Theodorus Hendrikus "Theo" Bot (20 July 1911 – 24 September 1984) was a Dutch politician and diplomat of the defunct Catholic People's Party (KVP) now merged into the Christian Democratic Appeal (CDA) party and jurist.

Theo Bot
Theo Bot (1966).jpg
Theo Bot in 1966
Permanent Representative of the
Netherlands to the IAEA
In office
1 July 1973 – 1 August 1976
Preceded byUnknown
Succeeded byUnknown
Ambassador of the
Netherlands to Austria
In office
1 July 1973 – 1 August 1976
Preceded byUnknown
Succeeded byUnknown
Ambassador of the
Netherlands to Canada
In office
17 January 1968 – 1 July 1973
Preceded byUnknown
Succeeded byUnknown
Minister for Aid to
Developing Countries
In office
14 April 1965 – 5 April 1967
Prime MinisterJo Cals (1965–1966)
Jelle Zijlstra (1966–1967)
Preceded byOffice established
Succeeded byBé Udink
Minister of Education,
Arts and Sciences
In office
24 July 1963 – 14 April 1965
Prime MinisterVictor Marijnen
Preceded byMarga Klompé (Ad interim)
Succeeded byIsaäc Arend Diepenhorst
Member of the House of Representatives
In office
2 July 1963 – 24 July 1963
Parliamentary groupCatholic People's Party
State Secretary for the Interior
In office
23 November 1959 – 24 July 1963
Prime MinisterJan de Quay
Preceded byNorbert Schmelzer
as State Secretary for the Interior,
Property and Public Sector
Organisations
Succeeded byTheo Westerhout
Personal details
Born
Theodorus Hendrikus Bot

(1911-07-20)20 July 1911
Dordrecht, Netherlands
Died24 September 1984(1984-09-24) (aged 73)
The Hague, Netherlands
NationalityDutch
Political partyChristian Democratic Appeal
(from 1980)
Other political
affiliations
Catholic People's Party
(until 1980)
Spouse(s)
Elisabeth van Hal
(m. 1936; his death 1984)
ChildrenBen Bot (born 1937)
6 other children
Alma materUtrecht University
(Bachelor of Laws, Master of Laws)
Royal Military Academy
OccupationPolitician · Diplomat · Civil servant · Jurist · Political consultant · Nonprofit director · Lobbyist · Army officer
Military service
Allegiance Netherlands
Branch/serviceRoyal Netherlands
East Indies Army
Years of service1936–1940 (Reserve)
1940–1942 (Active duty)
RankNl-landmacht-eerste luitenant.svg Lieutenant
Battles/warsWorld War II

Bot attended a Gymnasium in Utrecht from May 1924 until June 1930 and applied at the Utrecht University in June 1930 majoring in Law and obtaining an Bachelor of Laws degree in July 1932 before graduating with an Master of Laws degree in July 1936. Bot also applied at the Royal Military Academy in Breda in January 1933 to be trained as a reserve Artillery Officer in the Royal Netherlands East Indies Army graduating as a Lieutenant in September 1936. Bot worked as a civil servant for the Dutch East Indies Government in West Java from November 1936 until March 1942 in Purwakarta from November 1936 until August 1939 and in Sukabumi from August 1939 until March 1942. On 10 May 1940 Nazi Germany invaded the Netherlands and the government fled to London to escape the German occupation. Bot was called to active duty and served in an air defense artillery platoon during the Dutch East Indies campaign. On 8 March 1942 Bot was captured following the Battle of Borneo and detained in the Japanese internment camp Kampong Makassar. Bot was later transferred to the internment camp Thanbyuzayat in Burma to work on the Burma Railway and was detained until 30 September 1945 and following the end of World War II moved back to the Netherlands. Bot worked as a civil servant for the Ministry of Colonial Affairs from March 1946 until March 1949 as Deputy Director-General of the department for Constitutional Reform from March 1946 until June 1948 and as Deputy Director-General of the department for Political Affairs from June 1948 until March 1949. Bot worked as political advisor for the High Commissioner of the Dutch East Indies Tony Lovink from March 1949 until December 1949. Bot served as Deputy Secretary-General of the Netherlands-Indonesian Union and as a political consultant for the Ministry of Colonial Affairs from December 1949 tot March 1954. Bot worked as a civil servant for the Ministry of Foreign Affairs as Director-General of the department for NATO and Western European Union affairs from March 1954 until November 1959

