The Powerpuff Girls
The Powerpuff Girls is an American superhero animated television series created by animator Craig McCracken and produced by Hanna-Barbera (later Cartoon Network Studios) for Cartoon Network. The show centers on Blossom, Bubbles, and Buttercup, three kindergarten-aged girls with superpowers. The girls all live in the fictional city of Townsville, USA with their father and creator, a scientist named Professor Utonium, and are frequently called upon by the city's mayor to help fight nearby criminals and other enemies using their powers.
|The Powerpuff Girls|
|Created by||Craig McCracken|
|Narrated by||Tom Kenny|
|Theme music composer|
|Opening theme||"The Powerpuff Girls (Main Theme)"|
|Ending theme||"The Powerpuff Girls (End Theme)", |
performed by Bis
|Country of origin||United States|
|No. of seasons||6|
|No. of episodes||78 (whole)|
136 (segments) (list of episodes)
|Executive producer(s)||Craig McCracken|
|Running time||11-15 minutes (per each segments)|
|Distributor||Warner Bros. Television Distribution|
|Original network||Cartoon Network|
|Original release||November 18, 1998 –|
March 25, 2005
|Related shows||Powerpuff Girls Z|
What a Cartoon!
The Powerpuff Girls (2016)
McCracken originally developed the show in 1992 as a cartoon short entitled Whoopass Stew! while in his second year at CalArts. Following a name change, Cartoon Network featured the first Powerpuff Girls pilots in its animation showcase program What a Cartoon! in 1995 and 1996. The series made its official debut as a Cartoon Cartoon on November 18, 1998, with the final episode airing on March 25, 2005. Excluding the two pilot shorts, the series ran for a total of six seasons, totalling 78 episodes. Along with the episodes, a Christmas special and a feature film, The Powerpuff Girls Movie, were also made concurrently. Two additional specials were made after the show ceased to air in 2005 which included a tenth anniversary special (2008), and a CGI special (2014) which was made without McCracken's input.
Various spin-off media include an anime, three CD soundtracks, a home video collection, comic books, a series of video games, and a 2016 reboot, as well as various licensed merchandise. The series has been nominated for six Emmy Awards, nine Annie Awards, and a Kids' Choice Award during its run. In all, the series won four awards and generally received positive reception.
The show revolves around the adventures of three kindergarten aged girls with an array of various superpowers: Blossom (pink), Bubbles (blue), and Buttercup (green). The plot of an episode is usually some humorous variation of standard superhero and tokusatsu shows, with the girls using their powers to defend their town from villains and giant monsters. In addition, the girls have to deal with the normal issues that young children face, such as sibling rivalries, loose teeth, personal hygiene, going to school, bed wetting, or dependence on a security blanket. Episodes often contain hidden references to older pop culture (especially noticeable in the episode "Meet the Beat Alls", which is a homage to the Beatles). The cartoon always tries to keep different ideas within each episode with some small tributes and parodies thrown in.
The show is set mainly in the city of Townsville, USA. Townsville is depicted as a major American city, with a cityscape consisting of several major skyscrapers. In his review of The Powerpuff Girls Movie, movie critic Bob Longino of The Atlanta Journal-Constitution said, "the intricate drawings emanate 1950s futuristic pizzazz like a David Hockney scenescape," and that the show is "one of the few American creations that is both gleeful pop culture and exquisite high art."
As depicted in the opening sequence of each episode, the Powerpuff Girls Blossom, Bubbles, and Buttercup were created by Professor Utonium in an attempt to create the "perfect little girl" using a mixture of "sugar, spice, and everything nice". However, he accidentally spilled a mysterious substance called "Chemical X" into the mixture, creating three girls and granting all three superpowers including flight, super strength, superhuman speed, near invulnerability, x-ray vision, superhuman senses, red heat vision, energy projection, invisibility, and control over lightning and fire. In the original pilot, the accidental substance was a can of "Whoopass", which was replaced by "Chemical X" in the aired version.
The three girls all have oval-shaped heads, abnormally large eyes inspired by Margaret Keane's art, flat feet with toes and stubby arms and legs, and lack noses, ears, fingers and necks. McCracken preferred them to look more animated rather than going for a "realistic" look, meaning fewer body parts were needed. Blossom, Bubbles, and Buttercup normally wear dresses that match the colors of their eyes with black stripes, as well as white tights and black Mary Janes. The closing theme to the cartoon offers a nutshell description of the three Powerpuff Girls' personalities: Blossom, commander and the leader. Bubbles, she is the joy and the laughter. Buttercup, she is the toughest fighter.
- Blossom (voiced by Cathy Cavadini) is the self-proclaimed leader of the Powerpuff Girls. Her personality ingredient is "everything nice", her signature color is pink, and she has long orange hair with a red bow. She was named for having spoken freely and honestly to the Professor shortly after her creation as shown in The Powerpuff Girls Movie. She is often seen as the most level-headed, and composed member of the group and also strong and determined. Her unique abilities include "Ice Breath" (develops in "Ice Sore"), microscopic vision, and advanced intelligence; she is also a master strategist and apt planner.
