The Basketball Tournament
The Basketball Tournament (TBT) is an open-application, single-elimination tournament played each summer in the United States, currently featuring 64 teams and offering $2 million in winner-take-all prize money, broadcast by ESPN. TBT was founded in 2014 by Jonathan Mugar.
|Most recent season or competition:|
The Basketball Tournament 2019
|No. of teams||64 (as of 2019)|
|Carmen's Crew (2019)|
|Most titles||Overseas Elite (4)|
Teams in TBT are arranged by the general manager, sometimes based on which schools the players attended and which teams they had experience competing for. While the tournament has had as many as 97 teams, and had 72 in 2018, both the 2019 and 2020 editions have fields of 64.
In the current format, adopted in 2019, the 64 teams are divided into eight regionals, all of which are seeded. The 2019 edition was the first in which each regional was hosted by one of the participating teams; these teams were pre-selected before the open application period. The championship prize money was originally $500,000 in 2014, was increased to $1 million in 2015, and has been $2 million since 2016. The prize money goes to the winning team's personnel, and an additional 10% of that amount ($200,000) goes to its top fans. The 2019 tournament was the first to offer prizes other than the main $2 million prize; each regional winner received 25% of their region's ticket proceeds.
|Year||Field size||Finals location||Winner's prize|
|2015||97 teams||The Bronx||$1,000,000|
Defending champion received a play-in to the round-of-16
Four teams in the field of 64 select via a 16-team two-round play-in
TBT uses a modified version of NCAA men's basketball rules. As of the 2019 edition, the most significant exceptions are:
- Games are played in 9-minute quarters instead of 20-minute halves (or the 10-minute quarters of the NCAA women's game).
- Players are disqualified upon their 6th personal foul (instead of 5th).
- Bonus free throws follow NCAA women's and FIBA rules, with two free throws on the 5th and subsequent non-shooting fouls by the defense in a quarter. An exception to this rule will be added for the 2020 tournament; any foul during the Elam Ending (see below) that would result in bonus free throws will instead give the non-fouling team one free throw and possession of the ball.
- FIBA rules on basket interference are followed, except on free throws. Once the ball hits the rim on a field goal attempt, any player on either team can play the ball, regardless of the direction in which it is moving or its position relative to the basket. The only exception is that no player on either team may touch a shot that was in the air at the time the game clock expired for any quarter, even if the ball has touched the rim, as long as it has a chance to enter the basket.
- Replay review is governed by NCAA rules, with one modification—any review allowed only in the last 2 minutes of a game under NCAA rules is allowed in TBT only if either team is within 3 points of the Elam Ending target score.
- Due to the adoption of the Elam Ending for all games, there is no overtime.
In 2017, the tournament's play-in games utilized "Elam Ending" rules, devised by Ball State University professor Nick Elam. Pursuant to the Elam Ending, the game clock is turned off at the first whistle with up to four minutes remaining. The teams then play to a target score, with the shot clock still enforced. As the first team to meet or exceed the target score wins, there are no overtime games. Since the 2018 edition, the Elam Ending has been used in all games. Originally, the target score was seven points more than team leading or tie score; since 2019, the target score is eight points more than the leading team's/tied score. The winning score can be a walk-off field goal, three-point shot, or free throw.
A rule change for the 2020 tournament will make a game-ending free throw slightly less likely. If the defensive team commits a non-shooting foul during the Elam Ending with the offensive team in the bonus, the offense will receive one free throw plus possession. According to TBT organizers, this eliminated an incentive for teams to foul in one specific situation—when the defense could reach the target score with a free throw or two-point basket while the offense needed a three-pointer. The idea for this change came from a user with whom Elam interacted on a message board.
TBT has had a number of current and former NBA players participate, including Hakim Warrick, Jason Williams, Dahntay Jones, Mike Bibby, Royal Ivey, Matt Bonner, and Brian Scalabrine. Former WNBA player Nikki Teasley played in the 2014 tournament. The 2018 tournament included the basketball return of Greg Oden, who last played in the Chinese Basketball Association during their 2015–16 season. The 2019 tournament had been expected to be the first to feature a currently active female professional. Megan Gustafson, who had been cut by the Dallas Wings before the 2019 WNBA season, was slated to play for Iowa United, a team made up primarily of alumni of the state's four NCAA Division I schools. However, due to a rash of early-season injuries on the team, the Wings re-signed her in mid-June, ruling her out of TBT.
Many teams feature professional players reunited under a former college or university name, with teams representing Arkansas, Bradley, Cincinnati, Georgetown, Gonzaga, Iowa State, Kansas State, Marquette, Milwaukee, Notre Dame, Ohio State, Seton Hall, Syracuse, Texas Tech, UCLA, VCU, and many others. Teams have received fan support from active NBA players such as Kyle Lowry.
In 2016, NBA players such as John Wall, Kristaps Porzingis, Rudy Gay, Shaun Livingston, Chandler Parsons, and Austin Rivers served as boosters for different teams. In 2017, Carmelo Anthony acted as host for the tournament in Baltimore, where he played high school basketball. 2019 saw even more NBA involvement, with Chris Paul (Team CP3) and DeMarcus Cousins (Loyalty Is Love) both entering teams, while Bobby Portis and Andre Drummond coached TBT sides.
After pleas from ESPN analyst Fran Fraschilla, Yahoo Sports columnist Jeff Eisenberg, and SportsCenter host Scott Van Pelt, the NCAA adopted the ritual for March Madness in 2018. After the game, a portable bracket was brought into the winning team's locker room. One player, or a group of players, advanced the team to the next round. Oftentimes, the celebration was posted on social media. The bracket celebration also took place in the Frozen Four of the 2018 NCAA Hockey Tournament.
On June 28, 2014, Notre Dame Fighting Alumni won the inaugural TBT championship, defeating Team Barstool, 72–68. The winning team, represented by several former Fighting Irish players, including MVP Tyrone Nash, donated $40,000 to Coaches vs. Cancer.
On August 3, 2017, Overseas Elite beat Team Challenge ALS, 86–83, to become three-time TBT champions, with Fogg again being named MVP.
|2014||Notre Dame Fighting Alumni||72–68||Team Barstool||Tyrone Nash|
|2015||Overseas Elite||67–65||Team 23||D. J. Kennedy|
|2016||77–72||Team Colorado||Kyle Fogg|
|2017||86–83||Team Challenge ALS|
|2018||70–58||Eberlein Drive||D. J. Kennedy|
|2019||Carmen's Crew||66–60||Golden Eagles||William Buford|
Championship game recordsEdit
|Team||Won||Lost||Total||Pct.||Years (won / lost)|
|Overseas Elite||4||0||4||1.000||2015, 2016, 2017, 2018|
|Notre Dame Fighting Alumni||1||0||1||1.000||2014|
|Team Challenge ALS||0||1||1||.000||2017|
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