Teltow [German pronunciation: ['tɛltoː] (About this soundlisten)] is a town in the Potsdam-Mittelmark district, in Brandenburg, Germany.

Teltow
Market place and St Andrew's
Market place and St Andrew's
Flag of Teltow
Flag
Coat of arms of Teltow
Coat of arms
Location of Teltow within Potsdam-Mittelmark district
Teltow in PM.png
Teltow is located in Germany
Teltow
Teltow
Teltow is located in Brandenburg
Teltow
Teltow
Coordinates: 52°24′8″N 13°16′14″E / 52.40222°N 13.27056°E / 52.40222; 13.27056Coordinates: 52°24′8″N 13°16′14″E / 52.40222°N 13.27056°E / 52.40222; 13.27056
CountryGermany
StateBrandenburg
DistrictPotsdam-Mittelmark
Subdivisions2 Ortsteile
Government
 • MayorThomas Schmidt (SPD)
Area
 • Total21.54 km2 (8.32 sq mi)
Elevation
39 m (128 ft)
Population
 (2018-12-31)[1]
 • Total25,825
 • Density1,200/km2 (3,100/sq mi)
Time zoneCET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Postal codes
14513
Dialling codes03328
Vehicle registrationPM
Websitewww.teltow.de

Contents

GeographyEdit

Teltow is part of the agglomeration of Berlin. The distance to the Berlin city centre is 17 km (11 mi), while the distance to Potsdam is 15 km (9.3 mi).

The Teltow Canal links the River Havel near the city of Potsdam with the River Dahme near Köpenick in Berlin's eastern suburbs. It passes immediately to the north of Teltow, forming the border between Brandenburg and Berlin.

The central Teltow Stadt railway station is part of the Berlin S-Bahn line S 25. Teltow railway station is 2 kilometres (1.2 mi) to the south-east and is served by RegionalExpress lines 3, 4 and 5.

Protected specialtyEdit

 
Teltow turnips

Teltow turnips are a well known regional specialty; however, yield, homogeneity and handling properties are sub-optimal. Since 1993 they have been registered as a trademark.

HistoryEdit

The settlement was first mentioned in a 1265 deed issued by Margrave Otto III of Brandenburg. It received its name from the eponymous plateau, a moraine of the last glacial period. Teltow was formerly known for the Teltower Rübchen (Brassica rapa ssp. rapa f. teltowiensis), a special type of turnip quite popular in the 18th and 19th century. The main sight of the town is the Protestant St Andrew's fieldstone church of the 12th century rebuilt in 1812 according to plans by Karl Friedrich Schinkel. It was depicted by Lyonel Feininger in his 1918 painting Teltow II.

Teltow shared its borders with the former West Berlin, and so during the period 1961-1990 it was separated from it by the Berlin Wall.

Max Malecki (1949) and Herbert Pucher (1952) were the first two 1st secretaries of the SED district administration in Teltow. On the basis of the administrative reform in the GDR in 1952 the circle Teltow was dissolved and Teltow assigned to the district of Potsdam in the newly formed district of Potsdam. In the period of the Soviet occupation zone and the GDR until 1961 there was a significant population loss. After the construction of the Berlin Wall in 1961, the Teltow Canal on the northern boundary of Teltow formed the border to West Berlin. In the east Teltows the wall limited the districts Seehof and Sigridshorst. In the residential areas near the border with West Berlin, after the construction of the Wall, "especially well-deserved SED comrades and other loyalists" were settled, of whom the regime assumed that they would not commit a republican flight. The residential development on the border was accessible only under strict access restriction. In attempting to get from the GDR or East Berlin on the wall to West Berlin, were until the fall of the wall in Teltow with Hans -Jürgen Starrost, Klaus Garden and Roland Hoff three victims of the murders.

An important event for the development of Teltow in January 1946 was the founding of Askania Feinmechanik und Optik GmbH, which developed systems for the automation of industrial processes. 1948 Askania was like all larger enterprises in national property VEB mechanics Askania Teltow transferred and renamed 1954 into VEB equipment and regulator works Teltow (GRW Teltow). The GRW Teltow received in 1962 by decision of the Economics Council, the nationwide responsibility for the operating, measuring and control technology (BMSR technology) in the GDR. The company grew to about 12,000 employees in the 1970s and was the center of automation technology in the GDR.

