Syagrus coronata, the Ouricury palm[3] or licuri palm, is a species of palm tree that plays an important role in the diets of tropical seasonally dry forest animals. It is native to eastern Brazil, ranging from the southern part of the state of Pernambuco, into the state of Bahia, south to the Jequitinhonha River in the state of Minas Gerais.[2][4][5][6]

Licuri palm[1]
Syagrus coronata.jpg
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Monocots
Clade: Commelinids
Order: Arecales
Family: Arecaceae
Genus: Syagrus
Species:
S. coronata
Binomial name
Syagrus coronata
Synonyms[2]

DescriptionEdit

Syagrus coronata reaches 3 to 12 m (9.8 to 39.4 ft) tall with a crown of semi-plumose leaves.[7][8] The blooms are bright yellow, and the plants bear fruit for most of the year.[6]

Ecological ImportanceEdit

 
Licuri palm nuts

Licuri palm nuts are the main food source of Lear's macaw, making up around 95% of their diet.[9] These nuts can grow to be one inch (2.5 cm) in width.

ThreatsEdit

The destruction of small seedlings by cattle poses a threat to the plants, primarily through the destruction of concentrated groves.[6] Those groves are vital to Lear's macaw.[6]

UsesEdit

Syagrus coronata is the source of ouricury wax.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Plants Profile for Syagrus coronata (Ouricury palm)".
  2. ^ a b "World Checklist of Selected Plant Families: Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew".
  3. ^ "Syagrus coronata". Natural Resources Conservation Service PLANTS Database. USDA. Retrieved 4 December 2015.
  4. ^ "Syagrus coronata".
  5. ^ "Syagrus coronata (Licury Palm)".
  6. ^ a b c d "Parrots - Parrot Conservation - Breeding - The Parrot Society UK".
  7. ^ "Syagrus coronata". Palm and Cycad Societies of Australia. Retrieved 31 August 2012.
  8. ^ Andrew Henderson; Gloria Galeano; Rodrigo Bernal (7 July 1997). Field Guide to the Palms of the Americas. Princeton University Press. p. 145. ISBN 978-0-691-01600-9. Retrieved 31 August 2012.
  9. ^ "Lears Macaw". Archived from the original on 2007-09-28.

External linksEdit