- Bubbles (voiced by Tara Strong in the series and by Kath Soucie in the What a Cartoon! episodes) is the "softest and sweetest" of the three. Her signature color is blue, her personality ingredient is "sugar", and she has blonde hair in pigtails. Bubbles is seen as kind and very sweet but she is also capable of extreme rage and can fight monsters just as well as her sisters can. Her best friend is a stuffed octopus doll she calls "Octi", and she also loves animals. She exhibits the ability to both understand multiple languages and communicate with various animals, and her unique power is emitting supersonic waves.
- Buttercup (voiced by E. G. Daily) is described as a "tough hotheaded tomboy". Her personality ingredient is spice, her signature color is green, and she has black hair in a flip. She loves to get dirty, fights hard and plays rough; she does not plan and is all action. Buttercup is the only Powerpuff Girl without any unique superpowers (aside from being able to curl her tongue as shown in the episode "Nuthin' Special"). McCracken originally wanted to name the character "Bud" until a friend suggested the name Buttercup.
|First aired||Last aired|
|1||13||November 18, 1998||May 27, 1999|
|2||13||June 25, 1999||June 30, 2000|
|3||13||July 28, 2000||April 6, 2001|
|4||12||April 14, 2001||December 13, 2002|
|5||12||September 5, 2003||April 9, 2004|
|6||15||April 16, 2004||March 25, 2005|
During Craig McCracken's first year in the character animation program of CalArts, he created a series of short cartoons based on a character called "No Neck Joe". In June 1991, he created a drawing of three girls with large eyes, inspired visually by the 'waif' paintings of Margaret Keane, on a small sheet of orange construction paper as a birthday card design for his brother. The following year he included the three girls as the main characters of his short film Whoopass Stew! The Whoopass Girls in: A Sticky Situation. Initially, McCracken wanted to animate four Whoopass Girls shorts, but only one came to be. McCracken's shorts were selected to be shown at Spike and Mike's Sick and Twisted Festival of Animation in 1994.
While working on 2 Stupid Dogs in 1992, McCracken's Whoopass Girls short was picked up for a series by Cartoon Network. However, the name Whoopass had to be dropped for the channel to include it as part of its new What a Cartoon! animated shorts showcase. McCracken explained it was because many executives at Cartoon Network didn't think that anyone would make toys for kids with the word "ass" in it. So the title was changed and became The Powerpuff Girls and the name Whoopass was also changed to Powerpuff by Craig McCracken, and the "can of whoop ass" was renamed "Chemical X". McCracken's new short, entitled "The Powerpuff Girls in: Meat Fuzzy Lumpkins", aired as part the network's World Premiere Toon-In on February 20, 1995. The short was not as popular as Dexter's Laboratory, a project McCracken and former classmate Genndy Tartakovsky (who also directed many episodes of Powerpuff Girls) worked on together; being the most popular of the shorts, Dexter's Laboratory was the first to be greenlit by the network. Cartoon Network executive Mike Lazzo (who later serve as the executive producer for Williams Street in the fifth season of Samurai Jack) allowed McCracken to produce a new Powerpuff Girls short titled "Crime 101", which aired on What a Cartoon! in early 1996. Announcer Ernie Anderson, the narrator of the pilot episodes, died of cancer in 1997, and he was replaced by Tom Kenny for the remainder of the series.
The Powerpuff Girls series debut on November 18, 1998, was the highest rated premiere in Cartoon Network's history at the time. During its run, the series consistently scored the highest rating for an original series each week for the network across a wide range of demographics—from young children to adults. In October 2000, Cartoon Network credited the series for its Friday night prime time ratings win among cable networks. By the end of 2000, merchandising based on the series encompassed a whole variety of products, including T-shirts, toys, video games, lunchboxes, and dishware. Concerning the show's success, Craig McCracken has stated, "I thought it would get on Cartoon Network and college kids would watch it and there would be a few random T-shirts out there in the rave scene or in record shops. But I had no idea that it would take off to this extent." Following the series' fourth season, the closing of Hanna-Barbera Productions and the death of its executive William Hanna in 2001, McCracken left it to focus on his new animated series, Foster's Home for Imaginary Friends, leaving Chris Savino, then creator of The Loud House, and previously the showrunner for the last two seasons of Dexter's Laboratory, to take his place and the production of The Powerpuff Girls was moved to Cartoon Network Studios. The show's last original run episode was on March 25, 2005; in all, six seasons were made. Cartoon Network had offered to give McCracken and Savino a seventh season of the series, but they believed the series had run its course. Some of the new creative crew included Thurop Van Orman, who went on to create The Marvelous Misadventures of Flapjack.
All of the original episodes were hand-drawn and produced at Rough Draft Studios in South Korea, except the What a Cartoon! shorts, with the first one being animated at Animal House in Japan and the second being animated at Fil Cartoons in the Philippines. James L. Venable, Thomas Chase, & Stephen Rucker composed the opening theme of the series, and Scottish band Bis performed the ending theme song, as played during the credits. The opening theme uses a sped-up drum break sample of "Funky Drummer" performed by Clyde Stubblefield.