The second large industrial enterprise in Teltow was the VEB electronic components "Carl v. Chr. Ossietzky "(CvO), which resulted from the transfer of the Dralowid work in 1948 in VEB Dralowid and the renaming in 1953 in VEB work for components of telecommunications" Carl von Ossietzky "(WBN). By 1955, 30 million sheet resistors were produced by hand each year. The production number could be increased to three million resistances per day in the following decades until 1989. In the WBN 1951 started the starting signal for the structure of the new industry branch semiconductor technology in the GDR with first research work to semiconductors. Under the direction of Matthias Falter, the employees of the WBN research department produced the first samples of high-end transistors in 1953.

Urban planning of the 1960s provided for the redevelopment area downtown a nationwide demolition and an almost completely new structure of row buildings before. Only the church, the cinema and a part of Kuppelmayrschen settlement should be preserved. In the 1980s began in Teltow a process of rethinking. Initially, individual objects were listed as historical monuments, and in 1986, parts of the old town were declared area features.

Accompanying the development of industry new areas for housing were developed and developed: 1961 to 1965, the Neue Wohnstadt, 1970 laying the cornerstone for the residential complex Bodestraße in the river district; 1987 to 1989, the residential area Ruhlsdorfer Platz, 2005, the musicians quarter, 2006, the construction field mill village with the final expansion possible 442 single-family, double and terraced houses. At the end of 2008 Teltow had 21 residential areas.

The present municipality was established in 1994 by the merger of Teltow and the village of Ruhlsdorf which lies just to the southwest. It has seen a major increase of population since the fall of the Berlin Wall and German reunification. In 2005, German painter Markus Lüpertz installed his studio of sculpture at Teltow.

DemographyEdit

YearPop.±% p.a.
1875 2,771—    
1890 3,364+1.30%
1910 4,943+1.94%
1925 6,281+1.61%
1933 9,343+5.09%
1939 13,309+6.07%
1946 12,087−1.37%
1950 12,864+1.57%
1964 13,974+0.59%
1971 16,179+2.12%
1981 15,809−0.23%
1985 15,355−0.73%
1989 15,966+0.98%
1990 15,661−1.91%
YearPop.±% p.a.
1991 15,666+0.03%
1992 15,584−0.52%
1993 15,478−0.68%
1994 15,567+0.58%
1995 15,576+0.06%
1996 15,488−0.56%
1997 16,021+3.44%
1998 16,593+3.57%
1999 17,343+4.52%
2000 17,938+3.43%
2001 18,445+2.83%
2002 18,841+2.15%
2003 19,188+1.84%
2004 19,541+1.84%
YearPop.±% p.a.
2005 19,972+2.21%
2006 20,315+1.72%
2007 20,658+1.69%
2008 21,226+2.75%
2009 21,904+3.19%
2010 22,538+2.89%
2011 22,716+0.79%
2012 23,449+3.23%
2013 24,031+2.48%
2014 24,609+2.41%
2015 25,483+3.55%
2016 25,667+0.72%
2017 25,761+0.37%

PoliticsEdit

Seats in the municipal assembly (Stadtverordnetenversammlung) as of 2008 elections:

International relationsEdit

Teltow is twinned with:

TransportEdit

Since February 2005 Teltow has access to the Berlin S-Bahn network at Teltow Stadt station, which is at the end of the Berlin-Lichterfelde Süd–Teltow Stadt railway. Since 18 July 2011, the S-Bahn there in the 10-minute intervals, which had already ordered the state of Brandenburg in 2009, the S-Bahn Berlin could not afford due to lack of vehicles. Opened in 1901, Teltow Station on the Anhalter Bahn (Berlin-Lutherstadt Wittenberg railway line) offers connections to the regional express line RE 4 (Rathenow-Berlin-Ludwigsfelde) of Deutsche Bahn AG.

The transport project German unit No. 17 (Federal waterway connection Hannover-Magdeburg-Berlin) has the goal of making the Teltow Canal according to inland waterway classification Vb for large motor cargo vessels up to 110 meters in length and push assemblies up to 185 meters in length. Various environmental organizations have been protesting against the expansion since 1992 because of the feared massive intervention in the shores.

