940sEdit

 
Teachers of Memorial School of Tabriz, photographed in 1923.

1950s–1990sEdit

21st centuryEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Fisher, William Bayne; Boyle, J. A. (1968), The Cambridge History of Iran: The Land of Iran (1 ed.), Cambridge University Press, p. 14
  2. ^ a b "Tabriz". Islamic Cultural Heritage Database. Istanbul: Organisation of Islamic Cooperation, Research Centre for Islamic History, Art and Culture. Archived from the original on 27 May 2013.
  3. ^ a b c Balfour 1885.
  4. ^ Salia, Kalistrat (1983). History of the Georgian nation. Madison, WI: University of Wisconsin. p. 181.
  5. ^ Marco Polo (1854) The travels of Marco Polo: the Venetian. G. Bell & sons. 1854. p. 44.
  6. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m Melville 1981.
  7. ^ a b c d Grove 2009.
  8. ^ a b c ArchNet.org. "Tabriz". Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA: MIT School of Architecture and Planning. Retrieved 6 February 2013.
  9. ^ Houtsma, T. (1993). First Encyclopaedia of Islam: 1913–1936. E.J. Brill. p. 798. ISBN 9789004097964. Retrieved 13 March 2015.
  10. ^ a b c d e Bosworth 2007.
  11. ^ a b c d Stanley 2008.
  12. ^ "CITY POPULATIONS THROUGH HISTORY" (PDF). 21 March 2006. Retrieved 13 March 2015.
  13. ^ a b Andrew J. Newman (2006). "Key Dates". Safavid Iran: Rebirth of a Persian Empire. I.B.Tauris. pp. 129+. ISBN 978-1-86064-667-6.
  14. ^ a b c d Tadeusz Swietochowski; Brian C. Collins (1999). Historical Dictionary of Azerbaijan. USA: Scarecrow Press.
  15. ^ a b c Britannica 1910.
  16. ^ a b c d Werner 2000.
  17. ^ Morse 1823.
  18. ^ George Nathaniel Curzon (1892), Persia and the Persian Question, London: Longmans, Green & Co., OCLC 3444074
  19. ^ "مؤسسه مطالعات تاريخ معاصر ايران IICHS". iichs.org. Retrieved 13 March 2015.
  20. ^ "Persia". Statesman's Year-Book. London: Macmillan and Co. 1922.
  21. ^ Hasanbeyghi, Mohammadreza, Alo125, Hamshahribook, 2007 ISBN 978-964-2924-39-4.
  22. ^ "Tavakoli Match Co. Website...About Us". tavakolimatches.com. Retrieved 13 March 2015.
  23. ^ Cosroe Chaqueri, The Soviet Socialist Republic of Iran, 1920–1921: Birth of the Trauma (Pittsburgh and London: University of Pittsburgh Press, 1995), p. 465.
  24. ^ Dr Stephanie Cronin (15 April 2013). Reformers and Revolutionaries in Modern Iran: New Perspectives on the Iranian Left. Routledge. ISBN 978-1-134-32890-1.
  25. ^ "چه بر سر عالی قاپوی تبریز آمد ؟| پایگاه فرهنگی اطلاع رسانی آناج | Anaj.ir". Archived from the original on 11 August 2012. Retrieved 13 March 2015.
  26. ^ "WorldCat". USA: Online Computer Library Center. Retrieved 6 February 2013.
  27. ^ "Population of capital cities and cities of 100,000 and more inhabitants". Demographic Yearbook 1965. New York: Statistical Office of the United Nations. 1966. pp. 140–161.
  28. ^ Persian Bulletin of Blue Mosque, Iranian Cultural Heritages Organization.
  29. ^ "Asian Nations Cup 1976". rsssf.com. Retrieved 13 March 2015.
  30. ^ a b Brenda Shaffer, Borders and Brethren: Iran and the Challenge of Azerbaijani Identity, p81
  31. ^ "درباره ما – شرکت پالایش نفت تبریز". tbzrefinery.co.ir. Retrieved 13 March 2015.
  32. ^ Brenda Shaffer (19 August 2010). "The formation of Azerbaijani collective identity in Iran". Nationalities Papers. 28 (3): 449–477. doi:10.1080/713687484.
  33. ^ "HugeDomains.com - Varliq.com is for Sale (Varliq)". varliq.com. Retrieved 13 March 2015.
  34. ^ https://www.webharvest.gov/peth04/20041016172847/http://aupress.au.af.mil/Books/Bergquist/Bergquist_B25.pdf | The role of air power in Iran Iraq war, page 45
  35. ^ United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Statistical Office (1987). "Population of capital cities and cities of 100,000 and more inhabitants". 1985 Demographic Yearbook. New York. pp. 247–289.
  36. ^ IRAN (4 September 2012). "دانشگاه شهید مدنی آذربایجان" (PDF). Retrieved 13 March 2015.
  37. ^ "Tabriz International Exhibition Co". Retrieved 6 February 2013.
  38. ^ "Countries of the World: Iran". Statesman's Yearbook 2003. UK: Palgrave Macmillan. 2002. ISBN 978-0-333-98096-5.
  39. ^ "Tabriz Petrochemical Company". tpco.ir. Retrieved 13 March 2015.
  40. ^ "Amir Nezam House Museum". Tehran Times. 22 February 2012. Retrieved 6 February 2013.
  41. ^ "سازمان ميراث فرهنگي، صنايع دستي و گردشگري استان آذربايجان شرقي – سایت موزه عصر آهن تبریز". Archived from the original on 21 June 2010. Retrieved 13 March 2015.CS1 maint: unfit url (link)
  42. ^ "Iran Shuts Down Newspaper Over Cartoon". New York Times. 24 May 2006.
  43. ^ "Protests in Iran Over Disappearing Lake". New York Times. 30 August 2011.
  44. ^ "Population of capital cities and cities of 100,000 or more inhabitants". Demographic Yearbook 2015. United Nations Statistics Division. 2016.
  45. ^ fa:برج بلور
  46. ^ "Hundreds killed in northwest Iran earthquakes". Al Jazeera. 12 August 2012. Retrieved 6 February 2013.
  47. ^ World Health Organization (2016), Global Urban Ambient Air Pollution Database, Geneva
  48. ^ "دوربین آناج / شادی هواداران رئیس جمهور منتخب در تبریز| پایگاه فرهنگی اطلاع رسانی آناج | Anaj.ir". Archived from the original on 18 June 2013. Retrieved 13 March 2015.
  49. ^ "‫تبریز ۲۵ خرداد. آخر هفته احمدی رفته -‬‎ – YouTube". youtube.com. Retrieved 13 March 2015.
  50. ^ "صادق نجفی شهردار تبریز شد – خبرگزاری مهر | اخبار ایران و جهان | Mehr News Agency". mehrnews.com. 13 October 2013. Retrieved 13 March 2015.
  51. ^ "http://shahryarnews.net/?MID=21&Type=News&TypeID=1&id=11344". shahryarnews.net. Retrieved 13 March 2015. External link in |title= (help)
  52. ^ "نخستین موزه فوتبال ایران در تبریز افتتاح شد" [First football museum opened in Tabriz, Iran] (in Persian). Tabnak. Retrieved 13 March 2015.

This article incorporates information from the Azerbaijani Wikipedia, Turkish Wikipedia, and Croatian Wikipedia.

BibliographyEdit

External linksEdit

ImagesEdit

Tabriz in 19th centuryEdit

Tabriz during constitutional revolutionEdit

Tabriz invasion during WWIIEdit