The Hill (film)
The Hill is a 1965 British-American war drama film directed by Sidney Lumet, set in an army prison in North Africa in the Second World War. It stars Sean Connery, Harry Andrews, Ian Bannen, Ossie Davis, Ian Hendry, Alfred Lynch, Roy Kinnear and Michael Redgrave.
original film poster
|Directed by||Sidney Lumet|
|Produced by||Kenneth Hyman|
|Written by||R.S. Allen (play)|
Ray Rigby (screenplay)
|Based on||The Hill|
by Ray Rigby
|Edited by||Thelma Connell|
|May 1965 (Cannes Film Festival)|
11 June 1965 (France)
|Box office||$4.3 million|
In a British Army "glasshouse" (military prison) in the Libyan desert, prisoners convicted of service offences such as insubordination, being drunk while on duty, going AWOL or petty theft etc. are subjected to repetitive drill routines as a punishment in the blazing desert heat.
The arrival of five new prisoners slowly leads to a clash with the camp authorities. One new NCO guard who has also just arrived employs excessive punishments, which include forcing the five newcomers to repeatedly climb a man-made hill in the centre of the camp. When one dies, a power struggle erupts between brutal Staff Sergeant Williams (Ian Hendry), humane Staff Sergeant Harris (Ian Bannen), Regimental Sergeant Major Wilson (Harry Andrews) and the camp's medical officer (Michael Redgrave) as they struggle to run the camp in conflicting styles.
Roberts (Sean Connery) is a former squadron sergeant major from the Royal Tank Regiment, convicted of assaulting his commanding officer – which he explains to his fellow inmates was because he was ordered to lead his men in a senseless suicidal attack. Roberts openly scorns Williams's brutality and serves as challenge to his authority. The RSM is a career soldier, powerful within the prison in which he is working, but realistic, "No one's going to pin a medal on us". However, he sees his duty to be as important as any other – that of breaking down failed soldiers, then building them back up again, in his words, "Into men!"
Staff Sergeant Williams is new to the prison, and his ambition is matched only by his cruel treatment of the prisoners; he seeks to use their suffering as means for promotion. When Roberts is accused of cowardice, he asks Staff Sergeant Williams, "And what are you supposed to be – a brave man in a permanent base job?" The RSM also questions Staff Sergeant Williams's motives for getting out of London, as in another scene, he slyly mentions the fact that the Germans were bombing the UK (including the civilian prison Williams worked at) just as Williams was volunteering for prison duty in Africa. Staff Sergeant Williams openly admits that he is trying to impress the RSM by showing that he has got what it takes to do the job, and attempts to undermine the RSM with a late night drinking contest.
Staff Sergeant Harris is the conscience of the prison who sympathises with the men, too closely, according to the RSM. The officers, both the CO (Norman Bird) and the medical officer, take their duties casually and, as Roberts points out, "everyone is doing time here, even the screws" (prison officers).
In the finale, the camp's medical officer and Staff Sergeant Harris decide to report the abuses at the camp. Sadistic Staff Sergeant Williams goes to administer one final, perhaps fatal, beating to Roberts, when two prisoners intervene and appear to attack and very severely beat Williams. Roberts pleads with them to stop, knowing that if the prisoners beat up a prison officer, then any case they may have had against them is hopelessly lost, they are still prisoners, and the prison staff have a much stronger hand to inflict whatever cruelty they now wish to.
- Sean Connery as Joe Roberts
- Harry Andrews as Regimental Sergeant Major Bert Wilson
- Ian Bannen as Staff Sergeant Charlie Harris
- Alfred Lynch as George Stevens
- Ossie Davis as Jacko King
- Roy Kinnear as Monty Bartlett
- Jack Watson as Jock McGrath
- Ian Hendry as Staff Sergeant Williams
- Sir Michael Redgrave as the Medical Officer
- Norman Bird as the Commandant
- Neil McCarthy as Burton
- Howard Goorney as Walters
- Tony Caunter as Martin
The film was based on a screenplay by Ray Rigby, who wrote for TV and had spent time in military prison. Movie rights were bought by Seven Arts Productions, which had a production deal with MGM. Producer Kenneth Hyman arranged for Rigby's script to be rewritten by other people, but when Sidney Lumet came on board as director, Lumet went back to Rigby's original draft. He and Rigby did cut out around 100 pages of material before filming.
"There really isn't a lot of story", said Lumet. "It's all character – a group of men, prisoners and jailers alike, driven by the same motive force, fear."
Sean Connery agreed to play the lead because it represented such a change of pace from James Bond. "It is only because of my reputation as Bond that the backers put up the money for The Hill", he said.
Lumet says he told Connery before filming began that, "'I'm going to make brutal demands of you, physically and emotionally', and he knew I'm not a director who has too much respect for 'stars' as such. The result is beyond my hopes. He is real and tough and not at all smooth or nice. In a way he's a 'heavy' but the real heavy is the Army."
Filming took place in Almería, Spain starting 8 September 1964. An old Spanish fort in Málaga was used for the prison. Many people associated with the production had regarded the filming as pleasant, despite difficult conditions: Temperatures went above 46 °C (114 °F) and nearly all the cast and crew became ill, even though thousands of gallons of fresh water were brought in.
Rigby published a novel of the story in 1965.
- Winner Best British Cinematography (Oswald Morris)
- Nominee Best Film (Kenneth Hyman)
- Nominee Best British Film (Kenneth Hyman)
- Nominee Best British Actor (Harry Andrews)
- Nominee Best British Screenplay (Ray Rigby)
- Nominee Best British Art Direction (Herbert Smith)
Cannes Film FestivalEdit
The film screened at the 1965 Cannes Film Festival.
National Board of ReviewEdit
- Winner Best Supporting Actor (Harry Andrews)
Writers' Guild of Great BritainEdit
- Winner Best British Dramatic Screenplay Award (Ray Rigby)
The Hill was released to DVD by Warner Home Video on 5 June 2007 as a Region 1 widescreen DVD.
- "War Is 'Hill,' Mate!". New York Times. 10 January 1965. p. X9.
- London. (22 November 1964). "Mr. Kisskiss Bangbang: Mr. Kisskiss Bangbang". New York Times. p. SM38.
- EUGENE ARCHER (26 July 1964). "GLOBAL FILMMAKING: Americans Find New Movie Terrain In Brazil, Norway and Spain". New York Times. p. X5.
- Ben Mankiewicz on Turner Classic Movies
- J.D. SCOTT. (11 July 1965). "Desert Belsen: THE HILL. By Ray Rigby. 256 pp. New York: The John Day Company. $4.50". New York Times. p. BR39.
- Special to The (24 May 1965). "New Connery Film, 'The Hill,' Is Shown At Cannes Festival". New York Times. p. 37.
- "Festival de Cannes: The Hill". festival-cannes.com. Retrieved 4 March 2009.