Via sections of the Expressway Potsdam-Schönefeld it is linked to the Potsdam city center as well as the Berlin-Schönefeld Airport.

Several bus services also pass through the Teltow area:

  • X1: S Potsdam Hauptbahnhof ↔ Teltow, Bahnhof
  • X10: Teltow, Rammrath-Brücke oder S Teltow Stadt ↔ S Zehlendorf ↔ S+U Berlin Zoologischer Garten
  • 184: Teltow, Warthestraße ↔ Berlin-Lichterfelde Ost ↔ Tempelhof ↔ S Berlin Südkreuz
  • 600: S Teltow Stadt ↔ S Mahlow (Mo–Sa)
  • 601: S Potsdam Hauptbahnhof ↔ Teltow, Sigridshorst
  • 602: S Potsdam Babelsberg ↔ Teltow Havelstraße (Mo–Fr, peak hours)
  • 620: S Berlin Wannsee ↔ S Teltow Stadt
  • 621: S Teltow Stadt ↔ Ludwigsfelde, Bahnhof (Mo–Fr)
  • 624: Teltow, Warthestraße ↔ Saarmund, Bergstraße
  • 625: Teltow, Ruhlsdorf ↔ Teltow, Postviertel (Paul-Lincke-Straße)
  • 626: Teltow, Bügertreff (Heinersdorfer Weg) ↔ Stahnsdorf, Waldschänke
  • 629: Teltow, Nuthestraße ↔ Stahnsdorf, Waldschänke
  • 704: S Teltow Stadt ↔ S-Blankenfelde (Mo–Fr)

PersonalitiesEdit

Honorary citizensEdit

The honorary citizenship of the town of Teltow was awarded to the following persons:

  • 1906: Ernst von Stubenrauch (1853-1909), district councilor of the district of Teltow from 1885-1908; did much to improve the regional infrastructure
  • 1934: Wilhelm Kube (1887-1943), high official in Brandenburg-Berlin
  • 1936: Joseph Goebbels (1897-1945), politician in the time of National Socialism, withdrawn in 2014 by resolution of the town council
  • 1956: Erich Correns (1896-1981), chemist, then director of the Institute for Fiber Research of the German Academy of Sciences in Teltow
  • 1968: Albert Wiebach (1893-1974), first mayor of Teltow after the end of the Second World War
  • 1975: Konstantin Fyodorovich Chika, one of the first Red Army soldiers to reach Teltow at the end of the Second World War; in a shell attack, he was seriously injured in Teltow and lost an eye
  • 2017: Jason "Jigsaw" Teltow, An American TV personality and horror host, Who s ancestry and name sake is from Teltow Germany

In January 2014, the honorary citizenship for Joseph Goebbels and Wilhelm Kube was withdrawn.

Sons and daughters of the cityEdit

  • Erich Koschny (1846-1875), publisher and bookseller
  • Günther Feustel (1924-2011), author of children's and youth literature
  • Wolfgang Hegemeister (born 1924), former leader and co-founder of the German Forest Youth
  • Harry Zedler (born 1946), football player in the GDR, played three years for the 1. FC Union Berlin in the GDR-Oberliga

Other personalitiesEdit

  • Erich Correns (1896-1981), chemist and President of the National Council of the National Front of the GDR
  • Peter Brock (1916-1982), children's and youth book author of the GDR, lived from 1960 until his death 1982 in the local part Seehof
  • Markus Lüpertz (born 1941), painter and sculptor, has his studio in Teltow[3]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Bevölkerung im Land Brandenburg nach amtsfreien Gemeinden, Ämtern und Gemeinden 31. Dezember 2018". Amt für Statistik Berlin-Brandenburg (in German). July 2019.
  2. ^ Detailed data sources are to be found in the Wikimedia Commons.Population Projection Brandenburg at Wikimedia Commons
  3. ^ Ariane Lemmme: Die Frau mit dem göttlichen Hintern. pnn.de vom 18. Juli 2012, retrieved 30. December 2012.

External linksEdit

  Media related to Teltow at Wikimedia Commons