Tenth anniversary specialEdit
In August 2008, McCracken revealed on his DeviantArt account, as had been announced in that year's Comic Con, that he was working with Cartoon Network on a new half-hour Powerpuff Girls special to celebrate the series' tenth anniversary. The special, titled "The Powerpuff Girls Rule!!!", aired on the Pan-Euro Cartoon Network on November 29, 2008, on the Powerpuff Girls Birthday Marathon, and in the United States on January 19, 2009, as part of its 10th anniversary marathon. Unlike previous episodes in the series, the anniversary special was animated using Adobe Flash at Cartoon Network Studios. In March 2012, the series returned to Cartoon Network in reruns on the revived block, Cartoon Planet.
On January 28, 2013, a new CGI special titled Powerpuff Girls: Dance Pantsed was announced to premiere that year, though it was later delayed to January 20, 2014. The former Beatle Ringo Starr promoted the special on Cartoon Network singing a new original song "I Wish I Was a Powerpuff Girl" with previews leading up to the airdate. Ringo also voiced a new character named Fibonacci Sequins in the episode. The special was directed by Dave Smith, who directed episodes for the series in the past, and featured the original cast members reprising their roles. This Powerpuff Girls special marked the first time that series creator Craig McCracken had no input. The episode's plot has Mojo Jojo kidnap Fibonacci along with an opera singer and a badger. The girls rescue all of them, and the Powerpuff Girls defeat Mojo yet again with his kidnapping plan. Not deterred he then goes on to invent an evil video game called "Dance Pants R-EVILution" to take over Townsville. Common Sense Media gave the special 3/5 stars citing the "tasteful update of the original animation style" however recommends it for older kids around the age of 7. GON (Geeked Out Nation) gave the show a B rank and described it as "...a good special with the return of the characters that many of us grew up [with]", while they said that the special has few flaws. Den of Geek gave the special a 2.5 out 5 said "The Powerpuff reboot needs those paddles to jump-start it. I want more. But I want better."
Merchandise and mediaEdit
Anime and mangaEdit
In April 2005, plans for a Japanese anime version, Demashita! Powerpuff Girls Z, were announced. The series premiered in Japan the following year with 52 half-hour episodes, airing each Saturday from July 1 to December 23, 2006, and from January 6 to June 30, 2007. The series deviated from its American predecessor in terms of style, storyline, and characterization, but only minimally retained the essential themes that made the original a success. The characters feature three junior high school students Momoko Akatsutsumi (Hyper Blossom), Miyako Gotokuji (Rolling Bubbles), and Kaoru Matsubara (Powered Buttercup) as the three heroes. A manga adaptation, illustrated by Shiho Komiyuno, was serialized in Shueisha's Ribon magazine between June 2006 and July 2007.
The Powerpuff Girls Movie was released in the United States on July 3, 2002, by Warner Bros. and Cartoon Network. The movie, a prequel to the series, tells the story of how the Powerpuff Girls were created, and how Mojo Jojo (voiced by: Roger L. Jackson) became a supervillain. After Blossom, Bubbles and Buttercup were created by Professor Utonium to help the city against crime, they end up only causing chaos in Townsville. Down about how everyone refers to them as freaks, they turn to Mojo Jojo, a monkey who says he is there to help make people like them again. Unknown to the girls, Mojo Jojo was Professor Utonium's lab chimp helper who was mutated as a cause from the Powerpuff Girls being made and has become super smart as a result and jealous of them. Mojo Jojo ends up tricking the girls into helping him make a machine to mutate other chimps. Seeing what they have done the kids run away in shame but come back after seeing Professor Utonium in trouble, Blossom, Bubbles and Buttercup end up beating Mojo Jojo and his army of mutated smart chimps and saving the day, thus becoming Townsville's new defenders. The movie received a rating of 63% at Rotten Tomatoes, and received some criticism for the violence involved. In all, the movie grossed $16 million worldwide with an $11 million budget.
Three CD soundtracks were officially released for the series. The first, entitled Heroes & Villains, features original songs about the Powerpuff Girls characters by a number of artists, including the new wave group Devo, Bis, The Apples in Stereo and Frank Black. The first album did well, topping the Billboard's children's music chart for six weeks. Another album entitled, The City of Soundsville, features electronica-style character themes and also did well with critics. The third album, entitled Power Pop, features a more teen-oriented variety of pop songs. This third and final album was considered a "big disappointment" and not received as well. The British girl group Sugababes also released a song called Angels with Dirty Faces to promote The Powerpuff Girls Movie. The song received generally positive reviews from critics, and peaked at number seven on the UK Singles Chart.[a] The music video channels "Nano of the North", an episode from the fourth season of The Powerpuff Girls, in which each Sugababes member portrays a Powerpuff Girl.
