Syncretic politics, or spectral-syncretic politics combine elements from across the conventional left–right political spectrum. The idea of syncretic politics has been influenced by syncretism and syncretic religion. The main idea of syncretic politics is that taking political positions of neutrality by combining elements associated with the left and right can achieve a goal of reconciliation.
The Falange of Spain presented itself definitively as syncretic. Falangism has attacked both the left and the right as its "enemies", declaring itself to be neither left nor right, but a Third Position. Despite this they allied with the nationalist right side during the Civil War.
In Hungary, there has been a strong presence of syncretic political parties since the revolutions of 1989. They won the election in 1990 forming a coalition government: Hungarian Democratic Forum, Independent Smallholders, Agrarian Workers and Civic Party and KDNP. KDNP later became a close ally of FIDESZ, losing this attribute in the process. After the first four-year term syncretic parties went into a decline, many of them disappearing and only two new ones emerging since then: Hungarian Justice and Life Party and Politics Can Be Different, the latter still being present in the Hungarian parliament. Notable politicians are Prime Minister József Antall, Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development József Torgyán and green leader András Schiffer.
At the peak of the Cold War, the former Argentinian President Juan Perón (1946–1955; 1973–1974) defined the international position of his doctrine (Peronism) as a "third position" between capitalism and communism, a stance which became a precedent of the Non-Aligned Movement.
In the United States, Third Way adherents embrace fiscal conservatism to a greater extent than traditional social liberals and advocate some replacement of welfare with workfare and sometimes have a stronger preference for market solutions to traditional problems (as in pollution markets) while rejecting pure laissez-faire economics and other right-libertarian positions. This style of governing was firmly adopted and partly redefined during the administration of President Bill Clinton. Political scientist Stephen Skowronek introduced the term "Third Way" into the interpretation of American presidential politics. Such Presidents undermine the opposition by borrowing policies from it in an effort to seize the middle and with it to achieve political dominance. This technique is known as triangulation and was used by Bill Clinton and other New Democrats who sought to move beyond the party's New Deal liberalism reputation in response to the political realignment of the 1980s. Through this strategy, Clinton adopted themes associated with the Republican Party, such as fiscal conservatism, welfare reform, deregulation and law and order policies. Famously, he declared in the 1996 State of the Union Address that "the era of big government is over".
In the United Kingdom, the emergence of New Labour under Tony Blair and Gordon Brown was a pitch for the Third Way, mixing economic neoliberal policies, such as banking privatisation, with socially progressive policies.
- Black Front Germany (1930-1934)
- Cercle Proudhon France (1911-Unknown)
- Common Course Denmark (1986-2001)
- Crusade of Romanianism (1934-1937)
- Falange Spain (1937-1977)
- Faisceau France (1925-1928)
- Futurist Political Party Italy (1918-1920)
- German Social Union (1956-1962)
- Socialist Reich Party Germany (1949-1952)
- Mladorossi (1923-1945)
- Minaret of Freedom Institute United States
- National Bolshevik Party Russia (1993-2007)
- National Front (UK)
- National Peasants' Party Romania (1926-1989)
- National Popular Rally France (1941-1945)
- National Party (Turkey)
- National Union for Social Justice (organization) United States (1934-1936)
- New Party (UK)
- Popular Movement of the Revolution Congo (1967-1997)
- Politics Can Be Different
- Populist Party (UK)
- Parti Communautaire National-Européen Belgium
- People's Mujahedin of Iran
- Rights and Equality Party Turkey
- Social Credit Party of Great Britain and Northern Ireland (1932-1951)
- Syrian Social Nationalist Party
- Student en Stad Netherlands
- Juntas de Ofensiva Nacional-Sindicalista Spain (1931-1934)
- Justicialist Party Argentina
- The Other Russia (party)
- Tradinista! Italy
- "Syncretism". The Free Dictionary. Retrieved 27 October 2013.
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However, what is often missed in many of these discussions is an awareness of the variety of ideologies of the third way that span the twentieth century and traverse the spectrum from left to right.
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