After the election of 1959 Bot was appointed as State Secretary for the Interior in the Cabinet De Quay, taking office on 23 November 1959. Bot was elected as a Member of the House of Representatives after the election of 1963, taking office on 2 July 1963. Following the cabinet formation of 1963 Bot was appointed Minister of Education, Arts and Sciences in the Cabinet Marijnen, taking office on 24 July 1963. The Cabinet Marijnen fell on 27 February 1965 after a disagreement in the coalition about reforms to the public broadcasting system and continued to serve in a demissionary capacity until the cabinet formation of 1965 when it was replaced by the Cabinet Cals with Bot appointed as Minister for Aid to Developing Countries, taking office on 14 April 1965. The Cabinet Cals fell on 14 October 1966 after the Leader of the Catholic People's Party Norbert Schmelzer had proposed a motion that called for a stronger austerity policy to further reduce the deficit was seen an indirect motion of no confidence and continued to serve in a demissionary capacity until the cabinet formation of 1966 when it was replaced by the caretaker Cabinet Zijlstra with Bot continuing as Minister for Aid to Developing Countries, taking office on 22 November 1966. In December 1966 Bot announced that he wouldn't stand for the election of 1967. Following the cabinet formation of 1967 Bot was not giving a cabinet post in the new cabinet, the Cabinet Zijlstra was replaced by the Cabinet De Jong on 5 April 1967.

Bot remained in active in national politics, in September 1967 he was nominated as Ambassador to Canada, taking office on 17 January 1968. In June 1973 Bot was nominated as Permanent Representative to the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) and Ambassador to Austria, he resigned as Ambassador to Canada the same day he was installed as Permanent Representative to the IAEA and Ambassador to Austria, serving from 1 July 1973 until 1 August 1976.

Bot retired after spending 16 years in national politics and became active in the public sector and occupied numerous seats as a nonprofit director on several boards of directors and supervisory boards (UNICEF, United Nations Commission on Science and Technology for Development (CSTD), Oxfam Novib and the Transnational Institute) and served on several state commissions and councils on behalf of the government (Cadastre Agency, Public Pension Funds PFZW, National Insurance Bank and KPN) and served as an diplomat and lobbyist for several economic delegations on behalf of the government.

Bot was known for his abilities as a negotiator and consensus builder. Bot continued to comment on political affairs until his is death at the age of 73 and holds the distinction as the first serving Minister for Development Cooperation. His eldest son Ben is also a politician and diplomat and who served as Minister of Foreign Affairs from 3 December 2003 until 22 February 2007.

BiographyEdit

Early lifeEdit

Theodorus Hendrikus Bot was born on 20 July 1911 in Dordrecht in the Province of South Holland in a Roman Catholic family as one of three sons of Maria Theresia Frederica Creemers and Lourens Bot, a German language teacher. From 1923 to 1930 he went to the "Gemeentelijk Gymnasium" high school in Apeldoorn, and studied Indonesian law at Utrecht University from 1930 to September 1936. He also followed an education at the "School voor Reserve-Officieren der Bereden-Artillerie" (English: School for Reserve-Officers of the Horse-Artillery) in Ede.[1]