Parodies and comicsEdit
A crossover parody of The Powerpuff Girls and 2 Broke Girls was done in Cartoon Network's TV series MAD's second season known as "2 Broke Powerpuff Girls". The parody which aired on January 30, 2012, is of Bubbles and Buttercup, who are broke and work for "Him" in a diner after the show got placed on permanent hiatus. Tara Strong (Bubbles) and Tom Kane ("Him") reprised their roles here. The MAD episode with the parody ranked #26/30 for the week with 1.903 million viewers. In February 2013, IDW Publishing announced a partnership with Cartoon Network to produce comics based on its properties and this series was one of the titles announced to be published.
A fan-produced webcomic series called PowerPuff Girls Doujinshi was created in 2004 and released through Snafu Comics. The girls are shown to be a bit older, but with the same personalities as, their T.V. counterparts, and the comic includes many characters from other cartoon shows. The story has the kids now going to school in a neighboring city of Townsville known as Megaville. The comic was the "Outstanding Superhero Comic" and "Outstanding Character Art" winner on the Web Cartoonist's Choice Awards in 2005.
Shortly after the 2014 CGI special's release, a comic which was published by IDW Publishing was withdrawn after retailers complained that they wanted to boycott the issue. The comic, which shows the Powerpuff Girls with breasts and dressed in latex, was designed by an artist who works for Cartoon Network. The artist was "thinking of it more along the lines of 'female empowerment' than the kind of thing you guys are talking about". Cartoon Network said in a statement: "We recognise some fans' reaction to the cover and, as such, will no longer be releasing it at comic book shops."
From August 21 to October 1, 2000, Subway promoted the series with four toys in their kids' meals. A set of six kids' meal toys was available as part of an April 2001 Dairy Queen promotion, which also included a sweepstakes offering the Powerpuff Girls VHS Boogie Frights. Jack in the Box released six Powerpuff Girls toys in July 2002 as a tie-in for The Powerpuff Girls Movie. On February 10, 2003, Burger King began a four-week promotion featuring The Powerpuff Girls and Dragon Ball Z toys as well as special codes to redeem online for Cartoon Network's Cartoon Orbit. In the United Kingdom the characters of Buttercup and Mojo Jojo were given away in Kelloggs cereal boxes as part of the Cartoon Network Wobble Heads in 2003.
Several video games were made for this show all being action in genre. The Powerpuff Girls: Bad Mojo Jojo, released on November 14, 2000, follows Blossom as she tries to beat Mojo Jojo. The game was called "simple and boring" by GameSpot and was a failure critically. The Powerpuff Girls: Paint the Townsville Green, another game released in November 2000, follows Buttercup as she fights crime. The Powerpuff Girls: Battle HIM follows Bubbles in her fight against HIM and was released in February 2001. The Powerpuff Girls: Chemical X-traction was released in October 2001, where the girls battle enemies in a variety of settings in order to reclaim Chemical X and track down Mojo Jojo, who fed the material to all the villains in Townsville. IGN gave the game a positive review while giving the PSone version a 2.0/10 bad review. The Powerpuff Girls: Relish Rampage was released in November 2002. All three girls are playable in a 3D world, and the game received mixed reviews. The Powerpuff Girls: Mojo Jojo A-Go-Go released in 2001 centers around the name of the Powerpuff Girls' mission to stop Mojo Jojo and his minions. The game received mixed reviews. The Powerpuff Girls: HIM and Seek was released in 2002 where the girls battle their variety of enemies through Townsville while on a scavenger hunt. The game received mostly positive reviews.PC games were also made for the series. These include: The Powerpuff Girls: Mojo Jojo Clone Zone, The Powerpuff Girls: Princess Snorebucks, The Powerpuff Girls: Mojo Jojo's Pet Project, and The Powerpuff Girls: Gamesville.
In a 2000 Entertainment Weekly review, Marc Bernadin complimented the show on its "spot-on pop-culture acumen" and "unparalleled sense of fun", giving it a warm welcome from earlier "lame" superhero cartoons that he grew up with. Peter Marks of The New York Times noted the show's use of adult humor and pop culture references, declaring it "the sort of playful satire that can appeal as much to a viewer of 37 as 7." Joly Herman of Common Sense Media describes the show as a "cute, highly stylized series thrills the senses with its strange characters, funny situations, and lots of lowbrow humor". She goes on to say, however, that the show does go from innocent to violent in no time and that there is not much protecting young viewers against the violent undertones. Robert Lloyd of the LA Times said that the series might be "transgressive" based on little violence but "also cute." The TV Guide chose the Powerpuff Girls as No. 13 in a list of the 50 Greatest cartoon characters of all time.
IGN ranked the series 18th in its Top 25 Primetime Animated Series of All Time list in 2006. Delta Express promoted the series by having a Boeing 737-200 jet painted with a special livery featuring the characters Blossom, Bubbles, and Buttercup on its exterior. The plane's inaugural flight was held at Logan International Airport in Boston, Massachusetts, on July 17, 2000. In 2002 the aircraft was repainted with a different Powerpuff Girls theme to promote The Powerpuff Girls Movie. The Powerpuff Girls series has won two Primetime Emmys, two Annie Awards, and including those four wins, has been nominated a total of sixteen times for various awards.
