Taihoku Prefecture (臺北州;Taihoku-shū) was an administrative division of Taiwan created in 1920, during Japanese rule. The prefecture consisted of modern-day Keelung, New Taipei City, Taipei and Yilan County. Its government office, which is now occupied by the Control Yuan of Taiwan, was in Taihoku City (modern-day Taipei).

Taihoku Prefecture
臺北州
たいほくしゅう Taihokushū
1920–1945
大島久滿次.jpg
Taihoku Prefecture government building
(now the Control Yuan building)
CapitalTaihoku City
Area 
• 1941
4,594.24 km2 (1,773.85 sq mi)
Population 
• 1941
1140530
Historical eraTaiwan under Japanese rule
• Established
September 1920
• Kīrun upgraded to city
1924
• Gilan upgraded to city
1940
• Disestablished
October 1945
Political subdivisions3 cities (市)
9 districts (郡)
Today part ofKeelung, New Taipei, Taipei, Yilan County
Taihoku Prefecture

PopulationEdit

Population statistics of permanent residents in Taihoku Prefecture in 1941 (昭和16年):

Classification Population
Japanese (mainlander) 153,928
Taiwanese 1,053,372
Korean 1,051
Others 25,531
Total 1,233,882

Administrative divisionsEdit

Cities and districtsEdit

There were 3 cities and 9 districts under Taihoku Prefecture.

Cities (市 shi) Districts (郡 gun)
Name Kanji Kana Name Kanji Kana
Taihoku City 臺北市 たいほくし Shichisei District 七星郡 しちせいぐん
Shinshō District 新荘郡 しんしょうぐん
Kaizan District 海山郡 かいざんぐん
Bunsan District 文山郡 ぶんさんぐん
Tamsui District 淡水郡 たんすいぐん
Kīrun City 基隆市 きいるんし Kīrun District 基隆郡 きいるんぐん
Giran City 宜蘭市 ぎらんし Giran District 宜蘭郡 ぎらんぐん
Ratō District 羅東郡 らとうぐん
Suō District 蘇澳郡 すおうぐん

All of the cities (市 shi) name in Chinese characters is carried from Japanese to Chinese.

Towns and villagesEdit

District Name Kanji Administrative divisions of Taiwan Note
Shichisei
七星郡
Shiodome town 汐止街 Xizhi District (汐止區), New Taipei City
Shirin town 士林街 Shilin District (士林區), Taipei
Hokutō town 北投街 Beitou District (北投區), Taipei Upgraded from village in 1941.
Naiko village 内湖庄 Nangang District (南港區), Taipei
Neihu District (內湖區), Taipei
Matsuyama village 松山庄 Songshan District (松山區), Taipei Incorporating into Taihoku City in 1938.
Xinyi District (信義區), Taipei
Shinshō
新荘郡
Shinshō town 新荘街 Taishan District (泰山區), New Taipei City
Xinzhuang District (新莊區), New Taipei City
Roshū village| 鷺洲庄 Luzhou District (蘆洲區), New Taipei City
Sanchong District (三重區), New Taipei City
Goko village 五股庄 Wugu District (五股區), New Taipei City
Rinkō village 林口庄 Linkou District (林口區), New Taipei City
Kaizan
海山郡
Itabashi town 板橋街 Banqiao District (板橋區), New Taipei City
Ōka town 鶯歌街 Shulin District (樹林區), New Taipei City
Yingge District (鶯歌區), New Taipei City
Sankyō town 三峡街 Sanxia District (三峽區), New Taipei City
Chūwa village 中和庄 Yonghe District (永和區), New Taipei City
Zhonghe District (中和區), New Taipei City
Dojō village 土城庄 Tucheng District (土城區), New Taipei City
Bunsan
文山郡
Shinden town 新店街 Today Xindian District
Shinkō village 深坑庄 Today Shenkeng District and Wenshan District
Sekitei village 石碇庄 Today Shiding District
Heirin village 坪林庄 Today Pinglin District
Aboriginal Area 蕃地 Today Wulai District
Tamsui
淡水郡
Tamsui town 淡水街 Today Tamsui District
Hachiri village 八里庄 Today Bali District
Sanshi village 三芝庄 Today Sanzhi District
Sekimon village 石門庄 Today Shimen District
Kīrun
基隆郡
Zuihō town 瑞芳街 Today Ruifang District
Banri village 万里庄 Today Wanli District
Kanayama village 金山庄 Today Jinshan District
Shichitoku village 七堵庄 Today Nuannuan District and Qidu District
Kōryō village 貢寮庄 Today Gongliao District
Sōkei village 双渓庄 Today Shuangxi District
Heikei village 平渓庄 Today Pingxi District
Kīrun town 基隆街 Upgraded to a city in 1924. Today Keelung
Giran
宜蘭郡
Tōi village 頭囲庄 Today Toucheng Township
Shōkei village 礁渓庄 Today Jiaoxi Township
Sōi village 壮囲庄 Today Zhuangwei Township
Inzan village 員山庄 Today Yuanshan Township
Giran town 宜蘭街 Upgraded to a city in 1940. Today Yilan City
Ratō
羅東郡
Ratō town 羅東街 Today Luodong Township
Goketsu village 五結庄 Today Wujie Township
Sansei village 三星庄 Today Sanxing Township
Fuyuyama village 冬山庄 Today Dongshan Township
Aboriginal Area 蕃地 Today Datong Township
Suō
蘇澳郡
Suō town 蘇澳街 Today Su'ao Township
Aboriginal Area 蕃地 Today Nan'ao Township

