Theon Senior (crater)

Theon Senior is a lunar impact crater that is located to the northwest of the crater Delambre, and south of D'Arrest. It forms a matching pair with Theon Junior, about two crater diameters to the south-southeast. The satellite crater Theon Senior A can be found to the north. Theon Senior is named for Theon of Smyrna, a 1st-2nd century Greek mathematician and philosopher.[1][2][3]

Theon Senior
Theon Sr Theon Jr craters 4090 h1.jpg
Lunar Orbiter 4 image of Theon Senior (top) and Theon Junior (bottom)
Coordinates0°48′S 15°24′E / 0.8°S 15.4°E / -0.8; 15.4Coordinates: 0°48′S 15°24′E / 0.8°S 15.4°E / -0.8; 15.4
Diameter18 km
Depth3470 m
Colongitude345° at sunrise
EponymTheon of Smyrna
Oblique view of Theon Senior (top) and Theon Junior (bottom) from Apollo 16

This crater is circular and bowl-shaped, with only a small floor at the center of the steeply sloping interior walls. The crater appears relatively young, as it shows little sign of wear due to impacts. The crater is about 18 kilometers in diameter, and the distance from its rim to the floor is 3470 meters.[2] Theon Senior is from the Eratosthenian period, which lasted from 3.2 to 1.1 billion years ago.[2][3]

Satellite cratersEdit

By convention these features are identified on lunar maps by placing the letter on the side of the crater midpoint that is closest to Theon Senior.[4]

Latitude Longitude Diameter
A 0.2° S 15.4° E 5 km
B 0.2° N 14.1° E 6 km
C 1.4° S 14.5° E 6 km


  1. ^ "Theon Senior (crater)". Gazetteer of Planetary Nomenclature. USGS Astrogeology Research Program.
  2. ^ a b c Autostar Suite Astronomer Edition. CD-ROM. Meade, April 2006.
  3. ^ a b Moore, Patrick (2001). On the Moon. Sterling Publishing Co.. ISBN 0-304-35469-4.
  4. ^ Bussey, B.; Spudis, P. (2004). The Clementine Atlas of the Moon. New York: Cambridge University Press. ISBN 0-521-81528-2.

External linksEdit