Awards and nominationsEdit
|1999||Annie Awards||Outstanding Individual Achievement for Production Design in an Animated Television Production||Craig Kellman (for "Uh Oh Dynamo")||Nominated|
|Outstanding Individual Achievement for Directing in an Animated Television Production||John McIntyre (for "Mommie Fearest")||Nominated|
|Outstanding Individual Achievement for Voice Acting in an Animated Television Production||Tara Strong (as Bubbles)||Nominated|
|Primetime Emmys||Outstanding Achievement in Animation||Craig McCracken, John McIntyre, Amy Keating Rogers, Jason Butler Rote, and Genndy Tartakovsky (for "Bubblevicious/The Bare Facts")||Nominated|
|2000||Annie Awards||Outstanding Individual Achievement for Writing in an Animated Television Production||Chris Savino (for "Dream Scheme")||Nominated|
|Primetime Emmys||Outstanding Individual Achievement in Animation||Don Shank (for "Twisted Sister/Cover Up")||Won|
|Outstanding Animated Program (For Programming One Hour or Less)||Robert Alvarez, Craig McCracken, John McIntyre, Randy Myers, Amy Keating Rogers, and Genndy Tartakovsky (for "Beat Your Greens/Down 'N Dirty")||Nominated|
|2001||Annie Awards||Outstanding Individual Achievement for Music Score an Animated Television Production||James L. Venable, Thomas Chase, and Steve Rucker (for "Meet the Beat Alls")||Won|
|Outstanding Individual Achievement for Production Design in an Animated Television Production||Don Shank||Won|
|Primetime Emmys||Outstanding Animated Program (For Programming Less Than One Hour)||Robert Alvarez, Lauren Faust, Craig McCracken, John McIntyre, Amy Rogers, and Genndy Tartakovsky (for "Moral Decay/Meet the Beat Alls")||Nominated|
|Kids' Choice Awards||Favorite Cartoon||The Powerpuff Girls||Nominated|
|2002||Annie Awards||Outstanding Character Design in an Animated Television Production||Paul Rudish (for "Members Only")||Nominated|
|2003||Outstanding Character Design in an Animated Television Production||Andy Bialk (for "Save Mojo")||Nominated|
|2004||Annie Awards||Character Design in an Animated Television Production||Chris Reccardi (for "West in Pieces")||Nominated|
|Primetime Emmys||Outstanding Animated Program (For Programming One Hour Or More)||Robert Alvarez, Lauren Faust, et al. (for "'Twas the Fight Before Christmas")||Nominated|
|2005||Outstanding Individual Achievement in Animation||Frank Gardner (for "West in Pieces")||Won|
- "The Powerpuff Girls Episode Guide -Hanna-Barbera". The Big Cartoon DataBase. Archived from the original on May 1, 2015.
- "The Powerpuff Girls Featured Episodes". CartoonNetwork.com. Archived from the original on December 2, 2000. Retrieved January 22, 2013.
- "Octi-Gone (2005) The Powerpuff Girls Cartoon Episode Guide". The Big Cartoon DataBase. Archived from the original on April 12, 2014. Retrieved April 11, 2014.
- "Powerpuff Girls Z". tv-tokyo.co.jp (in Japanese). Archived from the original on December 4, 2012. Retrieved February 3, 2013.
- The Powerpuff Girls: Who, What, Where, How, Why... Who Cares?. 2009.
- "Moral Decay". The Powerpuff Girls. Season 3. Episode 12A. February 9, 2001. Cartoon Network.
- "Down 'n' Dirty". The Powerpuff Girls. Season 2. Episode 5B. September 10, 1999. Cartoon Network.
- "Pee Pee G's". The Powerpuff Girls. Season 5. Episode 6A. November 13, 2003. Cartoon Network.
- "Cover Up". The Powerpuff Girls. Season 2. Episode 11B. May 26, 2000. Cartoon Network.
- "Meet the Beat-Alls". The Powerpuff Girls. Season 3. Episode 12B. February 9, 2001. Cartoon Network.
- Flaherty, Mike (February 8, 2001). "'Power' Hungry". EW.com. Entertainment Weekly. Archived from the original on October 21, 2012. Retrieved May 28, 2011.
- Longino, Bob. "The Powerpuff Girls Movie". The Atlanta Journal-Constitution. Archived from the original on January 16, 2014. Retrieved May 27, 2011.
- DeMott, Rick (October 2000). "The Powerpuff Girls' Phenomenal Merchandising Mantra". Animation World Magazine. Animation World Network (5.7). Archived from the original on January 2, 2013. Retrieved May 26, 2011.
- Townsend, Emru (Summer 1995). "Craig McCracken on Stupid Dogs and Powerful Girls". Frames Per Second Magazine (6). Archived from the original on August 10, 2011. Retrieved May 29, 2011.
- Lloyd, Robert (November 22, 2000). "Beyond Good and Evil: To the utterly adorable kicking superheroics of the Powerpuff Girls!". LA Weekly. Archived from the original on September 6, 2012. Retrieved June 1, 2011.
