Sveti Martin na Muri

Sveti Martin na Muri (Hungarian: Muraszentmárton, lit. "St-Martin-on-the-Mur") is a village and municipality in Međimurje County, in northern Croatia.

Sveti Martin na Muri
Municipality
Village centre
Village centre
Sveti Martin na Muri is located in Croatia
Sveti Martin na Muri
Sveti Martin na Muri
Location of Sveti Martin na Muri in Croatia
Coordinates: 46°32′N 16°23′E / 46.533°N 16.383°E / 46.533; 16.383
Country Croatia
CountyMeđimurje
Government
 • Municipal mayorDražen Crnčec
Area
 • Total25.24 km2 (9.75 sq mi)
Population
 (2011)[2]
 • Total2,605
 • Density100/km2 (270/sq mi)
 • Village
435
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
40313 Sveti Martin na Muri
Websitehttp://svetimartin.hr/

HistoryEdit

In Ancient time Roman settlement Halicanum stood on the site of today’s village Sveti Martin na Muri.[3] Settlement was located on the Roman road that led from Poetovio to Carnuntum.[4]

In year 1334 Sveti Martin na Muri was recorded as Catholic parish named Sancti Martini in Census of parishes of Zagreb Diocese.[5] In the late 16th century, the nobleman Nicolaus Malakoczy built a castle in the village of Lapšina. The castle fell into disrepair during 19th century and by the 1930s it was completely demolished.[6] In year 1911 in the hamlet of Vučkovec mineral water was found while drilling for oil. In 1936 first pool was built at Vučkovec spring which marked the beginning Spa Resort in village of Toplice Sveti Martin.[7]

Municipality of Sveti Martin na Muri was established in year 1992.[8]

GeographyEdit

Sveti Martin na Muri is located in part of Međimurje called Gornje Međimurje at border with Slovenia. Village of Sveti Martin na Muri, municipality centre, is about 19 kilometres northwest from Čakovec, and some 110 kilometres north of Zagreb. The municipality covers an area of 25.24 km2.[1]

Geomorphologically, the municipality can be divided into two parts. The southern part consists of low hills called Međimurske Gorice, while the northern part consists of alluvial plain of the river Mur.[9] River Mur divides municipality in two parts. All settlements of municipality are located on the right bank of the Mur, and the left bank consists of the wetlands and fields. Floodplain of River Mur is part of natural protected area called Regional park Mura-Drava.[10]

There is a border crossing with Slovenia in municipality.[11] Border crossing connects municipality with village of Hotiza in Slovenian Prekmurje.

Area on the left bank of river Mur is part of ongoing border dispute between Croatia and Slovenia.

DemographicsEdit

 
A krampus from Sveti Martin na Muri

In the 2011 census, the municipality had a population of 2,605 in 14 villages.[2] Sveti Martin na Muri is experiencing population decline since the 1980s. The majority of inhabitants are Croats making up 97% of population.[12]

Historical population
YearPop.±%
19212,687—    
19312,914+8.4%
19483,493+19.9%
19533,469−0.7%
19613,304−4.8%
YearPop.±%
19713,500+5.9%
19813,083−11.9%
19912,987−3.1%
20012,958−1.0%
20112,605−11.9%
[2][13]

SettlementsEdit

Village Population[2]
(2011)
Brezovec 197
Čestijanec 114
Gornji Koncovčak 95
Gradiščak 181
Grkaveščak 72
Jurovčak 163
Jurovec 237
Kapelščak 144
Lapšina 148
Marof 106
Sveti Martin na Muri 435
Toplice Sveti Martin 50
Vrhovljan 291
Žabnik 372
TOTAL 2.766

CultureEdit

The Church of Saint Martin was built in the late Middle Ages time and later restyled in a baroque manner. There are references to the church from 1334 (Sancti Martini) and then in 1501 (Sancti Martini superioris) and 1650 (Sancti Martini in Komory).[14] The sanctuary is polygonal, arched with late-gothic cross vault, which is carried with ten consoles which are engraved with angel figures and floral ornaments. One has the year 1468 engraved in and there are gothic fresco wall paintings.[15] The present sacristy was built in 1777.[16]

The baroque chapel of Saint Margaret in village of Kapelščak was built in year 1775.[17]

TourismEdit

The municipality of Sveti Martin na Muri has a highly developed rural tourism industry. It is considered one of the best health and wellness tourism destinations in Croatia,[18][19] and has received several regional, national and international tourism awards.[citation needed] In 2007, Sveti Martin na Muri was named one of the 10 Best Emerging European Rural Destinations of Excellence.[citation needed] Bathing tourism is based on the healing power of the Vučkovec mineral spring.

GalleryEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "Prostorni plan uređenja općine Sveti Martin na Muri" (in Croatian). Zavod za prostorno uređenje Međimurske Županije. June 2005. p. 7. Retrieved November 20, 2020.
  2. ^ a b c d "Population by Age and Sex, by Settlements, 2011 Census: Sveti Martin na Muri". Census of Population, Households and Dwellings 2011. Zagreb: Croatian Bureau of Statistics. December 2012.
  3. ^ Tomičić, Željko (1979). "Zaštitna arheološka istraživanja u Martinu na Muri". Muzejski Vjesnik (in Croatian). Muzej grada Koprivnice. 2: 43. Retrieved October 6, 2020 – via HRČAK.
  4. ^ Marciuš, Branka (2015). "Rimska cesta od sela Preseka do Svetog Martina na Muri u Međimurju" [Roman Road from the Village of Preseka to Sveti Martin na Muri in Međimurje]. Godišnjak zaštite spomenika kulture Hrvatske (in Croatian). Ministarstvo Kulture RH. 39. Retrieved October 6, 2020 – via HRČAK.
  5. ^ Vugrinčić, Benjamin (2015). Župe na području Međimurja u 14. i 15. stoljeću [Parishes in the Međimurje area during 14th and 15th century] (Thesis) (in Croatian). pp. 57–59. Retrieved October 5, 2020.
  6. ^ Kalšan, Vladimir (2006). Međimurska povijest [History of Međimurje] (in Croatian). Čakovec: Vladimir Kalšan. p. 109. ISBN 953-98293-1-3.
  7. ^ "Resort history". Terme Sveti Martin. Retrieved October 7, 2020.
  8. ^ "2018 – Statistical Yearbook of the Republic of Croatia" (PDF). Croatian Bureau of Statistics. December 2018. p. 74. Retrieved November 10, 2020.
  9. ^ "O Općini" (in Croatian). Općina Sveti Martin na Muri. Retrieved November 26, 2020.
  10. ^ "Regionlni park Mura-Drava" (in Croatian). Međimurska priroda. Retrieved November 26, 2020.
  11. ^ "Granični prijelazi na području policijske uprave Međimurske". Policijska uprava Međimurska. Retrieved November 25, 2020.
  12. ^ "Population by Ethnicity, by Towns/Municipalities, 2011 Census: County of Međimurje". Census of Population, Households and Dwellings 2011. Zagreb: Croatian Bureau of Statistics. December 2012.
  13. ^ "Naselja i stanovništvo Republike Hrvatske". Croatian Bureau of Statistics. Retrieved 24 November 2020.
  14. ^ Korunek 2009, p. 115.
  15. ^ Korunek 2009, p. 120.
  16. ^ Korunek 2009, p. 116.
  17. ^ Herceg, Ivan (2016). Župa sv. Martina biskupa (in Croatian). Župa svetog Martina biskupa. p. 108. ISBN 978-953-155-140-3.
  18. ^ "Međimurska županija: Vodeća turistička destinacija kontinentalne Hrvatske s najuspješnijom vinskom cestom na svijetu". župan.hr (in Croatian). 15 October 2019. Retrieved 3 February 2020.
  19. ^ "Sveti Martin na Muri nova je nacionalna EDEN destinacija". Glas Istre (in Croatian). 12 November 2019. Retrieved 3 February 2020.

BibliographyEdit

External linksEdit

Coordinates: 46°32′N 16°22′E / 46.533°N 16.367°E / 46.533; 16.367