TS Queen Mary

TS Queen Mary is a Clyde steamer launched in 1933 at the William Denny shipyard, Dumbarton, for Williamson-Buchanan Steamers. She is currently being restored as a museum ship, in Glasgow.[1]

TS.Queen.Mary
TS Queen Mary arriving back at the Firth of Clyde on 15 May 2016.
History
United Kingdom
Name:
  • 1933–1935: TSS Queen Mary
  • 1935–1976: TSS Queen Mary II
  • 1976–: TSS Queen Mary
Owner:
Operator: (owners)
Port of registry: Glasgow, United Kingdom
Builder: William Denny and Brothers, Dumbarton
Yard number: 1262
Launched: 30 March 1933
Out of service: 1978
Identification:
Status: Museum ship
General characteristics
Tonnage:
Length: 252 ft 6 in (76.96 m)
Beam: 35 ft 1 in (10.69 m)
Draught: 10 ft 1 in (3.07 m)
Installed power: 3,500 ihp (2,600 kW)
Propulsion: 3 Parson Steam Turbines
Speed: 21 kn (39 km/h)

Design and constructionEdit

TS Queen Mary originally measured 871 gross registered tons and was powered by three direct drive steam turbines (made by Parsons Marine Steam Turbine Company). With a passenger certificate for 2,086 passengers (later reduced to 1,820) she was the largest (though not longest) steamship on the River Clyde.

Following the completion of her trials during which a maximum speed of 19.7 knots (36.5 km/h) was achieved on the Skelmorlie measured mile she joined Williamson-Buchanan's fleet on 20 May 1933.

Service historyEdit

Williamson-Buchanan based TS Queen Mary at Glasgow's Bridge Wharf, where she carried approximately 13,000 passengers each week.[2]

TS Queen Mary sailed during the summer season for the Arran coast, or for the Kyles of Bute.

In 1935, Cunard Line asked Williamson-Buchanan to change the name of TS Queen Mary to TS Queen Mary II, in order to make the name available for their new flagship liner, which was due to be launched by Her Majesty Queen Mary. The owners of Williamson-Buchanan duly agreed and in exchange, Cunard Line presented them with a portrait of Her Majesty to hang in the forward lounge of the steamer.

In 1936 the entire Williamson-Buchanan fleet, including TS Queen Mary II, passed into the ownership of the London, Midland and Scottish Railway Company. Later that same year she joined Williamson-Buchanan Steamers (1936) Ltd.

During World War II she provided a mail and passenger service to the Scottish Islands.[2]

She was refitted and repainted in LMS colours after the war and returned to her normal passenger service. In 1948, nationalisation of the railways brought all the remaining passenger ships under the ownership of the Caledonian Steam Packet Company.

Over the winter of 1956-1957, Barclay Curle changed the fuelling of the propulsion system from coal to oil. This necessitated removing the two original Scotch boilers and replacing them with one new single ended boiler and the installation of one large, futuristic funnel in place of the original two. In addition, a new mainmast was added so that TS Queen Mary II now had the requisite two required to meet the new regulations for ship lightning. After all of this work was completed, the vessel's tonnage increased to 1014 GRT.

 
TS Queen Mary laid up at Greenock in 1981, still in Caledonian MacBrayne colours

In the 1960s there was a decline in passenger sailings on the Firth of Clyde but TS Queen Mary II continued in service and was refitted for cruises from Gourock to Inveraray, Brodick and Campbeltown. Regular sailings from Glasgow ended on 15 September 1969, with the Caledonian Steam Packet Company preferring to have her sail out of Gourock.

From 1969 onwards, TS Queen Mary II was placed on almost all of the cruise rosters, and she sailed regularly to Inveraray, Campbeltown, Ailsa Craig, Bute and to Stranraer. However, in order that she could continue to undertake sailings from Bridge Wharf, her masts were shortened to fit under the newly constructed Kingston Bridge although subsequently Bridge Wharf closed prior to the bridge opening.

The Caledonian Steam Packet Company gradually had been merging with the West Highland ferry company David MacBrayne, and in 1973 the company became Caledonian MacBrayne.

In 1976, TS Queen Mary II following the removal from Lloyds Register of RMS Queen Mary in a special ceremony on 4 May 1976 was once again formally was registered at TS Queen Mary.

Whilst TS Queen Mary remained very popular in the charter market, nonetheless she was over 40 years old and it was becoming apparent that some major work would be required to keep her in service. The decision was taken to retire the vessel from service and on 27 September 1977 TS Queen Mary undertook her final public sailing, before being laid up in the East India Harbour, Greenock.

Retirement (1977 - 2009)Edit

 
Queen Mary moored on the Victoria Embankment on 16 October 2009

In 1978 TS Queen Mary was sold to Glasgow District Council, which had plans to convert her to a museum. The Council, however, was unable to commit the necessary funding and so sold her on to Euroyachts (1980). In 1981 TS Queen Mary again was sold, this time to Tesright Limited.

Tesright relocated the ship to London, and she departed under the tow of the tug Pellmell Delta on 29 January 1981, arriving in London four days later.