- "Powerpuff Girls Characters". Cartoon network.com. Archived from the original on February 18, 2014. Retrieved May 21, 2012.
- "Nuthin' Special Episode". TV Guide. Retrieved May 21, 2012.
- Wineman, Daniel (November 15, 1998). "SIGNOFF; Never Underestimate the Power of a Puff". The New York Times. Archived from the original on September 8, 2012. Retrieved May 27, 2011.
- Craig McCracken [@CrackMcCraigen] (October 3, 2013). "_LaurenH_ Yes The Powerpuff Girls were inspired by Keane paintings and yes Ms. Keane is named after Margaret. Good catch!" (Tweet) – via Twitter.
- McCracken, Craig (January 20, 2008). "1st PPG Drawing". CMcC's DeviantArt Gallery. Archived from the original on November 18, 2018. Retrieved May 31, 2011.
- Lenburg, Jeff (2006). Who's Who in Animated Cartoons: An International Guide to Film & Television's Award-winning and Legendary Animators. Hal Leonard Corporation. p. 231. ISBN 978-1-55783-671-7. Retrieved May 31, 2011.
- "Spike and Mike's – A Brief History". SpikeandMike.com. July 3, 2011. Archived from the original on July 3, 2011. Retrieved January 14, 2014.
- "Animator Profile: CRAIG McCRACKEN". CartoonNetwork.com. Archived from the original on March 10, 2007. Retrieved March 26, 2007.
- Snider, Mike (November 6, 2003). "'Star Wars' goes animated tonight". USA Today. Archived from the original on April 28, 2013. Retrieved May 28, 2011.
- Borrelli, Christopher (February 8, 1997). "TV's Ghoulardi was 'a wild man'". The Toledo Blade. Retrieved May 29, 2011.
- "Girl Power". Entertainment Weekly. June 16, 2000. Archived from the original on November 17, 2014. Retrieved December 1, 2014.
- Goldberg, Laurie (October 11, 2001). "Cartoon Network Tops Weekly and Friday Prime Ratings for the Week of Oct. 2–8". Time Warner. Archived from the original on September 27, 2007. Retrieved March 29, 2007.
- "Cartoon Network Original Series". altiusdirectory.com. Archived from the original on July 18, 2012. Retrieved May 21, 2012.
- Richmond, Ray (January 15, 2004). "Special Report: Animation". The Hollywood Reporter. Archived from the original on March 10, 2008. Retrieved January 15, 2004.
- "Bis Lends A Hand To "The Powerpuff Girls"". MTV.com. MTV Networks. November 5, 1998. Archived from the original on January 29, 2013. Retrieved May 27, 2011.
- Rabb, Johnny (November 1, 2001). "Contributing to the Future: An Interview with Clyde Stubblefield". Jungle/Drum 'n' Bass for the Acoustic Drum Set: A Guide to Applying Today's Electronic Music to the Drum Set. Alfred Music Publishing. p. 16. ISBN 978-0-7579-9025-0.
- McCracken, Craig (August 9, 2008). "I'm back". CMcC's DeviantArt Journal. Archived from the original on July 15, 2012. Retrieved May 27, 2011.
- Simpson, Aaron (January 16, 2009). "Powerpuff Girls 10th Anniversary Interview With Creator Craig McCracken". ColdHardFlash.com. Archived from the original on July 7, 2012. Retrieved January 16, 2009.
- Walton, Zach (March 29, 2012). "Cartoon Network Brings Back The Classics With Cartoon Planet". WebProNews. iEntry Network. Archived from the original on September 18, 2012. Retrieved March 31, 2012.
- "The Girls Are Back in Townsville! The Powerpuff Girls Save the World Before Bedtime Again in All-New Special". PR Newswire. December 16, 2013. Archived from the original on January 15, 2014. Retrieved January 14, 2014.
- "Ringo Starr Voicing "Powerpuff Girls" Character, Starting Work on New CD". abcnewsradioonline.com. Archived from the original on December 19, 2012. Retrieved December 12, 2012.
- Mikael Angelo Francisco (December 23, 2013). "The Powerpuff Girls return in CGI in January". gmanetwork.com. Archived from the original on January 15, 2014. Retrieved January 14, 2014.
- "'Powerpuff Girls' return to Cartoon Network with January special". hitfix.com. December 18, 2013. Archived from the original on December 22, 2013. Retrieved December 22, 2013.
- "Ringo Starr Joins 'Powerpuff Girls' Special". rollingstone.com. December 20, 2013. Archived from the original on December 22, 2013. Retrieved December 22, 2013.
- "The Powerpuff Girls: Dance Pantsed". commonsensemedia.org. Archived from the original on January 22, 2014. Retrieved January 22, 2014.
- "The Powerpuff Girls: "Dance Pantsed" Review". geekedoutnation.com. January 25, 2014. Archived from the original on April 28, 2014. Retrieved April 29, 2014.