Buildings and establishmentsEdit

HospitalsEdit

  • Taihoku Imperial University Hospital (台北帝国大学医学部附属病院)
  • Japanese Red Cross Society Taiwan Branch Hospital (赤十字社台湾支部病院)
  • Government-General of Taiwan Monopoly Bureau Mutual Aid Association Hospital (台湾総督府専売局共済組合病院)
  • Government-General of Taiwan Railway Bureau Taihoku Railway Hospital (台湾総督府鉄道局台北鉄道病院)
  • Government-General of Taiwan Giran Hospital (台湾総督府宜蘭病院)
  • Government-General of Taiwan Kīron Hospital (台湾総督府基隆病院)

CourthousesEdit

Courthouses in 1945 (Shōwa 20)

  • Supreme Court of Appeal (高等法院上告部)
  • Supreme Judicial Court (高等法院覆審部)
  • Taihoku Regional Court (台北地方法院)
  • Taihoku Regional Court Giran Branch (台北地方法院宜蘭支部)

PenitentiariesEdit

Penitentiaries in 1932 (Shōwa 7)

  • Taihoku Penitentiary (台北刑務所)
  • Taihoku Penitentiary Giran Branch (台北刑務所宜蘭刑務支所)

Police stationsEdit

Police stations in 1945 (Shōwa 20)

  • Taihoku Prefecture Police Administrative Division (台北州警務部)
  • Taihoku Police Station (台北南警察署)
  • Banka Police Substation 萬華分署)
  • Taihoku North Police Station (台北北警察署)
  • Kīron Police Station (基隆警察署)
  • Kīron Suijo Police Station (基隆水上警察署) (in Port of Kīron)
  • Giran Police Station (宜蘭警察署)
  • Shichisei District Police Office (七星郡警察課)
  • Tamsui District Police Office (淡水郡警察課)
  • Kīron District Police Office (基隆郡警察課)
  • Giran District Police Office (宜蘭郡警察課)
  • Ratō District Police Office (羅東郡警察課)
  • Suō District Police Office (蘇澳郡警察課)
  • Bunsan District Police Office (文山郡警察課)
  • Kaizan District Police Office (海山郡警察課)
  • Shinshō District Police Office (新荘郡警察課)

Customs housesEdit

Monopoly bureauxEdit

Weather stationsEdit

GarrisonsEdit

MinesEdit

  • Kinkaseki mine (金瓜山鉱山) (Gold, Silver, Copper)
  • Zuihō mine (瑞芳鉱山) (Gold, Silver)
  • Kīron coal mine (基隆炭鉱)
  • Zuihō coal mine (瑞芳炭鉱)
  • Haccho coal mine (八堵炭鉱)
  • 石底炭鉱
  • Banri coal mine (万里炭鉱)
  • Tokukō Taihoku coal mine (徳興台北炭鉱)
  • 大礦砕鉱山 (Sulfur)
  • Fukuyama coal mine (福山炭鉱)
  • Itabashi coal mine (板橋炭鉱)
  • Kaizan coal mine (海山炭鉱)

Shintō shrinesEdit

National ParksEdit

Forest managementEdit

TransportEdit

RailEdit

RoadsEdit

Designated roads in 1939 (Shōwa 14)

  • 縦貫道路
  • Taihoku Tamsui Road (台北淡水道)
  • Taihoku Naiko Road (台北内湖道)
  • 台北和尚州道
  • Taihoku Itabashi Road (台北板橋道)
  • 児玉町枋寮道
  • 台北八里庄道
  • 台北三張犂道
  • Taihoku Shinkō Road (台北深坑道)
  • Taihoku Giran Road (台北宜蘭道)
  • 水道町松山道
  • 景尾亀山道
  • 板橋景尾道
  • 枋寮土城道
  • Itabashi Tōen Road (板橋桃園道)
  • Itabashi Ōka Road (板橋鶯歌道)
  • Shinshō Itabashi Road (新荘板橋道)
  • 新荘樹林道
  • 新荘和尚州道
  • 新荘淡水道
  • Tamsui Kanayama Road (淡水金山道)
  • 北投草山道
  • Shirin Kanayama Road (士林金山道)
  • 基隆金山道
  • 基隆社寮島道
  • 基隆礁渓道
  • Giran Suō Road (宜蘭蘇澳道)
  • 羅東利沢簡道
  • 蘇澳南方澳道
  • 蘇澳北方澳道
  • Ratō Sansei Road (羅東三星道)
  • Giran Tōen Road (宜蘭桃園道)
  • 羅東清水道
  • 宜蘭東港道
  • 宜蘭三鬮道
  • Giran Sansei Road (宜蘭三星道)
  • Suō Karenkō Road (蘇澳花蓮港道)
  • Hokutō Onsen Road (北投温泉道)

PortsEdit

Open ports in 1938 (Shōwa 13)

  • Port of Kīron (基隆港)
  • Port of Tamsui (淡水港)

EnterpriseEdit

MediaEdit

Notable peopleEdit

List of notable people born in, or who grew up or were active in Taihoku Prefecture during Japanese rule.

See alsoEdit