Tengeru is a market-town[1] in the Arusha Region of northern Tanzania. Located below Mount Meru on the eastern edge of the eastern branch of the Great Rift Valley, surrounding Lake Duluti, Tengeru has a temperate climate. The town is just thirteen kilometers east of the city of Arusha.[2]

Tengeru is located in Tanzania
Coordinates: 3°22′27″S 36°47′07″E / 3.37417°S 36.78528°E / -3.37417; 36.78528
Country Tanzania
RegionArusha Region
1,387 m (4,551 ft)
Time zoneUTC+3 (EAT)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+3 (not observed)


In 1934, Kenyon Painter, an American investor, established a coffee research station at Tengeru,[3] which today is operated by the Lyamungu Research Institute of the Tanzania Ministry of Agriculture and known as the National Centre for Coffee Research.[4]

Beginning in 1942 and continuing after World War II, a camp for displaced persons from eastern Europe was established at Tengeru, just south of Lake Duluti. It primarily housed Poles, who were then resettled in the United States, Australia, northern Europe and other countries. At its height it housed over 4,000 people, but now all that remains of the camp is its large cemetery.[1][5][6][7] The dairy and beef cattle farm that was run by the internees was taken over in 1952 by the Ministry of Agriculture and became the Tengeru Horticultural Research and Training Institute (HORTI).[8]

Today, Tengeru has become a suburb of Arusha.[9]

Notes and referencesEdit

  1. ^ a b Mayallah, Elisha (14 March 2009). "Journey to the Polish Refugees Cemetery in Tengeru". Arusha Times (558). Arusha, Tanzania. Archived from the original on 17 December 2013.
  2. ^ "Tengeru Cultural". Tanzania Cultural Tourism Programme. Archived from the original on 7 April 2016.
  3. ^ Herne, Brian (1999). White Hunters: The golden age of African Safaris. New York: Henry Holt (Macmillan). p. 202. ISBN 978-0-8050-5919-9.
  4. ^ "Northern Zone: Research Institutes/Centres". Tanzania: Ministry of Agriculture Food Security and Cooperatives.
  5. ^ Abraham, Curtis (16 October 2016). "How East Africa became home for Polish exiles". The EastAfrican. Archived from the original on 18 October 2016.
  6. ^ Taylor, Lynne (2009). Polish Orphans of Tengeru: The Dramatic Story of Their Long Journey to Canada, 1941-49. Toronto: Dundurn. ISBN 978-1-55488-004-1.
  7. ^ Szostak, Henryk (2013). "Tengeru East Africa". American by Choice. Xlibris. pp. 89–145. ISBN 978-1-4836-6589-4.[self-published source]
  8. ^ "Northern Zone: Research Institutes/Centres". Department of Research and Development, Ministry of Agriculture & Food Security. 2001. Archived from the original on 16 August 2006.
  9. ^ "Arusha-Tengeru highway construction begins". Wanted in Africa. 22 June 2015. Archived from the original on 29 April 2016.