- "The Powerpuff Girls, Dance Pantsed, review". denofgeek.us. January 20, 2014. Archived from the original on April 28, 2014. Retrieved April 29, 2014.
- Nagado, Alexandre (April 7, 2005). "Meninas Superpoderosas em versão animê". Omlete.com.br. Archived from the original on September 14, 2012. Retrieved June 1, 2011.
- Lloren, Jason (July 10, 2006). "'Powerpuff Girls' re-anime-ted". SFGate.com. Hearst Communications. Archived from the original on September 11, 2012. Retrieved June 1, 2011.
- "PowerPuff Girls Z Characters". cartoonnetworkasia.com. Archived from the original on January 16, 2014. Retrieved January 14, 2014.
- "Ribon Magazine (In Japanese)". ribon.shueisha.co.jp. Archived from the original on March 13, 2014. Retrieved May 12, 2012.
- Schwarzbaum, Lisa (July 2, 2002). "Movie Review: The Powerpuff Girls Movie (2002)". EW.com. Entertainment Weekly. Archived from the original on January 22, 2013. Retrieved June 1, 2011.
- Holden, Stephen (July 3, 2002). "FILM REVIEW; They Have A Tantrum, Then Save The World". The New York Times. Archived from the original on January 30, 2013. Retrieved July 25, 2011.
- "The Powerpuff Girls – The Movie (2002)". RottenTomatoes.com. Archived from the original on September 13, 2012. Retrieved July 25, 2011.
- Nechak, Paula (July 2, 2002). "Violence overpowers 'Powerpuff Girls'". Seattlepi.com. Hearst Communications. Archived from the original on September 10, 2012. Retrieved May 21, 2012.
- "The Powerpuff Girls Movie". Box Office Mojo. IMDb. Archived from the original on July 21, 2012. Retrieved May 12, 2012.
- "Powerpuff Girls Heroes & Villains – Powerpuff Girls: Heroes & Villains Soundtrack CD". CDUniverse.com. Archived from the original on July 22, 2012. Retrieved June 2, 2011.
- "Powerpuff Girls: The City of Soundsville — The Powerpuff Girls". Billboard.com. Retrieved May 27, 2011.
- Phares, Heather. "Review: Powerpuff Girls: The City of Soundsville — The Powerpuff Girls". Allmusic.com. Rovi. Retrieved August 27, 2011.
- Phares, Heather. "The Powerpuff Girls: Power Pop Review". Allmusic.com. Rovi. Retrieved May 12, 2012.
- "2002-11-23 Top 40 Official UK Singles Archive". UK Singles Chart. Official Charts Company. Archived from the original on June 20, 2013. Retrieved January 12, 2013.
- Sugababes (2002). Angels with Dirty Faces (DVD). Island Records.
- "Mad Mash-up: 2 Broke Powerpuff Girls". Tvguide.com. Archived from the original on February 4, 2013. Retrieved May 10, 2012.
- The Futon Critic Staff (February 1, 2012). "Monday's Cable Ratings: "Pawn Stars" Leads the Pack Once Again". The Futon Critic. Archived from the original on February 4, 2013. Retrieved May 12, 2012.
- "IDW Teams Up with Cartoon Network!". IDW. February 25, 2013. Archived from the original on August 4, 2014. Retrieved May 18, 2013.
- "Webcomic Review: Powerpufff Girls Doujunshu". comicbooked.com. Archived from the original on September 10, 2012. Retrieved May 12, 2012.
- "2005 Web Cartoonists' Choice Award Celebration!". CCAwards.com. Web Cartoonist's Choice Awards Committee. Archived from the original on July 8, 2011. Retrieved July 10, 2012.
- "'Sexualised' Powerpuff Girls comic judged a boob by TV network". The Guardian. January 24, 2014. Archived from the original on February 16, 2014. Retrieved February 15, 2014.
- "Subway Teams Up with Powerpuff Girls". QSR Magazine. Journalistic. July 7, 2000. Retrieved August 8, 2013.
- "Dairy Queen". Ice Cream Reporter. March 20, 2001. Archived from the original on August 8, 2013. Retrieved August 8, 2013.
- "Powerpuff Girls Soar into Jack's". Business Wire. June 28, 2002. Archived from the original on August 9, 2013. Retrieved August 8, 2013.
- "The Powerpuff Girls(TM) And Dragon Ball Z(R) Bring Three Exclusive Toys To Every Burger King(R) Big Kids Meal". PR Newswire. United Business Media. February 10, 2003. Archived from the original on August 9, 2013. Retrieved August 8, 2013.
- "2003 - Frosties Cartoon Network Wobble Heads Free in Packets". Archived from the original on June 22, 2019.
- GameSpot. Tech Info for the Powerpuff Girls: Bad Mojo Jojo. GameSpot. Retrieved on February 1, 2008.
- Donald, Ryan Mac (December 4, 2000). The Powerpuff Girls: Bad Mojo Jojo Review. GameSpot. Retrieved on February 1, 2008.
- Harris, Chris (December 1, 2000). The Powerpuff Girls: Bad Mojo Jojo Review. IGN. Retrieved on February 1, 2008.
