Timandra (mythology)

In Greek mythology, Timandra (Ancient Greek: Τιμάνδρα) was a Spartan princess and later on, queen of Arcadia.

FamilyEdit

Timandra was one of the daughters of King Tyndareus[1] and Leda[2], daughter of King Thestius of Pleuron, Aetolia. Thus, she was the (half-)sister of the divine twins, Castor and Pollux, Helen, Clytemnestra, Phoebe and Philonoe. Timandra married Echemus, the king of Arcadia, and possibly with him had a son named Ladocus.[3][4]

MythologyEdit

Like Helen and Clytemnestra, she was also unfaithful and deserted Echemus for Phyleus, the king of Dulichium.

This can be explained by the following account with Stesichorus and Hesiod as the authorities:

"Steischorus says that while sacrificing to the gods Tyndareus forgot Aphrodite and that the goddess was angry and made his daughters twice and thrice wed and deserters of their husbands . . . And Hesiod also says:
"And laughter-loving Aphrodite felt jealous when she looked on them and cast them into evil report. Then Timandra deserted Echemus and went and came to Phyleus, dear to the deathless gods; and even so Clytaemnestra deserted god-like Agamemnon and lay with Aegisthus and chose a worse mate; and even so Helen dishonoured the couch of golden-haired Menelaus."[5]

NotesEdit

  1. ^ Hesiod, Ehoiai fr. 23(a) 7–9
  2. ^ Pseudo-Apollodorus, Bibliotheca 3.10.6
  3. ^ Hesiod, Catalogue fr. 23(a) 31–5
  4. ^ Pausanias, Graeciae Descriptio 8.5.1 & 8.44.1
  5. ^ Scholia on Euripides, Orestes 249 = Hesiod, Ehoiai fr. 176 (no. 46 in the Loeb edition, 1914)

ReferencesEdit

Further readingEdit

  • March, J. Cassell's Dictionary Of Classical Mythology. London, 1999. ISBN 0-304-35161-X