Civil serviceEdit

From 1936 to 1942 Bot was sent out for the civil service to the Dutch East Indies and would serve with the east-Asian service in Batavia, Purwakarta and Soekaboemi. During World War II he was in active service from 1940 to 8 March 1942 in the rank of reserve-first lieutenant of the horse-artillery. Afterwards he was a Japanese warprisoner at camps in Java, Birma and Thailand, until 30 September 1945, and worked on the Burma Railway. After the war he returned to the Netherlands in 1946, where he functioned in several functions related to the Dutch East Indies.[1]

PoliticsEdit

Bot served as State Secretary of the Interior, in charge of matters concerning Netherlands New Guinea, from 23 November 1959 until 24 July 1963 in the De Quay cabinet.[2] He was shortly a member of the House of Representatives from 2 July until 24 July 1963 when he became Minister of Education, Culture and Science in the Marijnen cabinet.[3] He finally served as Minister without portfolio in charge of matters concerning development aid, from 14 April 1965 until 5 April 1967, in the Cals and Zijlstra cabinets.

After his membership of the cabinet he was appointed Dutch ambassador in Ottawa, Ontario, Canada in September 1967, serving from 17 January 1968 until July 1973. Consequently, he became ambassador in Vienna, Austria, and permanent representative to the International Atomic Energy Agency from July 1973 until 1 August 1976.[1]

Other functionsEdit

  • Chairman "Academie Leken Missie Actie" (English: Academy Non-religious Mission Action), 1959
  • Honorary national advisor for development aid, since 1976
  • Chairman National Committee in preparation of the UN-conference on Science and Technology for Development
  • Chairman Dutch delegation at the board of UNICEF
  • Chairman Foundation National Committee international year of the child 1979

PersonalEdit

In 1936 he married Elisabeth W. van Hal. They had seven children. He is the father of Ben Bot, who would become minister of foreign affairs.[1]

DecorationsEdit

Military decorations
Ribbon bar Decoration Country Date Comment
  War Memorial Cross Netherlands 5 May 1946
Mobilisation War Cross Netherlands 31 August 1948
Honours
Ribbon bar Honour Country Date Comment
  Knight of the Order of the Netherlands Lion Netherlands 29 April 1957
  Knight of the Order of the Holy Sepulchre Holy See 5 June 1960
  Grand Officer of the Order of the Crown Belgium 10 December 1966
  Commander of the Order of Orange-Nassau Netherlands 17 April 1967
  Grand Officer of the Order of the Oak Crown Luxembourg 30 November 1974
  Commander of the Legion of Honour France 25 October 1975
  Grand Decoration of Honour in Gold of the Decoration of Honour for Services Austria 1 August 1976
  Grand Cordon of the Honorary Order of the Palm Suriname 17 May 1979

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d "Mr. Th.H. (Theo) Bot" (in Dutch). Parlement & Politiek. Retrieved 30 August 2014.
  2. ^ "'Een fascinerende opgave'. De nieuwe staatssecretaris voor Nieuw-Guinea". HP/De Tijd. 16 December 1959.
  3. ^ "Mr Th.H. Bot: 'Werk van voorganger, mr. Cals, verder uitbouwen". HP/De Tijd. 13 August 1963.

External linksEdit

Political offices
Preceded by
Norbert Schmelzer
State Secretary for the Interior
1959–1963
Succeeded by
Theo Westerhout
Preceded by
Marga Klompé
Ad interim
Minister of Education,
Arts and Sciences

1963–1965
Succeeded by
Isaäc Arend
Diepenhorst
Preceded by
Office established
Minister for Aid to
Developing Countries

1965–1967
Succeeded by
Bé Udink
Diplomatic posts
Preceded by
Unknown
Ambassador of the
Netherlands to Canada

1968–1973
Succeeded by
Unknown
Preceded by
Unknown
Ambassador of the
Netherlands to Austria

1973–1976
Succeeded by
Unknown
Preceded by
Unknown
Permanent Representative
of the Netherlands to the
International Atomic Energy Agency

1973–1976
Succeeded by
Unknown