- The Powerpuff Girls: Paint the Townsville Green. IGN. Retrieved on February 4, 2008.
- GameSpot. Tech Info for The Powerpuff Girls: Battle HIM. GameSpot. Retrieved on June 26, 2011.
- "The Powerpuff Girls-x-traction". IGN. Retrieved May 12, 2012.
- IGN Reviews Powerpuff Girls: Chemical X-traction (PS1 version)
- "Release Information for PlayStation 2 on GameFAQs". GameFAQs. CBS Interactive. Retrieved May 21, 2012.
- "Mojo-jojo-a-go-go review". IGN. Retrieved May 12, 2012.
- "Mojo-jojo-a-go-go review (Gamestop)". www.gamespot.com. Retrieved May 12, 2012.
- "HIM and Seek review from IGN Dec. 09, 2002".
- "The Powerpuff Girls: Mojo Jojo Clone Zone". www.pcworld.idg.com.au. Retrieved May 12, 2012.
- "The Powerpuff Girls Learning Challenge 2: Princess Snorebucks". IGN. Retrieved May 12, 2012.
- "The Powerpuff Girls: Mojo Jojo's Pet Project". www.allgame.com. Retrieved May 12, 2012.
- "The Powerpuff Girls: Gamesville". IGN. Retrieved May 12, 2012.
- Bernadin, Marc (June 3, 2000). "TV on DVD Review: The Powerpuff Girls". EW.com. Entertainment Weekly. Archived from the original on January 22, 2013. Retrieved June 1, 2011.
- Marks, Peter (April 16, 2000). "TELEVISION/RADIO; Now Mom and Dad Are Going Cartoon-Crazy, Too". The New York Times. Archived from the original on January 30, 2013. Retrieved June 1, 2011.
- Herman, Joly. "Tv reviews Powerpuff Girls". Common Sense Media. Archived from the original on July 23, 2012. Retrieved May 15, 2012.
- "Review: 'Powerpuff Girls Rule!!!'". Los Angeles Times. Tribune Company. January 19, 2009. Retrieved May 21, 2012.
- "TV Guide's 50 greatest cartoon characters of all time". CNN. July 30, 2002. Archived from the original on October 8, 2012. Retrieved January 14, 2014.
- "Top 25 Primetime Animated Series of All Time". IGN. News Corporation. September 28, 2006. Retrieved January 27, 2013.
- Wolf, Arnd (March 16, 2002). "Picture of the Boeing 737-232/Adv aircraft". Airliners.net. Demand Media. Retrieved December 29, 2012.
- "Delta Express 737 Gets Animated Escort From Cartoon Network's THE POWERPUFF GIRLS". Time Warner. July 17, 2000. Retrieved December 29, 2012.
- "Delta Express and Cartoon Network Celebrate 'The Powerpuff Girls Movie'". PR Newswire. United Business Media. June 25, 2002. Retrieved December 29, 2012.
- "27th Annual Annie Award Nominees and Winners (1999)". AnnieAwards.org. ASIFA-Hollywood. Retrieved May 27, 2011.
- Variety Staff (July 22, 1999). "Primetime Emmy noms – List 1". Variety. Reed Business Information. Section: ANIMATED PROGRAM (For programming one hour or less.). Retrieved May 27, 2011.
- "28th Annual Annie Award Nominees and Winners (2000)". AnnieAwards.org. ASIFA-Hollywood. Retrieved May 27, 2011.
- "The Powerpuff Girls". Emmys.com. Academy of Television Arts & Sciences. Retrieved June 1, 2011.
- "52nd Annual Primetime Emmy Award Nominations". DigitalHit.com. Retrieved May 27, 2011.
- "29th Annual Annie Award Nominees and Winners (2001)". AnnieAwards.org. ASIFA-Hollywood. Retrieved May 27, 2011.
- Variety Staff (July 12, 2001). "Emmy 2001 nomination list". Variety. Reed Business Information. p. Section: ANIMATED PROGRAM (For programming less than one hour). Archived from the original on November 11, 2012. Retrieved May 27, 2011.
- Liebenson, Donald (April 15, 2001). "Nickelodeon Presents Kids Choice Awards". Chicago Tribune. Retrieved June 1, 2011.
- "30th Annual Annie Award Nominees and Winners (2002)". AnnieAwards.org. ASIFA-Hollywood. Retrieved May 27, 2011.
- "31st Annual Annie Award Nominees and Winners (2003)". AnnieAwards.org. ASIFA-Hollywood. Retrieved May 27, 2011.
- "32nd Annual Annie Award Nominees and Winners (2004)". AnnieAwards.org. ASIFA-Hollywood. Archived from the original on February 14, 2014. Retrieved May 27, 2011.
- "Complete list of primetime Emmy nominations". USA Today. July 15, 2004. Retrieved May 27, 2011.
- "The Powerpuff Girls: Twas The Fight Before Christm". Emmys.com. Academy of Television Arts & Sciences. Retrieved April 15, 2013.