In 1987 Queen Mary was sold to Bass PLC. She underwent a £2.5m refurbishment and was moored at Victoria Embankment. Facilities included two bars and two function rooms, whilst the top deck of the ship was used as an open-air venue with bar facilities.

In November 2009, TS Queen Mary was towed to Tilbury, to be prepared for a new life La Rochelle.[3] She had been purchased by Samuel Boudon, who had plans for her renovation as a floating restaurant and fitness centre.[4][5] However, by 2011 the venture had fallen through and she remained moored in Tilbury Docks, with an uncertain future[6]

Wilderness Years (2009 - 2015)Edit

 
TS Queen Mary on the Thames in 2007, with two funnels restored

TS Queen Mary was auctioned by Capital Marine Services on 24 August 2011,[7] and sold to Ranjan Chowdhury. He planned to restore the vessel to her 1930's glory.[8] In 2012, the charity Friends of the TS Queen Mary was formed, with the clear goal of returning TS Queen Mary to a permanent berth in Glasgow.[9]

In February 2015 TS Queen Mary was served with a prohibition notice by the Maritime and Coastguard Agency, preventing her from leaving the Port of Tilbury until made seaworthy.[10] Later that year, TS Queen Mary was arrested by the Port of Tilbury Limited due to the non-payment of berthing dues by the owner, and once again faced the spectre of the breaker’s yard.

Eventually the Port of Tilbury put the vessel up for auction, with Friends of TS Queen Mary's bid (generously funded by Jim McColl OBE) being accepted, with the purchase being finalised in October 2015.[11]

Return to ScotlandEdit

A campaign to undertake essential repairs was launched in December 2015, spearheaded by Robbie Coltrane and supported by the Sunday Mail. Donations flooded in from across the United Kingdom and by March 2016 all of the funding required (£120,000) was in place. The repairs contract was awarded to Dales Marine (Garvel Clyde), and work started in April 2016.

Following a survey by the MCA, TS Queen Mary received a Loadline Exemption Certificate and was able to be towed from Tilbury back home to Scotland. On 15 May the vessel arrived back on the Clydeand was berthed in James Watt Dock throughout the summer of 2016.[12][13]

 
Queen Mary berthed, with MV Hebrides in the dry dock.

On 1st September 2016, following a campaign to raise £350,000, TS Queen Mary was towed into Garvel Drydock for renovation works. On 1 October 2016 TS Queen Mary returned to James Watt Dock and on 9 November 2016 she left under tow for Glasgow on what would be her first visit to the city since 1977. She is now berthed at the entrance of Princes' Dock, at Glasgow Science Centre[14] where she is undergoing a major refit to become a permanent heritage destination and education centre.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "TS Queen Mary". Retrieved 8 July 2020.
  2. ^ a b "Princess Royal backs Glasgow's TS Queen Mary restoration". BBC News. 11 March 2019.
  3. ^ "Tower Bridge site: Bridge Lift Times". Archived from the original on 9 February 2010. Retrieved 9 November 2009. Text included: DAY Mon DATE 9 Nov TIME 14:15 VESSEL TS Queen Mary & Tug DIRECTION Down (meaning down-river)
  4. ^ "News - yacht refit". Polerefit.com. 31 January 2010. Retrieved 2 May 2013.
  5. ^ "BBC London News: Victoria Embankment has taken a step back into its past with the towing away of the Queen Mary pub boat". BBC News. 8 November 2009. Retrieved 9 November 2009.
  6. ^ Port of London - www.pla.co.uk. "Ships in-port List > Ship Movements > Port Trade". Pla.co.uk. Retrieved 2 May 2013.
  7. ^ "Capital Marine Services". Retrieved 1 October 2011.
  8. ^ "Welcome to T.S. Queen Mary Website". Archived from the original on 25 July 2013. Retrieved 25 July 2013.
  9. ^ "Friends of the TS Queen Mary". Retrieved 13 September 2014.
  10. ^ http://www.thefreelibrary.com/BLOCKED+IN+DOCK%3B+Blow+as+Coastguard+slap+a+ban+on+bringing+famous...-a0401656798
  11. ^ McPherson, Lynn (25 October 2015). "Queen Mary set to return to Scotland as charity led by Robbie Coltrane succeeds in buying legendary steamship". Daily Record. Scotland. Retrieved 5 November 2015.
  12. ^ "Garvel Clyde Drydock win contract to repair unique vessel". Greenock Telegraph. 9 April 2016.
  13. ^ "Steamer TS Queen Mary set for return to the Clyde". BBC News. 16 May 2016. Retrieved 16 May 2016.
  14. ^ "Historic Steamer Looking Shipshape After Dock Work". Inverclyde Now. 1 October 2016. Retrieved 3 October 2016.

Further readingEdit

  • Clyde Pleasure Steamers - Ian McCrorie, Orr, Pollock & Co. Ltd., Greenock, ISBN 1-869850-00-9

External linksEdit

Coordinates: 51°27′20″N 0°21′36″E / 51.4556°N 0.3600°E / 51.4556; 0.3600